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    Gold extraction from an oxide ore in iodine-iodide solutions

    , Article Industrial Electrochemistry and Electrochemical Engineering General Session - 220th ECS Meeting, Boston, MA, 9 October 2011 through 14 October 2011 ; Volume 41, Issue 17 , 2012 , Pages 53-60 ; 19385862 (ISSN) ; 9781607683070 (ISBN) Baghalha, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    Two types of gold ores were subjected to iodide/iodine leaching at room temperature. The effects of three factors, including ore type (a carbonaceous and an oxide gold ores), iodide/iodine concentration, and the presence of oxygen in solution on gold leaching performance were investigated. The carbonaceous ore showed only 20% gold extraction into the solution; since gold-iodide complexes would readily adsorb on organic matter. In contrast, gold extraction from the oxide ore in a solution containing 20 g/L iodide and 4 g/L iodine reached 77% in 6 h and 89% in 24 h. With iodate as the oxidant, no gold could be leached in 48 hours. When the iodate was partially converted to iodine by adding HCl... 

    The leaching kinetics of an oxide gold ore with iodide/iodine solutions

    , Article Hydrometallurgy ; Volume 113-114 , 2012 , Pages 42-50 ; 0304386X (ISSN) Baghalha, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    2012
    Abstract
    Two types of gold ores were subjected to iodide/iodine leaching at room temperature. The effects of three factors, including ore type (a carbonaceous and an oxide gold ores), iodide/iodine concentration, and the presence of oxygen in solution on gold leaching performance were investigated. The carbonaceous ore showed only 20% gold extraction, since gold-iodide complexes readily adsorb on organic matter. In contrast, gold extraction from the oxide ore in a solution containing 20 g/L iodide and 4 g/L iodine reached 77% in 6 h and 89% in 24 h. With iodate as the oxidant, no gold could be leached in 48 h. When the iodate was partially converted to iodine by adding HCl to the solution, gold... 

    Local density variation of gold nanoparticles in aquatic environments

    , Article Physica E: Low-Dimensional Systems and Nanostructures ; Volume 84 , 2016 , Pages 489-497 ; 13869477 (ISSN) Hosseinzadeh, F ; Shirazian, F ; Shahsavari, R ; Khoei, A. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier  2016
    Abstract
    Gold (Au) nanoparticles are widely used in diagnosing cancer, imaging, and identification of therapeutic methods due to their particular quantum characteristics. This research presents different types of aqueous models and potentials used in TIP3P, to study the effect of the particle size and density of Au clusters in aquatic environments; so it can be useful to facilitate future investigation of the interaction of proteins with Au nanoparticles. The EAM potential is used to model the structure of gold clusters. It is observed that in the systems with identical gold/water density and different cluster radii, gold particles are distributed in aqueous environment almost identically. Thus, Au... 

    Determination of the optimum conditions for recovery of gold from zarshuran refractory gold sulfide ore

    , Article Iranian Journal of Materials Science and Engineering ; Volume 10, Issue 4 , 2013 , Pages 8-17 ; 17350808 (ISSN) Aazami, M ; Yoozbashizadeh, H ; Darban, A. K ; Abdolahi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    2013
    Abstract
    The orthogonal array design has been used to determine the optimum conditions for gold recovery from Zarshuran refractory gold sulflde ore (Iran) by direct cyanidation and roasting-cyanidation. The Taguchi method was used as the experimental design to determine the optimum conditions of dissolution behavior of gold with cyanidation and roasting-cyanidation from Zarshuran refractory gold ore. The experimental conditions were studied in the range of 10-12 for pH, 20-40 for time(h), 400-1200 for cyanide content (g/ton) and 30 -40 for percent solid(%). Orthogonal array (OA) L9 (34) consisting of four parameters each with three levels, was chosen. From this study for direct cyanidation the total... 

    A Visual Colorimetric Probe for Naked-Eye Detection of Pamidronate Disodium in Human Plasma Based on Aggregation of Citrate-Capped Gold Nanoparticles

    , Article Plasmonics ; Volume 10, Issue 4 , 2015 , Pages 971-978 ; 15571955 (ISSN) Hormozi Nezhad, M. R ; Abbasi-Moayed, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer New York LLC  2015
    Abstract
    Herein, a sensitive, simple, and rapid colorimetric assay for the detection of pamidronate disodium was developed based on the aggregation of citrate-capped gold nanoparticles (AuNPs). This was exploited from the affinity of electron-rich atoms toward the surface of AuNPs, resulting in the aggregation of AuNPs through intermolecular hydrogen bonding interactions. As a result of aggregation under optimum conditions ([NaCl] = 25 mM, [AuNPs] = 3.3 nM and pH 7.0), the color of AuNPs was changed from red to blue and the plasmon band of AuNPs around 520 was decreased along with the formation of a new peak at a longer wavelength in the approximate range of 600 to 700 nm. The intensity ratios of... 

