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    A novel and efficient four-component synthesis of chromen–based dithiocarbamate derivatives by homogeneous catalysts under solvent-free conditions

    , Article Synthetic Communications ; Volume 51, Issue 12 , 2021 , Pages 1825-1833 ; 00397911 (ISSN) Matloubi Moghaddam, F ; Goudarzi, M ; Mohammadzadeh Dezag, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Bellwether Publishing, Ltd  2021
    An efficient and one-pot procedure is described for the synthesis of a variety of derivatives of 1,2-dihydrobenzo[f]chromen-3-ones and 3,4-dihydrochromen-2-ones under solvent-free conditions via a pseudo-four-component domino reaction of acetic anhydride, aryl aldehydes, glycine-based dithiocarbamates, and phenols/naphthols in the presence of l-proline and H4[Si(W3O10)4].xH2O as green catalysts. All products were made under the green strategy for the synthesis of corresponding products with excellent yields (up to 94%) and diastereoselectivity. © 2021 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC  

    Pulse Electrodeposition of Chromium Coating From Trivalent Bath and Studying it’s Properties

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Araban, Vahid (Author) ; Ghorbani, Mohammad (Supervisor) ; Dolati, Abolghasem (Supervisor)
    Trivalent chromium plating has been known as a very promising technology to replace hexavalent chromium which is so toxic. The coatings obtained from tivalent chromium baths have lower thickness and Hardness and higher corrosion rate in comparison with deposits obtained from hexavalent chromium baths.A few studies on pulse plating of trivalent chromium as an effective way to enhance the coating properties have been published.
    In this research glycine was chosen as complexing agent.The results have shown that in pulse plating at 1 Hz, Duty cycle 50%, peak current density 0/2 A/Cm2 and after 30 minutes, thickness achieves 13 µm which is much greater in comparison with coatings obtained in... 

    Application of Cellulose Nanofibers Coated Quartz Crystal Microbalance (QCM)Biosensor for Amino Acid Detection in Aqueous Media

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Hosseini, Marzieh Sadat (Author) ; Iraji Zad, Azam (Supervisor) ; Vossoughi, Manouchehr (Supervisor)
    Developing a simple, cost effective and accurate detection method for L-lysine (Lys), L-leucine (Leu) and glycine (Gly) as the important analytes in clinical diagnostics, biological processes and food industries is of great interest. Therefore, in the first part of this research, cellulose nanofibrils (CNFs) were coated on a quartz crystal microbalance (QCM) surface by spin coating to achieve a QCM biodetector for Gly. Thus, the two-layer CNFs coating was selected as sensing film and was applied for following experiments. In the next step, the coated QCMs were carefully characterized before and after interaction with Gly using water contact angle (WCA), Fourier transform infrared... 

    Comparison of solid substrate and submerged fermentation for chitosan production by aspergillus niger

    , Article Scientia Iranica ; Volume 17, Issue 2 C , 2010 , Pages 153-157 ; 10263098 (ISSN) Maghsoodi, V ; Yaghmaei, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Production yield of solid-state (SSF) and submerged fermentation (SMF) on chitosan from Aspergillus niger was investigated. A. niger BBRC 20004 was grown on soybean residue and Sabouraud Dextrose Broth medium (2% glucose). Chitosan was extracted from the fungal mycelia using hot alkaline and acid treatment. Soybean residue at a moisture content of 37%, and 8-4 ± 0.26% of nitrogen content produced the highest amount of chitosan, 17.053 ± 0.95 g/kg dry substrate after 12 days. Also, chitosan was extracted from A. niger on Sabouraud Dextrose Broth medium in submerged fermentation (0.8455 g/l after 12 days of cultivation). The yield of chitosan isolated in SSF was about 15-20 times more than in... 

