Search for: incremental-dynamic-analysis
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    Seismic response of infilled steel braced frames by endurance time analysis

    , Article Asian Journal of Civil Engineering ; Volume 21, Issue 4 , 2020 , Pages 611-624 Jamshidi Avanaki, M ; Abedi, M ; Estekanchi, H. E ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer  2020
    Infill walls are realized to affect the nonlinear response of infilled frames. Yet, due to modeling and analysis complexities, infill walls are usually neglected in the modeling and analysis phase. In this paper, the nonlinear behavior of infilled steel braced frames is investigated using the Endurance Time (ET) method. The ET method is a novel and straightforward approach for the nonlinear analysis of structures under dynamic excitations. Two 2D braced frames, one concentrically braced frame and one eccentrically braced frame, with unreinforced masonry clay brick walls as infills, are considered. The infill panels are macro-modeled using equivalent compressive struts, with appropriate... 

    Developing the MIDA Method for Mid-Rise Structures with Non-symmetrical Plan

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Zanjanchi Nikoo, Moein (Author) ; Mofid, Masood (Supervisor)
    Performance based design becomes an effective method for estimating seismic demands of buildings. Incremental dynamic analysis (IDA) based on a nonlinear response time history analysis (NL-RHA) is considered to be the most accurate method in seismic demand calculations. However, modal incremental dynamic analysis (MIDA), based on the equivalent single degree-of-freedom (SDF) oscillator, is also often used in studying structural engineering performances. The MIDA procedure for estimating seismic demands is extended to unsymmetric-plan buildings. In the MIDA procedure, the seismic demand due to individual terms in the modal expansion of the effective earthquake forces is determined by... 

    Development of Fragility Curves for a Number of Existing Buildings in Qazvin

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Soltanieh, Hamideh (Author) ; Bakhshi, Ali (Supervisor)
    The objective of this study is to assess seismic vulnerability and more specifically to develop analytical fragility curves for a number of existing buildings in Qazvin. Fragility curves represent exceedance probability of the structural response from a specific limit state at a given seismic intensity level. In this study, Maximum Interstory Drift Ratio and Spectral Acceleration at fundamental period of the structure with 5% viscous damping are considered as Damage Index and Intensity Measure, respectively. Limit states are also applied as it is suggested in FEMA 356. In order to obtain comprehensive and extensible results as far as possible, the type of buildings under study must be... 

    Exerting Modal Incremental Dynamic Analysis (MIDA) in Surveying Seismic Behavior of Mid-rise Structures Equipped by Viscoelastic Damper Incorporating Soil–structure Interaction (SSI)

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Habibnezhad, Mahmoud (Author) ; Mofid, Masoud (Supervisor)
    Estimating the nonlinear behavior of sturctures, always have been one of the main concerns of civil engineers. One of the most recent methods for estimating behavior of structures is MIDA technique. It is a procedure that in some levels, substituted for IDA. Although this method presents the approximate results, high accuracy, fastness and inexpensive procedure made this manner to an efficient method. Indeed, this method has been presented to be exerted instead of exact IDA method which is too complicated and prolix. Up to now, no one has used this method for structures incorporating soil-structure interaction. In theMIDA manner, there is no dynamic analysis of ... 

    Developing of MIDA Method in Irregular Structures in Plan with Concentrated Plasticity Model

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Yari, Mohammad Hossein (Author) ; Mofid, Massoud (Supervisor)
    In this research, modal incremental dynamic analysis (MIDA) has been investigated on three-dimensional structures with irregular plans. The MIDA method is an incremental static analysis that considers higher modes of the structure. In fact, it is a combination of modal pushover (MPO) and incremental dynamic analysis (IDA) methods that incorporate the advantages of both and is much faster than the IDA method. Compared to constant analyses, incremental analysis is more extensive in terms of results and response to earthquakes. Due to the uncertainties in the nature of future earthquakes, engineers use the IDA method to achieve a broader view of the structure's response under potential... 

    Improving the seismic performance of diagrid structures using buckling restrained braces

    , Article Journal of Constructional Steel Research ; Volume 166 , 2020 Sadeghi, S ; Rofooei, F. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2020
    The seismic performance of diagrids equipped with buckling restrained braces (BRBs) is investigated. In that regard, the effects of BRBs on the seismic performance characteristics of diagrids such as response modification factor, R, overstrength factor, Ω0, ductility ratio, μ, and median collapse capacity, S^CT, are evaluated. To this end, 6 three dimensional diagrid structures with various heights and diagonal angles are modeled using OpenSees program and are equipped with BRBs in a novel arrangement. Utilizing nonlinear static analysis, the seismic performance factors of models are evaluated. Subsequently, the median collapse capacity (S^CT) of the models are determined by performing... 

