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    Comparison of the batch and breakthrough properties of stable and plain alginate microcapsules with a chelating resin and an ion exchanger in Ag+ adsorption

    , Article Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research ; Volume 47, Issue 17 , 5 August , 2008 , Pages 6742-6752 ; 08885885 (ISSN) Outokesh, M ; Niibori, Y ; Mimura, H ; Ahmadi, S. J ; Sharif University of Technology
    2008
    Abstract
    A comparative study on the uptake properties of alginate microcapsules containing Cyanex 302 extractant, Lewatite TP 214 chelating resin, and Amberlite 200CT strongly acidic ion exchanger has been conducted using Ag+ as the target ion. The study resulted in an analytical formula, as well as three phenomenological breakthrough formulas that are also applicable in other fixed-bed operations. It also demonstrated a close similarity of the uptake properties of alginate microcapsules (MCs) and the chelating resins. Advantages of MCs over chelating resins include ease of preparation, ability to immobilize different extractants, and, most remarkably, an enormous distribution factor (Kd ≈ 106... 

    Modified CMC.2. Novel carboxymethylcellulose-based poly (amidoxime) chelating resin with high metal sorbtion capacities [electronic resource]

    , Article Reactive and Functional Polymers ; Volume 61, Issue 1, August 2004, Pages 23–31 Zohurian Mehr, M. J. (Mohammad Jalal) ; Pourjavadi, A ; Sadeghi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    Carboxymethylcellulose sodium salt (CMC) was doubly modified to prepare a novel poly(acrylamidoxime) chelating resin. Acrylonitrile was firstly graft polymerized onto CMC using cerium ammonium nitrate as an initiator. The polyacrylonitrile (PAN) grafted CMC was then amidoximized via treatment with hydroxylamine to prepare the ion exchange resin. The sorption capacity of the resin towards bivalent metal ions was evaluated while varying the pH, the loading of the PAN and the initial metal ion concentration. The adsorption kinetics were investigated for the cupric ion. The chelating resin exhibited very high metal sorption capacity in comparison with either synthetic or polysaccharide-based... 

    Modified CMC. 2. Novel carboxymethylcellulose-based poly(amidoxime) chelating resin with high metal sorption capacity

    , Article Reactive and Functional Polymers ; Volume 61, Issue 1 , 2004 , Pages 23-31 ; 13815148 (ISSN) Zohuriaan Mehr, M. J ; Pourjavadi, A ; Salehi Rad, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    2004
    Abstract
    Carboxymethylcellulose sodium salt (CMC) was doubly modified to prepare a novel poly(acrylamidoxime) chelating resin. Acrylonitrile was firstly graft polymerized onto CMC using cerium ammonium nitrate as an initiator. The polyacrylonitrile (PAN) grafted CMC was then amidoximized via treatment with hydroxylamine to prepare the ion exchange resin. The sorption capacity of the resin towards bivalent metal ions was evaluated while varying the pH, the loading of the PAN and the initial metal ion concentration. The adsorption kinetics were investigated for the cupric ion. The chelating resin exhibited very high metal sorption capacity in comparison with either synthetic or polysaccharide-based... 

    Optical slab waveguides based on ion exchange method: Fabrication, test, characterization and mathematical profiling

    , Article Iranian Journal of Science and Technology, Transaction B: Technology ; Volume 24, Issue 1 , 2000 , Pages 122-123 ; 03601307 (ISSN) Rashidian, B ; Sheikhi, M. H ; Sharif University of Technology
    2000
    Abstract
    In this paper the fabrication, testing and results of inverse profiling of optical slab waveguides in glass are reported. This is the first successful report of fabricating ion exchange optical waveguides in Iran. © Shiraz University  

    Optimization of HFDS production from date syrup

    , Article International Journal of Engineering, Transactions B: Applications ; Volume 21, Issue 2 , 2008 , Pages 127-134 ; 1728-144X (ISSN) Jamshidi Mokhber, M ; Alemzadeh, I ; Vossoughi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Materials and Energy Research Center  2008
    Abstract
    Fructose is utilized as a common sweetener in many food industries. Today, a large amount of HFCS (high fructose corn syrup, an equilibrium mixture of glucose and fructose) is produced by glucose isomerase, immobilized enzymes from corn starch. There are a lot of date palms in Iran. Date is a favorable source of carbohydrates, and a suitable source for HFDS (high fructose date syrup) production. In this investigation, date syrup properties were first determined and the operational conditions for glucose isomerase application were optimized respectively. Ion exchange chromatography has been utilized for carbohydrate separation. Fructose obtained from chromatographic column reached 90 %... 

