Search for: hysteresis
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    Flux harmonic spectrum proccessing of direct torque controlled induction motor

    , Article Proceedings of the 2003 IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems, Bangkok, 25 May 2003 through 28 May 2003 ; Volume 3 , 2003 , Pages III383-III386 ; 02714310 (ISSN) Kaboli, Sh ; Zolghadri, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Flux spectrum is greatly influenced by flux and torque controller hysteresis loops (dead bands) in direct torque control of AC motors. On the other hand iron loss in induction motor is closely related to flux harmonics. Hence flux spectrum must be observed in control process to minimize the motor losses. In this paper the relation between the magnetic-flux spectrum and electromagnetic-torque and magnetic-flux controller hysteresis loops (dead bands) as well as machine parameters is investigated. Simulation results are presented to justify the results  

    Dynamic modeling of a new varying stress SMA actuator for precise applications

    , Article Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Mechatronics 2004, ICM'04, Istanbul, 3 June 2004 through 5 June 2004 ; 2004 , Pages 209-214 ; 0780385993 (ISBN) Alasty, A ; Shameli, E ; Sharif University of Technology
    Shape Memory Alloys (SMA's) are inherently non-linear devices exhibiting significant hysteresis in their stress-strain-temperature characteristic. We have used the variable sub-layer SMA model of Ikuta [3] to extract the advanced dynamic model of our proposed varying stress SMA actuator. A nonlinear finite element analysis was used to model the proposed bending spring in the actuator and the extended variable sub-layer model of Ikuta was considered to extract stress-displacement relations. Finally, these two models are combined with thermo dynamic model of SMA and a schematic flowchart is proposed to calculate SMA resultant strain under an arbitrary current input. At the end, we applied this... 

    The effect of soil-structure interaction on hysteretic energy demand of buildings

    , Article Structural Engineering and Mechanics ; Volume 24, Issue 5 , 2006 , Pages 641-645 ; 12254568 (ISSN) Nakhaei, M ; Ghannad, M. A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Techno-Press  2006
    The effect of soil-structure interaction (SSI) on hysteresis energy demand of buildings using an ensemble of alluvium site records was investigated. The structure and the soil were molded separately and then combined to constitute the soil-structure model using the sub-structure method. The key parameters effecting the response of the soil-structure system were found to be a non-dimensional frequency as a representative of structure to soil stiffness ratio; and aspect ratio of the building. It was found that the hysteric energy dissipated in a structure under an earthquake can be highly effected when the stiffness of the soil beneath the structure is altered  

    The correlations between processing parameters and magnetic properties of an iron-resin soft magnetic composite

    , Article Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials ; Volume 305, Issue 1 , 2006 , Pages 147-151 ; 03048853 (ISSN) Hemmati, I ; Madaah Hosseini, H. R ; Kianvash, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    In this study, internal microstrain of an iron-resin composite produced by powder metallurgy has been calculated using the Williamson-Hall method. The effects of microstrain evolution during different processing conditions on magnetic properties such as coercive force and hysteresis loss have been investigated. The results show that there are regular and similar changes of coercivity and hysteresis loss. Both of these properties are directly dependant on the pinning effect of the internal microstrain against the movement of magnetic domain walls during magnetization process. © 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved  

    Experimental comparison of some phenomenological hysteresis models in characterizing hysteresis behavior of shape memory alloy actuators

    , Article Journal of Intelligent Material Systems and Structures ; Volume 23, Issue 12 , 2012 , Pages 1287-1309 ; 1045389X (ISSN) Zakerzadeh, M. R ; Sayyaadi, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    SAGE  2012
    Among the phenomenological hysteresis models, the Preisach model, Krasnosel'skii-Pokrovskii model, and Prandtl-Ishlinskii model have found extensive applications for modeling hysteresis in shape memory alloys and other smart actuators. Since the mathematical complexity of the identification and inversion problem depends directly on the type of phenomenological hysteresis modeling method, choosing a proper phenomenological model among the mentioned models for modeling the hysteretic behavior of shape memory alloy actuators is a task of crucial importance. Moreover, the accuracy of the hysteresis modeling method in characterizing shape memory alloy hysteretic behavior consequently affects the... 

