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    Effect of Hydrated Lime on Performance Properties of Hot Mix Asphalt

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Nabizadeh Shahri, Hadi (Author) ; Tabatabaee, Nader (Supervisor)
    Hydrated lime has been used as an anti-stripping agent with acceptable performance. Numorous studies have been conducted to evaluate hydrated lime as an anti-stripping agent, however effect of hydrated lime on performance properties of asphalt mixture has not been fully addressed. In the present study, the effect of hydrated lime was investigated. In this study, three methods of adding hydrated lime were evaluated. These methods consist of a) adding dry hydrated lime to dry aggregates, b) adding hydrated lime to the binder to form mastic, and c) adding slurry lime to dry aggregates.
    More uniform distribution of hydrated lime on aggregate surface in the slurry method improved performance... 

    Effects of moisture on warm mix asphalt containing Sasobit

    , Article Scientia Iranica ; Volume 24, Issue 4 , 2017 , Pages 1866-1873 ; 10263098 (ISSN) Nabizadeh, H ; Naderi, B ; Tabatabaee, N ; Sharif University of Technology
    Sharif University of Technology  2017
    The asphalt industry has been at the forefront of sustainable development. Warm Mix Asphalt (WMA) has been developed to cope with issues such as high energy prices and air pollution. These mixes require less energy and generate fewer pollutants during production in comparison with conventional Hot Mix Asphalt (HMA). Although a promising technology, the durability of WMA is not clear because long-term WMA field performance data is limited. This study investigated the susceptibility of Sasobit-modified WMA to moisture, since moisture damage is a major cause of premature pavement failure in asphalt concrete. To this end, WMA samples were made using different concentrations of Sasobit and the... 

    Design and Laboratory Evaluation of Slurry Seal Mixes

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Saghafi, Mahdi (Author) ; Tabatabaee, Nader (Supervisor)
    Pavement preventive maintenance methods such as slurry seals are cost-effective treatments that enhance pavement longevity. Incorporation of recycled materials such as reclaimed asphalt pavement (RAP) into asphalt pavements helps further reduce costs and energy consumption. Because the use of emulsions and pavement preventive methods is uncommon in Iran, there is little experience with the technology in this area. The present study designed and developed slurry seal and emulsion test devices at Sharif University lab to study the feasibility of incorporation of RAP into slurry seal mixtures while respecting the limits specified by the ISSA and ASTM. Two slurry seal mixtures in which cement... 

    Characterization of RAP Binder and Warm Mix Asphalt Containing High RAP Percentage and Crumb Rubber

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Morsali, Atefeh (Author) ; Tabatabaei, Nader (Supervisor)
    Increased environmental concerns and high oil prices have encouraged highway agencies to maximize the use of recycled materials like Reclaimed Asphalt Pavements (RAP) in pavement construction. However, utilization of RAP has limited to low percentage, generally less than 25%. This is due aged, stiffer, and less strain tolerant asphalt binder in RAP. As the RAP proportion increases, a large amount of the aged binder will be introduced into the mixture. The excessive stiffness of HMA mixture tends to lead to less workable mixture. Studies were conducted to examine the effect of Sasobit on the workablility of high RAP mixtures. The results indicated while the utilization of Sasobit had improved... 

    The behavior of a limy cemented gravely sand under static loading-case study of Tehran alluvium

    , Article Electronic Journal of Geotechnical Engineering ; Volume 13 H , 2008 ; 10893032 (ISSN) Haeri, S. M ; Seiphoori, A ; Rahmati, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    The majority of the city of Tehran, Iran has been developed on cemented coarse-grained alluvium. In order to understand the mechanical behavior of this soil, a series of triaxial compression tests (CD, CU) were performed on uncemented and artificially cemented samples. Hydrated lime was used as the cementation agent for sample preparation to model the Tehran cemented deposit. The tests were performed on artificially cemented samples after an appropriate curing time. The effect of confining pressure, cement content and fine content is investigated in this research. The tests results show that peak shear strength is followed by strain softening for all cemented samples. Shear strength... 

