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    Development of a continuous kinetic model for prediction of coke formation in hydroconversion of Marlim crude oil in a slurry-phase reactor

    , Article Petroleum and Coal ; Vol. 56, issue. 3 , 2014 , p. 249-256 Ghane, A ; Khorasheh, F ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    A Continuous model was developed to describe the kinetics of hydroconversion of Marlim crude oil in a slurry-phase reactor. The model was able to accurately predict the liquid product distributions as well as coke formation. The model contained one temperature-independent and six temperature-dependent parameters.The model parameters were obtained by an optimization procedure using experimental data available in the open literature for reaction temperatures of 440-460°C, hydrogen pressure of 14.7 MPa, liquid hourly space velocity (LHSV) of 0.5 h-1, and a hydrogen to oil ratio of 100 to 1 ft3/bbl. Comparison between experimental and predicted product distributions and coke yields indicated a... 

    An experimental and simulation study of heavy oil recovery by the liquid CO2 huff and puff method

    , Article Energy Sources, Part A: Recovery, Utilization and Environmental Effects ; Vol. 36, issue. 23 , March , 2014 , p. 2587-2594 Ekhlasjoo, I ; Vosoughi, M ; Shadizadeh, S. R ; Kharrat, R ; Ghazanfari, M. H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    In this article a series of experiments were performed to demonstrate the effect of carbon dioxide injection pressure on a huff and puff process. The experimental data are used in a lab-scale model simulated with a commercial simulator to investigate the effect of soaking time, injection pore volume, and rate of injection on the heavy oil recovery. The result of experiments showed that a huff and puff process under miscible pressure conditions gives the most recovery. Simulation results illustrated that there is an optimum value for soaking time, which, for soaking times less than this value, recovery increases and for values greater than optimum the recovery decreases. The simulation study... 

    Investigation of auto ignition condition under different parameters

    , Article Iranian Journal of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering ; Volume 27, Issue 2 , 2008 , Pages 93-101 ; 10219986 (ISSN) Razzaghi, S ; Kharrat, R ; Rashtchian, D ; Vossoughi, S ; Saraji, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    2008
    Abstract
    In this work, the potential of auto-ignition of heavy oil during in-situ combustion (ISC) process was studied. Kinetic studies were carried out using Thermo Gravimetric Analyzer (TGA), Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC) and Accelerating Rate Calorimetric (ARC) techniques. Effects of oxygen partial pressure, reservoir pressure and clay on auto ignition condition were investigated on a number of different heavy oil samples from south west Iran mixed with silica sand or crushed carbonate rock and clay. Based on the experimental results obtained by TGA runs, the kinetic equation was derived for different oil samples in the presence of different sands. Effect of partial pressure of oxygen in... 

    Effect of fracture spacing on VAPEX performance in heavy oil fracture systems

    , Article Iranian Journal of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering ; Volume 27, Issue 1 , 2008 , Pages 35-45 ; 10219986 (ISSN) Azin, R ; Kharrat, R ; Ghotbi, C ; Vossoughi, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    2008
    Abstract
    The vapor extraction (VAPEX) process; a solvent-based enhanced oil recovery process has been found promising for some heavy oil reservoirs. In this work, the VAPEX process is studied using a compositional simulator on a number of single-block and multiple block fractured systems. PVT data of one of an Iranian heavy oil reservoir are used to tune the equation of state. Effects of fracture spacing on the performance of process were studied. It was found that the fracture network enhances the VAPEX process in low-permeability systems by increasing the contact area between solvent and oil contained in the matrix blocks. Also, the fracture network reduced the instabilities in the system pressure... 

    Heavy oil thermal conversion and refinement to the green petroleum: A petrochemical refinement plant using the sustainable formic acid for the process

    , Article Biointerface Research in Applied Chemistry ; Volume 10, Issue 5 , 2020 , Pages 6088-6100 Norouzi, N ; Talebi, S ; Fabi, M ; Khajehpour, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    AMG Transcend Association  2020
    Abstract
    In this study, heat oil conversion experiments using steam and formic acid as a hydrogen carrier be carried out in a batch reactor at T = 380 degrees of Celsius and P = 165 bar. Material balance and product distribution were calculated after the process. Properties of crude oil before and after thermal conversion, including viscosity, API gravity, SARA measurement, and elemental analysis, were analyzed. It has been presented that the use of formic acid as a hydrogen carrier solvent reduces the formation of coke and gaseous products and enhances the performance of liquid products. Also, the viscosity of the refined oil decreased by 23.2% due to the addition of formic acid compared to the... 