    Application of Cellulose Nanofibers Coated Quartz Crystal Microbalance (QCM) Biosensor for Amino Acid Detection in Aqueous Media

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Hosseini, Marzieh Sadat (Author) ; Irajizad, Azam (Supervisor) ; Vossoughi, Manouchehr (Supervisor)
    Developing a simple, cost effective and accurate detection method for L-lysine (Lys), L-leucine (Leu) and glycine (Gly) as the important analytes in clinical diagnostics, biological processes and food industries is of great interest. Therefore, in the first part of this research, cellulose nanofibrils (CNFs) were coated on a quartz crystal microbalance (QCM) surface by spin coating to achieve a QCM biodetector for Gly. Thus, the two-layer CNFs coating was selected as sensing film and was applied for following experiments. In the next step, the coated QCMs were carefully characterized before and after interaction with Gly using water contact angle (WCA), Fourier transform infrared... 

    Amino acids and their complex formation properties with divalent metal ions, a comparative investigation of structure and stability in binary systems

    , Article Current Pharmaceutical Analysis ; Volume 10, Issue 2 , 2014 , Pages 122-134 ; ISSN: 15734129 Sajadi, S. A. A ; Sharif University of Technology
    A comparative investigation has been developed for the stability constants of several amino acid complexes with divalent metal ions, which have been determined by potentiometric pH titration. Depending on the metal ion-binding properties, vital differences in the building complexes were observed. The present study indicates that in some M(L) complexes, metal ions are arranged in carboxyl groups, but in other M(L)complexes, some metal ions are able to build chelate over amine groups. The results mentioned-above demonstrate that for some M(L) complexes, the stability constants are also largely determined by the affinity of metal ions for amine group. This leads to a kind of selectivity of... 

    Graphene nanomesh promises extremely efficient in vivo photothermal therapy

    , Article Small ; Volume 9, Issue 21 , 2013 , Pages 3593-3601 ; 16136810 (ISSN) Akhavan, O ; Ghaderi, E ; Sharif University of Technology
    Reduced graphene oxide nanomesh (rGONM), as one of the recent structures of graphene with a surprisingly strong near-infrared (NIR) absorption, is used for achieving ultraefficient photothermal therapy. First, by using TiO2 nanoparticles, graphene oxide nanoplatelets (GONPs) are transformed into GONMs through photocatalytic degradation. Then rGONMs functionalized by polyethylene glycol (PEG), arginine-glycine-aspartic acid (RGD)-based peptide, and cyanine 7 (Cy7) are utilized for in vivo tumor targeting and fluorescence imaging of human glioblastoma U87MG tumors having ανβ3 integrin receptors, in mouse models. The rGONM-PEG suspension (1 μg mL -1) exhibits about 4.2- and 22.4-fold higher NIR... 

    Nontoxic concentrations of PEGylated graphene nanoribbons for selective cancer cell imaging and photothermal therapy

    , Article Journal of Materials Chemistry ; Volume 22, Issue 38 , 2012 , Pages 20626-20633 ; 09599428 (ISSN) Akhavan, O ; Ghaderi, E ; Emamy, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Reduced graphene oxide nanoribbons functionalized by amphiphilic polyethylene glycol (rGONR-PEG) were applied to attach arginine-glycine-aspartic acid (RGD)-based peptide and cyanine dye 3 (cy3) for targeting ανβ3 integrin receptors on human glioblastoma cell line U87MG and its selective fluorescence imaging, respectively. The rGONR-PEG suspension with a concentration of 100 μg mL -1 showed ∼14 and 2.4-fold higher near infrared (NIR) absorption at 808 nm than GONR (with dimensions of ∼80 nm × 1 μm) and rGO-PEG sheets (with lateral dimensions of ∼2 μm), respectively. The rGONR-PEG-cy3-RGD exhibited highly efficient NIR photothermal therapy performance (concentrations ≥1.0 μg mL-1 resulted in... 

    Designed amino acid feed in improvement of production and quality targets of a therapeutic monoclonal antibody

    , Article PLoS ONE ; Volume 10, Issue 10 , October , 2015 ; 19326203 (ISSN) Torkashvand, F ; Vaziri, B ; Maleknia, S ; Heydari, A ; Vossoughi, M ; Davami, F ; Mahboudi, F ; Sharif University of Technology
    Public Library of Science  2015
    Cell culture feeds optimization is a critical step in process development of pharmaceutical recombinant protein production. Amino acids are the basic supplements of mammalian cell culture feeds with known effect on their growth promotion and productivity. In this study, we reported the implementation of the Plackett-Burman (PB) multifactorial design to screen the effects of amino acids on the growth promotion and productivity of a Chinese hamster ovary DG-44 (CHO-DG44) cell line producing bevacizumab. After this screening, the amino acid combinations were optimized by the response surface methodology (RSM) to determine the most effective concentration in feeds. Through this strategy, the... 

