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Total 38 records

    Physiological temperature has a crucial role in amyloid beta in the absence and presence of hydrophobic and hydrophilic nanoparticles

    , Article ACS Chemical Neuroscience ; Volume 4, Issue 3 , December , 2013 , Pages 375-378 ; 19487193 (ISSN) Ghavami, M ; Rezaei, M ; Ejtehadi, R ; Lotfi, M ; Shokrgozar, M. A ; Abd Emamy, B ; Raush, J ; Mahmoudi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    2013
    Abstract
    Amyloid beta fibrillation can lead to major disorder of neurons processes and is associated with several neuronal diseases (e.g., Alzheimer's disease). We report here an importance of slight temperature changes, in the physiological range (35-42 °C), on the amyloid fibrillation process in the presence and absence of hydrophilic (silica) and hydrophobic (polystyrene) nanoparticles (NPs). The results highlight the fact that slight increases in temperature can induce inhibitory and acceleratory effects of hydrophobic and hydrophilic NPs on the fibrillation process, respectively. Using further in vivo considerations, the outcomes of this study can be used for considerable modifications on the... 

    Lumbopelvic rhythm during forward and backward sagittal trunk rotations: Combined in vivo measurement with inertial tracking device and biomechanical modeling

    , Article Clinical Biomechanics ; Vol. 29, issue. 1 , 2014 , pp. 7-13 ; ISSN: 02680033 Tafazzol, A ; Arjmand, N ; Shirazi-Adl, A ; Parnianpour, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    Background The ratio of total lumbar rotation over pelvic rotation (lumbopelvic rhythm) during trunk sagittal movement is essential to evaluate spinal loads and discriminate between low back pain and asymptomatic population. Methods Angular rotations of the pelvis and lumbar spine as well as their sagittal rhythm during forward flexion and backward extension in upright standing of eight asymptomatic males are measured using an inertial tracking device. The effect of variations in the lumbopelvic ratio during trunk flexion on spinal loads is quantified using a detailed musculoskeletal model. Findings The mean of peak voluntary flexion rotations of the thorax, pelvis, and lumbar was 121 (SD... 

    Iodine-131 radiolabeling of poly ethylene glycol-coated gold nanorods for in vivo imaging

    , Article Journal of Labelled Compounds and Radiopharmaceuticals ; Volume 56, Issue 1 , 2013 , Pages 12-16 ; 03624803 (ISSN) Eskandari, N ; Yavari, K ; Outokesh, M ; Sadjadi, S ; Ahmadi, S. J ; Sharif University of Technology
    2013
    Abstract
    Gold nanorods (GNRs) can be used in various biomedical applications; however, very little is known about their in vivo tissue distribution by radiolabeling. Here, we have developed a rapid and simple method with high yield and without disturbing their optical properties for radiolabeling of gold rods with iodine-131 in order to track in vivo tissue uptake of GNRs after systemic administration by biodistribution analysis and γ-imaging. Following intravenous injection into rat, PEGylated GNRs have much longer blood circulation times. We have developed a rapid and simple method for radiolabeling of gold rods with iodine-131 in order to track in vivo tissue uptake of gold nanorods after systemic... 

    Carbon nanotubes part II: A remarkable carrier for drug and gene delivery

    , Article Expert Opinion on Drug Delivery ; Volume 12, Issue 7 , 2015 , Pages 1089-1105 ; 17425247 (ISSN) Karimi, M ; Solati, N ; Ghasemi, A ; Estiar, M. A ; Hashemkhani, M ; Kiani, P ; Mohamed, E ; Saeidi, A ; Taheri, M ; Avci, P ; Aref, A. R ; Amiri, M ; Baniasadi, F ; Hamblin, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Informa Healthcare  2015
    Abstract
    Introduction: Carbon nanotubes (CNT) have recently been studied as novel and versatile drug and gene delivery vehicles. When CNT are suitably functionalized, they can interact with various cell types and are taken up by endocytosis.Areas covered: Anti-cancer drugs cisplatin and doxorubicin have been delivered by CNT, as well as methotrexate, taxol and gemcitabine. The delivery of the antifungal compound amphotericin B and the oral administration of erythropoietin have both been assisted using CNT. Frequently, targeting moieties such as folic acid, epidermal growth factor or various antibodies are attached to the CNT-drug nanovehicle. Different kinds of functionalization (e.g., polycations)... 

