Search for: islamism
Total 22 records
Modern sciences in religious Iran: An assessment of the educated Iranians’ attitude toward biological evolution, Article Vestnik Sankt-Peterburgskogo Universiteta, Filosofiia i Konfliktologiia ; Volume 38, Issue 1 , 2022 , Pages 110-121 ; 25422278 (ISSN) ; Tumanian, T. G ; Azadegan, E ; Sharif University of Technology
Saint Petersburg State University 2022
It is often assumed that there is a confrontation between science and Islam, especially in religious communities. Biological evolution is often one of the constant sources of contention due to its metaphysical implications. Although there are some empirical data showing low acceptance of evolution and understanding its basic principles in Sunni-majority countries, there has been a categorical lack of data about Iran as the most influential Shiite-majority state. Therefore, in order to reach a better understanding of the culture and world-view of Iranians, we implemented two established questionnaires and phone interviews to assess educated Iranians’ attitude toward evolution. We reach an...
Article Journal of Islamic Marketing ; Volume 11, Issue 2 , 2019 , Pages 320-343 ; 17590833 (ISSN) ; Karami, N ; Sharif University of Technology
Emerald Group Publishing Ltd 2019
Purpose: Brand and religion, although seemingly irrelevant, are sometimes considered as competitors in satisfying certain consumer needs. The purpose of this paper is to explore the link between religious commitment and purchase of self-expressive (SE) brand products in the context of the Iranian consumer market. Furthermore, this paper investigates the effect of religious commitment on consumers’ brand recall for Western versus local brand products. Design/methodology/approach: Distributing questionnaires was used to collect primary data. Use of statistical techniques, specifically inferential and descriptive statistics were used through SPSS software. Findings: Study 1 findings support...
Article Logic, Argumentation and Reasoning ; Volume 23 , 2022 , Pages 53-81 ; 22149120 (ISSN) ; Nabavi, F ; Sharif University of Technology
Springer Science and Business Media B.V 2022
We introduce a new aspect of the notion of obligation inspired from the Islamic legal system. We then construct a dynamic deontic logic to model this notion of obligation. A semantics for this logic is introduced, and then its soundness and completeness theorems with respect to this semantics are proved. © 2022, Springer Nature Switzerland AG
Philosophical Approach of Slamic Thinkers Toward Technology Explanation and Critique Ayatollah Khameneie, Ayatollah Motahari and Dr. Nasr Attituude, Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology ; Hosseini, Hassan
Technology is one of the most important aspects of human life at the present time. It can be said that there is no part of human life that is not affected by technology, that is, the most important aspects of human life, namely economic, social and political issues, are independent of technological technology and technology. Technology is not independent of the social systems in which they are formed. In such a situation, one can expect from Islam as a religion claiming human guidance in the most important aspects of life, which can not be ignored by technology and its place in human life, and can provide a way to interact. Human and technology and technology development in the community. In...
"The Paakshooy": A Robotics Cell for Washing and Preparation of a Cropse for Burial Compatible with Islamic Laws, M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Meghdari, Ali
Washing a dead person’s body and dressing the corpse prior to burial is an act of love and necessity in many religions. Since the deceased loses all bodily functions at time of death, cleaning the body to eliminate odors is generally a hard and unpleasant task for many to perform. It has also been reported that tens of thousands of microbes are present on every square centimeter of a human corpse which is always a health risk to the persons performing the task. Among Islamic nations, preparation of the corpse is usually carried out in washing rooms (Ghassalkhaneh) of cemeteries in large cities. This preparation consists of two important operations namely as washing of the corpse (Ghosl)...
Explaining the Concept of Civilization by using Theory of Constructive Perceptions with Emphasis on Knowledge and Technology as Components of Civilization, M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Taghavi, Mostafa
The purpose of writing this thesis is to arrive at the concept of civilization. And in this process, using the constructive perception. My approach in constructive perception is different with approach of Allameh tabatabaei in constructive perception. In first chapter defining constructive perception as the perception that mind by analogy between two consepts makes the non-real relations and attributes it deliberated to the reality (the parties). Meanwhile, should have been constructive perception is the intermediary that stimulation our sense abut reality. These feelings can be tenderness or hatred or fear and hope and ... . In the second chapter we will show that the use of technology...
