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    Simply synthesized TiO2 nanorods as an effective scattering layer for quantum dot sensitized solar cells

    , Article Chinese Physics B ; Vol. 23, issue. 4 , 2014 Samadpour, M ; Zad, A. I ; Molaei, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    TiO2 nanorod layers are synthesized by simple chemical oxidation of Ti substrates. Diffuse reflectance spectroscopy measurements show effective light scattering properties originating from nanorods with length scales on the order of one micron. The films are sensitized with CdSe quantum dots (QDs) by successive ionic layer adsorption and reaction (SILAR) and integrated as a photoanode in quantum dot sensitized solar cells (QDSCs). Incorporating nanorods in photoanode structures provided 4- to 8-fold enhancement in light scattering, which leads to a high power conversion efficiency, 3.03% (Voc = 497 mV, Jsc = 11.32 mA/cm2, FF = 0.54), in optimized structures. High efficiency can be obtained... 

    Perovskite/hole transport layer interface improvement by solvent engineering of spiro-ometad precursor solution

    , Article ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces ; Volume 11, Issue 47 , 2019 , Pages 44802-44810 ; 19448244 (ISSN) Taherianfard, H ; Kim, G. W ; Ebadi, F ; Abzieher, T ; Choi, K ; Paetzold, U. W ; Richards, B. S ; Alrhman Eliwi, A ; Tajabadi, F ; Taghavinia, N ; Malekshahi Byranvand, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    American Chemical Society  2019
    Perovskite solar cells (PSCs) are one of the most promising emerging energy-conversion technologies because of their high power conversion efficiencies (PCEs) and potentially low fabrication cost. To improve PCE, it is necessary to develop PSCs with good interfacial engineering to reduce the trap states and carrier transport barriers present at the various interfaces of the PSCs' architecture. This work reports a facile method to improve the interface between the perovskite absorber layer and the hole transport layer (HTL) by adding a small amount of acetonitrile (ACN) in the Spiro-OMeTAD precursor solution. This small amount of ACN dissolves the surface of the perovskite layer, allowing the... 

    Greener, nonhalogenated solvent systems for highly efficient Perovskite solar cells

    , Article Advanced Energy Materials ; Volume 8, Issue 21 , 25 July , 2018 ; 16146832 (ISSN) Yavari, M ; Mazloum Ardakani, M ; Gholipour, S ; Tavakoli, M. M ; Turren Cruz, S. H ; Taghavinia, N ; Gratzel, M ; Hagfeldt, A ; Saliba, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Wiley-VCH Verlag  2018
    All current highest efficiency perovskite solar cells (PSCs) use highly toxic, halogenated solvents, such as chlorobenzene (CB) or toluene (TLN), in an antisolvent step or as solvent for the hole transporter material (HTM). A more environmentally friendly antisolvent is highly desirable for decreasing chronic health risk. Here, the efficacy of anisole (ANS), as a greener antisolvent for highest efficiency PSCs, is investigated. The fabrication inside and outside of the glovebox showing high power conversion efficiencies of 19.9% and 15.5%, respectively. Importantly, a fully nonhalogenated solvent system is demonstrated where ANS is used as both the antisolvent and the solvent for the HTM.... 

    Development of nanostructured porous TiO2 thick film with uniform spherical particles by a new polymeric gel process for dye-sensitized solar cell applications

    , Article Electrochimica Acta ; Volume 89 , February , 2013 , Pages 90-97 ; 00134686 (ISSN) Bakhshayesh, A. M ; Mohammadi, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    A novel simple synthetic procedure for fabrication of high surface area nanostructured TiO2 electrode with uniform particles for photovoltaic application is reported. Modifying the TiO2 particulate sol by pH adjustment together with employment of a polymeric agent, so-called polymeric gel process, was developed. The polymeric gel process was used to deposit nanostructured thick electrode by dip coating incorporated in dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs). X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis revealed that deposited film was composed of primary nanoparticles with average crystallite size in the range 21-39 nm. Field emission scanning electron microscope (FE-SEM) images showed that deposited film...