    Optical radiomic signatures derived from optical coherence tomography images improve identification of melanoma

    , Article Cancer Research ; Volume 79, Issue 8 , 2019 , Pages 2021-2030 ; 00085472 (ISSN) Turani, Z ; Fatemizadeh, E ; Blumetti, T ; Daveluy, S ; Moraes, A. F ; Chen, W ; Mehregan, D ; Andersen, P. E ; Nasiriavanaki, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    American Association for Cancer Research Inc  2019
    Abstract
    The current gold standard for clinical diagnosis of melanoma is excisional biopsy and histopathologic analysis. Approximately 15–30 benign lesions are biopsied to diagnose each melanoma. In addition, biopsies are invasive and result in pain, anxiety, scarring, and disfigurement of patients, which can add additional burden to the health care system. Among several imaging techniques developed to enhance melanoma diagnosis, optical coherence tomography (OCT), with its high-resolution and intermediate penetration depth, can potentially provide required diagnostic information noninvasively. Here, we present an image analysis algorithm, "optical properties extraction (OPE)," which improves the... 

    Effect of changes in the lumbar posture in lifting on trunk muscle and spinal loads: A combined in vivo, musculoskeletal, and finite element model study

    , Article Journal of Biomechanics ; Volume 104 , February , 2020 Khoddam Khorasani, P ; Arjmand, N ; Shirazi Adl, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2020
    Abstract
    Irrespective of the lifting technique (squat or stoop), the lumbar spine posture (more kyphotic versus more lordotic) adopted during lifting activities is an important parameter affecting the active-passive spinal load distribution. The advantages in either posture while lifting remains, however, a matter of debate. To comprehensively investigate the role on the trunk biomechanics of changes in the lumbar posture (lordotic, free or kyphotic) during forward trunk flexion, validated musculoskeletal and finite element models, driven by in vivo kinematics data, were used to estimate detailed internal tissue stresses-forces in and load-sharing among various joint active-passive tissues. Findings... 

    Fabrication and evaluation of chitosan/gelatin/PVA hydrogel incorporating honey for wound healing applications: An in vitro, in vivo study

    , Article International Journal of Pharmaceutics ; Volume 592 , 2021 ; 03785173 (ISSN) Shamloo, A ; Aghababaie, Z ; Afjoul, H ; Jami, M ; Bidgoli, M. R ; Vossoughi, M ; Ramazani, A ; Kamyabhesari, K ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2021
    Abstract
    In this study, physically cross-linked hydrogels were developed by freezing-thawing method while different concentrations of honey were included into the hydrogels for accelerated wound healing. The hydrogel was composed of chitosan, polyvinyl alcohol (PVA), and gelatin with the ratio of 2:1:1 (v/v), respectively. Further, the effect of honey concentrations on antibacterial properties, and cell behavior was investigated. In vivo studies, including wound healing mechanism using rat model and histological analysis of section tissue samples were performed. The results illustrated that the incorporation of honey in hydrogels increased the ultimate strain of hydrogels approximately two times,... 

    Adjacent segments biomechanics following lumbar fusion surgery: a musculoskeletal finite element model study

    , Article European Spine Journal ; Volume 31, Issue 7 , 2022 , Pages 1630-1639 ; 09406719 (ISSN) Ebrahimkhani, M ; Arjmand, N ; Shirazi-Adl, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer Science and Business Media Deutschland GmbH  2022
    Abstract
    Purpose: This study exploits a novel musculoskeletal finite element (MS-FE) spine model to evaluate the post-fusion (L4–L5) alterations in adjacent segment kinetics. Methods: Unlike the existing MS models with idealized representation of spinal joints, this model predicts stress/strain distributions in all passive tissues while organically coupled to a MS model. This generic (in terms of musculature and material properties) model uses population-based in vivo vertebral sagittal rotations, gravity loads, and an optimization algorithm to calculate muscle forces. Simulations represent individuals with an intact L4–L5, a preoperative severely degenerated L4–L5 (by reducing the disc height by ~... 

