Search for: lab-on-a-chip-devices
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    Advancement of sensor integrated organ-on-chip devices

    , Article Sensors (Switzerland) ; Volume 21, Issue 4 , 2021 , Pages 1-44 ; 14248220 (ISSN) Clarke, G.A ; Hartse, B. X ; Niaraki Asli, A. E ; Taghavimehr, M ; Hashemi, N ; Abbasi Shirsavar, M ; Montazami, R ; Alimoradi, N ; Nasirian, V ; Ouedraogo, L. J ; Hashemi, N. N ; Sharif University of Technology
    MDPI AG  2021
    Organ-on-chip devices have provided the pharmaceutical and tissue engineering worlds much hope since they arrived and began to grow in sophistication. However, limitations for their applicability were soon realized as they lacked real-time monitoring and sensing capabilities. The users of these devices relied solely on endpoint analysis for the results of their tests, which created a chasm in the understanding of life between the lab the natural world. However, this gap is being bridged with sensors that are integrated into organ-on-chip devices. This review goes in-depth on different sensing methods, giving examples for various research on mechanical, electrical resistance, and bead-based... 

    Design and fabrication of a centrifugal microfluidic disc including septum valve for measuring hemoglobin A1c in human whole blood using immunoturbidimetry method

    , Article Talanta ; Volume 190 , 2018 , Pages 134-139 ; 00399140 (ISSN) Mahmodi Arjmand, E ; Saadatmand, M ; Bakhtiari, M. R ; Eghbal, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2018
    Diabetes mellitus is a global endemic with a rapidly increasing prevalence in both developing and developed countries. Recently, hemoglobin A1c has been recommended by the American Diabetes Associations as a possible substitute for fasting blood glucose for the diagnosis of diabetes, because it is an indicator of long-term glycemic control. Also, centrifugal microfluidic systems have good potential for use in the point of care testing systems. In this study, a centrifugal microfluidic disc was designed and manufactured to measure hemoglobin A1c in whole blood using an immunoturbidimetry based method. Also, a new passive valve, named septum valve, was presented to precisely control the entry... 

    Nanotechnology-assisted microfluidic systems: From bench to bedside

    , Article Nanomedicine ; Volume 16, Issue 3 , 2021 , Pages 237-258 ; 17435889 (ISSN) Rabiee, N ; Ahmadi, S ; Fatahi, Y ; Rabiee, M ; Bagherzadeh, M ; Dinarvand, R ; Bagheri, B ; Zarrintaj, P ; Saeb, M. R ; Webster, T. J ; Sharif University of Technology
    Future Medicine Ltd  2021
    With significant advancements in research technologies, and an increasing global population, microfluidic and nanofluidic systems (such as point-of-care, lab-on-a-chip, organ-on-a-chip, etc) have started to revolutionize medicine. Devices that combine micron and nanotechnologies have increased sensitivity, precision and versatility for numerous medical applications. However, while there has been extensive research on microfluidic and nanofluidic systems, very few have experienced wide-spread commercialization which is puzzling and deserves our collective attention. For the above reasons, in this article, we review research advances that combine micro and nanotechnologies to create the next... 

    Cancer cell enrichment on a centrifugal microfluidic platform using hydrodynamic and magnetophoretic techniques

    , Article Scientific Reports ; Volume 11, Issue 1 , 2021 ; 20452322 (ISSN) Shamloo, A ; Naghdloo, A ; Besanjideh, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Nature Research  2021
    Isolation of rare cancer cells is one of the important and valuable stages of cancer research. Regarding the rarity of cancer cells in blood samples, it is important to invent an efficient separation device for cell enrichment. In this study, two centrifugal microfluidic devices were designed and fabricated for the isolation of rare cancer cells. The first design (passive plan) employs a contraction–expansion array (CEA) microchannel which is connected to a bifurcation region. This device is able to isolate the target cells through inertial effects and bifurcation law. The second design (hybrid plan) also utilizes a CEA microchannel, but instead of using the bifurcation region, it is... 

    Challenge in particle delivery to cells in a microfluidic device

    , Article Drug Delivery and Translational Research ; Volume 8, Issue 3 , 2018 , Pages 830-842 ; 2190393X (ISSN) Moghadas, H ; Saidi, M. S ; Kashaninejad, N ; Nguyen, N. T ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer Verlag  2018
    Micro and nanotechnology can potentially revolutionize drug delivery systems. Novel microfluidic systems have been employed for the cell culture applications and drug delivery by micro and nanocarriers. Cells in the microchannels are under static and dynamic flow perfusion of culture media that provides nutrition and removes waste from the cells. This exerts hydrostatic and hydrodynamic forces on the cells. These forces can considerably affect the functions of the living cells. In this paper, we simulated the flow of air, culture medium, and the particle transport and deposition in the microchannels under different angles of connection inlet. It was found that the shear stress induced by the... 

