Search for: hot-water
Selection of micro turbines to meet electrical and thermal energy needs of residential buildings in Iran, Article Energy and Buildings ; Volume 39, Issue 12 , December , 2007 , Pages 1227-1234 ; 03787788 (ISSN) ; Bahadori, M. N ; Sharif University of Technology
Micro gas turbines are considered to meet the electrical, domestic hot water, heating and cooling energy needs of a residential building located in Tehran, Ahvaz and Hamedan. The building is 10 stories high and has a total of 8000 m2 floor area with the peak demands of electricity of 32.96 kW, DHW of 0.926 kW, heating load of 1590 kW and the cooling load of 2028 kW, when the building is located in Tehran. With these demands, 30 micro turbines of 30 kW (nominal power) are needed to meet all the energy needs of the building. The excess electricity generated by the micro turbines is to be used in a heat pump, and the energy in the exhaust gases is to be used to meet other thermal energy needs...
Article 2008 ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, IMECE 2008, Boston, MA, 31 October 2008 through 6 November 2008 ; Volume 10, Issue PART B , 2009 , Pages 1427-1432 ; 9780791848715 (ISBN) ; Saldi, M. H ; Sharif University of Technology
Hot water heating coils are key components in air conditioning systems undergo heat transfer. The most widely used exchangers (coils) take the form of fin and tube configuration in association with the application of air conditioning systems. In this research, thermodynamic modeling and mathematical optimization of hot water heating coils at steady conditions, approaching minimum energy consumption are achieved. The modeling procedure for heating coils is done based on the log mean temperature difference (LMTD) method. The objective function for optimization is pressure drop of air crossing coil per heating load of the system. This unction comprises all thermal and geometrical parameters of...
Experimental Investigation of Mechanism of Wettability Alteration Induced By Hot Water and Steam Injection, M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Masihi, Mohsen
One of the most important production mechanisms of fractured reservoirs is wettability alteration. Since most fractured reservoirs are carbonate, and thus are often oil-wet; production of these reservoirs is facing their special challenges. Since most of our country reservoirs are fractured carbonate type, determination of the exact mechanisms of their production is necessary. Thermal EOR methods traditionally have been welcomed by big oil companies. Also, these methods of enhanced oil recovery techniques, have a much greater share in the production history of all EOR methods, rather than other EOR methods. Exponentially decreasing of oil viscosity on heating, is the main reason for using...
Numerical Simulation of Cold and Hot Water Injection into Naturally Fractured Reservoirs Using the Extended Finite Element Method, M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Khoei, Amir Reza
The present article studies the isothermal and non-isothermal water injection into naturally fractured oil reservoirs by numerical simulation. The fractures in naturally fractured reservoirs can possess different characteristics. In addition. a remarkable number of naturally fractured reservoirs contain relatively heavy oils that could not be extracted economically; hence. the thermal recovery methods are extensively used for these reservoirs. Hot water injection is one of the thermal recovery methods that has not been explored enough compared to its alternatives. In this study. the effectiveness of the hot water injection over the cold (isothermal) water injection in oil production is...
Article Journal of Fuel Cell Science and Technology ; Volume 2, Issue 4 , 2005 , Pages 284-289 ; 1550624X (ISSN) ; Abbassi, A ; Ehyaei, M ; Sharif University of Technology
In this paper, a 5 kW PEM fuel cell including burner, steam reformer, and water heater for domestic application has been considered. Water is used for cooling of the fuel cell. Cold water is passed through a cooling channel, warmed up and used for domestic water heating. To increase the efficiency, outlet steam of fuel cell is fed to the reformer. The perfomance of the system is optimized by exergy analysis based on the second law of thermodynamics. Also, the effect of burner, fuel cell temperature and stoichiometric air fuel ratio are investigated. In this analysis, pressure loss in the fuel cell and heat transfer of the cooling channel are taken into account whereas, pressure loss in...
Energy, economic and environmental (3E) analysis of a micro gas turbine employed for on-site combined heat and power production, Article Energy and Buildings ; Volume 42, Issue 2 , 2010 , Pages 259-264 ; 03787788 (ISSN) ; Mozafari, A ; Sharif University of Technology
This paper studies the optimization of micro turbine application to meet the electrical, heating and cooling loads of a building by energy, economics and environmental analysis. In this study following three cases are considered: 1: A simple micro gas turbine to meet the electrical power of the building. 2: A simple micro gas turbine to meet the electrical power of the building as well as the power required by heat pump and mechanical refrigerator needed for heating, cooling and domestic hot water (DHW) systems. 3: A CHP micro gas turbine to meet the electrical power of the building as well as part of the power required by heat pump and mechanical refrigerator needed for heating, cooling and...
