Search for: in-situ-polymerization
Total 38 records
Manufacturing and Investigating of Nano carbon/Polyethylene Nanocomposites via In-situ Polymerization, M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Ramezani Saadatabdi, Ahmad
In this research UHMWPE/CB nanocomposites were prepared via in situ polymerization using Bi-supported Ziegler-Natta catalytic systems. Magnesium etoxide and carbon black were used as supports of catalyst. TiCl4 accompanied by triisobutyl aluminum and diisobutyl phthalate (DIBP) constituted Ziegler-Natta catalytic system. Preparation of catalyst and polymerization were done in slurry phase under the argon atmosphere. Then, structural, thermal and mechanical properties of produced nanocomposites with different CB content were evaluated by SEM, DSC, TGA, DMTA and tensile tests. Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) images also certified very good dispersion of CBs throughout PE matrix....
In-situ preparation and characterization of ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene/diamond nanocomposites using bi-supported Ziegler-Natta catalyst: effect of nanodiamond silanization, Article Materials Today Communications ; Volume 14 , March , 2018 , Pages 53-64 ; 23524928 (ISSN) ; Ramezani Saadatabadi, Ahmad ; Amini, M ; Kheradmand, A ; Shsrif University of Technology
Elsevier Ltd 2018
In this study, reinforcement of ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) was investigated using the sol-gel surface modified diamond nanoparticles (NDs). Nanocomposite samples were synthesized via in-situ polymerization using bi-supported Ziegler-Natta catalyst. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, thermogravimetric analysis and contact angle measurements proved the proper silanization (∼1.9%) of NDs. Characterization of the catalysts revealed decrease in the activity of catalysts in presence of NDs which were responsible for the lower average molecular weight of the samples. Field emission scanning electron microscopy revealed an improved dispersion of the modified NDs in...
Investigation Properties of Polyethylene/ Carbon Nanotube Nanocomposites Prepared Via in Situ Polymerization, M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Ramazani Saadatabadi, Ahmad
In this research UHMWPE/MWCNT nanocomposites with different concentrations of nanotubes (0.5, 1.5, 2.5, 3.5 wt %) were prepared via in situ polymerization using a novel Bi-supported Ziegler-Natta catalytic systems. Magnesium etoxide and Multi wall carbon nanotubes functionalized by hydroxyl groups were used as supports of catalyst. TiCl4 accompanied by triethylaluminum constituted Ziegler-Natta catalytic system. Preparation of catalyst and polymerization were done in slurry phase under the argon atmosphere. Support of catalyst on MWCNT was investigated using Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR). The results confirmed interaction between catalyst and hydroxyl groups on the surface...
Manufacturing and Investigation the Properties of Polyethylene/ Fumed Silica Nanocomposites Via in situ Polymerization, M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Ramazani Saadatabadi, Ahmad
In this research UHMWPE/FUMED SILICA nanocomposites with different concentrations of nano fumed silica (0.5, 1.5, 2.5, 4.5 wt %) were prepared via in situ polymerization using a novel Bi-supported Ziegler-Natta catalytic systems. Magnesium etoxide and Fumed Silica functionalized by hydroxyl groups were used as supports of catalyst. TiCl4 accompanied by triethylaluminum constituted Ziegler-Natta catalytic system. Preparation of catalyst and polymerization were done in slurry phase under the argon atmosphere. Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) images also certified very good dispersion of fumed silica throughout PE matrix. Intrinsic viscosity measurements showed high molecular weight for...
Preparation and Investigating of Polyolephine/graphene Oxide Nanocomposites Via In-situ Ziegler-natta Polymerization, M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Ramazani Saadatabadi, Ahmad
The main object of this thesis is preparation and investigation of polyolophine/graphene oxide nanocomposites by using bi-supported Ziegler-Natta catalytic system and in-situ polymerization. Magnesium ethoxide and graphene oxide were used as supports of catalyst. TiCl4 was accompanied by triisobutyl aluminum (tibia) and diisobutyl phthalate (DIBP) as an electron donor constituting Ziegler-Natta catalytic system. Preparation of catalyst and polymerization were taken place in slurry phase under the argon atmosphere. At the beginning of the polymerization experiment, several type of nanocomposites were made under various conditions (such as different Al/Ti molar ratio) to find optimum condition...