    A comparative study on WAS, SWAS, and solvent-soak scenarios applied to heavy-oil reservoirs using five-spot glass micromodels

    , Article Journal of Canadian Petroleum Technology ; Volume 51, Issue 5 , 2012 , Pages 383-392 ; 00219487 (ISSN) Farzaneh, S. A ; Dehghan, A. A ; Ghazanfari, M. H ; Kharrat, R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    In this work, a series of solvent- and water-injection scenarios were conducted on horizontal five-spot glass micromodels that were saturated initially with heavy oil. Sandstone and limestone rock look-alike and network patterns with different pore structures were used in the experiments. The results show that the ultimate oil recovery of a water-alternating-solvent (WAS) scheme was greater than that of a simultaneously water-alternating-solvent (SWAS) scheme, and the efficiency of a solvent-soak scheme also offers a greater recovery. Likewise, the WAS scheme resulted in greater oil recovery when compared with continuous solvent injection (CSI), with the same amount of solvent consumption.... 

    Feasibility study on application of the recent enhanced heavy oil recovery methods (VAPEX, SAGD, CAGD and THAI) in an iranian heavy oil reservoir

    , Article Petroleum Science and Technology ; Volume 35, Issue 21 , 2017 , Pages 2059-2065 ; 10916466 (ISSN) Heidary, S ; Dehghan, A. A ; Mahdavi, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    Enhanced oil recovery (EOR) methods assisted by gravity drainage mechanism and application of sophisticated horizontal wells bring new hope for heavy oil extraction. Variety of thermal and non-thermal EOR techniques inject an external source of energy and materials such as steam, solvent vapor, or gas through a horizontal well at the top of the reservoir to reduce in-situ heavy oil viscosity. So, the diluted oil becomes mobile and flows downwards by gravity drainage to a horizontal producer located at the bottom of the reservoir. In this paper, a sector model of an Iranian fractured carbonate heavy oil reservoir was provided to simulate and evaluate capability of some EOR techniques such as... 

    Effect of small scale flow barriers heterogeneities and connate water on displacement efficiency of polymer floods to heavy oil reservoirs

    , Article Canadian Journal of Chemical Engineering ; Vol. 91, issue. 10 , October , 2013 , p. 1729-1740 ; ISSN: 00084034 Mohammadi, S ; Ghazanfari, M. H ; Masihi, M ; Vossoughi, S ; Sharif University Of Technology
    Abstract
    This work concerns a fundamental understanding of how heterogeneities induced by flow barriers and connate water affect the displacement efficiency of polymer floods, which has rarely been studied in the available literature. Here, a series of water/polymer injection experiments to heavy oil performed on five-spot glass micromodels containing randomly distributed shale structures is presented. It has been found that macroscopic efficiency of polymer flooding majorly depends on flow barriers distribution/configuration; shale content and geometrical characteristics; presence of connate water and wettability of medium. Microscopic pictures revealed that the main parts of connate water were... 

    The semi-analytical modeling and simulation of the VAPEX process of ""Kuh-e-Mond"" heavy oil reservoir

    , Article Petroleum Science and Technology ; Vol. 29, issue. 5 , Oct , 2009 , p. 535-548 ; ISSN: 10916466 Rasti, F ; Masihi, M ; Kharrat, R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    The vapor extraction process (or VAPEX) uses vaporized solvents injected into a horizontal well to form a vapor chamber within the reservoir. Vapor dissolves in the oil and enhances the oil production by decreasing the oil viscosity in heavy oil reservoirs. To evaluate the process we conduct a simulation study on an Iranian heavy oil reservoir called Kuh-e-Mond. In addition, a semi-analytical investigation of the VAPEX process has been performed. The idea is to perform VAPEX simulation for a laboratory model and find a methodology to compare the results of the simulator with the semi-analytical Butler's model. In particular, a semi-analytical dimensionless correlation for production rate... 

    A study of enhanced heavy oil recovery by two well cyclical steam assisted gravity drainage (TWC-SAGD) in conventional and fractured reservoirs

    , Article Energy Sources, Part A: Recovery, Utilization and Environmental Effects ; Vol. 36, issue. 10 , Dec , 2014 , pp. 1065-1076 ; ISSN: 15567036 Ghoodjani, E ; Bolouri, S. H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    Steam-assisted gravity drainage is one of the most promising strategies to develop huge heavy oil and bitumen accumulations. Like the other thermal processes, this method aims at reducing oil viscosity by increasing the temperature. But in an economical point of view, it requires a great volume of steam for injection. Moreover, early breakthrough of steam and high steam-oil ratio makes it uneconomical, especially in long production time. In this study, a new method, two wells cyclical steam-assisted gravity drainage is compared with a conventional steam-assisted gravity drainage process. Well configuration in two wells cyclical steam-assisted gravity drainage is the same as the... 