Design and modeling of an integrated CHP system with solar hydrogen/methane fueled pem fuel cell for residential applications, Article ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, Proceedings (IMECE) ; Vol. 6B , November , 2014 ; ISBN: 9780791849521 ; Sayedin, F ; Maroufmashat, A ; Sharif University of Technology
This paper describes the designing and evaluation of an alternative energy system which consists of PEMFC, PV, PEM electrolyser, methane reformer and hydrogen tank. In order to find out the minimum capacity of the components, a system sizing model is developed in MATLAB based on meteorological and electrical demand data. Three scenarios are considered based on different combinations of solar energy and fossil fuel energy as energy resources. The heating energy produced by the fuel cell is recovered for supplying domestic hot water while the system would supply electrical energy. Results show that system sizing strongly depends on scenarios and unit cost of electricity decreases through the...
Exergy, economic, and environmental analysis of a PEM fuel cell power system to meet electrical and thermal energy needs of residential buildings, Article Journal of Fuel Cell Science and Technology ; Volume 9, Issue 5 , 2012 ; 1550624X (ISSN) ; Ehyaei, M. A ; Mozafari, A ; Atabi, F ; Hajidavalloo, E ; Shalbaf, S ; Sharif University of Technology
In this paper, a Polymer Electrolyte Membrane (PEM) fuel cell power system including burner, steam reformer, heat exchanger, and water heater has been considered. A PEM fuel cell system is designed to meet the electrical, domestic hot water, heating, and cooling loads of a residential building located in Tehran. Operating conditions of the system with consideration of the electricity cost has been studied. The cost includes social cost of the environmental pollutants (e.g. CO 2, CO and NO). The results show that the maximum energy needs of the building can be met by 12 fuel cell stacks with nominal capacity of 8.5 kW. Annual average electricity cost of thissystem is equal to 0.39 US$/kWh and...
Article Journal of Applied Sciences ; Volume 11, Issue 16 , 2011 , Pages 3022-3027 ; 18125654 (ISSN) ; Golnabi, H ; Sharif University of Technology
In this study operation of an optical design based on the intensity modulation for the refractive index change has been described. The reported instrument measures the transmitted output power depending up on the medium refractive index in the light path of a fiber-to-fiber design. A liquid cell is located between the fibers in the light path and power variations for different cold and hot water levels in the cell are measured. By using a reference humidity meter the calibration curve representing the relative humidity (%RH) as a function of the transmitted output power is obtained. For the hot water with the final temperature of T = 32.7°C the output power range of 255.0 -313.OnW is...
Article Energy and Buildings ; Volume 42, Issue 12 , 2010 , Pages 2296-2303 ; 03787788 (ISSN) ; Mozafari, A ; Ahmadi, A ; Esmaili, P ; Shayesteh, M ; Sarkhosh, M ; Dincer, I ; Sharif University of Technology
The present article deals with the employment of combined heat and power (CHP) micro gas turbines using natural gas and cold thermal energy storage system (CTES) in Tehran (with mild climate), Bandarabas (with hot and humid climate) and Kerman (with semi-hot climate). A micro CHP produces electricity to meet the electrical energy needs of the building, and it is also considered to meet part of the heating, cooling and domestic hot water energy needs through a heat pump and refrigeration system. A detailed study considering the effect of CTES system on the selection of micro gas turbines of a residential building located in Tehran is performed. The results show that since the number of micro...
Thermodynamic evaluation of adsorption of zinc complex and ZnO nano-layer prepared by tscd method based on langmuir adsorption model, Article International Journal of Engineering, Transactions B: Applications ; Volume 22, Issue 2 , 2009 , Pages 179-184 ; 1728-144X (ISSN) ; Sadrnezhaad, S. K ; Sharif University of Technology
Materials and Energy Research Center 2009
Zinc oxide thin films were deposited on soda-lime glass substrates from an aqueous zinc- containing complex by two-stage chemical deposition (TSCD) method. Longmuir adsorption model showed that the adsorption of atoms on the surface of the substrate was typically physical. The relation between the fractional coverage, θ, with the equilibrium constant of the adsorption reaction was nonlinear indicating that the adsorption was non-ideal. The percentage of porosity, 1-θ, of the thin layer was determined as a function of Zn 2+ concentration of the solution. By application of XRD technique, it was shown that pure crystalline ZnO of controllable thickness could be deposited by TSCD method on the...