    Mechanism of nanostructured fluorapatite formation from CaO, CaF2 and P2O5 precursors by mechanochemical synthesis

    , Article Progress in Reaction Kinetics and Mechanism ; Volume 43, Issue 3-4 , 2018 , Pages 201-210 ; 14686783 (ISSN) Nikonam Mofrad,, R ; Sadrnezhaad, S. K ; Vahdati Khaki, J ; Sharif University of Technology
    Science Reviews 2000 Ltd  2018
    We determined the mechanism of mechanochemical synthesis of fluorapatite from CaO, CaF2 and P2O5 by characterisation of the intermediate compounds. We used atomic absorption spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, field emission scanning electron microscopy, FTIR spectroscopy and transmission electron microscopy to find the transitional compounds. Investigation of the binary and ternary powder mixtures revealed the appearance of H3PO4, Ca(OH)2, Ca2P2O7 and CaCO3 as the intermediate compounds. At early stages of the milling, conversions of P2O5 to H3PO4 and CaO to Ca(OH)2 occurred in the wet atmosphere. Later, a combination of Ca(OH)2 and H3PO4 formed Ca2P2O7 while the unreacted CaO was converted to... 

    Performance evaluation of slurry seals containing reclaimed asphalt pavement

    , Article Transportation Research Record ; Volume 2673, Issue 1 , 2019 , Pages 358-368 ; 03611981 (ISSN) Saghafi, M ; Tabatabaee, N ; Nazarian, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    SAGE Publications Ltd  2019
    Preventive pavement maintenance methods such as slurry seals are cost-effective treatments that increase the longevity of pavements. The incorporation of recycled materials such as reclaimed asphalt pavement (RAP) into asphalt pavement helps to further reduce costs and energy consumption. The present research studied the feasibility of incorporating RAP into slurry seal mixtures or RAP slurry seals. Two slurry seal mixtures containing cement and hydrated lime as fillers were tested. The first mixture comprised slurry seal made with virgin aggregate and the second used RAP as the aggregate. The wet track abrasion test (WTAT) and loaded wheel test (LWT) were conducted to evaluate the... 

    In vitro study of hydroxyapatite/polycaprolactone (HA/PCL) nanocomposite synthesized by an in situ sol-gel process

    , Article Materials Science and Engineering C ; Volume 33, Issue 1 , 2013 , Pages 390-396 ; 09284931 (ISSN) Rezaei, A ; Mohammadi, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Hydroxyapatite (HA) is the most substantial mineral constituent of a bone which has been extensively used in medicine as implantable materials, owing to its good biocompatibility, bioactivity high osteoconductive, and/or osteoinductive properties. Nevertheless, its mechanical property is not utmost appropriate for a bone substitution. Therefore, a composite consist of HA and a biodegradable polymer is usually prepared to generate an apt bone scaffold. In the present work polycaprolactone (PCL), a newly remarkable biocompatible and biodegradable polymer, was employed as a matrix and hydroxyapatite nanoparticles were used as a reinforcement element of the composite. HA/PCL nanocomposites were... 

    3D Bioprinting of oxygenated cell-laden gelatin methacryloyl constructs

    , Article Advanced Healthcare Materials ; Volume 9, Issue 15 , 2020 Erdem, A ; Darabi, M. A ; Nasiri, R ; Sangabathuni, S ; Ertas, Y. N ; Alem, H ; Hosseini, V ; Shamloo, A ; Nasr, A. S ; Ahadian, S ; Dokmeci, M. R ; Khademhosseini, A ; Ashammakhi, N ; Sharif University of Technology
    Wiley-VCH Verlag  2020
    Cell survival during the early stages of transplantation and before new blood vessels formation is a major challenge in translational applications of 3D bioprinted tissues. Supplementing oxygen (O2) to transplanted cells via an O2 generating source such as calcium peroxide (CPO) is an attractive approach to ensure cell viability. Calcium peroxide also produces calcium hydroxide that reduces the viscosity of bioinks, which is a limiting factor for bioprinting. Therefore, adapting this solution into 3D bioprinting is of significant importance. In this study, a gelatin methacryloyl (GelMA) bioink that is optimized in terms of pH and viscosity is developed. The improved rheological properties...