    A correlative model to predict in vivo AUC for nanosystem drug delivery with release rate-limited absorption

    , Article Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences ; Volume 15, Issue 4 , 2012 , Pages 583-591 ; 14821826 (ISSN) Barzegar Jalali, M ; Mohammadi, K ; Mohammadi, G ; Valizadeh, H ; Barzegar Jalali, A ; Adibkia, K ; Nokhodchi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    2012
    Abstract
    Purpose. Drug release from nanosystems at the sites of either absorption or effect biophase is a major determinant of its biological action. Thus, in vitro drug release is of paramount importance in gaining insight for the systems performance in vivo. Methods. A novel in vitro in vivo correlation, IVIVC, model denoted as double reciprocal area method was presented and applied to 19 drugs from 55 nano formulations with total 336 data, gathered from literature. Results. The proposed model correlated the in vitro with in vivo parameters with overall error of 12.4 ± 3.9%. Also the trained version of the model predicted the test formulations with overall error of 15.8 ± 3.7% indicating the... 

    A modular extreme learning machine with linguistic interpreter and accelerated chaotic distributor for evaluating the safety of robot maneuvers in laparoscopic surgery

    , Article Neurocomputing ; Volume 151, Issue P2 , March , 2015 , Pages 913-932 ; 09252312 (ISSN) Mozaffari, A ; Behzadipour, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier  2015
    Abstract
    In this investigation, a systematic sequential intelligent system is proposed to provide the surgeon with an estimation of the state of the tool-tissue interaction force in laparoscopic surgery. To train the proposed intelligent system, a 3D model of an in vivo porcine liver was built for different probing tasks. To capture the required knowledge, three different geometric features, i.e. Y displacement of the nodes on the upper surface and slopes on the closest node to the deforming area of the upper edge in both X-. Y and Z-. Y planes, were extracted experimentally. The numerical simulations are conducted in three independent successive stages. At the first step, a well-known... 

    Computational simulation of temperature and velocity distribution in human upper respiratory airway during inhalation of hot air

    , Article Respiratory Physiology and Neurobiology ; Volume 223 , 2016 , Pages 49-58 ; 15699048 (ISSN) Goodarzi Ardakani, V ; Taeibi Rahni, M ; Salimi, M. R ; Ahmadi, G ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier  2016
    Abstract
    The present study provides an accurate simulation of velocity and temperature distributions of inhalation thermal injury in a human upper airway, including vestibule, nasal cavity, paranasal sinuses, nasopharynx, oropharynx, larynx, and upper part of main bronchus. To this end, a series of CT scan images, taken from an adult woman, was used to construct a three dimensional model. The airway walls temperature was adjusted according to existing in vivo temperature measurements. Also, in order to cover all breathing activities, five different breathing flow rates (10, 15, 20, 30, and 40. l/min) and different ambient air temperatures (100, 200, 300, 400, and 500. °C) were studied. Different flow... 

    Mechanical characterization of the ligaments in subject-specific models of the patellofemoral joint using in vivo laxity tests

    , Article Knee ; Volume 26, Issue 6 , 2019 , Pages 1220-1233 ; 09680160 (ISSN) Akbar, M ; Farahmand, F ; Arjmand, N ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2019
    Abstract
    Background: The purpose of this study was to propose a methodology for mechanical characterization of the ligaments in subject-specific models of the patellofemoral joint (PFJ) of living individuals. Method: PFJ laxity tests were performed on a healthy volunteer using a specially designed loading apparatus under biplane fluoroscopy. A three-dimensional (3D) parametric model of the PFJ was developed in the framework of the rigid body spring model using the geometrical data acquired from the subject's computed tomography and magnetic resonance images. The stiffness and pre-strains of the medial and lateral PFJ ligaments were characterized using a two-step optimization procedure which minimized... 

