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    Construction of Pt nanoparticle-decorated graphene nanosheets and carbon nanospheres nanocomposite-modified electrodes: Application to ultrasensitive electrochemical determination of cefepime

    , Article RSC Advances ; Volume 4, Issue 15 , 2014 , Pages 7786-7794 ; ISSN: 20462069 Shahrokhian, S ; Hosseini Nassab, N ; Ghalkhani, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    A novel ultrasensitive modified electrode was fabricated with a graphene nanosheets and carbon nanospheres (GNS-CNS)-based nanocomposite film as a powerful platform. Pt nanoparticles (PtNPs) were simply electrodeposited onto the GNS-CNS-coated glassy carbon electrode creating a PtNPs/GNS-CNS hybrid nanocomposite modified electrode. Scanning electron microscopy, energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy and linear sweep voltammetry (LSV) techniques were used for the characterization of the prepared modified electrode. The results of investigation of electrochemical response characteristics of cefepime (CP) revealed a considerable improvement in the oxidation peak current of CP on PtNPs/GNS-CNS/GCE... 

    Construction of a modified carbon paste electrode based on TiO2 nanoparticles for the determination of gallic acid

    , Article Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry ; Volume 17, Issue 1 , 2013 , Pages 157-165 ; 14328488 (ISSN) Tashkhourian, J ; Nami Ana, S. F ; Hashemnia, S ; Hormozi Nezhad, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    2013
    Abstract
    A modified carbon paste electrode was prepared by incorporating the TiO2 nanoparticles in the carbon paste matrix. The electrochemical behavior of gallic acid (GA) is investigated on the surface of the electrode using cyclic voltammetry and differential pulse voltammetry. The surface morphology of the prepared electrode was characterized using the scanning electron microscopy. The results indicate that the electrochemical response of GA is improved significantly at the modified electrode compared with the unmodified electrode. Furthermore, the capabilities of electron transfer on these two electrodes were also investigated by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. Under the optimized... 

    Direct decoration of carbon nanohorns with binary nickel-cobalt sulfide nanosheets towards non-enzymatic glucose sensing in human fluids

    , Article Electrochimica Acta ; Volume 428 , 2022 ; 00134686 (ISSN) Kachouei, M. A ; Hekmat, F ; Wang, H ; Amaratunga, G. A. J ; Unalan, H. E ; Shahrokhian, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2022
    Abstract
    A highly controllable, green, and rapid strategy is demonstrated for fabricating of highly sensitive non-enzymatic glucose sensing platforms. Carbon nanohorns (CNHs) were decorated onto the screen-printed electrodes. Binary nickel-cobalt sulfide (NiCo-S) nanosheets (NSs) were then deposited on CNH-casted electrodes by a facile and scalable method. Following detailed structural characterization and the electrocatalytic activity of the fabricated NiCo-S/CNH electrodes towards electro-oxidation of glucose was examined in detail. The proposed electrodes operated within two distinct linear dynamic ranges of 0.001- 0.330 mM and 0.330 - 4.53 mM with sensitivities of 1842 µA.mM−1.cm−2 and 854... 

    Electrochemical determinations of 6-mercaptopurine on the surface of a carbon nanotube-paste electrode modified with a cobalt salophen complex

    , Article Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry ; Volume 16, Issue 4 , April , 2012 , Pages 1643-1650 ; 14328488 (ISSN) Shahrokhian, S ; Ghorbani Bidkorbeh, F ; Mohammadi, A ; Dinarvand, R ; Sharif University of Technology
    2012
    Abstract
    A mixture of multi-walled carbon nanotube/graphite paste electrode modified with a salophen complex of cobalt was prepared and was applied for the study of the electrochemical behavior of 6-mercaptopurine (MP) using cyclic and differential pulse voltammetry (DPV). An excellent electrocatalytic activity toward the oxidation of MP was achieved, which led to a considerable lowering in the anodic overpotential and remarkable increase in the response sensitivity in comparison with unmodified electrode. Utilizing DPV method, a linear dynamic range of 1-100 μM with detection limit of 0.1 μM was obtained in phosphate buffer of pH 3.0. The electrochemical detection system was very stable, and the... 