Modeling and analysis of power conversion system for high temperature gas cooled reactor with cogeneration, Article 2008 ASME Turbo Expo, Berlin, 9 June 2008 through 13 June 2008 ; Volume 2 , August , 2008 , Pages 649-655 ; 9780791843123 (ISBN) ; Khaledi, H ; Ghofrani, M. B ; International Gas Turbine Institute ; Sharif University of Technology
A gas turbine in combination with a nuclear heat source has been subject of study for some years. This paper describes the advantages of a gas turbine combined with an inherently safe and well-proven nuclear heat source. The design of the power conversion system is based on a regenerative, non-intercooled, closed, direct Brayton cycle with high temperature gas-cooled reactor (HTGR), as heat source and helium gas as the working fluid. The plant produces electricity and hot water for district heating (DH). Variation of specific heat, enthalpy and entropy of working fluid with pressure and temperature are included in this model. Advanced blade cooling technology is used in order to allow for a...
Numerical simulation of cold and hot water injection into naturally fractured porous media using the extended–FEM and an equivalent continuum model, Article International Journal for Numerical and Analytical Methods in Geomechanics ; 2021 ; 03639061 (ISSN) ; Pirmoradi, P ; Khoei, A. R ; Sharif University of Technology
John Wiley and Sons Ltd 2021
In this paper, a computational technique is presented for the isothermal and non-isothermal water injection into naturally fractured oil reservoirs. A remarkable number of naturally fractured reservoirs contain relatively heavy oils that could not be extracted economically; hence, the thermal recovery methods are extensively used for such reservoirs. In this study, the effectiveness of hot water injection over cold (isothermal) water injection in oil production is quantified. The influence of long and short fractures and their alignments on oil recovery are discussed. To this end, a 2D model for two-phase fluid flow and heat transfer is presented. The medium is assumed to be partially...
Templated growth of superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles by temperature programming in the presence of poly(vinyl alcohol), Article Thin Solid Films ; Volume 518, Issue 15 , 2010 , Pages 4281-4289 ; 00406090 (ISSN) ; Simchi, A ; Imani, M ; Stroeve, P ; Sohrabi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
Magnetite (Fe3O4) nanostructures with different morphologies including uniform nanoparticles, magnetic beads and nanorods were synthesized via a co-precipitation method. The synthesis process was performed at various temperatures in the presence of polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) at different concentrations. It is shown that small amounts of PVA act as a template in hot water (70 °C), leading to the oriented growth of Fe3O4 nanorods, which was confirmed by selected area electron diffraction. Individually coated magnetite nanoparticles and magnetic beads were formed at a relatively lower temperature of 30 °C in the folded polymer molecules due to the thermo-physical properties of PVA. When a moderate...
DNA impedance biosensor for detection of cancer, TP53 gene mutation, based on gold nanoparticles/aligned carbon nanotubes modified electrode, Article Analytica Chimica Acta ; Vol. 836, issue , July , 2014 , p. 34-44 ; ISSN: 00032670 ; Afshar, A ; Dolati, M ; Dolati, A ; Sharif University of Technology
For the first time, a new platform based on electrochemical growth of Au nanoparticles on aligned multi-walled carbon nanotubes (A-MWCNT) was developed for sensitive lable-free DNA detection of the TP53 gene mutation, one of the most popular genes in cancer research. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) was used to monitor the sequence-specific DNA hybridization events related to TP53 gene. Compared to the bare Ta or MWCNT/Ta electrodes, the synergistic interactions of vertically aligned MWCNT array and gold nanoparticles at modified electrode could improve the density of the probe DNA attachment and resulting the sensitivity of the DNA sensor greatly. Using EIS, over the extended...
Article Journal of Chromatography A ; Volume 1433 , 2016 , Pages 34-40 ; 00219673 (ISSN) ; Khanipour, P ; Roostaie, A ; Sharif University of Technology
In this study, a fast and sensitive flow injection μ-solid phase extraction (FI-μ-SPE) technique based on an electrospun polyaniline (PANI) nanocomposite in conjunction with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) was developed. The PANI-based nanocomposite was synthesized by electrospinning of a solution containing polyvinyl alcohol (PVA)/PANI. The majority of PVA template was subsequently removed from the whole PVA/PANI nanofibers blend by exposing the electrospun nanocomposite to hot water. The homogeneity, porosity and characterization of the electrospun nanofibers were investigated by the scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy. Due to...