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    An arbitrary lagrangian-eulerian technique for plasticity of pressure-sensitive material with reference to powder forming processes

    , Article 9th International Conference on Technology of Plasticity, ICTP 2008, Gyeongju, 7 September 2008 through 11 September 2008 ; 2008 , Pages 1825-1830 Khoei, A. R ; Anahid, M ; Dormohammadi, H ; Shahim, K ; Sharif University of Technology
    Hanrimwon Publishing Co  2008
    Abstract
    In this paper, an application of arbitrary Lagrangian-Eulerian method is presented in plasticity behavior of pressure-sensitive material, with special reference to large deformation analysis of powder compaction process. In ALE technique, the convective term is used to reflect the relative motion between the mesh and the material. The convection term is neglected in the material phase, which is identical to a time-step in a standard Lagrangian analysis. The stresses and plastic internal variables are converted to account the relative mesh-material motion in the convection phase. The ALE formulation is then performed within the framework of a three-invariant cap plasticity model in order to... 

    A complete treatment of thermo-mechanical ale analysis; Part I: Formulation

    , Article Iranian Journal of Science and Technology, Transaction B: Engineering ; Volume 34, Issue 2 , 2010 , Pages 135-148 ; 10286284 (ISSN) Tadi Beni, Y ; Movahhedy, M. R ; Farrahi, G. H ; Sharif University of Technology
    2010
    Abstract
    Arbitrary Lagrangian Eulerian (ALE) finite element method is extensively used for numerical simulation of solid mechanics problem. The versatility of the mesh in ALE approach makes it particularly effective and efficient in solving large deformation problems. In this work, a complete treatment of fully coupled ALE formulation is presented incorporating inertial, rate and thermal effects. The formulation may be used in conjunction with thermo-elasto-viscoplactic material models. A consistent and efficient tangent operator is developed in closed form to handle stress integration. The applications of this formulation are given in the second part of this paper  

    Numerical simulation of the effect of visitor's movement on bacteria-carrying particles distribution in hospital isolation room

    , Article Scientia Iranica ; Volume 24, Issue 3 , 2017 , Pages 1160-1170 ; 10263098 (ISSN) Eslami, J ; Abbassi, A ; Saidi, M. H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    The aim of this paper is to simulate numerically the airflow induced by a walking visitor and its effects on the contaminant transport and ventilation system effectiveness. To this end, the following models will be used in this study: the Lagrangian Discrete Random Walk (DRW) model to trace the motion of BCPs, the dynamic mesh method to simulate the visitor movement, and the Reynolds Averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS) model to solve the airflow. The validation results of the numerical method are in full agreement with the available experimental data in the literature. The findings of the present study indicate that the visitor's movement has remarkable effect on the basic airflow, and the... 

    Dispersion around a circular cylinder in surface wave motion

    , Article Scientia Iranica ; Vol. 21, issue. 3 , 2014 , p. 548-556 ; 10263098 Tofighi, M. A ; Jamali, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    In this paper, we examine fluid flow and associated dispersion around a circular cylinder under progressive surface wave motion. The flow field and vortex shedding patterns were studied using flow visualization and Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV). Several patterns of vortex shedding were identified around a single cylinder. The vortex shedding patterns under progressive wave motion are similar to those observed in planar oscillatory flow, except in the way the vortices form and in the orientation they take. The observed vortex patterns in progressive wave motion are more unstable than those in planar oscillatory flow. Using particle tracking and the Lagrangian dispersion method, the... 

    Application of the variational iteration method for nonlinear free vibration of conservative oscillators

    , Article Scientia Iranica ; Volume 19, Issue 3 , June , 2012 , Pages 513-518 ; 10263098 (ISSN) Baghani, M ; Fattahi, M ; Amjadian, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    2012
    Abstract
    In this paper, an analytical solution for the nonlinear free vibration of a conservative oscillator is presented. The nonlinear governing equation is solved by employing the Variational Iteration Method (VIM). This method is based on the use of Lagrange multipliers for identification of optimal values of parameters in a function. Obtained results reveal that the proposed method is very effective, simple and exact. In the present investigation, the results of this method are compared with those of the Homotopy Analysis Method (HAM), as well as those predicted by the Runge-Kutta method. The excellent accuracy of the obtained results is demonstrated by comparing them with available analytical... 

    Proposal of a new design for valveless micropumps

    , Article Scientia Iranica ; Volume 18, Issue 6 , December , 2011 , Pages 1261-1266 ; 10263098 (ISSN) Afrasiab, H ; Movahhedy, M. R ; Assempour, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    2011
    Abstract
    A new design for a valveless micropumping device has been proposed that integrates two existing pumping technologies, namely, the wall induced traveling wave and the obstacle-type valveless micropump. The liquid in the microchannel is transported by generating a traveling wave on the channel, while the placing of two asymmetric trapezoid obstacles, along the centerline of the channel inlet and outlet, leads to a significant (up to seven times) increase of the net flow rate of the device. The effectiveness of this innovative design has been proved through a verified three-dimensional finite element model. FluidStructure Interaction (FSI) analysis is performed in the framework of an Arbitrary... 

