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    Buckling analysis of cross-ply laminated conical panels using GDQ method

    , Article Composites Part B: Engineering ; Volume 55 , 2013 , Pages 440-446 ; 13598368 (ISSN) Abediokhchi, J ; Kouchakzadeh, M. A ; Shakouri, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    2013
    Abstract
    The buckling analysis of cross-ply laminated conical shell panels with simply supported boundary conditions at all edges and subjected to axial compression is studied. The conical shell panel is a very interesting problem as it can be considered as the general case for conical shells when the subtended angle is set to 2π and also cylindrical panels and shells when the semi-vertex angle is equal to zero. Equations were derived using classical shell theory of Donnell type and solved using generalized differential quadrature method. The results are compared and validated with the known results in the literature. The effects of subtended angle, semi-vertex angle, length, thickness and radius of... 

    Effects of number of layers and adhesive ductility on impact behavior of laminates

    , Article Materials Letters ; Volume 58, Issue 22-23 , 2004 , Pages 2721-2724 ; 0167577X (ISSN) Tekyeh Marouf, B ; Bagheri, R ; Mahmudi, R ; Sharif University of Technology
    2004
    Abstract
    Laminated composites are made using different routes, including adhesive bonding. In this investigation, Aluminum layers are bonded together using epoxy adhesive (neat, rubber-modified and filled-epoxy). In phase one of this investigation, the influence of number of layers and adhesive ductility have been studied on dynamic behavior of composites. The results of impact behavior of laminates indicate that the impact energy increases with the number of layers. Also, it can be concluded that there is much more sensitivity of the impact energy of the composite to the number of the layers than that to the adhesive composition. © 2004 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved  

    Three-dimensional interlaminar stress analysis at free edges of general cross-ply composite laminates

    , Article Materials and Design ; Volume 24, Issue 2 , 2003 , Pages 121-130 ; 02641275 (ISSN) Tahani, M ; Nosier, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    2003
    Abstract
    A layerwise theory is used to investigate analytically the interlaminar stresses near the free edges of general cross-ply composite laminates under uniform axial extension. Laminates with finite dimensions are considered and full three-dimensional stresses in the interior and the boundary-layer regions are calculated. The results obtained from this theory are compared with those available in the literature. It is found that the edge-effect problem of general cross-ply laminates is actually a quasi three-dimensional problem and its stress analysis can be restricted to a generic two-dimensional cross-section of the laminates. © 2003 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved  

    A finite element model for tapered laminated beams incorporated with magnetorheological fluid using a layerwise model under random excitations

    , Article Mechanics of Advanced Materials and Structures ; Apr , 2018 , Pages 1-8 ; 15376494 (ISSN) Momeni, S ; Zabihollah, A ; Behzad, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Taylor and Francis Inc  2018
    Abstract
    Laminated composite beams with variable thickness are being widely used in many engineering applications. To enhance the dynamic behavior of structures subject to random loading, tapered laminated beams incorporated with magnetorheological (MR) fluids (MR-tapered beam) are proposed. A finite element model has been developed for random vibration analysis of MR-tapered beam based on layerwise displacement theory. The effects of thickness ratios of tapered beam, magnetic fields, statistical properties, correlation and autocorrelation on dynamic behaviors of structures have been investigated. The proposed structural element significantly enhances the dynamic response of MR-tapered beam under... 

    A finite element model for tapered laminated beams incorporated with magnetorheological fluid using a layerwise model under random excitations

    , Article Mechanics of Advanced Materials and Structures ; Volume 27, Issue 1 , 2020 , Pages 12-19 Momeni, S ; Zabihollah, A ; Behzad, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Taylor and Francis Inc  2020
    Abstract
    Laminated composite beams with variable thickness are being widely used in many engineering applications. To enhance the dynamic behavior of structures subject to random loading, tapered laminated beams incorporated with magnetorheological (MR) fluids (MR-tapered beam) are proposed. A finite element model has been developed for random vibration analysis of MR-tapered beam based on layerwise displacement theory. The effects of thickness ratios of tapered beam, magnetic fields, statistical properties, correlation and autocorrelation on dynamic behaviors of structures have been investigated. The proposed structural element significantly enhances the dynamic response of MR-tapered beam under... 