M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Ramazani Saadat Abadi, Ahmad
This project is devoted to experimental investigation of increasing on production of polyethylene/clay nanocomposites (PECNs) and polypropylene/clay nanocomposites (PPCNs) via in-situ polymerization method. First of all we produced bi-supported Ziegler-Natta catalyst to polymerized polyolefins nanocomposites. Bentonite type clay and Magnesiumethoxide (Mg (OEt)2) were used as the support of Tetrachloridetitanium (TiCl4). Catalyst support and polymerization process have been done in slurry phase using Triisobutylaluminum (TiBA) as the co-catalyst. The efficiency of preapared bi-supported Ziegler-Natta was reasonably high (average 200 (gr. Product/mmol Ti. h) for PECNs and 195 (gr. Product/mmol...
Manufacturing and Investigating of Polypropylene/Silica Nanocomposites via in-situ Polymerization and Using Bi-supported Ziegler-Natta Catalyst, M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Ramezani Saadat, Ahmad
The main object of this thesis is production and investigation of polypropylene-fumed silica nanocomposites by using bi-supported Ziegler-natta catalytic system and in-situ polymerization. Magnesium ethoxide and fumed silica were used as supports of catalyst. TiCl4 was accompanied by triisobutyl aluminum(TiBA) and diisobutyl phthalate(DIBP) as electron doner constituting Ziegler-Natta catalytic system. Preparation of catalyst and polymerization were taken place in slurry phase under the argon atmosphere. At the beginning of the polymerization experiment, several type of nanocomposites were made under various conditions(such as different Al/Ti molar ratio) to find optimum condition to...
Investigation Properties of Polypropylene/Carbon Nanotube Nanocomposites Prepared via in Situ Polymerization Using Bi-Supported Ziegler Natta Catalyst, M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Ramezani Saadatabadi, Ahmad
In this research polypropylene/carbon nanotube nano composites were prepared via in situ polymerization using Bi-supported Ziegler-Natta catalytic systems. Magnesium etoxide and Multi wall carbon nanotubes(MWCNT) functionalized by hydroxyl groups were used as supports of catalyst. TiCl4 and TiBA were used as catalyst and co catalyst respectively. After defining the polymerization optimum conditions and considering its parameters constant, nano composites with different carbon nanotube contents were produced by changing the polymerization time. Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) images certified very good dispersion of MWCNTs throughout polypropylene matrix. The thermal properties behavior of...
Preparation and Investigation the Properties of UHMWPE/Graphene Nanocomposites Via in Situ Polymerization Using Ziegler Natta Catalyst, Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology ; Ramezani Saadat Abadi, Ahmad
The main object of the presented thesis is manufacturing ultra high molecular weight polyethylene(UHMWPE)/Graphene nanocomposites by insitu polymerization using Ziegler Natta catalysts. In this study, three types of Ziegler Natta Catalysts such as Magnesium ethoxide supported, single-supported and bi-supported have been studied. Experimental conditions are optimized (from point of productivity and molecular weight) by Design expert software with response surface methodology (Box-Behnken design). Effect of process parameters like temperature, pressure and [Al]/[Ti] molar ratio on productivity and Molecular weight are investigated. Also, the effect of hydrogen presence and type of cocatalyst...
M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Ramazani Saadat Abad, Ahmad
Ultra high molecular weight polyethylene has attracted the attention of numerous researchers and industries. This polymer due to its strong properties can be used in advanced military industries, medical engineering and cases in which high strength and high abrasion resistance is required. Present study aims to fabricate UHMWPE/Molybdenum disulfide composites, using in-situ polymerization. Before carrying out the polymerization process, nanoparticles of molybdenum disulfide underwent various processes such as oxidation, pickling, ultrasonic and thermal shock, in order to increase the interlayer distance and creating functional groups on the surface, then various analyzes, such as XRD, FESEM,...
M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Ramazani Saadat Abadi, Ahmad
The main object of this thesis is synthesizing poly(vinyl acetate)/ colloidal silica nanocomposites via emulsion and in-situ polymerization methods. At the first, nanocomposites were produced in the presence of poly(vinyl alcohol) as the protective colloid, ammonium persulphate as the initiator and sodium bicarbonate as the buffer in an aqueous solution. Then, structural, thermal, rheological, mechanical and surface properties of produced nanocomposites with various colloidal silica content (0.5 %, 1 %, 1.5 %) were evaluated by DLS, FTIR, SEM-EDS, DSC, TGA, dynamic and steady rheological tests, tensile and shear mechanical tests, AFM and static water contact angle. The particle size of...