    Novel 2D algorithm for fluid solid interaction based on the smoothed particle hydrodynamics (SPH) method

    , Article Scientia Iranica ; Volume 18, Issue 3 B , June , 2011 , Pages 358-367 ; 10263098 (ISSN) Lahooti, M ; Pisheva, A ; Saidi, M. S ; Sharif University of Technology
    2011
    Abstract
    In this study, a pure Lagrangian algorithm for numerical simulation of fluid-structure interaction problems is proposed based on the Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics (SPH) method. A new treatment of boundary conditions at the interfaces is introduced that provides the possibility of simultaneous integration of governing equations for all particles, regardless of its material type. The proposed algorithm is capable of dealing with large deformations of hypo elastic solids. The method is validated by comparison of numerical results with other numerical simulations and also examining the consistent behaviors of the algorithm for different parameters  

    An updated Lagrangian finite element formulation for large displacement dynamic analysis of three-dimensional flexible riser structures

    , Article Ocean Engineering ; Volume 38, Issue 5-6 , 2011 , Pages 793-803 ; 00298018 (ISSN) Hosseini Kordkheili, S. A ; Bahai, H ; Mirtaheri, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    An updated Lagrangian finite element formulation of a three-dimensional annular section beam element is presented for large displacement and large rotation dynamic analyses of flexible riser structures. In this formulation a new linearization method is used to avoid inaccuracies normally associated with other linearization schemes. The effects of buoyancy force as well as steady state current loading are considered in the finite element solution for riser structures response. The formulation has been implemented in a nonlinear finite element code and the results are compared with those obtained from other schemes reported in the literature  

    Aeroservoelastic behavior of supersonic guided flight vehicles

    , Article Iranian Journal of Science and Technology, Transaction B: Engineering ; Volume 33, Issue 5 , 2009 , Pages 425-439 ; 10286284 (ISSN) Fathi, M ; Nobari, A ; Sabzehparvar, M ; Moghaddam, M. M ; Haddadpour, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    2009
    Abstract
    Flight dynamics of the guided vehicle is modelled by the aid of linear and angular equations of motions using Lagrange's approach in this paper. Governing equations of the control system and the elastic behavior of the vehicle are added to the equations of dynamic states. Flexibility effect is modelled using the normal modes, generalized coordinates and forces. For validation of modified FORTRAN simulation code, the stability of specific vehicles is determined and compared with the same results in the literature. Using this code and by solving the governing equations for the desired flight vehicle, the aeroservoelasticity is analyzed and then the results are compared with the rigid cases and... 

    Large deformation finite element modeling of rubble mound breakwater built on soft seabed using coupled eulerian–lagrangian method

    , Article Indian Geotechnical Journal ; Volume 51, Issue 2 , 2021 , Pages 315-328 ; 09719555 (ISSN) Masoudi, S ; Shahir, H ; Pak, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer  2021
    Abstract
    For the design of rubble mound breakwaters on soft soil, it is essential to predict the behavior of soft soil and large deformations phenomena occurring in the course of construction of the rubble mound breakwater. Large deformations in various problems can be well simulated using the coupled Eulerian–Lagrangian (CEL) method. In this study, the CEL method has been used to simulate the rubble mounds construction on soft soil and predict the resulting settlements. To validate the numerical model, the results of three experiments conducted in the physical modeling laboratory at Kharazmi University were used. Also, two case studies of real rubble mound breakwaters constructed on soft seabeds... 

    Comparison between Lagrangian and Eulerian approaches in predicting motion of micron-sized particles in laminar flows

    , Article Atmospheric Environment ; Vol. 89, issue , 2014 , Pages 199-206 ; ISSN: 13522310 Saidi, M. S ; Rismanian, M ; Monjezi, M ; Zendehbad, M ; Fatehiboroujeni, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    Modeling the behavior of suspended particles in gaseous phase is important for diverse reasons; e.g. aerosol is usually the main subject of CFD simulations in clean rooms. Additionally, to determine the rate and sites of deposition of particles suspended in inhaled air, the motion of the particles should be predicted in lung airways. Meanwhile there are two basically different approaches to simulate the behavior of particles suspension, Lagrangian and Eulerian approaches. This study compares the results of these two approaches on simulating the same problem. An in-house particle tracking code was developed to simulate the motion of particles with Lagrangian approach. In order to simulate the... 

    Modeling of moving boundaries in large plasticity deformations via an enriched arbitrary Lagrangian-Eulerian FE method

    , Article Scientia Iranica ; Volume 17, Issue 2 A , 2010 , Pages 141-160 ; 10263098 (ISSN) Anahid, M ; Khoei, A. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    2010
    Abstract
    In this paper, a new computational technique is presented for the modeling of moving boundaries in large plastic deformations based on an enriched arbitrary Lagrangian-Eulerian finite element method. An Arbitrary Lagrangian-Eulerian (ALE) technique is employed to capture the advantages of both Lagrangian and Eulerian methods and alleviate the drawbacks of mesh distortion in Lagrangian formulation. An enriched finite element method is implemented based on the extended FEM technique to capture the arbitrary interfaces independent of element boundaries. The process is accomplished by performing a splitting operator to separate the material (Lagrangian) phase from the convective (Eulerian)...