    Free vibration analysis of joined cross-ply laminated conical shells

    , Article International Journal of Mechanical Sciences ; Vol. 78, issue , 2014 , pp. 118-125 ; ISSN: 00207403 Kouchakzadeh, M. A ; Shakouri, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    The present study deals with vibrational behavior of two joined cross-ply laminated conical shells. The natural frequencies and mode shapes are investigated. The joined conical shells can be considered as the general case for joined cylindrical-conical shells, joined cylinder-plates or cone-plates, cylindrical and conical shells with stepped thicknesses and also annular plates. Governing equations are obtained using thin-walled shallow shell theory of Donnell type and Hamilton's principle. The appropriate expressions among stress resultants and deformations are extracted as continuity conditions at the joining section of the cones. The equations are solved assuming trigonometric response in... 

    Stress analysis in symmetric composite laminates subjected to shearing loads

    , Article International Journal of Mechanical Sciences ; Volume 75 , 2013 , Pages 16-25 ; 00207403 (ISSN) Mousanezhad viyand, D ; Yazdani Sarvestani, H ; Nosier, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    2013
    Abstract
    In the present study, an analytical solution is proposed to determine the interlaminar stresses in long symmetric laminated composite plates subjected to shearing loads. An improved first-order shear deformation theory (IFSDT) and a simplified IFSDT (SIFSDT) are utilized to calculate the unknown constants appearing in the reduced elasticity displacement field which actually demonstrate the global deformations of the plate. Then the numerical values of the interlaminar normal and shear stresses are established through the laminates by using Reddy's layerwise theory. Finally, several numerical examples are presented to study the interlaminar stresses in the interfaces of the layers and through... 

    Modeling fatigue behavior of quasi-isotropic laminates

    , Article Procedia Engineering, 5 June 2011 through 9 June 2011 ; Volume 10 , June , 2011 , Pages 3764-3768 ; 18777058 (ISSN) Razavi Hesabi, Z ; Kouchi, A ; Tadi Beni, Y ; Abadyan, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    2011
    Abstract
    Fatigue behavior of quasi-isotropic carbon/epoxy laminates were studied, using six stacking sequences. Experimental results show that there is a significant stacking sequence effect on monotonic and cyclic performance of laminates. Though by changing the stacking sequence the difference between failure strength of the strongest and weakest lay-ups reaches only to ∼ 12 %, the difference between fatigue lives (cycles to failure) increased ∼ 1000% in some loading regions. In addition, both linear and sigmoidal functions were examined to model the fatigue life behavior  

    Role of interfacial fracture energy and laminate architecture on impact performance of aluminum laminates

    , Article Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing ; Volume 39, Issue 11 , 2008 , Pages 1685-1693 ; 1359835X (ISSN) Marouf, B.T ; Bagheri, R ; Mahmudi, R ; Sharif University of Technology
    2008
    Abstract
    The impact behavior of aluminum/epoxy laminates was studied by changing the number of layers and the interface strength. It should be noted that although the overall thickness did not changed, the individual layers decreased in thickness when the number of layers increased. The results indicate that the impact resistance of the laminate increases with the number of layers, while the interface strength has a less pronounced influence (50%) on the impact resistance of the laminate. It is also deducted that if the ratio of layer thickness to plastic zone size is smaller than or equal to 1, the impact behavior of the laminates is sensitive to the interface strength. © 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All... 

    Synthesis of Graphene from Waste by Chemical Exfoliation and Study of It’s Physical Characteristics

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mirsepah, Ali (Author) ; Akhavan, Omid (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    One atom thick layer of pure carbon in bonded and hexagonal lattice is named graphene. graphene has unique mechanical, optical, thermal and electrical properties and because of these properties has grabbed attention. graphene has been made from high pure graphite by different methods such as CVD(chemical vapor deposition) , chemical exfoliation , micromechanical cleavage and colloidal suspension. through these methods, green methods for synthesis of graphene, using eco-friendly reductants during synthesis of graphene instead of hydrazine and recently using waste(not graphite) are attractive for synthesis of graphene. Following this idea , a group has produced graphene from wastes such as... 