    Application of 3D gold nanotube ensembles in electrochemical sensing of ultra-trace Hg (II) in drinkable water

    , Article Surfaces and Interfaces ; Volume 10 , 2018 , Pages 27-31 ; 24680230 (ISSN) Bahari Mollamahale, Y ; Ghorbani, M ; Dolati, A ; Ghalkhani, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2018
    Abstract
    As a novel and highly sensitive sensor, three-dimensional gold nanoelectrode ensembles (3D GNE) prepared by gold deposition inside the parallel pores of a porous template have been successfully applied in electrochemical determination experiments. In this study, we report on the fabrication of 3D gold nanotubes (GNT) and their application in determination of Hg (II) in water. The morphology and crystal structure of the 3D GNT were characterized by field emission scanning electron microscope (FE-SEM) and X-ray diffraction (XRD), respectively. The sensitivity of the fabricated electrode towards Hg (II) was examined using anodic stripping voltammetry (ASV) as a powerful technique in... 

    Efficient synthesis of propargylamines in aqueous media catalyzed by au nanoparticles under ambient temperature

    , Article ChemistrySelect ; Volume 3, Issue 7 , 2018 , Pages 2053-2058 ; 23656549 (ISSN) Matloubi Moghaddam, F ; Pourkaveh, R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Wiley-Blackwell  2018
    Abstract
    An eco-friendly gold-based catalyst supported on proline decorated montmorillonite was synthesized. The catalyst was characterized by combination of Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscopy (FE-SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), Brunauer–Emmett Teller (BET) surface area analysis, Ultraviolet–visible spectroscopy (UV-Vis), Energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX), thermo gravimetric analysis (TGA) and atomic absorption spectroscopy (AAS) techniques. The synthesized catalyst was found to be a highly efficient heterogeneous nanocatalyst for multi component A3 coupling reaction of aldehyde, amine and alkyne... 

    Gold@Silver@Gold Core double-shell nanoparticles: synthesis and aggregation-enhanced two-photon photoluminescence evaluation

    , Article Plasmonics ; Volume 15, Issue 2 , 2020 , Pages 409-416 Daneshvar e Asl, S ; Sadrnezhaad, S. K ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer  2020
    Abstract
    A facile, straightforward, and low-cost method is proposed to synthesize gold@silver@gold core double-shell nanoparticles. The technique is a seed-mediated growth protocol that contains four steps of (1) gold seed synthesis, (2) gold seed growth, (3) silver layer coating through silver salt reduction, and (4) gold layer deposition via gold precursor reduction. The prepared nanoparticles had a narrow size distribution and the average particle size of 28 ± 1 nm. Cysteine was introduced to the nanoparticles solution as a coupling agent to assemble nanoparticles. Aggregation-induced two-photon photoluminescence enhancement of three types assembled nanoparticles, i.e., gold@silver@gold,... 

    Enhanced CO sensitivity and selectivity of gold nanoparticles-doped SnO2 sensor in presence of propane and methane

    , Article Sensors and Actuators, B: Chemical ; Volume 133, Issue 1 , 26 July , 2008 , Pages 352-356 ; 09254005 (ISSN) Bahrami, B ; Khodadadi, A ; Kazemeini, M ; Mortazavi, Y ; Sharif University of Technology
    2008
    Abstract
    We report the effect of gold nanoparticles on the sensitivity and selectivity of SnO2-based sensors for detection of CO in the presence of methane and C3H8, a model compound representing liquid petroleum gas (LPG). 1.0 wt% Au/SnO2 powder was prepared by a co-precipitation method. The powder formed was washed, dried at 150 °C, and calcined at 300 °C for 3 h. The BET surface area of SnO2 and Au/SnO2 was measured to be 210 and 110 m2/g, corresponding to 4 and 7.5 nm loose spherical particles, respectively. Responses of the Au/SnO2 and SnO2 sensors to 40-1000 ppm CO, 0.2-1.0% C3H8 and 1.0-3.0% CH4 were studied at 170-300 °C in an automated gas sensing system. In this temperature range, the... 

    Highly sensitive turn-on fluorescent detection of captopril based on energy transfer between fluorescein isothiocyanate and gold nanoparticles

    , Article Journal of Luminescence ; Volume 134 , 2013 , Pages 874-879 ; 00222313 (ISSN) Hormozi Nezhad, M. R ; Bagheri, H ; Bohloul, A ; Taheri, N ; Robatjazi, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    2013
    Abstract
    A novel approach for highly sensitive detection of captopril was developed based on the fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) between gold nanoparticles (Au NPs) and fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC), in which FITC acts as the donor and Au NPs as the acceptor. The fluorescence intensity of fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC) was strictly quenched as a result of noncovalently adsorbed on Au NPs. Upon the addition of captopril, the fluorescence intensity of FITC turn-on due to the competition between captopril and FITC towards the surface of Au NPs. Under the optimum conditions, the fluorescence intensity of the released FITC displays a linear relationship in the range of 20 μg L-1 to... 