    Glassy carbon electrode modified with a bilayer of multi-walled carbon nanotube and polypyrrole doped with new coccine: Application to the sensitive electrochemical determination of Sumatriptan

    , Article Electrochimica Acta ; Volume 56, Issue 27 , November , 2011 , Pages 10032-10038 ; 00134686 (ISSN) Shahrokhian, S ; Kamalzadeh, Z ; Saberi, R. S ; Sharif University of Technology
    2011
    Abstract
    A promising electrochemical sensor was developed based on a layer by layer process by electro-polymerization of pyrrole in the presence of new coccine (NC) as dopant anion on the surface of the multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) pre-coated glassy carbon electrode (GCE). The modified electrode was used as a new and sensitive electrochemical sensor for voltammetric determination of sumatriptan (SUM). The electrochemical behavior of SUM was investigated on the surface of the modified electrode using linear sweep voltammetry (LSV). The results showed a remarkable increase (∼12 times) in the anodic peak current of SUM in comparison to the bare GCE. The effect of experimental variables such... 

    Electrospun magnetic polybutylene terephthalate nanofibers for thin film microextraction

    , Article Journal of Separation Science ; Volume 40, Issue 19 , 2017 , Pages 3857-3865 ; 16159306 (ISSN) Bagheri, H ; Najafi Mobara, M ; Roostaie, A ; Baktash, M. Y ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    A thin film microextraction method using elecrospun magnetic polybutylene terephthalate nanofibers is developed and implemented to isolate some selected triazines. Due to the high mechanical stability of these nanofibers, they are repeatedly used under harsh magnetic stirring and ultrasonic conditions without any damage and structure degradation. The presence of magnetic nanoparticles within the nanofiber structure increases the extraction efficiency while the fibers could be collected by an external magnet. The synthesized nanocomposite showed strong affinity toward the selected analytes. Apart from the concentration of magnetic nanoparticles within the nanocomposite network, the effect of... 

    Electrocatalytic oxidation and nanomolar determination of guanine at the surface of a molybdenum (VI) complex-TiO2 nanoparticle modified carbon paste electrode

    , Article Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry ; Volume 624, Issue 1-2 , 2008 , Pages 73-78 ; 15726657 (ISSN) Mazloum Ardakani, M ; Taleat, Z ; Beitollahi, H ; Salavati Niasari, M ; Mirjalili, B. B. F ; Taghavinia, N ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier  2008
    Abstract
    A modified carbon paste electrode was prepared by incorporating TiO2 nanoparticles with bis[bis(salicylidene-1,4-phenylenediamine)molybdenum(VI)]. A mixture of fine graphite powder with 4 wt% of TiO2 nanoparticles was applied for the preparation of the carbon paste (by dispersing in paraffin) and finally modified with a molybdenum (VI) complex. The electrocatalytic oxidation of guanine (G) was investigated on the surface of the molybdenum (VI) complex-TiO2 nanoparticle modified carbon paste electrode (MCTNMCPE) using cyclic voltammetry (CV), differential pulse voltammetry (DPV), chronoamperometry (CHA) and chronocoloumetry (CHC). Using the modified electrode, the kinetics of G... 

    Electrodeposition of Pt-Ru nanoparticles on multi-walled carbon nanotubes: Application in sensitive voltammetric determination of methyldopa

    , Article Electrochimica Acta ; Volume 58, Issue 1 , 2011 , Pages 125-133 ; 00134686 (ISSN) Shahrokhian, S ; Rastgar, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    2011
    Abstract
    A modified glassy carbon electrode, prepared by potentiostatic electrodeposition of platinum-ruthenium nanoparticles (Pt-RuNPs) onto a multi-walled carbon nanotube (MWCNT) layer, offers dramatic improvements in the stability and sensitivity of voltammetric responses toward methyldopa (m-dopa) compared to glassy carbon electrodes individually coated with MWCNT or Pt-RuNPs. The surface morphology and nature of the hybrid film (Pt-RuNPs/MWCNT) deposited on glassy carbon electrodes was characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), cyclic voltammetry (CV) and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) techniques. A remarkable enhancement in the microscopic area of the electrode together... 