M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Abedini, Javad
In this piece of work, a gravity model is suggested as Iranian non-fuel export model to OIC countries. The most important results out of this model are the acquired coefficients of two variables, namely “ECO membership” and “Economic and Trade Freedom of Importer”. At first, we expected that for importer, being a member of ECO would increase the amount of trade with iran. Surprisingly, this is not what we see in a model. In fact, as ECO has not achieved any tangible success in increasing trade between its members, eastern Asian Muslim countries has become an important trade partner for iranians. This result is compatible with other pieces of researches about ECO. “Economic and Trade Freedom...
Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology ; Golshani, Mehdi
The worldview and value system can use a cognitive-normative framework to select and shape science and technology. Of course, this framework is not the sole factor in shaping and selecting science and technology. The context in which science and technology flourish is also an important factor. Thus a religious science and technology is possible. Furthermore one can find many examples in the contemporary science and technology which are rooted in a secular and naturalistic outlook., but one can shape a science and technology which are rooted in religious worldview and value system. These examples show that one can generate a religious type of science and technology ,but in order to do this...
M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Taghavi, Mostafa
Religious science, its nature, possibility, and the mechanism of achievement have come to the fore in recent years. In this thesis, Javadi Amoli’s and Golshani’s theories are compared in this respect. Javadi Amoli begins by situating the reason, and certain knowledge as its product, in the architecture of religious knowledge. Since this kind of knowledge unveils divine action, Amoli counts it as already divine in nature. Therefore, there would be no conflict between science and religion in principle, unless atheist scientists insist on drawing non-empirical conclusions from sciences. Other conflicts too are superficial and resolvable. Amoli sees the fault of current sciences, which should be...
M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Golshani, Mahdi
Shia theology has gone through different transformations throughout history. In the contemprorary age diverse studies have been carried out in order to discribe it’s preceding changes and future transformations. This tesis tends to show at first that “MacIntyre’s method of historical-philosophical study” is an overally justified model for such studeis, in comparison with the two other models of “Kuhn’s model of scientific revolutions” & “Lakatos’s research programs.” Afterwards, this model has been used for the study of shia theology and a brief narration of the rationality traditions of shia theology through the Iranian tradition has been given. The focus of this section has been on the...
M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Nilli, Farhad
This paper by using the basic Principal-Agent model, investigate the possibility of moral hazard in relation of the bank-borrower, meaning the deviation of the granted facility - for the three proposed models in the Islamic Banking (interest free). These models include the use of only authorized exchange contracts, the use of partnership contracts and the combined use of authorized exchange contracts and partnership. This study, by accepting the Mirakhor (2011) model as the optimal case, make sure that in Islamic society, by establishing assumptions such as honesty, the probability of occurrence of moral hazard is low; Hence, moral hazard is not an inherent problem of the Islamic banking...
Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology ; Tagavi, Mustafa ; Miandari, Hassan
While the science–religion debate on human creation has been widely explored in the Muslim world، Iranian Muslim opinions have been missed in the mainstream literature. To see whether they follow the lead of the majority of Muslim thinkers or not، here is an overview of the Qur’anic Perspective of Iranian Muslim Scholars. After reviewing the previously categorized approaches of Muslims encountering evolution mentioned in the literature، this thesis will survey the Qur’anic verses related to the biological creation of man with the “scientific-lexical” method of all possible states. Afterward، the views of the most-cited Iranian scholars، such as Saḥābī، Ṭabāṭabā’ī، Muṭahharī، and Jawādī، will...