    Gold-based hybrid nanostructures: more than just a pretty face for combinational cancer therapy

    , Article Biophysical Reviews ; Volume 14, Issue 1 , 2022 , Pages 317-326 ; 18672450 (ISSN) Khafaji, M ; Bavi, O ; Zamani, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer Science and Business Media Deutschland GmbH  2022
    Abstract
    The early diagnosis together with an efficient therapy of cancer is essential to treat cancer patients and to enhance their quality of life. The use of nanostructures, as a newer technology, has demonstrated proven benefits as efficient cancer theranostic agents in numerous recent studies. Having a tunable surface plasmon resonance, gold nanostructures have been the subject of many recent studies as excellent imaging and photothermal therapy agents. However, the potential cytotoxicity and weak stability of gold nanostructures necessitate further modifications using biocompatible materials for biological applications. Based on the composition of the final structure, these gold-based hybrid... 

    Simulating Molecular Dynamics of Gold Nanoparticles on the Basis of Clustered and Colloid Models in the Aquatic Environments and Studying the Effect of Dimensions

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Hosseinzadeh, Fatemeh (Author) ; Khoei, Amir Reza (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    In addition to chemical stability and biocompatibility, because of the characteristics of quantum dimensions, gold nanoparticles are used in detecting cancers, imaging and therapeutics .Atomic interactions between gold particles and bioparticles are influenced by the dimensions of gold particles .Therefore, in this project, after introduction of various water models and used potentials for modeling by the method of TIP3P, we studied gold clusters in different dimensions and densities, by using EAM potential in the aquatic environment .Then we can pave the way for studying proteins besides gold nanoparticles, in the future studies. Besides, gold particles were studied as colloid, so as to... 

    Mechanism of 1,12-Dicarba-closo-dodecaborane Mobility on Gold Substrate as a Nanocar Wheel

    , Article Journal of Physical Chemistry C ; Volume 120, Issue 26 , 2016 , Pages 14048-14058 ; 19327447 (ISSN) Hosseini Lavasani, S.M ; Nejat Pishkenari, H ; Meghdari, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    American Chemical Society  2016
    Abstract
    We studied the mobility of p-carborane on a gold surface by analyzing the potential energy surfaces (PES) and simulating the motion of p-carborane using the classical molecular dynamics (MD) method. In the first section, we calculated the PES of p-carborane molecules on a gold surface during pure translation (sliding) and pure rotation independently and then employed this PES to predict the probable motion of p-carborane. These calculations were performed in several major orientations during sliding as well as different fixed positions during rotational movements to enable us to find the p-carborane motion threshold on a gold surface. In the second section, we use classical MD in isothermal... 

    Spectrophotometric and Colorimetric Determination of 4-Hydroxy-2 -Mercapto-6-Methylpyrimidine (MTU) Based on the Aggregation of Gold Nanoparticles

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Ghayyem, Sana (Author) ; Hormozinezhad, Mohammad Reza (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    4-Hydroxy-2-mercapto-6-methylpyrimidine (MTU), is a drug from thiouracil antithyroid family which inhibits thyroid hormone synthesis and is generally used to remedy hyperthyroidism in gestation and liver disease. On the other hand, MTU has been applied to animals to gain higher weight . Since remaining of thyreostatic drugs in eatable animal tissues could be a risk to human health, their use in animal products was prohibited in the European Union in 1981.Based on these reasons, the need for an analytical procedure capable of determining MTU is of great importance. We report herein the development of a highly sensitive colorimetric method for the detection of MTU utilizing citrate capped gold... 

    Fabrication of Fe-oxide@Silica@Gold (core/shell/shell) in Order to Development of Biomarkers

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mohammad-Beigi, Hossein (Author) ; Yaghmaei, Soheyla (Supervisor) ; Arpanaei, Ayyoob (Supervisor) ; Roosta Azad, Reza (Co-Advisor)
    Abstract
    The aim of this work is fabrication of magnetite@silica@gold particles. Study of the effect of pH showed that increasing pH from 9 to 12 resulted in a decrease in the size of magnetite nanoparticles from 7.9±1.38 nm to 5±0.64 nm. The TEM results indicated that modifying magnetic nanoparticles with sodium citrate prior to coating with silica leads to a narrow particle size distribution (275±16.1nm) and less number of silica nanoparticles without any magnetite core. Three methods were applied for attachment of gold nanoparticles seeds onto the silica surface: 1) use of an electrostatic interaction between positively-charged aminated silica and negatively-charged gold nanoparticles surfaces, 2)... 