    Electrochemical determination of naltrexone on the surface of glassy carbon electrode modified with Nafion-doped carbon nanoparticles: Application to determinations in pharmaceutical and clinical preparations

    , Article Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry ; Volume 638, Issue 2 , 2010 , Pages 212-217 ; 15726657 (ISSN) Ghorbani Bidkorbeh, F ; Shahrokhian, S ; Mohammadi, A ; Dinarvand, R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    A new sensitive and selective electrochemical sensor was developed for determination of naltrexone (NAL) in pharmaceutical dosage form and human plasma. Naltrexone is an opioid antagonist which is commonly used for the treatment of narcotic addiction and alcohol dependence. A voltammetric study of naltrexone has been carried out at the surface of glassy carbon electrode (GCE) modified with Nafion-doped carbon nanoparticles (CNPs). The electrochemical oxidation of naltrexone was investigated by cyclic and differential pulse voltammetric techniques. The dependence of peak currents and potentials on pH, concentration and the potential scan rate was investigated. The electrode characterization... 

    A single–step synthesized supehydrophobic melamine formaldehyde foam for trace determination of volatile organic pollutants

    , Article Journal of Chromatography A ; Volume 1525 , 2017 , Pages 10-16 ; 00219673 (ISSN) Bagheri, H ; Zeinali, S ; Baktash, M. Y ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    Superhydrophobic materials have attracted many attentions in recent years while their application in sample preparation remained almost intact. In this project, a rough surface of melamine formaldehyde foam was silanized by chemical deposition of trichloromethylsilane to form a highly porous and superhydrophobic material, presumably a suitable medium for extracting non–polar compounds such as benzene and its methyl derivatives. The prepared sorbent was packed in a needle for the headspace needle–trap microextraction of benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene and xylenes (BTEX). Major parameters associated with the extraction/desorption processes were considered for optimization. Under the optimized... 

    Porous eco–friendly fibers for on–line micro solid–phase extraction of nonsteroidal anti–inflammatory drugs from urine and plasma samples

    , Article Journal of Chromatography A ; Volume 1574 , 2018 , Pages 18-26 ; 00219673 (ISSN) Golzari Aqda, T ; Behkami, S ; Bagheri, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2018
    Abstract
    In this study, cellulose acetate (CA) fibers were prepared using different solvent systems in electrospinning. The recorded scanning electron microscopy micrographs indicated that the morphology of the prepared fibers is closely associated with the type of electrospinning solvents. The prepared CA fibers were used as an extractive phase for on–line micro–solid phase extraction (μ-SPE) of nonsteroidal–inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) in biological samples pursued by HPLC–UV determination. Work conducted on this research ascertained that the use of dichloromethane:acetone (3:1, v/v) solvent system in the CA dissolution for electrospinning, leads to the formation of porous ribbon–like fibers and... 

    Amine modified magnetic polystyrene for extraction of drugs from urine samples

    , Article Journal of Chromatography A ; Volume 1602 , 2019 , Pages 107-116 ; 00219673 (ISSN) Zeinali, S ; Maleki, M ; Bagheri, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2019
    Abstract
    Polystyrene is one of the best candidates as the extracting medium due to its high stability in different media and acceptable extraction capability. However, the hydrophobic nature and low wettability of polystyrene limits its application to non–polar analytes. To resolve this limitation, in this project, amine groups were chemically attached to the surface of magnetic polystyrene. The resulting hydrophilic magnetic particles were expected to be capable of extracting both polar and non–polar analytes. Non–steroidal anti–inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) were chosen for testing the applicability of modified magnetic polystyrene according to the importance of their analysis and also their wide... 

