Search for: health-care-system
0.007 seconds
Total 38 records

    Studying Instances of Conflict of Interest in Some Job Positions in Iran’s Ministry of Health, Treatment and Medical Education

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Memari Beyraq, Behzad (Author) ; Talebian, Masoud (Supervisor) ; Fatemi Ardestani, Farshad (Co-Supervisor)
    This study investigates and enumerates instances of conflict of interests in some job positions in Iran’s Ministry of Health, Treatment and Medical Education. To achieve this goal, we interviewed people involved in the health field and reviewed job descriptions as well. By adopting the prevalent definition of conflict of interests regarding the duties, authorities, and responsibilities, instances of conflict of interests has been relatively identified in each position. The results show that the main reasons (determinants) for cases of conflict of interests can fall into three categories. First, duties of positions are in such a way that being a shareholder, CEO, and member of the board of... 

    The Application of Profile Monitoring in Healthcare for Disease Monitoring- case Study

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Chabok, Sheyda (Author) ; Rafiee, Majid (Supervisor)
    Profile Monitoring is a new research topics in the field of statistical process control. In many applications of statistical quality control, sometimes quality of a process or product described by a relationship between a response variable and one or more independent variables.The researchers call this relationship profile. The study seeks to demonstrate that monitoring profiles In addition, the industry can be effective in medical field and improves control of the patient's condition by a doctor. Profiles are usually modeled with a linear regression equation, non-linear or polynomial. finally, the results of this study, using actual data, models and methods to predict and control... 

    Application of Game Theory in Healthcare:Kidney Donation Problem

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Davarnia, Danial (Author) ; Eshghi, Kourosh (Supervisor)
    Nowadays, one of the most common and effective methods of medical treatment for End-Stage Renal Disease is kidney transplantation technique which is obtained by transplantation of a living donor kidney to the patient. However, the main issue regarding to this method is the shortage of kidney supply rather than demand. A modern solution for this problem is known as "Paired Kidney Exchange Method". In order to deal with this approach theoretically, the whole problem is modeled as a graph theory problem and a cycle detection algorithms are applied. Furthermore, a new approach considering the time issue and patient state have been introduced recently which implemented the Stochastic Game... 

    A Framework to Evaluate the Resilience of Hospitals

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Khanmohammadi, Sadegh (Author) ; Kashani, Hamed (Supervisor)
    In the aftermath of earthquakes, hospitals serve the critical role of treating casualties and reducing mortalities and severe injuries. A hospital must be resilient to play its role correctly after the earthquake. A resilient hospital is able to maintain its functionality at an acceptable level and provide service to the injured. In order to enhance the resilience of a hospital, an appropriate framework is needed to evaluate the hospital resilience and determines the impact of modification actions. This framework should characterize the serviceability of a hospital in terms of an appropriate metric. In this framework, the behavior of a given hospital building in the event of an earthquake as... 

    Prediction Using Data Mining Techniques in Healthcare

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Aliyari, Fateme (Author) ; Akhavan Niaki, Taghi (Supervisor)
    Poor decision making in health care has always had irreparable consequences for society. Also, expensive medical tests cause lots of problems for patients. A huge amount of data is produced daily by hospitals, which unfortunately are not used to improve decision making and predicting disease. Data mining can be an appropriate tool for extracting knowledge from a huge amount of data by using a variety of techniques such as prediction. The leading cause of death in the world is heart disease so this study has been designed to predict the incidence of that. Regarding the literature review, the Naïve Bayes method had predicted heart disease accurately. According to the specialist's opinion, some... 

    Application of Data Mining Techniques in Diagnosis & Prediction of Heart Disease

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology jahangiri, Sonia (Author) ; Akhavan Niaki, Taghi (Supervisor)
    Nowadays, data is the most important asset for health organizations in which the process of collecting, storing and analyzing of data leads to success of health organizations. Many companies have turned to data mining for the beneficial use of these data. The main purpose of data mining is to obtain useful knowledge from existing data. One of the diseases that is very significant for data miners is cardiovascular disease. Cardiovascular disease is the most important cause of death in the world. Therefore, it is necessary to improve the diagnostic and predictive measures of these patients. In this study, a database containing of characteristics of patients with chest pain who referred to... 

    Optimization of Health Care Systems Projects Using Real Options and Queuing Theory

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mohammadi, Narges (Author) ; Modarres Yaszdi, Mohammad (Supervisor)
    In this thesis, by applying real option mechanism a model is proposed in order to make the best decision regarding the possible implementation of projects development of a hospital department. Due to the specific circumstances of the health systems, this model considers several uncertainties. Queuing theory is used to detect system uncertainties and define suitable projects. We evaluate the projects financially within the hospital budget. Then simulation technique also will be used to finally select the projects that have the greatest improvement on the system performance. In this study, two real-option models are developed to evaluate two projects to be implemented in the hospital. The... 