    Development of Fragility Curves for Short and Mid-Rise RC Buildings Retrofitted with Steel Knee Braces Based on Incremental Dynamic Analysis

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Keipour, Nicka (Author) ; Mofid, Masood (Supervisor)
    All buildings should be designed to bear both gravity loads and lateral loads such as earthquake. Resisting system for earthquake can be moment resisting frame, shear wall, brace or combination of them. Normally for strengthening of reinforce concrete buildings, shear wall should be added, but in some cases after constructing RC buildings, engineers find out that building does not have enough strength against seismic loads. In this case, adding shear wall is difficult because of architectural restrictions and assembling braces on the original frame is easier.
    Structural engineers always looking to find a structural element to absorb earthquake energy to prevent potential damages of other... 

    Influence of earthquake record truncation on fragility curves of RC frames with different damage indices

    , Article Journal of Building Engineering ; Volume 7 , 2016 , Pages 23-30 ; 23527102 (ISSN) Khaloo, A ; Nozhati, S ; Masoomi, H ; Faghihmaleki, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd 
    Probabilistic seismic analysis of structures with incremental dynamic analysis (IDA) is a widely used method to offer comprehensive evaluation of the seismic performance of structures. Although IDA is a powerful computer-intensive method, it is really a time-consuming procedure. Accordingly, in this study, for coping with this problem, significant motion duration is used instead of total motion duration. This truncation can significantly reduce the computational effort and time. In order to determine the influence of truncation, fragility curves and their mean annual frequencies (MAF) in each limit state are used with two different damage indices, namely modified Park & Ang and maximum... 

    On the modal incremental dynamic analysis

    , Article Structural Design of Tall and Special Buildings ; Volume 14, Issue 4 , 2005 , Pages 315-329 ; 15417794 (ISSN) Mofid, M ; Zarfam, P ; Fard, B. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    In this article a new technique for the dynamic response of structures is investigated. This applied procedure can predict the approximate seismic performance of the structures and it is fast, inexpensive and results are reasonably acceptable. In fact, this novel method logically combines two different techniques, 'incremental dynamic analysis (IDA)' and 'modal pushover analysis (MPA)', presented by other researchers. This method will take advantage of both methodical ideas such as equivalent single degree of freedom of multi-degree structures and the implementation of different scaled level of an earthquake record to the provided equivalent SDF structure. Using this procedure, simple... 

    Seismic Performance Evaluation of Shear Wall Buildings through Nonlinear Dynamic Analysis

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mosaferi, Mehdi (Author) ; Mofid, Masood (Supervisor)
    The primary goal of seismic design requirements of building codes is to protect life safety of occupants during severe earthquakes. Thus it is required that collapse probability of designed buildings to be acceptably low. However current design codes are strength based and intrinsically experimental. Thus collapse safety of buildings designed by these codes is not known quantitatively. The history of formation and update of seismic building codes is marked by big earthquakes; often serving as landmarks for the evolution of seismic codes and detecting its deficiencies. As time passes, the design criteria become more and more articulate and ambitious, just as the design objectives evolve from... 

    Developing the MIDA Method for Structures Equipped with Dampers and Exerting this Method on a Structure with SCVDs Damper

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Zafarkhah, Elyar (Author) ; Mofid, Masood (Supervisor)
    Determining nonlinear dynamic behavior of structures is always one of the main goals of structure and earthquake engineers. The Modal Incremental Dynamic Analysis (MIDA) is one of the newest methods for analyzing the seismic behavior of structures. Indeed, this method has superseded the exact IDA method which is too complicated and prolix. Although, this method represents approximate results, high accuracy, fastness and low cost procedure made it an efficient and useful technique. Many researchers have used this method and investigated the accuracy of that and achieved proper results. Up to now no one has applied this method on structures which are equipped with dampers. In the procedure of... 

    The Effect of Arrangement of Viscoelastic Dampers in the Performance of Steel Structures Using Incremental Dynamic Analysis

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Rayegani, Arash (Author) ; Kazemi, Mohammad Taghi (Supervisor)
    Including control systems structures against lateral forces such as dynamic loads, earthquakes etc. are viscoelastic damper, that their use in recent years on the structure had positive results. Although the use of dampers improve certain behavioral characteristics, such as relative displacement, but can increase the structural acceleration and energy absorption structures. Passive damper performance depends on several factors such as temperature, time, frequency, stiffness of bracing and structures, type of loading that should any of these uncertain in the optimal design of controlled structures taken into account. Common method of achieve proper placement pattern of passive dampers, which... 

    Collapse Analysis of Steel Moment Frames Using Endurance Time Method

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Ehsan Rahimi (Author) ; Esmaeilpour Estekanchi, Homayun (Supervisor)
    In Endurance Time method structures are subjected a set of predesigned intensifying excitations. These excitations are produced in a way that their response spectrum, while complying with a specified spectrum, intensifies with time. So they can be used approximately to simulate the average effects of several ground motions scaled to different intensities. In this study applicability of Endurance Time method for evaluating collapse potential of buildings is investigated. A set of steel moment frames is used for collapse assessment. The process of using Endurance Time method in collapse evaluation is explained with consideration of uncertainty effects. collapse fragility curves and collapse... 