    The semi-analytical modeling and simulation of the VAPEX process of "Kuh-e-Mond" heavy oil reservoir

    , Article Petroleum Science and Technology ; Volume 29, Issue 5 , 2011 , Pages 535-548 ; 10916466 (ISSN) Rasti, F ; Masihi, M ; Kharrat, R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    The vapor extraction process (or VAPEX) uses vaporized solvents injected into a horizontal well to form a vapor chamber within the reservoir. Vapor dissolves in the oil and enhances the oil production by decreasing the oil viscosity in heavy oil reservoirs. To evaluate the process we conduct a simulation study on an Iranian heavy oil reservoir called Kuh-e-Mond. In addition, a semi-analytical investigation of the VAPEX process has been performed. The idea is to perform VAPEX simulation for a laboratory model and find a methodology to compare the results of the simulator with the semi-analytical Butler's model. In particular, a semi-analytical dimensionless correlation for production rate... 

    Studying the Mechanistic Behavior of Heavy Oil Displacement Using a Group of Alkalis and Surfactant Mixtures

    , Article Chemical Engineering Communications ; Vol. 202, issue. 3 , May , 2015 , p. 366-374 ; ISSN: 00986445 Dehghan, A. A ; Jadaly, A ; Masihi, M ; Ayatollahi, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    In this study, a mixture-based sulfonate-based surfactant with a novel formula capable of functioning in real oil reservoir conditions was prepared and some microscopic parameters, like its compatibility state, emulsion behavior, interfacial tension, and temperature dependency in the presence of a heavy oil sample, and two of the most popular alkalis were analyzed; then the results were compared with those of a commercial sulfate-based surfactant. The designed surfactant provided an optimum three-phase region in relatively high salinity media; however, its optimum value decreased when adding any alkaline materials; this trend was reversed for the solutions made with the sulfate-based... 

    The assessment of fracture geometrical properties on the performance of conventional in situ combustion

    , Article Petroleum Science and Technology ; Volume 29, Issue 6 , Feb , 2011 , Pages 613-625 ; 10916466 (ISSN) Fatemi, S. M ; Kharrat, R ; Ghotbi, C ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    The aim of the present work is to evaluate the effect of fractures geometrical properties such as orientation, density, location, and networking on the conventional fire flooding (CFF) process performance through simulation analysis. Combustion parameters of a fractured low-permeable carbonate heavy oil reservoir in Iran called Kuh-E-Mond (KEM); applied for simulation study and simulator has been validated with KEM combustion tube experimental data. The validated model was modified to study CFF in 3D semi-scaled combustion cells. Simulation results confirmed that CFF is more feasible in the case of densely fractured reservoirs such as those in the Middle East  

    Studying the mechanistic behavior of heavy oil displacement using a group of alkalis and surfactant mixtures

    , Article Chemical Engineering Communications ; Volume 202, Issue 3 , 2015 , Pages 366-374 ; 00986445 (ISSN) Dehghan, A. A ; Jadaly, A ; Masihi, M ; Ayatollahi, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Taylor and Francis Ltd  2015
    Abstract
    In this study, a mixture-based sulfonate-based surfactant with a novel formula capable of functioning in real oil reservoir conditions was prepared and some microscopic parameters, like its compatibility state, emulsion behavior, interfacial tension, and temperature dependency in the presence of a heavy oil sample, and two of the most popular alkalis were analyzed; then the results were compared with those of a commercial sulfate-based surfactant. The designed surfactant provided an optimum three-phase region in relatively high salinity media; however, its optimum value decreased when adding any alkaline materials; this trend was reversed for the solutions made with the sulfate-based... 

    A new approach to characterize the performance of heavy oil recovery due to various gas injection

    , Article International Journal of Multiphase Flow ; 2017 ; 03019322 (ISSN) Rostami, B ; Pourafshary, P ; Fathollahi, A ; Yassin, M. R ; Hassani, K ; Khosravi, M ; Mohammadifard, M ; Dangkooban, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2017
    Abstract
    The performance of CO2 injection into a semi-heavy oil reservoir was investigated at reservoir conditions, using highly permeable sandstone in a complete series of PVT tests and coreflooding experiments. Analysis of involved parameters such as: injection rate, injectant type and reservoir pressure were also considered. Oil viscosity reduction and oil swelling are the most influential mechanisms of enhanced oil recovery in this process. The results demonstrated that CO2 injection would decrease the interfacial tension for the high permeable medium in the absence of capillarity, but this reduction may not improve the recovery drastically. One of the main important aspects of this work is the... 