Enhancing seebeck coefficient and electrical conductivity of polyaniline/carbon nanotube–coated thermoelectric fabric, Article Journal of Industrial Textiles ; 2021 ; 15280837 (ISSN) ; Ramazani Saadatabadi, A ; Pourjahanbakhsh, M ; Siadati, M. H ; Sharif University of Technology
SAGE Publications Ltd 2021
In this work, flexible thermoelectric fabrics, polyester/yarn fabrics coated with polyaniline/carbon nanotube (PANI/CNT) nanocomposite, were fabricated by sequential processing: (I) polyaniline/carbon nanotube nanocomposites preparation by a one-step in-situ polymerization and (II) dip coating of a mixture solution of CNT-doped PANI on a polyester/yarn fabric. Nanocomposites were synthesized with various CNT content (0.5, 2.5, 5, and 10 wt%) and characterized using different methods. The Seebeck coefficient and electrical conductivity measurements were used to determine their thermoelectric properties. The results revealed significant improvement in both electrical conductivity and the...
In situ emulsion polymerization and characterization of PVAc nanocomposites including colloidal silica nanoparticles for wood specimens bonding, Article Journal of Applied Polymer Science ; Volume 137, Issue 15 , 2020 ; Ramezani Saadat Abadi, A ; Haddadi, S. A ; Ghaderi, S ; Azamian, F ; Sharif University of Technology
John Wiley and Sons Inc 2020
Polyvinyl acetate (PVAc) nanocomposites for wood adhesives containing different amounts of colloidal silica nanoparticles (CSNs) were synthesized via in situ one-step emulsion polymerization. The adhesion strength of wood specimens bonded by PVAc nanocomposites was investigated by the tensile test. Thermal properties of PVAc nanocomposites were also characterized by differential scanning calorimetry and thermogravimetric analysis. Rheological and morphological properties of the PVAc nanocomposites were investigated using rheometric mechanical spectrometry and field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), respectively. The obtaining results showed that the shear strength of PVAc...
Synthesis and Evaluation of Poly(lactic Acid)/Polyurethane Nano-composites based on Cellulose Nano-particles, with Biomedical Applications, M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Shojaei, Akbar ; Salkhi Khasraghi, Samaneh
Shape memory polymers have the potential to use in the field of biomedical applications. In this research, polyurethane structures have been synthesized based on the Diol mixtures, consisting of polycaprolactane diol (PCL-diol) and poly (lactic acid) diol (PLA-diol). Aim of reasearch is about evaluating poly (lactic acid) effect in structure of the polyurethane. At the same time, cellulose nanocrystals (CNC) have been added to polymer matrix to improve properties. The synthesis of acrylated polyurethane, included the synthesis of polyurethane acrylate prepolymer. Next, this prepolymer has been cured by adding the reactive diluent and some polyol. The cured systems were investigated, finally,...
Property investigation of polypropylene/multiwall carbon nanotube nanocomposites prepared via in situ polymerization, Article Polymer International ; Vol. 63, issue. 4 , April , 2014 , pp. 689-694 ; ISSN: 09598103 ; Ramazani, S. A ; Azinfar, B ; Sharif University of Technology
In this study, polypropylene/carbon nanotube nanocomposites were prepared via in situ polymerization using a bi-supported Ziegler-Natta catalytic system. In this system, magnesium ethoxide and multiwall carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) are jointly used as catalyst supports. SEM images reveal the distribution and quite good dispersion of MWCNTs throughout the polypropylene (PP) matrix. The thermal properties of the samples were examined using DSC and TGA tests. The results show that the crystallization temperature of the nanocomposites significantly increases while the melting point is not markedly affected. In addition, the thermal stability is improved. The melt rheological properties of PP/MWCNT...
Article Polymer Composites ; Vol. 35, issue. 1 , January , 2014 , pp. 37-44 ; ISSN: 02728397 ; Ahmad Ramazani, S. A ; Jafariesfad, N ; Sharif University of Technology
We present the preparation of polypropylene (PP)/fumed silica (FS) nanocomposites via in situ polymerization in this article. The approach includes preparation and utilization of a bisupported Ziegler-Natta catalytic system in which magnesium ethoxide and FS are used as conjugate supports of the catalyst. Catalyst preparation and polymerization processes are carried out in the slurry phase and under argon atmosphere. Scanning electron microscopy images show a good dispersion of the FS throughout the PP matrix. Results from differential scanning calorimetry reveal that the crystallization temperature of prepared nanocomposites increases by increasing FS loading. Also, crystal content of...
