Search for: in-situ-measurement
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    Transient thermo-poroelastic analysis of drilling-induced mechanical damage in nonfractured rocks

    , Article Arabian Journal of Geosciences ; Volume 8, Issue 12 , 2015 , Pages 10803-10818 ; 18667511 (ISSN) Gomar, M ; Goodarznia, I ; Shadizadeh, S. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer Verlag  2015
    Permeability variations in reservoirs and around boreholes are of great interest in petroleum engineering due to the fact that they can significantly affect reserve estimates, reservoir development, well production or injection rate, and the likely success of remedial actions of near-wellbore damage. A fully coupled transient thermo-poroelastic concept with and without rock mechanical damage models is employed to evaluate stress distribution and permeability variation around the boreholes and breakouts. The anisotropy concept is applied to permeability, rock modulus, and uniaxial compressive strength using Weibull distribution. The Mogi–Coulomb failure criterion is employed to model breakout... 

    A direct method for acoustic impedance measurement based on the measurement of electrical impedance of acoustic transmitter

    , Article Applied Acoustics ; Vol. 77, Issue. 1 , 2014 , pp. 76-81 ; ISSN: 0003-682X Ahadi, M ; Bakhtiar, M. S ; Sharif University of Technology
    A simple and straight forward method for acoustic impedance measurement is presented and evaluated. In this method a speaker is used as the signal source. The relationship between the electrical impedance of the speaker and its acoustical load is developed and studied. It is shown that the electrical current and voltage of the speaker relate to the acoustical pressure and volume velocity. The mechanical and acoustical impedances are therefore easily derived by measuring the electrical current and voltage of the circuit. The proposed method yield itself to the automatic computer measurement and can be used for the field and in situ measurements. Comparison of the measurement data with those... 

    Evaluation of methods for estimating aquifer hydraulic parameters

    , Article Applied Soft Computing Journal ; Volume 28 , March , 2015 , Pages 541-549 ; 15684946 (ISSN) Bateni, S. M ; Mortazavi Naeini, M ; Ataie Ashtiani, B ; Jeng, D. S ; Khanbilvardi, R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2015
    An accurate estimation of aquifer hydraulic parameters is required for groundwater modeling and proper management of vital groundwater resources. In situ measurements of aquifer hydraulic parameters are expensive and difficult. Traditionally, these parameters have been estimated by graphical methods that are approximate and time-consuming. As a result, nonlinear programming (NLP) techniques have been used extensively to estimate them. Despite the outperformance of NLP approaches over graphical methods, they tend to converge to local minima and typically suffer from a convergence problem. In this study, Genetic Algorithm (GA) and Ant Colony Optimization (ACO) methods are used to identify... 

    In situ LIF temperature measurements in aqueous ammonium chloride solution during uni-directional solidification

    , Article Experiments in Fluids ; Volume 48, Issue 4 , April , 2010 , Pages 651-662 ; 07234864 (ISSN) Shafii, M. B ; Lum, C. L ; Koochesfahani, M. M ; Sharif University of Technology
    We present in situ whole-field measurements of the temperature field using laser-induced fluorescence in a study of bottom-chilled uni-directional solidification of aqueous ammonium chloride. We utilize a two-color, two-dye, ratiometric approach to address the significant spatial and temporal variations of laser sheet intensity field due to refractive index variations caused by the evolving concentration and temperature fields. In our work we take advantage of two temperature sensitive fluorescent dyes with opposite temperature sensitivities in order to increase the overall sensitivity and temperature resolution of the measurements. The resulting temperature sensitivity (about 4% K-1) is... 

    Estimating the drainage rate from surface soil moisture drydowns: application of DfD model to in situ soil moisture data

    , Article Journal of Hydrology ; Volume 565 , 2018 , Pages 489-501 ; 00221694 (ISSN) Jalilvand, E ; Tajrishy, M ; Brocca, L ; Massari, C ; Ghazi Zadeh Hashemi, S ; Ciabatta, L ; Sharif University of Technology
    The large heterogeneity in soil surface conditions makes it impracticable to obtain reliable estimates of soil hydraulic parameters for areas larger than few squared kilometers. However, identifying these parameters on a global scale is essential for many hydrological and climatic applications. In this study, a new approach named Drainage from Drydown (DfD) is proposed to estimate the coefficients of drainage using soil moisture observations. DfD firstly selects multiple drydown events when surface runoff and evapotranspiration rates are negligible compared to the drainage rate. Secondly, by inverting the soil water balance equation, the drainage coefficients are obtained. Synthetic... 

    Fully implicit compositional thermal simulator using rigorous multiphase calculations

    , Article Scientia Iranica ; Volume 18, Issue 3 C , June , 2011 , Pages 509-517 ; 10263098 (ISSN) Khorsandi Kouhanestani, S ; Bozorgmehry Boozarjomehry, R ; Pishvaie, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Simulation of the in-situ combustion process is one of the most complex simulations amongst other reservoir flow simulations. Accurate simulation of the process is critical to obtain a successful implementation of the in-situ combustion process. Several factors impact performance of the simulation of this process. First are all the numerical models used for different sub-processes, such as reactions, fluid phase behavior, heat loss to surrounding formations and fluid physical properties. In the previous numerical models of the in-situ combustion process, very simplified models were used for the phase behavior of the fluid. Recent studies show that the fluid phase behavior model has a great... 

    A new semi-analytical modeling of steam-assisted gravity drainage in heavy oil reservoirs

    , Article Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering ; Volume 69, Issue 3-4 , 2009 , Pages 261-270 ; 09204105 (ISSN) Alali, N ; Pishvaie, M. R ; Jabbari, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Thermal recovery by steam injection has proven to be an effective means of recovering heavy oil. Forecasts of reservoir response to the application of steam are necessary before starting a steam drive project. Thermal numerical models are available to provide forecasts. However, these models are expensive and consume a great deal of computer time. An alternative to numerical modeling is to use a semi-analytical model. The objective of the current study was to investigate thermal applications of horizontal wells for displacement and gravity drainage processes using analytical modeling as well as reservoir simulation. The main novelties presented in the paper are: a) the transient temperature... 

    Three-dimensional desiccation modeling of very soft soils

    , Article Proceedings of the 17th International Conference on Soil Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering: The Academia and Practice of Geotechnical Engineering ; Volume 1 , 2009 , Pages 421-424 ; 9781607500315 (ISBN) Pak, A ; Samimi, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Self-weight consolidation and desiccation phenomena of ultra soft soils and slurries have important implications in mining, coastal, and environmental engineering. Disposal of mine tailings behind tailings impoundments, transportation of dredged materials and land reclamation, and disposing of sludge in water/wastewater treatment facilities are some of the engineering applications where self-weight consolidation and desiccation of slurries are of concern. Numerical modeling of desiccation phenomenon is a relatively new subject that enables geotechnical engineers to better manage the large volume of mine tailings, dredged materials, and other slurries that are disposed in confined disposal...