    A minimally invasive robotic surgery approach to perform totally endoscopic coronary artery bypass on beating hearts

    , Article Medical Hypotheses ; Volume 124 , 2019 , Pages 76-83 ; 03069877 (ISSN) Alamdar, A ; Hanife, S ; Farahmand, F ; Behzadipour, S ; Mirbagheri, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Churchill Livingstone  2019
    Abstract
    The currently available robotic systems rely on rigid heart stabilizers to perform totally endoscopic coronary artery bypass (TECAB) surgery on beating hearts. Although such stabilizers facilitate the anastomosis procedure by immobilizing the heart and holding the surgery site steady, they can cause damage to the heart tissue and rupture of the capillary vessels, due to applying relatively large pressures on the epicardium. In this paper, we propose an advanced robotic approach to perform TECAB on a beating heart with minimal invasiveness. The idea comes from the fact that the main pulsations of the heart occur as excursions in normal direction, i.e., perpendicular to the heart surface. We... 

    Marker-less versus marker-based driven musculoskeletal models of the spine during static load-handling activities

    , Article Journal of Biomechanics ; Volume 112 , 2020 Asadi, F ; Arjmand, N ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2020
    Abstract
    Evaluation of workers’ body posture in workstations is a prerequisite to estimate spinal loads and assess risk of injury for the subsequent design of preventive interventions. The Microsoft Kinect™ sensor is, in this regard, advantageous over the traditional skin-marker-based optical motion capture systems for being marker-less, portable, cost-effective, and easy-to-use in real workplaces. While several studies have demonstrated the validity/reliability of the Kinect for posture measurements especially during gait trials, its capability to adequately drive a detailed spine musculoskeletal model for injury risk assessments remains to be investigated. Lumbosacral (L5-S1) load predictions of a... 

    Developing hyaluronic acid microgels for sustained delivery of platelet lysate for tissue engineering applications

    , Article International Journal of Biological Macromolecules ; Volume 144 , 2020 , Pages 837-846 Jooybar, E ; Abdekhodaie, M. J ; Karperien, M ; Mousavi, A ; Alvi, M ; Dijkstra, P. J ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2020
    Abstract
    Platelet lysate (PL), a blood product that contains high concentrations of growth factors (GFs), can be considered as a cost-effective source of multiple GFs. In this study, hyaluronic acid (HA) based microgels were developed for delivery of PL proteins. Spherical microgel were prepared using a water in oil emulsion method. First, hyaluronic acid was grafted with tyramine groups, after which prepared microdroplets were crosslinked via an enzymatic reaction in the presence of hydrogen peroxide and horseradish peroxidase. Because of electrostatic interactions, these microgels are promising carriers for positively charged proteins entrapment like most of the GFs. When microgels are incubated in... 

    A comprehensive approach for the validation of lumbar spine finite element models investigating post-fusion adjacent segment effects

    , Article Journal of Biomechanics ; Volume 121 , 2021 ; 00219290 (ISSN) Azadi, A ; Arjmand, N ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2021
    Abstract
    Spinal fusion surgery is usually followed by accelerated degenerative changes in the unfused segments above and below the treated segment(s), i.e., adjacent segment disease (ASD). While a number of risk factors for ASD have been suggested, its exact pathogenesis remains to be identified. Finite element (FE) models are indispensable tools to investigate mechanical effects of fusion surgeries on post-fusion changes in the adjacent segment kinematics and kinetics. Existing modeling studies validate only their intact FE model against in vitro data and subsequently simulate post-fusion in vivo conditions. The present study provides a novel approach for the comprehensive validation of a lumbar... 