    An engineered infilled frame: Behavior and calibration

    , Article Journal of Constructional Steel Research ; Volume 66, Issue 6 , June , 2010 , Pages 842-849 ; 0143974X (ISSN) Mohammadi, M ; Akrami, V ; Sharif University of Technology
    The results of an experimental investigation on some engineered infilled frames with high ductility and adjustable strength are presented in this paper. To achieve an engineered infilled frame, an element is added to the infill, called Frictional Sliding Fuses (FSFs). The fuse acts before infill corner crushing and controls the infill so that it is not overloaded. Consequently, it increases the deformation capacity and decreases the strength deterioration. An FSF has a frictional nature, based on which the infill has more appropriate hysteresis cycles, leading to more structural energy damping during earthquakes. The results show that the engineered infilled frames have adjustable strength,... 

    Hysteresis identification of shape memory alloy actuators using a novel artificial neural network based Presiach model

    , Article ASME 2010 Conference on Smart Materials, Adaptive Structures and Intelligent Systems, SMASIS 2010, 28 September 2010 through 1 October 2010 ; Volume 1 , 2010 , Pages 653-660 ; 9780791844151 (ISBN) Zakerzadeh, M. R ; Firouzi, M ; Sayyaadi, H ; Bagheri Shouraki, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    In systems with hysteresis behavior like Shape Memory Alloy (SMA) actuators and Piezo actuators, an accurate modeling of hysteresis behavior either for performance evaluation and identification or controller design is essentially needed. One of the most interesting hysteresis none-linearity identification methods is Preisach model which the hysteresis is modeled by linear combination of hysteresis operators. In spite of good ability of the Preisach model to extract the main features of system with hysteresis behavior, due to its numerical nature, it is not convenient to use in real time control applications. In this paper a novel artificial neural network (ANN) approach based on the Preisach... 

    Dual-pipe damper

    , Article Journal of Constructional Steel Research ; Volume 85 , 2013 , Pages 81-91 ; 0143974X (ISSN) Maleki, S ; Mahjoubi, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    In this paper, a new passive earthquake energy dissipative device, called the dual-pipe damper (DPD), is introduced, tested and analytically studied. The device consists of two pipes welded at selected locations and loaded in shear. The inelastic cyclic deformation dissipates energy mainly through flexure of the pipe body. However, at large displacements a tension diagonal forms in the middle of the device which further adds to stiffness and strength. The strength, stiffness and energy dissipation of the DPD is more than two single pipe dampers that were previously studied. Cyclic quasi-static tests were performed on four samples of DPD. Excellent ductility, energy absorption and stable... 

    Adaptive simulation of hysteresis using neuro-Madelung model

    , Article Journal of Intelligent Material Systems and Structures ; Volume 27, Issue 13 , 2016 , Pages 1713-1724 ; 1045389X (ISSN) Farrokh, M ; Shafiei Dizaji, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    SAGE Publications Ltd 
    Hysteretic phenomena have been observed in different branches of engineering sciences. Although each of them has its own characteristics, Madelung's rules are common among most of them. Based on Madelung's rules, we propose a general approach to the simulation of both the rate-independent and rate-dependent hystereses with either congruent or non-congruent loops. In this approach, a static function accommodates different properties of the hystereses. Using the learning capability of the neural networks, an adaptive general model for hysteresis is introduced according to the proposed approach and it is called the neuro-Madelung model. Using various hystereses from different areas of... 

    Hysteresis of economic networks in an XY model

    , Article Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications ; Volume 513 , 2019 , Pages 644-652 ; 03784371 (ISSN) Hosseiny, A ; Absalan, M ; Sherafati, M ; Gallegati, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2019
    Many-body systems can have multiple equilibria. Though the energy of equilibria might be the same, still systems may resist to switch from an unfavored equilibrium to a favored one. In this paper we investigate occurrence of such phenomenon in economic networks. In times of crisis when governments intend to stimulate economy, a relevant question is on the proper size of stimulus bill. To address the answer, we emphasize the role of hysteresis in economic networks. In times of crises, firms and corporations cut their productions; now since their level of activity is correlated, metastable features in the network become prominent. This means that economic networks resist against the recovery... 