    Stability Analysis of High Rise Structures Using the IDA Method

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Aghili, Amir (Author) ; Khaloo, Alireza (Supervisor)
    The increased height of high-rise structures has made the effects of reduced stability a crucial factor in structural analysis and design. There are a variety of methods for analyzing the stability of high-rise structures. This thesis discusses nonlinear finite element method for analyzing the stability of a three-dimensional 50-storey concrete structure with a height of 150 meter using increment dynamic analysis (IDA). The IDA was first proposed by Bertero.v and it has been adopted in a variety of manners by researchers. In recent years, this method has been confirmed by EEMA. Moreover, FEMA350, FEMA351 and FEMA P695 guidelines have paid special attention to this method for determining... 

    Investigating the Effects of the Length of Yielding Area In Buckling-Restrained Braces

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Khademi, Ziba (Author) ; Mofid, Masood (Supervisor)
    Structures having buckling restrained braces (BRB) as earthquake resisting system, have the qualities of high lateral stiffness and the ability to damp the energy coming from earthquake, at the same time.In addition to new structures, these braces can also be used in rehabilitating old steel or concrete buildings. By using this kind of resisting system, smaller sections are needed in design of buildings and also the cost of repair after earthquake can be highly reduced.The most important advantage of buckling restrained braces is their equal behavior and capacity in both tention and compression, that causes high energy absorption as a result of symmetric and stable cyclic behavior. All these... 

    Seismic Evaluation and Quantification of Seismic Performance Factors of Disposable Knee Bracing Frames

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Nobahar, Elnaz (Author) ; Mofid, Massoud (Supervisor)
    Nowadays, Braced Frames systems are prevalent as a structural resisting lateral loads. One of the most crucial prominent of them is Disposable Knee Bracing (DKB). In such a system, braces provide stiffness, while the link elements play an important role as an energy-absorbing fuse to dissipate energy by plastic deformation. In this research, bracing frames consist of shear and/or flexural link elements. The experimental results reveal that hysteresis behavior of link elements remains constant till specific rotation. After that, sharply decrease due to crack failure of these elements occurs. This specific rotation has been reported between 0.06 to 0.08 Rad. Seismic performance factors such as... 

    Nonlinear Behavior of Short Structures under Column Displacement Effect

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Seyed-abadi, Pouria (Author) ; Mofid, Masoud (Supervisor)
    Nowadays, according to increasing development of construction industry in the world especially in the building area, the need to use technology and innovation for fabrication and maintenance of this industry has increased. And this fact becomes apparent that the use of traditional systems of construction isn’t tailored the countries’ requirements anymore. One of the construction industry’s limitations is the restrictions on architectural designs reys. The columns are among the most important components of structure and have a major role in bearing all gravity and lateral loads and transferring them to the foundation. The failure or destruction of the components in the structure under applied... 

    Safety Assessment of the Transmission Towers Subjected to Natural Loads Including Earthquakes, Floods, Storms and Ice

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Zandevakili, Ali (Author) ; Ghaemian, Mohsen (Supervisor)
    Electrical power is an inseparable part of human life. Therefore, design and analysis of electrical transmission towers have always been important for scientists. In common design methods due to the lightness of these structures only the wind load is considered and earthquake effects are neglected. On the other hand, regarding regulation No.2800 a lot of areas of Iran are located in earthquake zones. Therefore, it is necessary to evaluate the performance of these structures against earthquakes. In this research, regarding conducted studies, we decided to use incremental dynamic analysis method (IDA) in order to evaluate seismic performance of the tower. In sake of thoroughness of the... 

    Estimating the Seismic Reliability of the Structures Based on Modal Nonlinear Probabilistic Analysis

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Zarfam, Panam (Author) ; Mofid, Massoud (Supervisor)
    Concerning the variety of existing buildings and the diversity in the factors which affect the behaviors of structures, subjected to earthquakes, presenting a definite method for studying their seismic vulnerabilities has not been realized yet. Selecting a method which covers all mentioned necessities is extremely wide and complex. From one side, the capacity of structural system should be determined based on its strength and deformability. On the other hand, the nonlinear behavior of structure should be predicted by selecting the probable effects of earthquake on the region. Then, the force or acceleration which causes damage of structure's components, and the whole structural system,... 

    Influence of Soil-Structure Interaction on Collapse Margin Ratio

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Asgarpoor Khamneh, Masoumeh (Author) ; Ghannad, Mohammad Ali (Supervisor)
    This thesis reveals the influence of soil-structure interaction (SSI) on the collapse potential of structures and also investigates the change in collapse margin ratio (CMR) of structures for which the design base shear has been reduced based on the soil-structure interaction provisions. According to the properties of structures and seismic excitations, SSI can increase, decrease or make no change in the response of structures. Based on seismic design codes for fixed-base structures, SSI causes reduction in design base shear of buildings. These provisions are based on linear behavior of structures. But under strong ground motions, specially at collapse level, structures can experience strong...