    Design and simulation of a microfluidic device for acoustic cell separation

    , Article Ultrasonics ; Volume 84 , March , 2018 , Pages 234-243 ; 0041624X (ISSN) Shamloo, A ; Boodaghi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2018
    Experimental acoustic cell separation methods have been widely used to perform separation for different types of blood cells. However, numerical simulation of acoustic cell separation has not gained enough attention and needs further investigation since by using numerical methods, it is possible to optimize different parameters involved in the design of an acoustic device and calculate particle trajectories in a simple and low cost manner before spending time and effort for fabricating these devices. In this study, we present a comprehensive finite element-based simulation of acoustic separation of platelets, red blood cells and white blood cells, using standing surface acoustic waves... 

    Modeling, simulation, and employing dilution–dialysis microfluidic chip (DDMC) for heightening proteins refolding efficiency

    , Article Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering ; Volume 41, Issue 5 , 2018 , Pages 707-714 ; 16157591 (ISSN) Kashanian, F ; Masoudi, M. M ; Shamloo, A ; Habibi Rezaei, M ; Moosavi Movahedi, A. A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer Verlag  2018
    Miniaturized systems based on the principles of microfluidics are widely used in various fields, such as biochemical and biomedical applications. Systematic design processes are demanded the proper use of these microfluidic devices based on mathematical simulations. Aggregated proteins (e.g., inclusion bodies) in solution with chaotropic agents (such as urea) at high concentration in combination with reducing agents are denatured. Refolding methods to achieve the native proteins from inclusion bodies of recombinant protein relying on denaturant dilution or dialysis approaches for suppressing protein aggregation is very important in the industrial field. In this paper, a modeling approach is... 

    Microfluidic devices with gold thin film channels for chemical and biomedical applications: a review

    , Article Biomedical Microdevices ; Volume 21, Issue 4 , 2019 ; 13872176 (ISSN) Ghasemi Toudeshkchoui, M ; Rabiee, N ; Rabiee, M ; Bagherzadeh, M ; Tahriri, M ; Tayebi, L ; Hamblin, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer New York LLC  2019
    Microfluidic systems (MFS) provide a range of advantages in biomedical applications, including improved controllability of material characteristics and lower consumption of reagents, energy, time and money. Fabrication of MFS employs various materials, such as glass, silicon, ceramics, paper, and metals such as gold, copper, aluminum, chromium and titanium. In this review, gold thin film microfluidic channels (GTFMFC) are discussed with reference to fabrication methods and their diverse use in chemical and biomedical applications. The advantages of gold thin films (GTF) include flexibility, ease of manufacture, adhesion to polymer surfaces, chemical stability, good electrical conductivity,... 

    Polyamide/titania hollow nanofibers prepared by core–shell electrospinning as a microextractive phase in a fabricated sandwiched format microfluidic device

    , Article Journal of Chromatography A ; Volume 1528 , 2017 , Pages 1-9 ; 00219673 (ISSN) Rezvani, O ; Hashemi Hedeshi, M ; Bagheri, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    In this study, a low–cost microfluidic device from polymethyl methacrylate was fabricated by laser engraving technique. The device is consisted of a central chip unit with an aligned microchannel. Both sides of the engraved microchannel were sandwiched by two synthesized sheets from polyamide/titania (PA/TiO2) hollow nanofibers as extractive phases. The inlet and outlet of the device were connected to the polyether ether ketone tubes, while a peristaltic pump was used to deliver both sample and desorbing solvent through the microchannel. The recorded scanning electron microscopy images from the surface of the synthesized PA/TiO2 nanofibers, exhibit a good degree of homogeneity and porosity... 

    A foreign body response-on-a-chip platform

    , Article Advanced Healthcare Materials ; Volume 8, Issue 4 , 2019 ; 21922640 (ISSN) Sharifi, F ; Htwe, S. S ; Righi, M ; Liu, H ; Pietralunga, A ; Yesil Celiktas, O ; Maharjan, S ; Cha, B. H ; Shin, S. R ; Dokmeci, M. R ; Vrana, N. E ; Ghaemmaghami, A. M ; Khademhosseini, A ; Zhang, Y. S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Wiley-VCH Verlag  2019
    Understanding the foreign body response (FBR) and desiging strategies to modulate such a response represent a grand challenge for implant devices and biomaterials. Here, the development of a microfluidic platform is reported, i.e., the FBR-on-a-chip (FBROC) for modeling the cascade of events during immune cell response to implants. The platform models the native implant microenvironment where the implants are interfaced directly with surrounding tissues, as well as vasculature with circulating immune cells. The study demonstrates that the release of cytokines such as monocyte chemoattractant protein 1 (MCP-1) from the extracellular matrix (ECM)-like hydrogels in the bottom tissue chamber...