    Vibration characteristics of laminated composite beams with magnetorheological layer using layerwise theory

    , Article Mechanics of Advanced Materials and Structures ; Volume 25, Issue 3 , 2018 , Pages 202-211 ; 15376494 (ISSN) Naji, J ; Zabihollah, A ; Behzad, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Taylor and Francis Inc  2018
    Abstract
    Vibration characteristics of laminated composite beams with magnetorheological (MR) layer are investigated using layerwise theory. In most studies, shear strain across the thickness of MR layer has been considered as a constant value, which does not precisely describe the shear strain. In this study, layerwise theory is employed to develop a finite element formulation to investigate MR-laminated beams. Experimental tests under different magnetic fields are carried out to verify the numerical results. Layerwise numerical results are compared with the experimental results and other theories. An empirical expression for complex shear modulus is presented. The effects of MR layer thickness on... 

    Buckling of laminated composite plates with elastically restrained boundary conditions

    , Article Structural Engineering and Mechanics ; Volume 74, Issue 5 , June , 2020 , Pages 577-588 Kouchakzadeh, M. A ; Rahgozar, M ; Bohlooly, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Techno-Press  2020
    Abstract
    A unified solution is presented for the buckling analysis of rectangular laminated composite plates with elastically restrained edges. The plate is subjected to biaxial in-plane compression, and the boundary conditions are simulated by employing uniform distribution of linear and rotational springs at all edges. The critical values of buckling loads and corresponding modes are calculated based on classical lamination theory and using the Ritz method. The deflection function is defined based on simple polynomials without any auxiliary function. The verifications of the current study are carried out with available combinations of classic boundary conditions in the literature. Through... 

    Application of nonlocal strain–stress gradient theory and GDQEM for thermo-vibration responses of a laminated composite nanoshell

    , Article Engineering with Computers ; 14 March , 2020 Moayedi, H ; Ebrahimi, F ; Habibi, M ; Safarpour, H ; Foong, L. K ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer  2020
    Abstract
    In this article, thermal buckling and frequency analysis of a size-dependent laminated composite cylindrical nanoshell in thermal environment using nonlocal strain–stress gradient theory are presented. The thermodynamic equations of the laminated cylindrical nanoshell are based on first-order shear deformation theory, and generalized differential quadrature element method is implemented to solve these equations and obtain natural frequency and critical temperature of the presented model. The results show that by considering C–F boundary conditions and every even layers’ number, in lower value of length scale parameter, by increasing the length scale parameter, the frequency of the structure... 

    Free-edge stresses in general composite laminates

    , Article International Journal of Mechanical Sciences ; Volume 50, Issue 10-11 , 2008 , Pages 1435-1447 ; 00207403 (ISSN) Nosier, A ; Maleki, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    2008
    Abstract
    In the present study, by starting from the reduced form of elasticity displacement field for a long flat laminate, an analytical method is developed in order to accurately calculate the interlaminar stresses near the free edges of generally laminated composite plates under extension. The constant parameter appearing in the reduced displacement field, which describes the global rotational deformation of a laminate, is appropriately obtained by employing an improved first-order shear deformation theory. The accuracy and effectiveness of the proposed first-order theory are verified by means of comparison with the results of Reddy's layerwise theory as a three-dimensional benchmark. Reddy's... 

    Using super element and p-approximation for free vibration analysis of composite plates

    , Article 2004 ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, IMECE, Anaheim, CA, 13 November 2004 through 19 November 2004 ; Volume 255 , 2004 , Pages 81-84 ; 01608835 (ISSN) Sharafaty Zangeneh, M ; Ahmadian, M. T ; Ghoreishi, S. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME)  2004
    Abstract
    Effective and efficient methods in computational mechanics have been of interest for the designers and engineers in the last decade. A 3D super elements is developed and implemented for the free vibration analysis of the composite plates. These new elements have been constructed by a 2D super elements in the plane direction and p-version finite element in the thickness direction. Results of 2D super elements are comparable to SHELL 63 and results of 3D super elements with cubic polynomial are comparable to SHELL 93. In the thin plates, 2D super element (or SHELL 63) and 3D super elements (or SHELL 93) have same results, but in the thick plates results change drastically. Natural frequencies... 

