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    Attitude towards azeri language in Iran: a large-scale survey research

    , Article Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development ; Volume 38, Issue 10 , 2017 , Pages 931-941 ; 01434632 (ISSN) Rezaei, S ; Latifi, A ; Nematzadeh, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    This survey research investigated the attitude of Iranian Azeri native speakers towards Azeri language. A questionnaire was developed and its reliability was estimated (r = 0.74) through a piloting phase on 54 Azeri native speakers. The participants, for the main phase of this study, were 400 Azeri native speakers with different social and educational backgrounds and from some densely Azeri-populated provinces in Iran. They completed either the online or the printed version of the survey, the results of which indicated that Iranian Azeri native speakers have a high level of positive attitude towards their mother tongue in spite of the negligence of this language in the Iranian educational... 

    The online atlas of the languages of Iran: Design, methodology and initial results

    , Article Language Related Research ; Volume 12, Issue 2 , 2021 , Pages 231-291 ; 23223081 (ISSN) Taheri Ardali, M ; Anonby, E ; Hayes, A ; Azin, Z ; Ebrahimi, Z ; Öpengin, E ; Atabaki, N. A ; Stone, A ; Stilo, D ; Esmaeelpour, E ; Amani Babadi, M ; Ourang, M ; Izadi, E ; Oikle, R ; Bahrani, N ; Borjian, H ; Bahrami, A ; Poshtvan, H ; Piryaee, S ; Pishyardehkordi, P ; Sabethemmatabadi, P ; Jaafari Dehaghi, S ; Doab, M. J ; Jamaleddin, F ; Joulaei, K ; Shabaniyan, H. H ; Khanjani, J ; Dianat, L ; Rashidi, A ; Borujeni, R. R ; Rahnema, Z ; Zamani Gandomani, Z ; Schreiber, L ; Sherafat, N ; Sheyholislami, J ; Salehi, M ; Talebi Dastenaei, M ; Kasgari, A. A. A ; Ghiasian, M. S ; Fattahi, M ; Ghandi, S ; Gheitasi Doolabi, M ; Kamali, R ; Goshtasb, F ; Bahmani, H. M ; Mohammadi, M ; Moradi, R ; Meshkinfam, M ; Khoo, R. M ; Bahram, A. N ; Nemati, F ; Nourzaei, M ; Wang, E ; Hashemi Zarajabad, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Tarbiat Modares University  2021
    Iran is home to a treasury of languages representing diverse language families: Iranic, Turkic, Semitic, Indic, Dravidian, Armenian, and Kartvelian, as well as sign languages. Despite valuable research carried out by Iranian and western scholars, there is still no comprehensive publication depicting the geographic distribution and linguistic status of language varieties in Iran. In order to work toward this goal, the Atlas of the Languages of Iran (ALI) (www.iranatlas.net) was officially launched in 2015 as an international, online research programme. The present study opens with a historical overview of the research context and underlines the ongoing necessity of constructing such an atlas... 

    family language policy in the city of zanjan: a city for the forlorn azerbaijani

    , Article International Journal of Multilingualism ; Volume 18, Issue 1 , 2021 , Pages 1-23 ; 14790718 (ISSN) Mirvahedi, S. H ; Jafari, R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Routledge  2021
    The study explores language maintenance and shift patterns from a family language policy perspective in Azerbaijani-Farsi bilingual families in the City of Zanjan, Iran. The city is the capital of Zanjan province which is surrounded by Azerbaijani, Kurdish, and Farsi speaking provinces giving it a specific demographic make-up to explore language maintenance and shift processes from a family language policy perspective. Thirteen parents (six fathers and seven mothers) from upper, middle, and lower socioeconomic statuses were interviewed about their language ideologies, practices, and management with respect to the maintenance of their ethnic language, Azerbaijani, and the official language of... 