    Distribution of seismic damage in steel buildings component equipped by viscoelastic dampers against far-field earthquake

    , Article Shock and Vibration ; Volume 2021 , 2021 ; 10709622 (ISSN) Parvin Darabad, Y ; Hassanpour Yasaghi, A ; Khodaei, B ; Zarei, R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Hindawi Limited  2021
    Damage to structures with the concept of inelastic behavior and consequently hysteresis energy is very close. Therefore, it can be said that hysteresis energy at these levels can be a significant criterion for designing or controlling the structure. In this research, the first three steel frames of 4, 8, and 12 floors with the medium bending frame system have been designed with the statically equivalent method according to valid international regulations; then, all frames have been subjected to nonlinear dynamic analysis by seven accelerometers. The purpose of this study is to investigate the distribution of damage, energy, relative displacement, roof displacement, and base shear in the... 

    Stability analysis and nonlinear control of a miniature shape memory alloy actuator for precise applications

    , Article Mechatronics ; Volume 15, Issue 4 , 2005 , Pages 471-486 ; 09574158 (ISSN) Shameli, E ; Alasty, A ; Salaarieh, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    This paper presents a new approach for controlling SMA actuators with hysteresis compensation by using two energy based semi active controllers. SMA actuators exhibit severe hysteresis that is often responsible for position inaccuracy in a regulation or tracking system. In this paper, a SMA actuator model is recalled from [Alasty A, Shameli E. Dynamic modeling of a new varying stress SMA actuator for precise applications. In: Proceedings of 2004 IEEE international conference on mechatronics (ICM'04). Istanbul, Turkey, June 3-5, 2004]. Then, a PID and a novel PID-P3 controllers have been suggested to perform a position control. To investigate the stability of controlled system the... 

    Modeling the Hysteresis Characteristic of Power Transformer Core for the Assessment of Inrush Current and Providing a Method to Reduce this Current

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Hassani Kaboutarkhani, Reza (Author) ; Vakilian, Mehdi (Supervisor)
    Inrush current as an inherent phenomena in transformer energizing cause to dramatic increase in current which flow through windings of transformer in first periods of energizing. first peak of inrush current can exceed even to several orders of nominal current but it decrease with time and at last after damping process it reaches to nominal currents. In large transformer this time can exceed to several minutes and cause damage to winding insulation, mechanical defects, wrong response of protection system and interrupting loads. Magnitude of this current has a close relation with residual flux. In this thesis a method for calculation of inrush current in single phase and three phase... 

    Experimental Investigation of Reduced Frequency Effects on the Wake of an Airfoil in Plunging Motion

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Dallali, Maryam (Author) ; Soltani, Mohammad Reza (Supervisor)
    Wake aerodynamic of plunging airfoils have received less attention than the other unsteady phenomena. An experimental investigation was carried out to study the unsteady characteristics of flow field behind a model of a plunging airfoil in various conditions. The model has 0.25cm chord and is the 16m section of a 660kW wind turbine blade. All tests were conducted in the subsonic closed circuit wind tunnel in Iran. Invariable parameters were plunging amplitude, mean angle of attack and plunging frequency. The Wakes of plunging airfoil can be characterized as drag-producing, neutral, or thrust-producing .Our preliminary results show that the structure of vortex in the wake for the plunging... 

    Controller Design for MagnetoRheological (MR)Dampers of Suspension

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Ghandehari, Morteza (Author) ; Zohoor, Hassan (Supervisor)
    In last years, many researches are focoused on improving of suspension systems because of their importance in automotive afavourable performance. One of these advanced suspension systems are Magnetorheological suspension with nonlinear dynamic system and complicated behavior like Hysteresis Loops, so their modeling are notable.
    In the first chapter as introduction, suspension systems and their aims are expressed briefly. Then Magnetorheological suspension structure and its function are mentioned. After review of researches that has done about its modeling and control , in the third chapter, different types of classic and generalized Prandtl-Ishlinskii models are introduced and... 