    Hyperthermia of breast cancer tumor using graphene oxide-cobalt ferrite magnetic nanoparticles in mice

    , Article Journal of Drug Delivery Science and Technology ; Volume 65 , 2021 ; 17732247 (ISSN) Hatamie, S ; Balasi, Z. M ; Ahadian, M. M ; Mortezazadeh, T ; Shams, F ; Hosseinzadeh, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Editions de Sante  2021
    Abstract
    Herein, the graphene oxide (GO)/cobalt ferrite nanoparticles were used to apply the heat treatment on the breast cancer cell line of MCF7. The synthesized nanoparticles were evaluated before in vitro and in vivo studies, using transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), thermal property and relaxivity measurement. The nanoparticles showed a diameter of 5 nm with the ferrimagnetic property. Also, the nanoparticles were well distributed on the GO nanosheets. The related peaks of cobalt ferrite nanoparticles were approved by using XRD and XPS assays. During the in vitro investigations, IC50 with... 

    Additive manufacturing of bioactive glass biomaterials

    , Article Methods ; Volume 208 , 2022 , Pages 75-91 ; 10462023 (ISSN) Simorgh, S ; Alasvand, N ; Khodadadi, M ; Ghobadi, F ; Malekzadeh Kebria, M ; Brouki Milan, P ; Kargozar, S ; Baino, F ; Mobasheri, A ; Mozafari, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Academic Press Inc  2022
    Abstract
    Tissue engineering (TE) and regenerative medicine have held great promises for the repair and regeneration of damaged tissues and organs. Additive manufacturing has recently appeared as a versatile technology in TE strategies that enables the production of objects through layered printing. By applying 3D printing and bioprinting, it is now possible to make tissue-engineered constructs according to desired thickness, shape, and size that resemble the native structure of lost tissues. Up to now, several organic and inorganic materials were used as raw materials for 3D printing; bioactive glasses (BGs) are among the most hopeful substances regarding their excellent properties (e.g., bioactivity... 

    Novel force–displacement control passive finite element models of the spine to simulate intact and pathological conditions; comparisons with traditional passive and detailed musculoskeletal models

    , Article Journal of Biomechanics ; Volume 141 , 2022 ; 00219290 (ISSN) Abbasi-Ghiri, A ; Ebrahimkhani, M ; Arjmand, N ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2022
    Abstract
    Passive finite element (FE) models of the spine are commonly used to simulate intact and various pre- and postoperative pathological conditions. Being devoid of muscles, these traditional models are driven by simplistic loading scenarios, e.g., a constant moment and compressive follower load (FL) that do not properly mimic the complex in vivo loading condition under muscle exertions. We aim to develop novel passive FE models that are driven by more realistic yet simple loading scenarios, i.e., in vivo vertebral rotations and pathological-condition dependent FLs (estimated based on detailed musculoskeletal finite element (MS-FE) models). In these novel force–displacement control FE models,... 

    A novel formulation of simvastatin nanoemulsion gel for infected wound therapy: In vitro and in vivo assessment

    , Article Journal of Drug Delivery Science and Technology ; Volume 72 , 2022 ; 17732247 (ISSN) Amoozegar, H ; Ghaffari, A ; Keramati, M ; Ahmadi, S ; Dizaji, S ; Moayer, F ; Akbarzadeh, I ; Abazari, M ; razzaghi abyaneh, M ; Bakhshandeh, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Editions de Sante  2022
    Abstract
    Simvastatin, a well-known antihyperlipidemic drug, has antibacterial activity against a broad range of bacteria, especially Staphylococcus aureus. In present study, a nanoemulsion gel-based formulation containing Simvastatin was developed for infected wound therapy. Therefore, different formulations of Simvastatin nanoemulsion were prepared. Based on droplet size, polydispersity index and zeta potential, the best nanoemulsion formulation containing Simvastatin was selected for development of nanoemulsion gel formulation of drug using carbomer 934 as gelling agent. Thermodynamic stability of Simvastatin nanoemulsion was assessed at different conditions. The in vitro antibacterial activity...