    A Healthcare Service Model Based on Software as a Service Approach

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Rayani, Farzad (Author) ; Khansari, Mohammad (Supervisor)
    In healthcare field to reduce costs, high availability, increasing reliability, access to data from multiple locations and manage distributed information between centers, doctors and patients; there is a certain need to a distributed system and cloud services are a good option to meet that need. In this thesis different models of service delivery in the healthcare were studied which included traditional and cloud models. Also from the survey, the metrics which we used to compare these models were extracted. These metrics include quantitative metrics such as cost, setup time, availability, multi-regional, elasticity, efficiency and qualitative metrics including integrity, privacy,... 

    Performance Management of HSE Management System based on BSC Framework-the Case Study of Mapna Corporation

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Naseri, Amin (Author) ; Sepehri, Mehran (Supervisor)
    A Balanced Scorecard (BSC) model is proposed to evaluate performance of Health, Safety and Environment (HSE) management systems. This model includes key performance indicators at three integrated levels. It has been tested and verified in a project-based organization in Iran, active in the area of power and energy. Results show that the company has done well in implementing HSE management processes, but no so well in growth and learning. This model may be used as a basis for comparing different companies and various proposed programs in the field of HSE management systems. The model includes indicators and sub-indicators in each category particularly related to stakeholders, processes, and... 

    Location and Relocation of Ambulances under Uncertainty Conditions

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Firooze, Saeed (Author) ; Rafiee, Majid (Supervisor)
    The aim of Emergency Medical Services (EMS) is to provide fast medical care and to transport patients to hospitals at the earliest possible time, so as to reduce injury and fatality rate. Healthcare managers try to improve healthcare systems by reducing the response time to demands. In this thesis, we present mathematical models for the problem of location and relocation of emergency vehicles after the end of their service time or after they have returned to a hospital. We believe that implementing these models can help managers improve the performance of emergency medical services. In the first part of this study, we present a two-level deterministic optimization model considering demand... 

    Optimal Two-Phase Vaccine Allocation under Uncertain Impacts and Different Transition Rates

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Dodangeh, Sana (Author) ; Najafi, Mehdi (Supervisor) ; Rafiee, Majid (Supervisor)
    Infectious diseases have always threatened the health of human beings. One of the most important causes of mortality in human societies is infectious diseases. The spread of these diseases in society, even if does not lead to death, can have devastating effects on society. Influenza is one of the infectious diseases that has attracted much attention today. It can be mild or severe and even cause hospitalization and death. Therefore, controlling and preventing the epidemic of this disease is very important. Epidemic models are commonly used to simulate the spread of infectious diseases. In this study to identify the influenza outbreak, a stochastic multigroup SEIR model with the migration... 

    Decision Analysis and Revenue Management In Health-Care

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Samadi, Mohamad Reza (Author) ; Koorosh, Eshghi (Supervisor)
    Nowadays, Resource Capacity Management (RCM) is one of the main challenges for industries which have a limited capacity to meet the demands. Revenue Management (RM) is a technique that controls the supply, improves the quality of Capacity Management and maximizes the revenue. Supplying the products and services to different groups of customers is a decision making problem.While the classic RM techniques take into account only the expected revenue, preferences of decision makers strongly affect the results. In this study, utility theory has been proposed because the healthcare industries are usually nonprofitable and they are not highly focused on the revenue gained by their products and... 

    Analyzing Mechanisms Which Create Instability in Attention to Care vs. Health in National Health System and Their Effects

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Daneshvaran, Arman (Author) ; Mashayekhi, Alinaghi (Supervisor) ; Malaek, Mohammad Bagher (Co-Advisor)
    Each National Health System has to choose a combination of health and treatment programs, as the health policy to keep people healthy. As a result of shared resources, the more concentration on treatment, make health program weaker and so thegreater rate of prevalence of diseases and the more burden on treatment programs. At this situation, the problem of lack of ability to pay for health services and products will seriously threaten the health of society. Based on statistics of health status, Iran is going to face this state. So here at this thesis, in order to simulate and study the behaviors of key state variables during the time, the model of national health system developed by system... 