    Religious language as natural-sacred language

    , Article Vestnik Sankt-Peterburgskogo Universiteta, Filosofiia i Konfliktologiia ; Volume 37, Issue 2 , 2021 , Pages 176-190 ; 25422278 (ISSN) Saeidi, M. T ; Hossini, S. H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Saint Petersburg State University  2021
    The article offers a different interpretation of Antony Flew's views about the problem of religious language. This interpretation shows that Flew's ideas can be perceived as a critique of belief in the content of religious statements, rather than a critique of their meaning. By interpreting his thought in this way, it is clear that Flew's approach is not new and we can find similar ideas in the history of theological thought. In connection with this interpretation, the authors analyze prevalent theories related to this problem in order to identify the principal doctrines used to find a new solution. In this regard, the new potential solution is assessed in order to complete the approach... 

    Language identity among Iranian English language learners: a nationwide survey

    , Article Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development ; Vol. 35, Issue. 5 , 2014 , pp. 527-536 ; ISSN: 01434632 Rezaei, S ; Khatib, M ; Baleghizadeh, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    The present study is a nationwide survey of language identity among English language learners in Iran. The participants who completed the survey in this research included 1851 English language learners from different parts of the country who belonged to different genders, age groups and English language proficiency levels. The main instrument was a validated questionnaire which included 19 items and was administered online and by hand. The results of this survey revealed that Iranian English language learners had a moderate level of language identity and there was no significant difference between the language identity of male and female participants. In addition, the results indicated that... 

    Conferencing and presentation English for young academics

    , Book Guest, Michael
    Springer Nature Singapore  2018

    Fundamentals of Java programming

    , Book Ogihara, Mitsunori
    Springer International Publishing AG  2018

    A computational grammar for Persian based on GPSG

    , Article Language Resources and Evaluation ; Volume 45, Issue 4 , May , 2011 , Pages 387-408 ; 1574020X (ISSN) Bahrani, M ; Sameti, H ; Manshadi, M. H ; Sharif University of Technology
    In this paper, we present our attempts to design and implement a large-coverage computational grammar for the Persian language based on the Generalized Phrase Structured Grammar (GPSG) model. This grammatical model was developed for continuous speech recognition (CSR) applications, but is suitable for other applications that need the syntactic analysis of Persian. In this work, we investigate various syntactic structures relevant to the modern Persian language, and then describe these structures according to a phrase structure model. Noun (N), Verb (V), Adjective (ADJ), Adverb (ADV), and Preposition (P) are considered basic syntactic categories, and X-bar theory is used to define Noun... 

    Technical English for mechanical engineers

    , Book Alemi, Minoo ; Meghdari,Ali
    Sharif University Press  2014
    Local educational institutions produce in-house English for Specific Purpose (ESP) materials according to the curriculum policies designated and developed by the Ministry of Higher Education In Iran. To this end, this book aims to be used in the Iranian setting at the tertiary level for undergraduate students majoring in Mechanical Engineering. Moreover, the style of English usage in this ESP textbook is American.
    Regarding the content of the textbook, it has both thematic organizations in which the topics are relevant and includes sufficient treatment of the target language areas necessary for the students. The principle organizing approach of this textbook is theme-based. In addition,... 

    Automatic Language Model Adaptation

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Sharif Razavian, Ali (Author) ; Sameti, Hossein (Supervisor)
    Language Model plays a vital role in speech recognition systems. Restricting the search space, language models combine the result of words recognition phase with the assumptions gained from the rules and structure of words’ syntax (inflection and etc…), resulting into a more appropriate sequence of words as output. Since the language model for a specific language is not static and varies under the influence of different conditions, the problem of matching language model is being posed. In general, the aim of an adaptive language model is to offer a model capable of capturing all possible changes in the structure of words’ syntax, inflection and semantic structures. If the matching process... 