    A new approach to characterize the performance of heavy oil recovery due to various gas injection

    , Article International Journal of Multiphase Flow ; Volume 99 , 2018 , Pages 273-283 ; 03019322 (ISSN) Rostami, B ; Pourafshary, P ; Fathollahi, A ; Yassin, M. R ; Hassani, K ; Khosravi, M ; Mohammadifard, M ; Dangkooban, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2018
    Abstract
    The performance of CO2 injection into a semi-heavy oil reservoir was investigated at reservoir conditions, using highly permeable sandstone in a complete series of PVT tests and coreflooding experiments. Analysis of involved parameters such as: injection rate, injectant type and reservoir pressure were also considered. Oil viscosity reduction and oil swelling are the most influential mechanisms of enhanced oil recovery in this process. The results demonstrated that CO2 injection would decrease the interfacial tension for the high permeable medium in the absence of capillarity, but this reduction may not improve the recovery drastically. One of the main important aspects of this work is the... 

    Feasibility study of auto ignition in in-situ combustion process

    , Article Journal of the Japan Petroleum Institute ; Volume 51, Issue 5 , 2008 , Pages 287-297 ; 13468804 (ISSN) Razzaghi, S ; Kharrat, R ; Vossoughi, S ; Rashtchian, D ; Sharif University of Technology
    2008
    Abstract
    Air injection, and the resulting in-situ combustion process, utilizes an inexpensive injectant, air, to accelerate oil recovery and increase reserves. The potential of auto ignition of heavy oil during in situ combustion process was studied in KEM reservoir. The risk of carbonate decomposition due to high temperature was examined. The carbonate rock decomposition was taken at 650°C. The peak of low temperature combustion by producing CO was initiated at 275°C when air was injected. There was no risk of decomposition of the carbonate Sarvak formation due to high temperatures of the process. Enrichment of the injecting fluid by oxygen increased the possibility of ignition. Ignition occurred... 

    Experimental Investigation of Heavy Oil Recovery by Liquid CO2 Huff and Puff Method

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Ekhlasjoo, Iman (Author) ; Vossoughi, Manoochehr (Supervisor) ; Shadizadeh, Reza (Supervisor) ; Kharrat, Reeaz (Supervisor) ; Ghazanfari, Mohammad Hossein (Co-Advisor)
    Abstract
    In recent years, carbon dioxide is used for enhanced oil recovery of heavy oil. Steam Huff and Puff is one of the enhanced oil recovery methods used for heavy oil. In this study liquid CO2 was used as an injecting fluid instead of steam. In this paper a series of experiments were performed to demonstrate the effect of carbon dioxide injection pressure on huff and puff process. The experimental data are used in lab scale model simulated with commercial simulator Eclipse 300 to investigate the effect of soaking time, injection pore volume and rate of injection on the heavy oil recovery. Result of experiments showed that huff and puff process under miscible pressure condition gives the most... 

    Monitoring the effect of discontinuous shales on the surfactant flooding performance in heavy oil reservoirs using 2D glass micromodels

    , Article Petroleum Science and Technology ; Vol. 32, issue. 12 , Apr , 2014 , p. 1404-1417 ; ISSN: 10916466 Mohammadi, S ; Kharrat, R ; Masihi, M ; Ghazanfari, M. H ; Saidian, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    Although most heavy oil reservoirs contain discontinuous shaly structures, there is a lack of fundamental understanding how the shaly structures affect the oil recovery efficiency, especially during surfactant flooding to heavy oils. Here, an experimental study was conducted to examine the effect of discontinuous shales on performance of surfactant flooding by introducing heterogeneities to represent streaks of shale in five-spot glass micromodels. Results show that oil recovery in presence of shale streak is lower than in its absence. Based on the authors' observations, the presence of flow barriers causes premature breakthrough of injected fluids and also an unstable displacement front. As... 

    Monitoring the role of fracture geometrical characteristics on fingering initiation/development during heavy oil miscible displacements in fractured porous media

    , Article Energy Sources, Part A: Recovery, Utilization and Environmental Effects ; Vol. 35, issue. 12 , Aug , 2010 , p. 1129-1139 ; ISSN: 15567036 Saidian, M ; Ghazanfari, M. H ; Masihi, M ; Kharrat, R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    Finger initiation/development at fluid-fluid interface during miscible floods can cause poor displacement efficiency, which is undesirable in enhanced oil recovery processes. In this work, a series of hydrocarbon injection experiments performed on 5-spot glass micromodels that were initially saturated with the heavy crude oil. The fractured micromodels with different fracture geometrical characteristics were used in the tests. High quality image analysis was applied to determine the fluid flow behavior, solvent front movement, and viscous fingering associated with solvent movement in matrix and fractures. Observations showed that higher solvent dispersion in the fractures rather than matrix...