    The metabolome profiling of obese and non-obese individuals: Metabolically healthy obese and unhealthy non-obese paradox

    , Article Iranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences ; Volume 23, Issue 2 , 2020 , Pages 186-194 Chashmniam, S ; Madani, N. H ; Ghoochani, B. F. N. M ; Safari Alighiarloo, N ; Khamseh, M. E ; Sharif University of Technology
    Mashhad University of Medical Sciences  2020
    Objective(s): The molecular basis of “metabolically healthy obese” and “metabolically unhealthy non-obese” phenotypes is not fully understood. Our objective was to identify metabolite patterns differing in obese (metabolically healthy vs unhealthy (MHO vs MUHO)) and non-obese (metabolically healthy vs unhealthy (MHNO vs MUHNO)) individuals. Materials and Methods: This case-control study was performed on 86 subjects stratified into four groups using anthropometric and clinical measurements: MHO (21), MUHO (21), MHNO (22), and MUHNO (22). Serum metabolites were profiled using nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR). Multivariate analysis was applied to uncover discriminant metabolites, and enrichment... 

    Management of soybean oil refinery wastes through recycling them for producing biosurfactant using Pseudomonas aeruginosa MR01

    , Article World Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology ; Volume 29, Issue 6 , June , 2013 , Pages 1039-1047 ; 09593993 (ISSN) Partovi, M ; Lotfabad, T. B ; Roostaazad, R ; Bahmaei, M ; Tayyebi, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Biosurfactant production through a fermentation process involving the biodegradation of soybean oil refining wastes was studied. Pseudomonas aeruginosa MR01 was able to produce extracellular biosurfactant when it was cultured in three soybean oil refinement wastes; acid oil, deodorizer distillate and soapstock, at different carbon to nitrogen ratios. Subsequent fermentation kinetics in the three types of waste culture were also investigated and compared with kinetic behavior in soybean oil medium. Biodegradation of wastes, biosurfactant production, biomass growth, nitrate consumption and the number of colony forming units were detected in four proposed media, at specified time intervals.... 

    NMR spectroscopy-based metabolomic study of serum in sulfur mustard exposed patients with lung disease

    , Article Biomarkers ; Volume 22, Issue 5 , 2017 , Pages 413-419 ; 1354750X (ISSN) Nobakht, B.F., M. Gh ; Arefi Oskouie, A ; Rezaei Tavirani, M ; Aliannejad, R ; Taheri, S ; Fathi, F ; Naseri, M. T ; Sharif University of Technology
    Taylor and Francis Ltd  2017
    Sulfur mustard (SM) is a vesication chemical warfare agent for which there is currently no antidote. Despite years of research, there is no common consensus about the pathophysiological basis of chronic pulmonary disease caused by this chemical warfare agent. In this study, we combined chemometric techniques with nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy to explore the metabolic profile of sera from SM-exposed patients. A total of 29 serum samples obtained from 17 SM-injured patients, and 12 healthy controls were analyzed by Random Forest. Increased concentrations of seven amino acids, glycerol, dimethylamine, ketone bodies, lactate, acetate, citrulline and creatine together with the... 

    Effects of physicochemical characteristics of magnetically recoverable biocatalysts upon fatty acid methyl esters synthesis from oils

    , Article Renewable Energy ; Volume 116 , 2018 , Pages 613-622 ; 09601481 (ISSN) Esmaeilnejad Ahranjani, P ; Kazemeini, M ; Singh, G ; Arpanaei, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2018
    This study reports the importance of physicochemical characteristics of the core-shell structured polymer-coated Fe3O4 cluster@SiO2 nanocomposite particles for designing the biocatalysts used for transesterification of soybean oil. To demonstrate this issue, two different types of polymer molecules such as polyethylenimine (PEI) and polyacrylic acid (PAA) each with two different molecular weights are employed. The highest fatty acid methyl esters (FAMEs) synthesis yield values are achieved by the lipases immobilized onto the low- and high-molecular-weight PEI-coated particles as compared to those of the low- and high-molecular-weight PAA-coated particles (i.e., ∼64.8% and ∼73.1% versus... 

