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    Sagittal Range of Motion of the Thoracic Spine Using Inertial Tracking Device and Effect of Measurement Errors on Model Predictions

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Hajibozorgi, Mahdieh (Author) ; Arjmand, Navid (Supervisor)
    Range of motion (ROM) of the thoracic spine has implications in patient discrimination for diagnostic purposes and in biomechanical models for predictions of spinal loads. Few previous studies have reported quite different thoracic ROMs. Total (T1-T12), lower (T5-T12) and upper (T1-T5) thoracic, lumbar (T12-S1), pelvis, and entire trunk (T1) ROMs were measured using an inertial tracking device as asymptomatic subjects flexed forward from their neutral upright position to full forward flexion. Correlations between body height and the ROMs were conducted. Effect of measurement errors of the trunk flexion (T1) on the model-predicted spinal loads was investigated. Mean of peak voluntary total... 

    Measurements of the Upper Trunk and Pelvis kinematics Due to Two-handed Symmetric and Asymmetric Reach and Lifting Activities Using Inertial Sensors and Presenting a Neural Network for Posture Prediction

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Gholipour, Alireza (Author) ; Arjmand, Navid (Supervisor) ; Parnianpour, Mohammad (Supervisor)
    Manual material handling (MMH) activities are identified as risk factors for occupational low back pain (LBP). Task-related variables including load and posture characteristics are required as input into these models and tools for estimation of trunk external moment. Biomechanical modeling studies that aim to mathematically estimate low back loads currently need an inevitable parallel time-consuming in vivo study in an equipped laboratory to measure trunk posture under physical activities. Inertial sensors as a portable, accurate, almost inexpensive, and small device could be very helpful in order to capture the kinematic data of movement in human activities. My master thesis aims to... 

    Lumbopelvic rhythm during forward and backward sagittal trunk rotations: Combined in vivo measurement with inertial tracking device and biomechanical modeling

    , Article Clinical Biomechanics ; Vol. 29, issue. 1 , 2014 , pp. 7-13 ; ISSN: 02680033 Tafazzol, A ; Arjmand, N ; Shirazi-Adl, A ; Parnianpour, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Background The ratio of total lumbar rotation over pelvic rotation (lumbopelvic rhythm) during trunk sagittal movement is essential to evaluate spinal loads and discriminate between low back pain and asymptomatic population. Methods Angular rotations of the pelvis and lumbar spine as well as their sagittal rhythm during forward flexion and backward extension in upright standing of eight asymptomatic males are measured using an inertial tracking device. The effect of variations in the lumbopelvic ratio during trunk flexion on spinal loads is quantified using a detailed musculoskeletal model. Findings The mean of peak voluntary flexion rotations of the thorax, pelvis, and lumbar was 121 (SD...