Search for: in-situ-processing
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    In-situ aluminum matrix composite produced by friction stir processing using FE particles

    , Article Materials Science and Engineering A ; Volume 641 , 2015 , Pages 380-390 ; 09215093 (ISSN) Sarkari Khorrami, M ; Samadi, S ; Janghorban, Z ; Movahedi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2015
    In-situ aluminum matrix composites were fabricated by 1-3 passes of friction stir process (FSP) using iron (Fe) particles with initial size of 10. μm. Although the initial reinforcing particles were relatively large in size and also agglomerated particles were formed in the obtained composites, all of the processed specimens fractured from the base metal during transverse tensile test. Longitudinal tensile tests revealed that the ultimate tensile strength (UTS) of the composites was up to 43% higher than that of the base metal; however, the strain to fracture of the composites reached to about 0.2. Al-Fe intermetallic compounds (IMCs) formed at the interface of the aluminum matrix and Fe... 

    Microstructure, Strength, and Wear Behavior Relationship in Al-Fe3O4 Nanocomposite Produced by Multi-pass Friction Stir Processing

    , Article Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance ; Volume 26, Issue 7 , 2017 , Pages 3516-3530 ; 10599495 (ISSN) Eftekhari, M ; Movahedi, M ; Kokabi, A. H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer New York LLC  2017
    Aluminum matrix in situ nanocomposite was produced by one to six passes friction stir processing (FSP) with pre-placed Fe3O4 nanoparticles (15-20 nm). Microstructure studies showed that solid-state reactions between the aluminum matrix and Fe3O4 particles during the process led to in situ formation of Al3Fe and Al5Fe2 in the stir zone. Initial Fe3O4 as well as Al-Fe intermetallic compounds (IMCs) particles were homogeneously dispersed in a fine grain matrix after six passes of FSP. Hardness and ultimate tensile strength of the composites were increased 64 and 27%, respectively, compared to the base metal. The reasons were studied in the light of reinforcing particles distribution, formation... 

    Influence of In situ thermal processing strategies on the weldability of martensitic stainless steel resistance spot welds: effect of second pulse current on the weld microstructure and mechanical properties

    , Article Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A: Physical Metallurgy and Materials Science ; Volume 50, Issue 11 , 2019 , Pages 5191-5209 ; 10735623 (ISSN) Aghajani, H ; Pouranvari, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer Boston  2019
    Martensitic stainless steel (MSS) welds are notorious for their susceptibility to low-energy failure due to the formation of brittle martensitic structure in the fusion zone. The unique approach to enhance the mechanical properties of MSS resistance spot welds during both the tensile-shear and the cross-tension loading is to improve the fracture toughness of the fusion zone. In the present study, the effect of double-pulse welding on the microstructure-mechanical properties relationship of the AISI420 MSS resistance spot welds is investigated. Depending on the second pulse current level, various metallurgical phenomena was observed including (i) rapid tempering of martensite in the fusion... 

    Microstructural and mechanical characteristics of AA1050/mischmetal oxide in-situ hybrid surface nanocomposite by multi-pass friction stir processing

    , Article Surface and Coatings Technology ; Volume 388 , 2020 Alishavandi, M ; Ebadi, M ; Alishavandi, S ; Kokabi, A. H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2020
    Surface hybrid in-situ aluminum matrix nanocomposite (AMNC) was fabricated by multi-pass friction stir processing (FSP) and a tool traversing speed of 100 mm/min and rotating speed of 1600 rpm with an objective to enhance mechanical properties. Mischmetal oxide (MMO) powder with an initial size of 50 nm, at a concentration of 8.5 vol% was used as the reinforcing particles. EDS particle analyses revealed in-situ solid-state chemical reactions between the Al matrix and the MMO particles. The reaction products, MM3Al and MM3Al11, were distributed uniformly in the discontinuously dynamic recrystallized nano and UFG microstructure. Increasing pass number improved the particle distribution and... 