    Oppositely charged MXene fibers as a highly efficient osmotic power generator from sea and river water

    , Article Journal of Materials Chemistry A ; Volume 10, Issue 46 , 2022 , Pages 24915-24926 ; 20507488 (ISSN) Hashemifar, F ; Esfandiar, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Royal Society of Chemistry  2022
    Abstract
    Ion-exchange membrane-based reverse electrodialysis (RED) shows great potential for harvesting osmotic energy from seawater and converting it to electricity. However, their low energy conversion efficiency and huge ionic resistance hinder their application on large scales. The implementation of nanofluidic channels in RED devices can significantly improve the performance of osmotic power generators due to their selective and fast ion transport. However, technical challenges in scalable processing at the nanoscale and ion-selective membranes restrict their development in economically viable generators. Here, we report fibrous-based channels as positively and negatively charged MXene fibers... 

    Synthesis parameters effect on the final morphology of the layered double hydroxide (LDH)

    , Article Protection of Metals and Physical Chemistry of Surfaces ; Volume 53, Issue 3 , 2017 , Pages 460-465 ; 20702051 (ISSN) Imanieh, I ; Afshar, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Maik Nauka Publishing / Springer SBM  2017
    Abstract
    Smart coatings which prevent corrosion by several mechanisms recently have been carefully planned. One of these mechanisms is the use of ion exchangers like LDH in the coating network. Since the morphology is the most important properties for the applications that the surface plays an important role, LDH morphology was evaluated in this study. For this purpose, the LDH contain a kind of green inhibitor was synthesized and after evaluating its performance it was examined morphologically by changing significant parameters like MII/MIII, pH, aging time and temperature. It is found that, high ratio of the MII/MIII cause thinner layer of LDH. The pH also has special effect on the surface... 

    An Investigation About Using Engineering Polymers, Polycarbonate and Polysulfone, as Membrane in Fuel Cells

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Ramezani Kakroodi, Adel (Author) ; Ramazani Saadatabadi, Ahmad (Supervisor) ; Musavi, Abbas (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    In this work, sulfonated polycarbonate (SPC ) membranes with different acid contents have been prepared by conducting sulfonation reaction at room temperature using Chlorosulfonic acid (CSA) as sulfonating agent at different concentration of acid in reacting solution. The SPC membranes were obtained by casting from 10% solution of SPC in chloroform at room temperature. The prepared membranes were characterized using Ion exchange capacity (IEC), and degree of sulfonation (DS), Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR), NMR spectra, Thermal Gravimetric Analysis (TGA) and Water uptake. The obtained results showed that with increaseing in Chlorosulfonic acid content in sulfonation reaction IEC and DS of... 

    Uranium Recovery From Liquid Waste of UCF Plant With Ion Exchange Resin Method in Continuous Mode

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Semnani, Fatemeh (Author) ; Samadfam, Mohammad (Supervisor) ; Sepehrian, Hamid (Supervisor) ; Ghasemi, Mohammad Reza (Co-Advisor)
    Abstract
    During various stages of processing uranium in Uranium conversion facility (UCF) in Isfahan, significant amounts of liquid waste is produced which leads to evaporation ponds. Since the concentration of uranium in evaporation ponds is relatively high, it seems to addition to environmental issues with recycled uranium from existing pools is also economically. Various physical and chemical methods for removal of uranium waste is used such as solvent extraction, ion exchange, chemical precipitation, membrane processes, etc. Each method has advantages and disadvantages. The ion exchange method, The due to lower cost, less acid pollution with organic copmpounds, convenience and high selectivity... 

    Evaluation of zeolites in production of tetrahydrofuran from 1,4-butanediol: Performance tests and kinetic investigations

    , Article Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research ; Volume 46, Issue 3 , 2007 , Pages 726-733 ; 08885885 (ISSN) Aghaziarati, M ; Kazemeini, M ; Soltanieh, M ; Sahebdelfar, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    2007
    Abstract
    The liquid-phase dehydration of 1,4-butanediol to tetrahydrofuran was investigated over various materials including synthetic zeolites, namely, ZSM-5, Y, Mordenite, Ferrierite, and Beta as well as silica and alumina. The key characters investigated were the Si/Al ratio and cation exchange. The results showed that the ZSM-5 zeolite exchanged with NH4+ exhibited the highest activity in dehydration of 1,4-butanediol. In all tests, nearly 100% selectivity to tetrahydrofuran was observed. After finding the most active catalyst, the kinetics of dehydration of 1,4-butanediol to tetrahydrofuran was studied over this material. The influence of operating parameters such as temperature, pressure, and... 