    Optimized bioleaching of copper by indigenous cyanogenic bacteria isolated from the landfill of e-waste

    , Article Journal of Environmental Management ; Volume 261 , 2020 Arab, B ; Hassanpour, F ; Arshadi, M ; Yaghmaei, S ; Hamedi, J ; Sharif University of Technology
    Academic Press  2020
    In this study, indigenous cyanogenic bacterial strains were isolated on nutrient, minimal salt, and soil extract media at various culture conditions from two distinct landfills of e-waste, Iran. Based on their cyanide formation profiles, five most potent isolates were selected for optimization and to this end, the influence of the most effective factors on cyanide production including pH, glycine concentration and temperature were assessed using one-factor at a time method (OFAT). Initial pH of 7, glycine concentration of 2 g/L and temperature of 30°C were obtained as optimal conditions for most of the isolates. Additionally, two bioleaching processes were applied for each bacteria to detect... 

    Metabolomic biomarkers in the diagnosis of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease

    , Article Hepatitis Monthly ; Volume 19, Issue 9 , 2019 ; 1735143X (ISSN) Chashmniam, S ; Ghafourpour, M ; Rezaei Farimani, A ; Gholami, A ; Nobakht Motlagh Ghoochani, B. F ; Sharif University of Technology
    Kowsar Medical Publishing Company  2019
    Background: Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most abundant chronic liver disorder, because racial and ethnic differences may influence prevalence and severity of NAFLD. Objectives: This metabolomic study was conducted to identify the metabolic biomarkers and determine the mechanism of progress of NAFLD in Iranian patients. Methods: Serum samples were collected from 75 participants (37 healthy controls and 38 patients with NAFLD) after an overnight fast. The metabolome of all samples were determined by nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and were compared by multivariate statistical analysis. Results: Totally, 19 metabolomic biomarkers were identified by NMR. Compared to healthy... 

    A noninvasive urine metabolome panel as potential biomarkers for diagnosis of t cell-mediated renal transplant rejection

    , Article OMICS A Journal of Integrative Biology ; Volume 24, Issue 3 , March , 2020 , Pages 140-147 Kalantari, S ; Chashmniam, S ; Nafar, M ; Samavat, S ; Rezaie, D ; Dalili, N ; Sharif University of Technology
    Mary Ann Liebert Inc  2020
    Acute T cell-mediated rejection (TCMR)is a major complication after renal transplantation. TCMR diagnosis is very challenging and currently depends on invasive renal biopsy and nonspecific markers such as serum creatinine. A noninvasive metabolomics panel could allow early diagnosis and improved accuracy and specificity. We report, in this study, on urine metabolome changes in renal transplant recipients diagnosed with TCMR, with a view to future metabolomics-based diagnostics in transplant medicine. We performed urine metabolomic analyses in three study groups: (1) 7 kidney transplant recipients with acute TCMR, (2) 15 kidney transplant recipients without rejection but with impaired kidney... 

    Differential pulse voltammetric determination of N-acetylcysteine by the electrocatalytic oxidation at the surface of carbon nanotube-paste electrode modified with cobalt salophen complexes

    , Article Sensors and Actuators, B: Chemical ; Volume 133, Issue 2 , 12 August , 2008 , Pages 599-606 ; 09254005 (ISSN) Shahrokhian, S ; Kamalzadeh, Z ; Bezaatpour, A ; Boghaei, D. M ; Sharif University of Technology
    The preparation and electrochemical performance of the carbon nanotube-paste electrode modified with salophen complexes of cobalt(III) perchlorate, with various substituents on the salophen ligand, as well as their electrocatalytic activity toward the oxidation of N-acetylcysteine (NAC) is investigated. Several Schiff base complexes containing various nucleophilic and electrophilic functional groups were prepared, and their electrochemical characteristics for the electro-oxidation of NAC were evaluated using cyclic and differential pulse voltammetry (CV and DPV). The results revealed, the modified electrodes show an efficient and selective electrocatalytic activity toward the anodic...