    Academic dishonesty at universities: The case of plagiarism among iranian language students

    , Article Journal of Academic Ethics ; Volume 11, Issue 4 , 2013 , Pages 275-295 ; 15701727 (ISSN) Rezanejad, A ; Rezaei, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    This study investigated Iranian language students' perception of and familiarity with plagiarism, their attitudes toward their professors regarding this issue, and their reasons for doing so. The participants were 122 undergraduate and graduate language students in Translation, Literature, TEFL, and Linguistics who filled out a validated and piloted questionnaire. Overall, the results indicated that students had different views about the definition of plagiarism and plagiarism was mostly perceived by students as using someone else's words as if they were their own rather than taking someone's ideas without permission. It was also found that in their academic career, students mostly consider... 

    Down from the pedestal: Revisiting the exploit of literature in EFL language classes

    , Article International Journal of Applied Linguistics and English Literature ; Volume 4, Issue 2 , 2015 , Pages 158-168 ; 22003592 (ISSN) Rezanejad, A ; Lari, Z ; Mosalli, Z ; Sharif University of Technology
    Australian International Academic Centre PTY LTD  2015
    According to Arthur (2006, p. 200), “Through the use of literature, a language learning experience might become at the same time a source of immediate pleasure and satisfaction for the student. This possibility makes literature an appealing teaching device for ESL teachers”. However, numerous factors may contribute to the teachers’ lack of interest in using literary texts as a teaching tool. This study was an attempt to investigate Iranian EFL teachers’ attitude toward using literature in language classes and their perception toward the probable reasons of some teachers’ lack of interest in doing so. Altogether forty-four language teachers (19 females and 25 males, with a mean age of 26)... 

    Receptive intelligibility of Turkish to Iranian-Azerbaijani speakers

    , Article Cogent Education ; Volume 4, Issue 1 , 2017 ; 2331186X (ISSN) Salehi, M ; Neysani, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Taylor and Francis Ltd  2017
    Azerbaijani and Turkish are two closely-related languages from Oguz branch of Turkic languages, which are said to be mutually intelligible. Regarding this background, we designed an experiment within the framework of receptive multilingualism to investigate the role of linguistic factors in intelligibility of the Turkish language to Iranian Azerbaijanis. The study was carried out by controlling extra-linguistic factors such as language contact and negative attitude in order to make the findings attributable to only linguistic factors as the main focus of the present study. In the study, 40 native speakers of Azerbaijani in Iran were exposed to the Turkish language through short videos... 

    A survey of syntax and semantics frameworks of modeling languages

    , Article Proceedings of the 2009 2nd International Conference on Computer Science and Its Applications, CSA 2009 ; 2009 ; 9781424449460 (ISBN) Kamandi, A ; Habibi, J ; Sharif University of Technology
    Modeling languages as programming languages need precise and unambiguous semantics to be used appropriately, the formal semantics is significant for designing CASE tools and model verification. Several approaches have been used throughout these years to describe the semantics of modeling languages, but in spite of programming languages, these semantics frameworks are not used in large scale for modeling languages. This paper reviews the history of developments on semantics frameworks for modeling languages. © 2009 IEEE  

    What's decidable about availability languages?

    , Article 35th IARCS Annual Conference on Foundations of Software Technology and Theoretical Computer Science, FSTTCS 2015, 16 December 2015 through 18 December 2015 ; Volume 45 , 2015 , Pages 192-205 ; 18688969 (ISSN) ; 9783939897972 (ISBN) Abdulla, P. A ; Atig, M. F ; Meyer, R ; Salehi, M. S ; Harsha P ; Ramalingam G ; Sharif University of Technology
    Schloss Dagstuhl- Leibniz-Zentrum fur Informatik GmbH, Dagstuhl Publishing  2015
    We study here the algorithmic analysis of systems modeled in terms of availability languages. Our first main result is a positive answer to the emptiness problem: it is decidable whether a given availability language contains a word. The key idea is an inductive construction that replaces availability languages with Parikh-equivalent regular languages. As a second contribution, we solve the intersection problem modulo bounded languages: given availability languages and a bounded language, it is decidable whether the intersection of the former contains a word from the bounded language. We show that the problem is NP-complete. The idea is to reduce to satisfiability of existential Presburger... 