Preparation and characterization of UHMWPE/graphene nanocomposites using bi-supported ziegler-natta polymerization, Article International Journal of Polymeric Materials and Polymeric Biomaterials ; Vol. 63, issue. 16 , 2014 , p. 815-819 ; Ramazani, S. A ; Sharif University of Technology
Ultrahigh-molecular-weight polyethylene (UHMWPE)/graphene nanocomposites with molecular weights as high as 3 × 106 g/mol were prepared via in situ polymerization using a bi-supported Ziegler-Natta catalytic system. Effects of [Al]/[Ti] molar ratio, temperature, monomer pressure, and polymerization time on productivity of the catalyst have been investigated. Increasing [Al]/[Ti] molar ratio from 128 to 320, increased productivity from 1667 g PE/mmol Ti.h to maximum value which was 2420 g PE/mmol Ti.h. Further [Al]/[Ti] ratio decreased the productivity. Reaction temperature effect investigation reveals that the optimal activity was obtained at 60°C. the polymerization productivity increases...
Synthesis and characterization of semi-conductive nanocomposite based on hydrolyzed collagen and in vitro electrically controlled drug release study, Article Polymer (United Kingdom) ; Volume 76 , October , 2015 , Pages 287-294 ; 00323861 (ISSN) ; Doroudian, M ; Sharif University of Technology
Elsevier Ltd 2015
In this study, a semi-conductive nanocomposite for electrically controlled drug delivery is introduced. Hydrolyzed collagen known as a naturally abundant polypeptide was modified with polycaprolactone. This modification changed the mechanical properties of the hydrolyzed-collagen. A hydrogel compound was synthesized through radical co-polymerization of acrylic acid on the backbone of this biocompatible polymer in the presence of a crosslinker. The reaction parameters affecting the water absorbency of the hydrogel were optimized using Taguchi method. In situ polymerization of aniline, incorporated conductive nanofiber pathways throughout the hydrogel matrix. 1H NMR, TGA, AFM, SEM, FTIR,...
Biodegradable polyurethane acrylate/HEMA-grafted nanodiamond composites with bone regenerative potential applications: Structure, mechanical properties and biocompatibility, Article RSC Advances ; Volume 6, Issue 11 , 2016 , Pages 8743-8755 ; 20462069 (ISSN) ; Shojaei, A ; Abdekhodaie, M. J ; Sharif University of Technology
Royal Society of Chemistry
The present study demonstrates HEMA-grafted nanodiamond (ND-HEMA)/acrylate-terminated polyurethane-acrylate diluents (APUA) composites as promising materials for bone implant applications. Neat APUA and APUA composites containing ND-HEMA at different loadings up to 2 wt% were prepared by an in situ polymerization method. Morphological analysis demonstrated that ND-HEMAs were actually in the form of tightly bound aggregates which led to formation of big agglomerates at a concentration of 2 wt%. It was also suggested that ND-HEMAs were preferentially localized in the continuous soft domain of APUA; however it interacted by both soft and hard domains. Moreover, ND-HEMAs caused considerable...
Synthesis of new electromagnetic nanocomposite based on modified Fe3O4 nanoparticles with enhanced magnetic, conductive, and catalytic properties, Article International Journal of Polymeric Materials and Polymeric Biomaterials ; Volume 65, Issue 8 , 2016 , Pages 384-390 ; 00914037 (ISSN) ; Doroudian, M ; Afshar Saveh, Z ; Doulabi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
Taylor and Francis Inc 2016
A new method for the fabrication of an electromagnetic nanocomposite based on Fe3O4 and polyaniline (PANI) is offered. The authors focused on improvement of the physical and electromagnetic properties of the nanocomposite using a new synthetic method. Supermagnetic Fe3O4 nanoparticles were synthesized through coprecipitation method. As a chemical modification, the third generation of poly (amidoamine) dendrimer was grafted on the surface of the nanoparticles. PANI was grafted from -NH2 functional groups of dendrimer via in situ polymerization of aniline. Finally, Au nanoparticles were loaded on the nanocomposite and its catalytic activity for reduction reactions was studied