    Three-dimensional hybrid of iron–titanium mixed oxide/nitrogen-doped graphene on Ni foam as a superior electrocatalyst for oxygen evolution reaction

    , Article Journal of Colloid and Interface Science ; Volume 563 , 15 March , 2020 , Pages 241-251 Mousavi, D. S ; Asen, P ; Shahrokhian, S ; Irajizad, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Academic Press Inc  2020
    Growing demands for clean and renewable energy technologies have sparked broad research on the development of highly efficient and stable non-noble metal electrocatalysts for oxygen evolution reaction (OER). In this regard, in the present work a three-dimensional Fe2TiO5/nitrogen-doped graphene (denoted as 3D FTO/NG) hybrid electrocatalyst was synthesized via a facile in-situ process using a hydrothermal method. Structural characterization of the prepared nanocomposite is performed by various techniques e.g. field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), atomic force microscopy (AFM) analysis, Fourier transform infrared spectra (FT-IR), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy spectra (XPS),... 

    Friction stir processing of an aluminum-magnesium alloy with pre-placing elemental titanium powder: In-situ formation of an Al3Ti-reinforced nanocomposite and materials characterization

    , Article Materials Characterization ; Volume 108 , October , 2015 , Pages 102-114 ; 10445803 (ISSN) Khodabakhshi, F ; Simchi, A ; Kokabi, A. H ; Gerlich, A. P ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Inc  2015
    A fine-grained Al-Mg/Al3Ti nanocomposite was fabricated by friction stir processing (FSP) of an aluminum-magnesium (AA5052) alloy with pre-placed titanium powder in the stirred zone. Microstructural evolutions and formation of intermetallic phases were analyzed by optical and electron microscopic techniques across the thickness section of the processed sheets. The microstructure of the nanocomposite consisted of a fine-grained aluminum matrix (1.5 μm), un-reacted titanium particles (<40 μm) and reinforcement particles of Al3Ti (<100 nm) and Mg2Si (<100 nm). Detailed microstructural analysis indicated solid-state interfacial reactions between the aluminum... 

    Properties–microstructure relationship in Al–Fe in situ composite produced by friction stir processing

    , Article Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part L: Journal of Materials: Design and Applications ; Volume 233, Issue 10 , 2019 , Pages 1955-1965 ; 14644207 (ISSN) Najafi, A ; Movahedi, M ; Sadoughi Yarandi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    SAGE Publications Ltd  2019
    Effects of Fe particle volume percent (from 0 to 5%) and changing the tool rotation direction in each pass were studied on the microstructure evolution and mechanical properties of the in situ Al/intermetallic composites produced by three passes friction stir processing (FSP) with ∼10 µm Fe particles. Optical and scanning electron microscopes were used for the investigation of the composite homogeneity, formation of Al–Fe intermetallic compounds, and fracture surfaces. Tensile and microhardness tests were also carried out to evaluate the mechanical properties of the composites. Solid-state reactions between the aluminum matrix and Fe particles led to in situ formation of Al3Fe and Al5Fe2... 

    A new procedure for the fabrication of dissimilar joints through injection of colloidal nanoparticles during friction stir processing: Proof concept for AA6062/PMMA joints

    , Article Journal of Manufacturing Processes ; Volume 49 , 2020 , Pages 335-343 Aghajani Derazkola, H ; Simchi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2020
    We present a new semi-solid state procedure for efficient joining of dissimilar materials. The process called fed friction stir processing (FFSP) and works based on in-situ injection of colloidal nanoparticles in the welding line during processing. To present the efficiency of the process, friction stir welding of AA6062 aluminum alloy and poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) through injection of alumina nanoparticles is presented. Microstructural features and mechanical characteristics of the weldments are elaborated. It is shown that in-situ feeding of the alumina nanoparticles during FFSP changes the thermo-mechanical regimes of the bonding zone and decreases the thickness of interaction... 

    Mechanical induced reaction in Al-CuO system for in-situ fabrication of Al based nanocomposites

    , Article Journal of Alloys and Compounds ; Volume 465, Issue 1-2 , 2008 , Pages 151-156 ; 09258388 (ISSN) Arami, H ; Simchi, A ; Seyed Reihani, S. M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Gradual chemical (displacement) reaction between CuO and Al powders during high-energy attrition milling under a high purity argon atmosphere was studied. Differential thermal analysis (DTA), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) techniques were employed to study the solid-state reaction. It was shown that the solid-state reaction occurred during mechanical alloying (MA) and resulted in the dissolution of copper into the aluminum lattice and formation of nanometric alumina particles. The reinforcement particles were mostly distributed at the grain boundaries of Al matrix with an average crystallite size of about 50 nm. In DTA curve of the milled powders, a small...