Article Science and Engineering Ethics ; Volume 26, Issue 5 , 2020 , Pages 2709-2734 ; Taheri, A. R ; Shariati, A ; Meghdari, A ; Sharif University of Technology
Springer Science and Business Media B.V 2020
The social impact of robotics applied to domains such as education, religion, nursing, and therapy across the world depends on the level of technology as well as the culture in which it is used. By studying how robots are used in Iran, a technologically-savvy country with a long history and a rich culture, we explore their possible impact on interrelated areas of religious and ethical features in education in an Islamic society. To accomplish this task, a preliminary exploratory study was conducted using two social robots as teaching assistants in Islamic religion classes for 42 elementary students. More than 90% of the participants in the study absolutely preferred the robot-assisted...
Article Technology in Society ; Volume 61 , 2020 ; Taqavi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
Elsevier Ltd 2020
What purpose, according to Muslim scholars, should technological development serve? To answer this question, first we explain the views of seven Muslim scholars who have theorized about technology from an Islamic viewpoint. We then set out Carl Mitcham's fourfold analysis of technology, and summarize the views of philosophers of technology on technological volition. This places us in a position to classify Muslim scholars' opinions on technological development under seven broad headings, namely: meeting human beings' needs, implementation of an Islamic culture and lifestyle, serving human beings, serving nature, understanding the splendor of creation, providing personal and social happiness,...
Article Archives of Iranian Medicine ; Volume 11, Issue 5 , September , 2008 , Pages 559-560 ; 10292977 (ISSN) ; Sharif University of Technology
Conceptual design and simulation of a semi-automatic cell for the washing and preparation of a corpse prior to an islamic burial, Article International Journal of Advanced Robotic Systems ; Volume 9 , 2012 ; 17298806 (ISSN) ; Osgouie, K. G ; Nasiri, E ; Nemati, A. R ; Mortazavi, A. M ; Sharif University of Technology
Washing the corpse and dressing the body prior to burial is an act of love and necessity in many religions. Applying robotics and automation technologies for the washing and preparation of a deceased Muslim in accordance with the Islamic Shari'at laws has been the challenging foundation of this research. With an increasing annual population growth resulting in an increase in the number of deaths (historically and/or immediately after a national disaster), automating part of this procedure to increase the speed of operation, reducing the health risks to the personnel of washing rooms "Ghassalkhaneh™ at the cemeteries and enhancing their quality of life have been the primary objectives of this...
Cost-Benefit analysis of Iran-Europe Natural gas pipeline in the field of Economics, Environment and Energy Security, M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Maleki, Abbas
The intermediary between Consumer and market of Natural gas is long transportation pipeline. Analysis of different dimension is a prerequisite for constructing these infrastructures. This study has been done in the fields of economics, environment and energy security. The proposed pipeline, which is called Islamic pipeline, passes through different countries, Iraq, Syria, Greece and Italy. It carries natural gas and feeds Europe gas requirements, also passes the Mediterranean Sea, which includes underwater pipe-laying technology that has been considered. Economic analysis of this project calculated, using Cost-Benefit analysis. Environmental issues has been identified and classified,...
M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Maleki, Abbas
Due to financial resources constraints, the country's oil industry, especially the upstream oil sector accounting for most of the country's foreign exchange and budget revenues, has not been developed. Thanks to the international sanctions against our country, the conventional financing methods are difficult to use anymore. According to the the current circumstances, the alternative sources of funding using modern approaches are necessary. Moreover, small capital is one of the alternative sources with the high potential for the high level of the liquidity in the society. This study, investigates the financial tools regarding capital market to attract small capital in order to finance...
M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Akbari Jokar, Mohammad Reza
Decision-making about make or buy is one of important and strategic decisions. Any wrong decisions in this regard can cause high costs to organizations. About this make or buy decision, there is rich literature and experts of different scientific fields such as economy, sociology, industrial engineering, and management, etc. study about it. According to importance of make or buy decisions in research organization and self- sufficiency Jihad as a supportive organ from IRIB in order to make needed products of this organization, the main purpose of this research is to provide and present a conceptual framework to help make or buy decisions for this organization. The research method in this...