    Edge effects of uniformly loaded cross-ply composite laminates

    , Article Materials and Design ; Volume 24, Issue 8 , 2003 , Pages 647-658 ; 02641275 (ISSN) Tahani, M ; Nosier, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2003
    Abstract
    Interlaminar stresses resulting from bending of rectangular cross-ply composite laminates are determined using a layer wise laminate theory. Two types of laminates are considered. First a fully simply supported laminate subjected to bi-directional bending is analyzed. The results obtained from this theory are compared with those of the published three-dimensional elasticity solutions to verify the validity and accuracy of the present theory. Then laminates with two edges simply supported and the other two edges free are examined. The results indicate the presence of significant interlaminar stresses near the free edges. © 2003 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved  

    Free-edge stress analysis of general composite laminates under extension, torsion and bending

    , Article Applied Mathematical Modelling ; Volume 36, Issue 4 , 2012 , Pages 1570-1588 ; 0307904X (ISSN) Sarvestani, H. Y ; Sarvestani, M. Y ; Sharif University of Technology
    2012
    Abstract
    In this study, based on the reduced form of elasticity displacement field for a long laminate, an analytical method is established to exactly obtain the interlaminar stresses near the free edges of generally laminated composite plates subjects to extension, torsion, and bending. The constant parameters being in the displacement field, which describe the global deformation of a laminate, are appropriately calculated by using the improved first-order shear deformation theory. Reddy's layerwise theory is subsequently employed for analytical and numerical examinations of the boundary layer stresses within arbitrary laminated composite plates. Various numerical results are developed for the... 

    Interlaminar stress analysis of general composite laminates

    , Article International Journal of Mechanical Sciences ; Volume 53, Issue 11 , 2011 , Pages 958-967 ; 00207403 (ISSN) Yazdani Sarvestani, H ; Yazdani Sarvestani, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    In this study, based on the reduced from of elasticity displacement field for a long laminate, an analytical method is established to exactly obtain the interlaminar stresses near the free edges of generally laminated composite plates under the extension and bending. The constant parameters, which describe the global deformation of a laminate, are properly computed by means of the improved first-order shear deformation theory. Reddys layerwise theory is subsequently utilized for analytical and numerical examinations of the boundary layer stresses within arbitrary laminated composite plates. A variety of numerical results are obtained for the interlaminar normal and shear stresses along the... 

    Large amplitude thermo-mechanical vibration analysis of asymmetrically laminated composite beams

    , Article Key Engineering Materials, 22 March 2011 through 24 March 2011, Kuala Lumpur ; Volume 471-472 , 2011 , Pages 745-750 ; 10139826 (ISSN) ; 9783037850596 (ISBN) Fallah, A ; Alavijeh, H. S ; Pasharavesh, A ; Aghdam, M. M ; Sharif University of Technology
    2011
    Abstract
    In this paper, simple analytical expression is presented for large amplitude thermomechanical free vibration analysis of asymmetrically laminated composite beams. Euler-Bernoulli assumptions together with Von Karman's strain-displacement relation are employed to derive the nonlinear governing partial differential equation (PDE) of motion. He's variational method is employed to obtain a simple and efficient approximate closed form solution of the nonlinear governing equation. Comparison between results of the present work and those available in literature shows the accuracy of presented technique. Some new results for the nonlinear natural frequencies of the laminated beams such as the effect... 

    Buckling analysis of tapered composite beams using a higher order finite element formulation

    , Article Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites ; Volume 29, Issue 17 , 2010 , Pages 2663-2683 ; 07316844 (ISSN) Zabihollah, A ; Ganesan, R ; Sharif University of Technology
    2010
    Abstract
    Tapered composite beams are increasingly being used in various engineering applications such as helicopter yoke, robot arms, and turbine blades. In the present work, the buckling analysis of laminated tapered composite beams is conducted using a higher order finite element formulation. In tapered laminates, the material and geometric discontinuities at ply drop-off locations lead to significant discontinuities in stress distributions. Higher order formulation ensures the continuity of the stress distribution through the thickness of a laminate as well as across the element interfaces, which is very important for the analysis of tapered laminates. In addition, higher order finite element...