Search for: high-throughput-screening
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    A high-throughput approach for the determination of pesticide residues in cucumber samples using solid-phase microextraction on 96-well plate

    , Article Analytica Chimica Acta ; Volume 740 , 2012 , Pages 36-42 ; 00032670 (ISSN) Bagheri, H ; Es'haghi, A ; Eshaghi, A ; Mesbahi, N ; Sharif University of Technology
    A high-throughput solid-phase microextraction (SPME) on 96-well plate together with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) was developed for the determination of some selected pesticides in cucumber samples. Pieces with the length of 1.0cm of silicon tubing were precisely prepared and then coated on the end part of stainless steel wires. The prepared fibers were positioned in a home-made polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE)-based constructed ninety-six holes block to have the possibility of simultaneous immersion of the SPME fibers into the center of individual wells. Pesticides such as diazinon, penconazol, tebuconazol, bitertanol, malathion, phosalone and chlorpyrifos-methyl were selected... 

    Mining the potential of label-free biosensors for in vitro antipsychotic drug screening

    , Article Biosensors ; Volume 8, Issue 1 , 2018 ; 20796374 (ISSN) Kilic, T ; Soler, M ; Fahimi Kashani, N ; Altug, H ; Carrara, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    MDPI AG  2018
    The pharmaceutical industry is facing enormous challenges due to high drug attribution rates. For the past decades, novel methods have been developed for safety and efficacy testing, as well as for improving early development stages. In vitro screening methods for drug-receptor binding are considered to be good alternatives for decreasing costs in the identification of drug candidates. However, these methods require lengthy and troublesome labeling steps. Biosensors hold great promise due to the fact that label-free detection schemes can be designed in an easy and low-cost manner. In this paper, for the first time in the literature, we aimed to compare the potential of label-free optical and... 

    Carbon nanotubes in microfluidic lab-on-a-chip technology: current trends and future perspectives

    , Article Microfluidics and Nanofluidics ; Volume 21, Issue 9 , 2017 ; 16134982 (ISSN) Ghasemi, A ; Amiri, H ; Zare, H ; Masroor, M ; Hasanzadeh, A ; Beyzavi, A ; Aref, A. R ; Karimi, M ; Hamblin, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Advanced nanomaterials such as carbon nanotubes (CNTs) display unprecedented properties such as strength, electrical conductance, thermal stability, and intriguing optical properties. These properties of CNT allow construction of small microfluidic devices leading to miniaturization of analyses previously conducted on a laboratory bench. With dimensions of only millimeters to a few square centimeters, these devices are called lab-on-a-chip (LOC). A LOC device requires a multidisciplinary contribution from different fields and offers automation, portability, and high-throughput screening along with a significant reduction in reagent consumption. Today, CNT can play a vital role in many parts... 

    Label-free detection of β-amyloid peptides (Aβ40 and Aβ42): a colorimetric sensor array for plasma monitoring of alzheimer's disease

    , Article Nanoscale ; Volume 10, Issue 14 , 2018 , Pages 6361-6368 ; 20403364 (ISSN) Ghasemi, F ; Hormozi Nezhad, M. R ; Mahmoudi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Royal Society of Chemistry  2018
    Monitoring the ratio of 40- and 42-residue amyloid β peptides (i.e., Aβ40 and Aβ42) in human plasma is considered one of the hallmarks of detection of the early stage of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Therefore, development of a specific, yet non-antibody-based method for simultaneous detection of Aβ40 and Aβ42 may have considerable clinical applications. Here, we developed a 'nanoparticle-based colorimetric sensor array' utilizing label-free gold and silver nanoparticles for visual detection of Aβ42 and Aβ40. Different aggregation behaviors of nanoparticles through their conjugation with Aβ42 and Aβ40 followed by the coordination of Aβ42 and Aβ40 with Cu(ii) led to diverse spectral and color... 

    Quantitative in vivo microsampling for pharmacokinetic studies based on an integrated solid-phase microextraction system

    , Article Analytical Chemistry ; Volume 79, Issue 12 , 2007 , Pages 4507-4513 ; 00032700 (ISSN) Zhang, X ; Eshaghi, A ; Musteata, F. M ; Ouyang, G ; Pawliszyn, J ; Sharif University of Technology
    An integrated microsampling approach based on solid-phase microextraction (SPME) was developed to provide a complete solution to highly efficient and accurate pharmacokinetic studies. The microsampling system included SPME probes that are made of poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) and C18-bonded silica, a fast and efficient sampling strategy with accurate kinetic calibration, and a high-throughput desorption device based on a modified 96-well plate. The sampling system greatly improved the quantitative capability of SPME in two ways. First, the use of the C18-bonded silica/PEG fibers minimized the competition effect from analogues of the target analytes in a complicated sample matrix such as blood... 

    Multivariate curve resolution-particle swarm optimization: A high-throughput approach to exploit pure information from multi-component hyphenated chromatographic signals

    , Article Analytica Chimica Acta ; Volume 772 , 2013 , Pages 16-25 ; 00032670 (ISSN) Parastar, H ; Ebrahimi Najafabadi, H ; Jalali Heravi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Multivariate curve resolution-particle swarm optimization (MCR-PSO) algorithm is proposed to exploit pure chromatographic and spectroscopic information from multi-component hyphenated chromatographic signals. This new MCR method is based on rotation of mathematically unique PCA solutions into the chemically meaningful MCR solutions. To obtain a proper rotation matrix, an objective function based on non-fulfillment of constraints is defined and is optimized using particle swarm optimization (PSO) algorithm. Initial values of rotation matrix are calculated using local rank analysis and heuristic evolving latent projection (HELP) method. The ability of MCR-PSO in resolving the chromatographic... 

    Joint approximate diagonalization of eigenmatrices as a high-throughput approach for analysis of hyphenated and comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatographic data

    , Article Journal of Chromatography A ; Volume 1524 , 2017 , Pages 188-201 ; 00219673 (ISSN) Zarghani, M ; Parastar, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    The objective of the present work is development of joint approximate diagonalization of eigenmatrices (JADE) as a member of independent component analysis (ICA) family, for the analysis of gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC–MS) and comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC × GC–MS) data to address incomplete separation problem occurred during the analysis of complex sample matrices. In this regard, simulated GC–MS and GC × GC–MS data sets with different number of components, different degree of overlap and noise were evaluated. In the case of simultaneous analysis of multiple samples, column-wise augmentation for GC–MS and column-wise super-augmentation...