    Breakthrough curves for adsorption and elution of rhenium in a column ion exchange system

    , Article Hydrometallurgy ; Volume 85, Issue 1 , 2007 , Pages 17-23 ; 0304386X (ISSN) Mozammel, M ; Sadrnezhaad, S. K ; Badami, E ; Ahmadi, E ; Sharif University of Technology
    2007
    Abstract
    Impure rhenium and molybdenum bearing solution was passed through a column of Varian strong base anionic resin for selective adsorption of rhenium and molybdenum ions from the solution. Elution of molybdenum and rhenium was carried out using 2 N NaOH and 0.2 N NH4SCN, respectively. The effect of resin bed height on breakthrough time was investigated. Experimental and theoretical curves were compared with good agreement. The results showed that the behavior pattern of these curves was repeatable and almost constant. © 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved  

    Modified CMC. 3. Carboxymethylcellulose-g-poly(acrylamidrazone) as a new metal adsorbent

    , Article Journal of Polymer Materials ; Volume 21, Issue 3 , 2004 , Pages 315-320 ; 09738622 (ISSN) Zohuriaan Mehr, M. J ; Pourjavadi, A ; Salehi Rad, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    2004
    Abstract
    A new poly(acrylamidrazone) chelating resin was prepared from carboxymethylcellulose (CMC) via a two-step process. First, acrylonitrile was graft polymerized onto the substrate. The CMC-polyacrylonitrile graft copolymer was then treated with hydrazine to yield a triply modified cellulose containing amidrazone functional groups. The resin was characterized using infrared spectroscopy. The sorption capacity of the resin towards bivalent metal ions was evaluated versus variation of pH and hydrochloric acid concentration. The adsorption capacities at pH 6 were found to be in order Cu2+> Zn2+>Cd2+>Co2+>Ni2+. The metal ion sorption capacities were varied in the range of 2.0-20.0 mmol metal per... 

    The effects of porosity distribution variation in GDL on PEM fuel cell performance

    , Article Second International Conference on Fuel Cell Science, Engineering and Technology, Rochester, NY, 14 June 2004 through 16 June 2004 ; 2004 , Pages 587-594 ; 0791841650 (ISBN); 9780791841655 (ISBN) Roshandel, R ; Farhanieh, B ; Saievar Iranizad, E ; Sharif University of Technology
    American Society of Mechanical Engineers  2004
    Abstract
    Gas diffusion layers are one of the important parts of the PEM fuel cell as they serve to transport the reactant gases to the catalyst layer. Porosity of this layer has a large effect on the PEM fuel cell performance. The spatial variation in porosity arises due to two effects: 1. Compression of the electrode on the solid landing areas and 2. Water produced at the cathode side of gas diffusion layers. Both of these factors change the porosity of gas diffusion layers and affects fuel cell performance. To implement this performance analysis, a mathematical model which considers oxygen and hydrogen mass fraction in gas diffusion layer and the electrical current density in the catalyst layer,... 

    Preparation of Polymeric Ion-Exchange Membrane for Water Desalination

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Vakilzadeh Ebrahimi, Mohammad Kazem (Author) ; Musavi, Abbas (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    In present research work, methods of preparing ion exchange membranes, especially anion exchange membranes, were studied and chemical modification of polysulfone was chosen as a safe and economical method for preparing anion exchange membranes. The chloromethylated polysulfone was characterized by HNMR spectroscopy and functionalization degree was determined according to peak area integration. Membranes were produced by mixing and amination of the chloromethylated and normal polysulfone (40-100% wt). Morphology and chemical structure of membranes were investigated by SEM images and FTIR spectroscopy.The ionic conductivity, ion exchange capacity and water content of samples were measured. The... 

    Purification and zymography of lipase from aspergillus Niger PTCC5010

    , Article International Journal of Engineering, Transactions B: Applications ; Volume 28, Issue 8 , 2015 , Pages 1115-1123 ; 1728-144X (ISSN) Ghamari, M ; Alemzadeh, I ; Tabatabaee Yazdi, F ; Vossoughi, M ; Varidi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Materials and Energy Research Center  2015
    Abstract
    In this study, Lipase from Aspergillus Niger after extraction of medium culture was precipitated with different percentages of acetone and purified by ion exchange chromatography using SP-Sepharose HP and Q-Sepharose HP. The process of purification of the enzyme was studied by electrophoresis and the molecular weight was detected and determined by Zymography using overlying containing phenol red and Rhodamine B. The results showed that the vast majority of lipase from this strain has been precipitated by 70% saturation acetone, and leads to the 1.67 fold the purified enzyme, with special activities 32.8 U. mg-1 and efficiency of 38.5%. Using two-phase chromatography, enzyme specific activity... 