    Modeling a Healthcare System Using Simulation-based Queuing Theory

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Asgari, Farzane (Author) ; Eshraghniaye Jahromi, Abdolhamid (Supervisor)
    Healthcare industry, in terms of gross national product, is one of the largest and fastest growing sectors of almost all countries. It is not surprising that a large amount of research has been focused on advancing medical practices and improving management methods in healthcare systems. One of the most important areas for improvement is patient flow management. Patient flow indicates the capability of a health care system in providing fast, reliable, and efficient services. Although capacity of health care system has grown, patients still have been facing long delays before getting into the system due to ineffective management. Queuing models can offer appropriate methods for analyzing and... 

    A Mathematical Model to Locate Multi-Level Multi-Service Health Facility Under Uncertainty

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Motallebi Nasrabadi, Alireza (Author) ; Najafi, Mehdi (Supervisor)
    In this study, a mathematical model for health-care facility location in two level and multi-services has been described. The facilities has two levels of clinic and hospital that has inclusive hierarchy property. In clinics, only outpatient services delivered. But, in hospitals in addition to handle outpatient services, inpatient services and emergency services are provided. In this research, we practice on queuing theory in order to consider the serious uncertainties in the health service, for instance, random demand and random service time, and by the help of which the criteria for considering the service level is calculated. Then by using applicable change variable and service level... 

    A Model to Schedule Hospital Nurses Considering Nurses Preferences

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Pourmohsen, Rokhsareh (Author) ; Najafi, Mehdi (Supervisor)
    The nurse scheduling problem is an inevitable issue in managing of hospital wards. Maintaining high quality of working in hospitals is too difficult in tense and high-pressure work environment. Manually solving the scheduling problem is time-consuming. It can pose problems to considering individual excellence, personnel requests and distributing shifts in a fair and desirable manner. These problems and the impossibility of considering all conditions together made the nurse scheduling as an important scheduling problem. In this research we propose a model to assign nurses to shifts considering regulations and hospital’s policies. Unlike nurse scheduling literature we consider nurses... 

    Application of Data Mining in Healtcare

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Oliyaei, Azadeh (Author) ; Salmasi, Nasser (Supervisor)
    Data mining is the one of top ten developing knowledge in the world. This study followed three fold objectives; Firstly, An efficient model based on data mining algorithms is proposed to predict the duration of hospitalization time for patients of digestive system disease that need short term care. Duration of hospitalization is an important criterion to be used for predicting the hospital resources. In order to, a combined model based on CHAID and C.5 decision trees and a neural network is suggested. The suggested model predict the duration of hospitalization with 82% accuracy. The second object of this study is to propose an algorithm based on likelihood ratio. The suggested algorithm... 

    Risk-adjusted Profile Monitoring in Dependent Multi-stage Processes in Healthcare Systems

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Milanlouei, Soodabeh (Author) ; Akhavan Niaki, Taghi (Supervisor)
    Control chart is one of the most powerful tools in statistical process control (SPC). This tool has been widely used in industrial schemes; however, in recent years, it has become widespread in health care studies as well. Most of these studies are dealing with monitoring qualitative variables in one-stage processes. This research presents a new mechanism for monitoring medical processes, by modelling the bone marrow transplant surgery as a dependent multi-stage process into a multiple profile. In this mechanism, the characteristics which will be monitored are quantitative, and the cascade property between stages is considered. Moreover, risk adjustment methods have been used due to the... 

    An Approach to Optimize Resource Allocation and Strategies to Control Infectious Diseases

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mohammadi, Ahmad (Author) ; Najafi, Mehdi (Supervisor)
    Infectious diseases have always been a threat to mankind, and is the greatest causes of death of children and young people. Although this type of diseases is a serious threat to public health; the allocated resources in responding to a semi-large pandemic is inadequate. Therefore, it is important to spend the resources in the most effective and efficient ways to improve pandemic response capability. That is why considerable research be devoted to study different aspects of epidemics, and developed mathematical approaches to choose appropriate strategies in pandemic response. Since the epidemic models are simplified means to describe the transmission of disease, researchers often use these... 

    An Improved Clustering Method of Data Mining in Healthcare and Its Implementation

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Shourabizadeh, Hamed (Author) ; Akhavan Niaki, Taghi (Supervisor)
    In this study, a brief definition of data mining and its variants were mentioned. Then the methods and algorithms for clustering and their application in the field of healthcare is studied. Concidering the available data for anemia disease, including numeric and categorical attributes, the k-medoids clustering algorithm was selected. This algorithm is one of the simple, powerful and most widely used methods for clustering. The drawbacks of this algorithm are as follow: requires a user input on the number of clusters, depends on the initial data and traps in the local optima. In this thesis, an improved method of clustering-based on Random Forest and k-medoids algorithms has been developed....