    A sensitive and selective colorimetric method for detection of copper ions based on anti-aggregation of unmodified gold nanoparticles

    , Article Talanta ; Vol. 129, issue , 2014 , pp. 227-232 ; ISSN: 00399140 Hormozi-Nezhad, M. R ; Abbasi-Moayed, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    A highly sensitive and selective colorimetric method for detection of copper ions, based on anti-aggregation of D-penicillamine (D-PC) induced aggregated gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) was developed. Copper ions can hinder the aggregation of AuNPs induced by D-PC, through formation of mixed-valence complex with D-PC that is a selective copper chelator. In the presence of a fixed amount of D-PC, the aggregation of AuNPs decreases with increasing concentrations of Cu2+ along with a color change from blue to red in AuNPs solution and an increase in the absorption ratio (A520/A 650). Under the optimum experimental conditions (pH 7, [AuNPs] =3.0 nmol L-1 and [NaCl]=25 mmol L-1), a linear calibration... 

    A colorimetric assay for d-Penicillamine in urine and plasma samples based on the aggregation of gold nanoparticles

    , Article Journal of the Iranian Chemical Society ; Vol. 11, issue. 5 , Dec , 2014 , p. 1249-1255 Hormozi-Nezhad, M. R ; Azargun, M ; Fahimi-Kashani, N ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    We report herein the development of a highly sensitive colorimetric method for detection of d-Penicillamine using citrate-capped gold nanoparticles (AuNPs). This assay relies upon the distance-dependent of gold nanoparticles surface plasmon resonance band of gold nanoparticles. By replacing the thiol-containing chelator drug, d-Penicillamine, with citrate on the gold nanoparticles surface, a new peak appearing at a longer wavelength intensifies and shifts further to the red from the original peak position due to aggregation of gold nanoparticles which depends on ionic strength, gold nanoparticles and d-Penicillamine concentration. During this process, the plasmon band at 521 nm decreases... 

    Highly sensitive 3D gold nanotube ensembles: Application to electrochemical determination of metronidazole

    , Article Electrochimica Acta ; Volume 106 , 2013 , Pages 288-292 ; 00134686 (ISSN) Mollamahale, Y. B ; Ghorbani, M ; Ghalkhani, M ; Vossoughi, M ; Dolati, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    2013
    Abstract
    Three-dimensional gold nanoelectrode ensembles (3D GNE) have proven to be promising nanoelectrodes by representing much higher sensitivity compared to both their 2D nanostructures and bulk counterparts. The sensitivity of 3D gold nanotubes (GNTs) fabricated through electrodeposition inside the pores of polycarbonate templates, was examined toward metronidazole (MTZ) as one of their pharmaceutical applications. The electrochemical behavior of MTZ at the 3D GNT-modified electrode was discussed in detail through cyclic voltammetry (CV) which suggested an irreversible reduction of nitro group to the corresponding hydroxylamine and a subsequently reversible redox peak for the corresponding... 

    Amplified electrochemical DNA sensor based on polyaniline film and gold nanoparticles

    , Article Electroanalysis ; Volume 25, Issue 6 , 2013 , Pages 1373-1380 ; 10400397 (ISSN) Saberi, R. S ; Shahrokhian, S ; Marrazza, G ; Sharif University of Technology
    2013
    Abstract
    In this work, an electrochemical DNA biosensor, based on a dual signal amplified strategy by employing a polyaniline film and gold nanoparticles as a sensor platform and enzyme-linked as a label, for sensitive detection is presented. Firstly, polyaniline film and gold nanoparticles were progressively grown on graphite screen-printed electrode surface via electropolymerization and electrochemical deposition, respectively. The sensor was characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), cyclic voltammetry and impedance measurements. The polyaniline-gold nanocomposite modified electrodes were firstly modified with a mixed monolayer of a 17-mer thiol-tethered DNA probe and a spacer thiol,... 

    Enhanced thermal stability and biocompatibility of gold nanorods by graphene oxide

    , Article Plasmonics ; 2017 , Pages 1-10 ; 15571955 (ISSN) Shirshahi, V ; Hatamie, S ; Tabatabaei, S. N ; Salimi, M ; Saber, R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    In the present study, the effect of nanosized graphene oxide layer on thermal stability and biocompatibility of gold nanorods has been examined. The graphene oxide-wrapped gold nanorods were prepared by electrostatic interaction between negatively charged graphene oxide and positively charged nanorods. The resulting nanohybrids were then heated at different time intervals to 95 °C in a water bath to assess the effect of heat on the rods morphology. The structural changes in gold nanorods were monitored via UV-Vis spectroscopy measurements and transmission electron microscopy images. In similar experiments, the graphene oxide used to wrap gold nanorods was reduced by ascorbic acid in a 95 °C...