    Spinel H4Ti5O12 nanotubes for Li recovery from aqueous solutions: Thermodynamics and kinetics study

    , Article Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering ; Volume 9, Issue 1 , 2021 ; 22133437 (ISSN) Shoghi, A ; Ghasemi, S ; Askari, M ; Khosravi, A ; Hasan Zadeh, A ; Alamolhoda, A. A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2021
    Abstract
    In this study, H4Ti5O12 nanotubes have been prepared as Li+ adsorbent by acid treatment of Li4Ti5O12 nanotubes. Li4Ti5O12 nanotubes were synthesized via a hydrothermal method in which TiO2(B) nanNotubes were used as a precursor. The prepared Li-ion sieve showed a significant high ion-exchange capacity (160.6 mgg−1) for lithium ions due to its large specific surface area of 115.4 m2 g-1 compared to the other related studies. The kinetics and isotherm investigation revealed that the pseudo-second-order equation well described the adsorption kinetics, and the Langmuir model well fitted the isotherm data. Furthermore, the low value of adsorption energy obtained from the Dubinin-Radushkevitch... 

    Uranium Recovery From Liquid Waste of UCF Plant With Ion Exchange Resin Method

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Asadi, Zahra (Author) ; Samadfam, Mohammad (Supervisor) ; Sepehrian, Hamid (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    During the various stages of uranium processing in Uranium Conversion Facility (UCF) in Isfahan, significant amounts of liquid waste stream is produced which is sent to evaporation ponds. In addition to environmental considerations, uranium recovery from existing pools is also economically feasible due to high concentration uranium in liquid waste. Several methods have been evolved over the years to remove dissolved uranium from uranium bearing solution. These methods are: chemical precipitation, liquid-liquid extraction, ion exchange and membrane processes. The purpose of this study is recovery of uranium from liquid waste of Isfahan UCF plant by using ion exchange method. Although this... 

    Characterization of Lithium Presence in Brine and Extraction of Lithium from Brine Resources of Iran

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Moazeni Afarani, Maryam (Author) ; Askari, Masoud (Supervisor) ; Nusheh, Mohammad (Co-Advisor)
    Abstract
    One of the basic resources for lithium extraction is brine which is very abundance in Iran. It is important to characterize these brines and their compositions to select a suitable method for lithium recovery from them. By investigation of the local brines and determining lithium and other alkali metals composition in them, the ion exchange process using titanium dioxide ion-sieve with nanotube morphology is suggested as highly effective method for lithium extraction from Iranian brines. Due to high advantages of hydrothermal process, TiO2 nanotubes were produced by this method and the optimum parameters of hydrothermal reactions were reported. In this way, hydrogen titanate nanotubes with... 

    Study on Separation of Uranium from Phosphoric Acid by Column Chromatography

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Grayeli, Fatemeh (Author) ; Sohrabpour, Mostafa (Supervisor) ; Khanchi, Ali Reza (Supervisor) ; Outokesh, Mohammad (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    In this study, uranium removal from phosphoric acid with doulite resin was examined. Different uptake properties of the doulite resin were examined using batch, stirred and column methods. Langmuier, freundlich and dubinin equation was fitted the isotherm data and freundlich equation showed the best fitting. Adsorption kinetics was controlled by slow intraparticle diffusion of UO22+ ions in resin, and it obeyed a shrinking core model. Also a pseudo-second order chemical reaction fairly fitted the kinetics data  

    Selective Adsorption of Li+Ion on Lithium Adsorbents

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Hajipour, Hengameh (Author) ; Askari, Masoud (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Interest in lithium sources has been increasing because of wide applications of the metal in high-energystorage lithium batteries and its compounds in otherfields.Lithium appears in lake, brines and several minerals such as spodumene, petallite, and lepidolite. Several methods such as ion exchange (adsorption), solvent extraction, and coprecipitation have been investigated for the extraction of lithium from seawater, brine, and geothermal water. The adsorption method is suitable for recovery of lithium from seawater because certain inorganicion-exchange materials show extremely high selectivity for lithium ions only.The objective of this study is to evaluate the applicability of nano...