    Differential pulse voltammetric determination of N-acetylcysteine by the electrocatalytic oxidation at the surface of carbon nanotube-paste electrode modified with cobalt salophen complexes

    , Article Sensors and Actuators, B: Chemical ; Volume 133, Issue 2 , 12 August , 2008 , Pages 599-606 ; 09254005 (ISSN) Shahrokhian, S ; Kamalzadeh, Z ; Bezaatpour, A ; Boghaei, D. M ; Sharif University of Technology
    2008
    Abstract
    The preparation and electrochemical performance of the carbon nanotube-paste electrode modified with salophen complexes of cobalt(III) perchlorate, with various substituents on the salophen ligand, as well as their electrocatalytic activity toward the oxidation of N-acetylcysteine (NAC) is investigated. Several Schiff base complexes containing various nucleophilic and electrophilic functional groups were prepared, and their electrochemical characteristics for the electro-oxidation of NAC were evaluated using cyclic and differential pulse voltammetry (CV and DPV). The results revealed, the modified electrodes show an efficient and selective electrocatalytic activity toward the anodic... 

    Multi-walled carbon nanotubes with immobilised cobalt nanoparticle for modification of glassy carbon electrode: Application to sensitive voltammetric determination of thioridazine

    , Article Biosensors and Bioelectronics ; Volume 24, Issue 11 , 2009 , Pages 3235-3241 ; 09565663 (ISSN) Shahrokhian, S ; Ghalkhani, M ; Adeli, M ; Amini, M. K ; Sharif University of Technology
    2009
    Abstract
    Multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) were immobilised with cobalt nanoparticles and analyzed by transmission electron microscopy. This modification procedure substantially improved colloidal dispersion of the immobilised MWCNTs in water and organic solvents, yielding uniform and stable thin films for modification of the glassy carbon electrode surface. The modified electrode showed an efficient catalytic role for the electrochemical oxidation of thioridazine (TR), leading to remarkable decrease in its oxidation overpotential of approximately 100 mV and enhancement of the kinetics of the electrode reaction, which can be confirmed by increasing in the peak current and sharpness of the peak.... 

    The geometrical characteristics of nickel-based metal organic framework on its entrapment capability

    , Article Journal of Chromatography A ; Volume 1610 , 2020 Javanmardi, H ; Abbasi, A ; Bagheri, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2020
    Abstract
    Here, a three dimensional nickel–based metal organic framework (MOF) was synthesized via solvothermal and room temperature protocols. In order to study the effects of the synthesis conditions on the physical properties such as pore sizes and shapes of the prepared MOFs, their extraction capabilities were examined. Both MOFs were characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, powder X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, Brunauer–Emmett–Teller and thermogravimetric analyses. Brilliant properties such as porous structure, high surface area and considerable thermal stability make them reasonable candidates to be employed as efficient extractive phases. The efficiency of the... 

    Design and fabrication of an electrochemical aptasensor using Au nanoparticles/carbon nanoparticles/cellulose nanofibers nanocomposite for rapid and sensitive detection of Staphylococcus aureus

    , Article Bioelectrochemistry ; Volume 123 , 2018 , Pages 70-76 ; 15675394 (ISSN) Ranjbar, S ; Shahrokhian, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2018
    Abstract
    Since that pathogenic bacteria are major threats to human health, this paper describes the fabrication of an effective and durable sensing platform based on gold nanoparticles/carbon nanoparticles/cellulose nanofibers nanocomposite (AuNPs/CNPs/CNFs) at the surface of glassy carbon electrode for sensitive and selective detection of Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus). The AuNPs/CNPs/CNFs nanocomposite with the high surface area, excellent conductivity, and good biocompatibility was used for self-assembled of the thiolated specific S. aureus aptamer as a sensing element. The surface morphology of AuNPs/CNPs/CNFs nanocomposite was characterized with field emission scanning electron microscopy...