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    Plant hormones as signals in arbuscular mycorrhizal symbiosis

    , Article Critical Reviews in Biotechnology ; Vol. 34, issue. 2 , 2014 , p. 123-133 Miransari, M ; Abrishamchi, A ; Khoshbakht, K ; Niknam, V ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    Arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi are non-specific symbionts developing mutual and beneficial symbiosis with most terrestrial plants. Because of the obligatory nature of the symbiosis, the presence of the host plant during the onset and proceeding of symbiosis is necessary. However, AM fungal spores are able to germinate in the absence of the host plant. The fungi detect the presence of the host plant through some signal communications. Among the signal molecules, which can affect mycorrhizal symbiosis are plant hormones, which may positively or adversely affect the symbiosis. In this review article, some of the most recent findings regarding the signaling effects of plant hormones, on...