    Modeling Persian Language in the Framework of Complex Networks

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Sabooni Aghdam, Amir Mahdi (Author) ; Bahrani, Mohammad (Supervisor)
    The interest in analyzing human language with complex networks is on the rise in recent years and a considerable body of research in this area has already been accumulated.However unfortunately, the use of applications of complex networks in Persian Linguistics research is missing. With the goal of introducing complex networks and their applications in this field, two of these applications have been studied in this research. First, we tried to build an inclusive network model, considering two levels of Syntax and Word Cooccurrence, for the Persian Language and provide Linguistics interpretations for them. In addition, by comparing co-occurrence networks of different languages, garnered from... 

    History based unsupervised data oriented parsing

    , Article International Conference Recent Advances in Natural Language Processing, RANLP ; September , 2013 , Pages 453-459 ; 13138502 (ISSN) Mesgar, M ; Ghasem Sani, G ; Sharif University of Technology
    Grammar induction is a basic step in natural language processing. Based on the volume of information that is used by different methods, we can distinguish three types of grammar induction method: supervised, unsupervised, and semi-supervised. Supervised and semisupervised methods require large tree banks, which may not currently exist for many languages. Accordingly, many researchers have focused on unsupervised methods. Unsupervised Data Oriented Parsing (UDOP) is currently the state of the art in unsupervised grammar induction. In this paper, we show that the performance of UDOP in free word order languages such as Persian is inferior to that of fixed order languages such as English. We... 

    A Z approach to formalization and validation of ORM models

    , Article Communications in Computer and Information Science, 20 July 2011 through 22 July 2011 ; Volume 194 CCIS , July , 2011 , Pages 513-526 ; 18650929 (ISSN) ; 9783642226021 (ISBN) Jahangard Rafsanjani, A ; Mirian Hosseinabadi, S. H ; Springer ; Sharif University of Technology
    In this paper we present a formal definition of the basic concepts and notations of Object Role Modeling (ORM) using the Z formal specification language. Most of ORM concepts such as object and relationship types, value types, objectification, reference schemes, sub-types, roles and constraints such as uniqueness, mandatory, cardinality, subset, equality, exclusive and ring constraints are specified formally. Population is specified as objects, relationships and roles instances. These are specified using Z axioms and diagram instances are specified using Z schemas. This would enable validation and reasoning on the formal properties of ORM diagrams such as detecting constraint contradictions... 

    A comparison of metric-based and empirical approaches for cognitive analysis of modeling languages

    , Article Fundamenta Informaticae ; Volume 90, Issue 3 , 2009 , Pages 337-352 ; 01692968 (ISSN) Kamandi, A ; Habibi, J ; Sharif University of Technology
    Modeling languages are needed to describe the conceptual construct underlying software. Several modeling languages have been proposed during the last decades. Cognitive complexity is one of the common problems in designing modeling languages. Users have to split their attention and cognitive resources between two different tasks when working with complex language: solving the problem and understanding the elements composing the language. Several researches have been accomplished to evaluate cognitive complexity of modeling languages, among them, metric based and empirical approaches aremore important and convenient than others. In this paper, we compared these two methods. Results show that... 

    Dynamic CAPTCHA

    , Article 2008 International Symposium on Communications and Information Technologies, ISCIT 2008, Vientiane, 21 October 2008 through 23 October 2008 ; December , 2008 , Pages 436-440 ; 9781424423361 (ISBN) Shirali Shahreza, M ; Shirali Shahreza, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Registration websites use CAPTCHA (Completely Automated Public Turing test to tell Computers and Human Apart) systems to prevent the bot programs from wasting their resources. But sometimes the CAPTCHA test is difficult for human users to pass because the users have different ages, languages, etc. In this paper we propose a solution for this problem. The registration system can select a kind of CAPTCHA system among different available CAPTCHA systems regarding to the user's needs such as user language and disabilities. For example if the user has non-English language, the system chooses a CAPTCHA method which does not need English language knowledge. © 2008 IEEE