    Precise position control of shape memory alloy actuator using inverse hysteresis model and model reference adaptive control system

    , Article Mechatronics ; Volume 23, Issue 8 , December , 2013 , Pages 1150-1162 ; 09574158 (ISSN) Zakerzadeh, M. R ; Sayyaadi, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Position control of Shape Memory Alloy (SMA) actuators has been a challenging topic during the last years due to their nonlinearities in the governing physical equations as well as their hysteresis behaviors. Using the inverse of phenomenological hysteresis model in order to compensate the input-output hysteresis behavior of these actuators shows the effectiveness of this approach. In this paper, in order to control the tip deflection of a large deformation flexible beam actuated by an SMA actuator wire, a feedforward-feedback controller is proposed. The feedforward part of the proposed control system, maps the beam deflection into SMA temperature, is based on the inverse of the generalized... 

    A novel preisach based neural network approach to hysteresis non-linearity modeling

    , Article Proceedings of the 2010 International Conference on Artificial Intelligence, ICAI 2010, 12 July 2010 through 15 July 2010, Las Vegas, NV ; Volume 1 , 2010 , Pages 299-305 ; 9781601321480 (ISBN) Firouzi, M ; Ghomi Rostami, M ; Bagheri Shouraki, S ; Iloukhani, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    In some systems with hysteresis behavior like Shape Memory Alloy (SMA) actuators and Piezo actuators, we essentially need an accurate modeling of hysteresis either for controller design or performance evaluation. One of the most interesting Hysteresis non-linearity identification methods is Preisach model in which hysteresis is modeled by linear combination of elemental operators. Despite good ability of Preisach modeling to extract main features of system with hysteresis behavior, cause of tough numerical nature of Preisach, it is not convenient to use in real-time control applications. In this paper we present a novel method based on Artificial Neural Network. For evaluation of proposed... 

    Effect of hydraulic hysteresis and degree of saturation of infill materials on the behavior of an infilled rock fracture

    , Article International Journal of Rock Mechanics and Mining Sciences ; Volume 88 , 2016 , Pages 105-114 ; 13651609 (ISSN) Khosravi, A ; Dadashi Serej, A ; Mousavi, S. M ; Haeri, S. M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd 

    Design and construction of a fine drive system for scanning optical elements

    , Article Optics and Laser Technology ; Volume 40, Issue 6 , 2008 , Pages 803-808 ; 00303992 (ISSN) Golnabi, H ; Jafari, R ; Sharif University of Technology
    The design and operation of a simple mechanical drive system, which is able to perform a fine course of angular motion, are reported. The system consists of a lead screw, a drive nut, sine bar legs, and an output shaft that can scan the optical holder mount. With a stepper motor coupled to the lead screw and interfaced to a PC, it is possible to control the scanning operation. When a 800 step/turn motor is used, it is possible to have an angular resolution of about 0.5 mdegree for a dynamic range of about 23°. The reproducibility of the results is about 0.22% for the scan angle and the hysteresis effect of the system is in the range of 1.71%. For a total scan of 51,200 steps, a scan angle of... 

    Effects of plunging motion on unsteady aerodynamic behavior of an aircraft model in compressible flow

    , Article Iranian Journal of Science and Technology, Transaction B: Engineering ; Volume 31, Issue 1 , 2007 , Pages 49-63 ; 03601307 (ISSN) Davari, A. R ; Soltani, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Aspects of pitching and plunging motions on unsteady aerodynamic behavior of an aircraft model were studied. Extensive wind tunnel tests were performed on a standard dynamics model, SDM, oscillating in both pitch and plunge modes. Up to now, there has been little or no result on the plunging behavior of an aircraft or missile as a whole and the present experiments can be considered as one of the first attempts to study the compressible flow field over a model undergoing both pitching and plunging motions. The experiments involved measuring normal force and pitching moment of the model at Mach numbers of 0.4, 0.6 and 1.5 and oscillation frequencies of 1.25, 2.77 and 6.00 Hz. The longitudinal...