Search for: gold-electrodes
0.005 seconds

    Gold electrode modified with self-assembled monolayer of cysteamine-functionalized mwcnt and its application in simultaneous determination of dopamine and uric acid

    , Article Electroanalysis ; Volume 24, Issue 2 , February , 2012 , Pages 425-432 ; 10400397 (ISSN) Shahrokhian, S ; Mahdavi Shakib, A ; Ghalkhani, M ; Saberi, R. S ; Sharif University of Technology
    The voltammetric behavior of dopamine (DA) and uric acid (UA) on a gold electrode modified with self-assembled monolayer (SAM) of cysteamine (CA) conjugated with functionalized multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) was investigated. The film modifier of functionalized SAM was characterized by means of scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and also, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) using para-hydroquinone (PHQ) as a redox probe. For the binary mixture of DA and UA, the voltammetric signals of these two compounds can be well separated from each other, allowing simultaneous determination of DA and UA. The effect of various experimental parameters on the voltammetric responses of DA and... 

    Impedimetic biosensor for the DNA of the human papilloma virus based on the use of gold nanosheets

    , Article Microchimica Acta ; Volume 184, Issue 6 , 2017 , Pages 1729-1737 ; 00263672 (ISSN) Karimizefreh, A ; Aghakhani Mahyari, F ; VaezJalali, M ; Mohammadpour, R ; Sasanpour, P ; Sharif University of Technology
    The authors describe an impedimetric method for the quantitation of the DNA of the human papilloma virus (HPV) type 16. A glassy carbon electrode (GCE) was modified with gold nanosheets and is shown to be superior to a common gold disk electrode. A single-stranded 25mer oligonucleotide (ssDNA) acting as the probe DNA was immobilized via its thiolated 5′ end on both electrodes. After hybridization with target (analyte) DNA, electrochemical impedance spectra were acquired in the presence of hexacyanoferrate as a redox marker. The sensor can distinguish between complementary, non-complementary and single base pair mismatches of HPV ssDNA. At a 1 mM hexacyanoferrate concentration, the biosensors... 

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mahdavi Shakib, Akbar (Author) ; Shahrokhian, Saeed (Supervisor)

    This experimental work is of two parts. First, self-assembled monolayers of cysteamine was formed on the gold electrode surface which leaded to the formation of amine groups on the surface; then amine bond was formed between these amine groups and the carboxylic acid groups of acid treated multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs). The modified electrode was used for voltammetric determination of dopamine in the presence of uric acid. In the second part, acid treated MWCNTs were decorated with ruthenium nanoparticles; then the resulting composite was used for surface modification with the exact same procedure as the first part. Ruthenium nanoparticles on the electrode surface were... 

    Sandblasting improves the performance of electrodes of miniature electrical impedance tomography via double layer capacitance

    , Article Heliyon ; Volume 6, Issue 4 , 2020 Rezanejad Gatabi, Z ; Mohammadpour, R ; Gatabi, J. R ; Mirhoseini, M ; Ahmadi, M ; Sasanpour, P ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2020
    Effect of sandblasting of the copper electrode structures before deposition of gold thin film for micro electrical impedance tomography (EIT) system has been studied experimentally. The comparison has been performed on the unmodified copper electrodes and the sandblasted electrodes before deposition of gold layer, using structural analysis while their performance in EIT system has been measured and analyzed. The results of scanning electron microscopy and atomic force microscopy show that the sandblasting of the electrodes results in the deposition of gold film with smaller grain size and uniformly, comparing to the unmodified structure. The measurement of impedance shows that the... 

    Deciphering the electric field changes in the channel of an open quantum system to detect DNA nucleobases

    , Article Journal of Computational Electronics ; Volume 16, Issue 2 , 2017 , Pages 411-418 ; 15698025 (ISSN) Khadempar, N ; Berahman, M ; Yazdanpanah Goharrizi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    DNA nucleobases strongly absorbed onto a graphene sheet placed between two gold electrodes in a contact–channel–contact configuration were distinguished. We analyzed the system using the nonequilibrium Green’s function method combined with density functional theory. The changes of the electric field in the middle of the vacuum gap (channel) were investigated. The Mulliken population was deciphered for graphene and the nucleobases. We also extracted the image plane, which was found to lie very close to the position of peak induced density. The projection of the electron difference density and electrostatic difference potential of the nucleobases are also presented. The nucleobases were... 

    Rapid and simultaneous determination of tetracycline and cefixime antibiotics by mean of gold nanoparticles-screen printed gold electrode and chemometrics tools

    , Article Measurement: Journal of the International Measurement Confederation ; Vol. 47, Issue. 1 , 2014 , pp. 145-149 ; ISSN: 02632241 Asadollahi-Baboli, M ; Mani-Varnosfaderani, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    The screen-printed gold electrode (SPGE) modified with the formation of self-assembly monolayer (SAM) of cysteine (Cys) on gold-nanoparticles (Au nano) was utilized for rapid and simultaneous determination of tetracycline and cefixime antibiotics by square wave voltammetry (SWV). Electrochemical investigation and characterization of the modified electrode was achieved using cyclic voltammetry (CV) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). A principal component artificial neural network (PCANN) with three layer back-propagation network was utilized for the analysis of the voltammogram data. It is possible to simultaneously determine the tetracycline and cefixime concentrations in the ranges of... 

    Mechanochemical green synthesis of exfoliated edge-functionalized boron nitride quantum dots: application to vitamin c sensing through hybridization with gold electrodes

    , Article ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces ; Volume 10, Issue 34 , 2018 , Pages 28819-28827 ; 19448244 (ISSN) Angizi, S ; Hatamie, A ; Ghanbari, H ; Simchi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    American Chemical Society  2018
    Two-dimensional boron nitride quantum dots (2D BNQDs) with excellent chemical stability, high photoluminescence efficiency, and low toxicity are a new class of advanced materials for biosensing and bioimaging applications. To overcome the current challenge about the lack of facile, scalable, and reproducible synthesis approach of BNQDs, we introduce a green and facile approach based on mechanochemical exfoliation of bulk h-BN particles in ethanol. Few-layered hydroxylated-functionalized QDs with a thickness of 1-2 nm and a lateral dimension of 2-6 nm have been prepared. The synthesized nanocrystals exhibit a strong fluorescence emission at 407 and 425 nm with a quantum efficiency of ∼6.2%.... 

    Artificial neural network aided estimation of the electrochemical signals of monosaccharides on gold electrode

    , Article Carbohydrate Research ; Volume 343, Issue 8 , 2008 , Pages 1359-1365 ; 00086215 (ISSN) Gobal, F ; Sadeghpour Dilmaghani, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Artificial neural networks were used to predict the oxidation peaks potentials of 7 monosaccharides under linear sweep voltammetry regime. Two sets of descriptors, one based on molecular properties calculated through DFT and another based on simple geometric distributions of hydroxyl groups and asymmetric carbon atoms along molecular chains, were employed to introduce the molecules to networks. Relatively, simple networks of (3,3,1) and (3,3,3,1) structures with the number of epochs not exceeding 15 through training process were capable of correctly predicting the peaks positions with R values in the range of 0.97-0.99. © 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved