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    Investigation of Pb/PbS a positive Schottky junction formed on conductive glass in contact with alkaline solution

    , Article Journal of Applied Physics ; Vol. 116, issue. 3 , July , 2014 ; ISSN: 00218979 Heidaripour, A ; Jafarian, M ; Gobal, F ; Mahjani, M. G ; Miandari, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    PbS on Pb thin film (Pb/PbS) was deposited on conductive glass (CG) substrate (CG/Pb/PbS) using electrochemical techniques to investigate the Schottky junction in solution. The CG/Pb/PbS electrode was investigated by different techniques based on thermionic emission theory. Electrochemical cell consisted of the CG/Pb/PbS as a working electrode in an alkaline solution showed character of the Schottky junction. Reduction and oxidation of H2O on the CG/Pb/PbS electrode were enhanced under illumination. Water photo splitting is the main process. Study of linear sweep voltammetry at around open circuit potential (OCP) allowed proposing a model based on the Schottky junction which is charged at... 

    Electrochemical Determination of Tyrosine and Tryptophan at the Surface of Pyrolytic Graphite Electrode Modified with Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotubes, New Coccine and Nitrazine

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Ebrahimi, Shiva (Author) ; Shahrokhian, Saeed (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    At the first part of this thesis, a pyrolitic graphite electrode (PGE) modified with new coccine/multi-walled carbon nanotubes film (NC/MWCNT) was applied as a sensitive electrochemical sensor for determination and study of electrochemical behavior of tyrosine (Tyr) in aqueous solutions. The results showed that NC/MWCNT caused a remarkable increase in the peak current so the NC/MWCNT/PGE electrode surface was far more sensitive to the concentration of Tyr than the PGE surface. The determination of Tyr was investigated by linear sweep voltammetry (LSV). Experimental parameters, such as scan rate, pH and amount of the modifier used on the PGE surface were optimized by monitoring the LSV... 

    Preparation and Application of Carbon Nanotube-polypyrrole Modified Electrode in Electrochemical Determination of Mesalazine

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Hosseini Yazdeli, Pouya (Author) ; Shahrokhian, Saeed (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    In this work, the glassy carbon electrode (GCE) was modified with a thin layer of multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) and consequently, electrochemically deposited poly-pyrrole. The electrochemical behavior of mesalazine was studied on the surface of the modified electrode by applying linear sweep voltammetry (LSV). The electro-polymerization process and the electrochemical response toward mesalazine were investigated in the presence of different aromatic anion dopants including, benzenesulfonic acid (BSA), 1,3-benzenedisulfonic acid (1,3-BDSA), 1,5-naphthalenedisulfonic acid (1,5-NDSA) and new coccine (NC). By using 1,5-NDSA as dopant, a significant increase (∼418 times) was observed in... 

    Synthesis of Carbon Nanostructure-Metal Nanoparticles Composites and Investigate their Application as a Modifier in Electrochemical Mesurments

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Hosseininassab, Niloufar (Author) ; Shahrokhian, Saeed (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    In the first part, metallic nanoparticles were synthesized on the different carbon nanostructers platform such as nanodiamond and graphene sheet using electrochemical and chemical methods. The prepared composite film were characterized by electron microscopy, spectroscopy and electrochemical techniques. The synthesized nanocomposite were applied as a modifier in order to prepare electrochemical sensors for determination trace amount of important pharmaceutical and biological compounds.In the first work, Nanodiamond-graphite (NDG) decorated with Ag nanoparticles (AgNPs-NDG) was synthesized with chemical method. The surface morphology and the nature of the composite were investigated. The... 

    Electrochemical Hydrogen Generation Using Metal Organic Frameworks Derived Catalysts

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Koohdareh, Amir Reza (Author) ; Gholami, Mohamad Reza (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    In recent years, the widespread investigation on multi-transition metal oxides that with two or more transition metal oxides, have been increased rapidly for electrochemical application due to low cost, high conductivity and good electrochemical performance other than single metal oxides. In this project, CuCo2O4 nanoparticles were firstly fabricated by decomposing of CuCo-MOF as the template. The as prepared samples were used to synthesis a new nanocomposite of MoS2 and CuCo2O4. The best ratio of the two component were optimized to prepare the best electrocatalyst for Hydrogen evolution reaction (HER). The structure of prepared nanocomposite were investigated by various techniques such as... 

    Construction of Pt nanoparticle-decorated graphene nanosheets and carbon nanospheres nanocomposite-modified electrodes: Application to ultrasensitive electrochemical determination of cefepime

    , Article RSC Advances ; Volume 4, Issue 15 , 2014 , Pages 7786-7794 ; ISSN: 20462069 Shahrokhian, S ; Hosseini Nassab, N ; Ghalkhani, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    A novel ultrasensitive modified electrode was fabricated with a graphene nanosheets and carbon nanospheres (GNS-CNS)-based nanocomposite film as a powerful platform. Pt nanoparticles (PtNPs) were simply electrodeposited onto the GNS-CNS-coated glassy carbon electrode creating a PtNPs/GNS-CNS hybrid nanocomposite modified electrode. Scanning electron microscopy, energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy and linear sweep voltammetry (LSV) techniques were used for the characterization of the prepared modified electrode. The results of investigation of electrochemical response characteristics of cefepime (CP) revealed a considerable improvement in the oxidation peak current of CP on PtNPs/GNS-CNS/GCE... 

    MWCNT/WO3 nanocomposite photoanode for visible light induced water splitting

    , Article Journal of Solid State Chemistry ; Volume 204 , 2013 , Pages 341-347 ; 00224596 (ISSN) Yousefzadeh, S ; Reyhani, A ; Naseri, N ; Moshfegh, A. Z ; Sharif University of Technology
    2013
    Abstract
    The Multi-walled carbon nanotube (MWCNT)/WO3 nanocomposite thin films with different MWCNT's weight percentages were prepared by sol-gel method as visible light induced photoanode in water splitting reaction. Weight percentage of MWCNT in the all nanocomposite thin films was confirmed by TGA/DSC analysis. According to XPS analysis, oxygenated groups at the surface of the MWCNT and stoichiometric formation of WO3 thin films were determined, while the crystalline structure of the nanocomposite samples was studied by XRD indicating (0 0 2) peak of MWCNT in the monoclinic phase of WO3. The influence of different weight percentage (wt%) of MWCNT on WO3 photoactivity showed that the electron... 

    Electrochemical determination of CdS band edges and semiconducting parameters

    , Article Bulletin of the Chemical Society of Japan ; Volume 88, Issue 6 , February , 2015 , Pages 814-820 ; 00092673 (ISSN) Miandari, S ; Jafarian, M ; Mahjani, M. G ; Gobal, F ; Heidaripour, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Chemical Society of Japan  2015
    Abstract
    Cadmium sulfide (CdS) thin film was electrodeposited on indium tin oxide (ITO) by chronoamperometry. The SEM images showed that hexagonal sheets of CdS deposited on the ITO surface. The X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis confirmed this structure for CdS crystals and the average of crystalline size and the lattice constant parameters are approximately 39.54 and a = 0.4136, c = 0.6696 nm respectively. Photo-electrochemical investigations were performed by cyclic voltammetry (CV), linear sweep voltammetry (LSV), and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) techniques. CdS band edges and density of states (DOS) were determined by CV technique. The band gap energy (Ebg) was measured... 

    Synthesis, Characterization and Investigation of Electrocatalytic Activity of Nanoparticle/Cerium Oxide Composites in Oxygen Evolution and Reduction Reactions

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Moravvej, Heydar (Author) ; Taherinia, Davood (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    The sluggish kinetics of oxygen evolution and reduction on the surface of electrodes is a major problem for the widespread use of devices that are based on sustainable, renewable and clean technologies, such as fuel cells and metal–air batteries. Therefore, the development of efficient and cost–effective materials for the oxygen evolution (OER: Oxygen Evolution Reaction) and reduction reactions (ORR: Oxygen Reduction Reaction) is highly desirable. In recent years, Metal–organic frameworks (MOFs) and their derivatives, have drawn considerable attention as potential catalysts and electrocatalyst due to their high surface area and porous structure. In this study, cerium (IV) oxide was... 

    Synthesis, Characterization and Investigation of Electrocatalytic Activity of Nanoparticle/Cerium Oxide Composites in Oxygen Evolution and Reduction Reactions

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Moravvej, Heydar (Author) ; Taherinia, Davood (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    The sluggish kinetics of oxygen evolution and reduction on the surface of electrodes is a major problem for the widespread use of devices that are based on sustainable, renewable and clean technologies, such as fuel cells and metal–air batteries. Therefore, the development of efficient and cost–effective materials for the oxygen evolution (OER: Oxygen Evolution Reaction) and reduction reactions (ORR: Oxygen Reduction Reaction) is highly desirable. In recent years, Metal–organic frameworks (MOFs) and their derivatives, have drawn considerable attention as potential catalysts and electrocatalyst due to their high surface area and porous structure. In this study, cerium (IV) oxide was... 

    Design, Construction and Investigation of the Behavior of Electrocatalysts Based on Some Transition Multi Metals Nanostructures toward Electrochemical Water Splitting

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Hafezi Kahnamouei, Mohammad (Author) ; Shahrokhian, Saeed (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Energy and the environment issues are among the most important concerns of the present age. Global demand for energy is growing rapidly and energy demand is projected to double within the next 15 years. However, today most of the energy consumption comes from fossil fuels, which have limited and unstable reserves and are among the sources of environmental pollution. Hence, the production and conversion of clean energy from renewable sources is considered as an intelligent solution to significantly reduce dependence on fossil fuels and protect the environment. Fuel cells, metal-air batteries, and water electrolysis are among the simplest, most efficient, and most reliable technologies among... 

    Investigation of Electrocatalytic Activity of Metal-based Nanocomposites in the Reaction of Carbon Dioxide Reduction

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Hatami, Homayoun (Author) ; Bastani, Darioush (Supervisor) ; Taherinia, Davood (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2) from fossil fuels are a potential issue for the global climate. One way to meet this challenge is to electrochemically convert CO2 molecules to reduced carbon species such as formates, alcohols, hydrocarbons, etc., which is a difficult process due to the poor kinetics of CO2 reduction. Therefore, the use of catalysts, while preventing undesirable side reactions, can also play an important role in reducing CO2. In this study, a two-step synthesis of CuS (1, 5, 12, 24 hr) @ Cu-MOF has been reported as an advanced electrocatalyst for CO2 reduction in neutral pH environments. Bismuth has been used to improve the electrocatalytic properties of the samples. Bi-CuS... 

    Enhanced corrosion resistance of porous NiTi with plasma sprayed alumina coating

    , Article Corrosion Engineering Science and Technology ; Volume 50, Issue 8 , 2015 , Pages 595-600 ; 1478422X (ISSN) Hosseini, S. A ; Akbarinia, S ; Mohammadyani, D ; Sadrnezhaad, S. K ; Sharif University of Technology
    Maney Publishing  2015
    Abstract
    In this study, corrosion behaviour of porous NiTi modified by plasma sprayed alumina coating has been investigated. Scanning electron microscopy and X-ray diffraction techniques were applied for the morphology and microstructure characterisation, while linear sweep voltammetry and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy were used for investigation of corrosion behaviour of coated and uncoated NiTi specimens. Induced couple plasma was conducted to measure ion release of the specimens in simulated body fluid at 37°C. The plasma sprayed Al2O3 coating on the porous NiTi improved the surface characteristics for biomedical applications. The alumina coating significantly hampered Ni ion release from... 

    Synthesis, characterization and performance determination of an Ag@Pt/C electrocatalyst for the ORR in a PEM fuel cell

    , Article International Journal of Hydrogen Energy ; Volume 41, Issue 45 , 2016 , Pages 20720-20730 ; 03603199 (ISSN) Esfandiari, A ; Kazemeini, M ; Bastani, D ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2016
    Abstract
    Ag@Pt nanoparticles synthesized with different Ag/Pt mass ratios utilizing ultrasonic treatment method. These materials were supported on Vulcan XC-72 and utilized as cathode in a proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC). The morphology of this material characterized through the x-ray diffraction (XRD), induced coupled plasma atomic emission spectroscopy (ICP-OES) as well as; high resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) techniques. To begin with, it was proven that, the prepared Ag@Pt/C catalyst possessed a core–shell nanostructure. The electrochemical properties of this material investigated through the Cyclic Voltammetry (CV), linear sweep voltammetry (LSV) and... 

    Ni-P/Zn-Ni compositionally modulated multilayer coatings – part 1: electrodeposition and growth mechanism, composition, morphology, roughness and structure

    , Article Applied Surface Science ; Volume 442 , 2018 , Pages 275-287 ; 01694332 (ISSN) Bahadormanesh, B ; Ghorbani, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2018
    Abstract
    The Ni-P/Zn-Ni compositionally modulated multilayer coatings CMMCs were electrodeposited from a single bath by switching the cathodic current density. The composition, surface morphology, roughness, layers growth pattern as well as the phase structure of deposits were extensively studied via SEM, EDS, AFM and XRD analysis. Effects of bath ingredients on the electrodeposition behavior were analyzed through cathodic linear sweep voltammetry. Although the concentration of Zn2+ in bath was 13 times higher than Ni2+, the Zn-Ni deposition potential was much nearer to Ni deposition potential rather than that of Zn. Addition of NaH2PO2 to the Ni deposition bath considerably raised the current... 

    A novel high gain extendable dc-dc bidirectional boost-buck converter

    , Article 237th ECS Meeting with the 18th International Meeting on Chemical Sensors, IMCS 2020, 10 May 2020 through 14 May 2020 ; Volume 97, Issue 7 , 2020 , Pages 845-856 Hosseini H., S. M ; Siavash Moakhar, R ; Soleimani, F ; Goudarzi, A ; Sadrnezhaad, S. K ; Sharif University of Technology
    Institute of Physics Publishing  2020
    Abstract
    In-situ deposition of cupric oxide (CuO) thin films on fluorine-doped tin oxide is performed through a rapid microwave-assisted method. The duration of microwave (MW) irradiation is optimized in order to prepare efficient and stable photocathodes for photoelectrochemical (PEC) water splitting. We obtain CuO with a unique morphology consisted of intermingled nanosheets. We evaluate PEC performance of the photocathodes through Linear Sweep Voltammetry (LSV) and current stability analyses. The highest achieved photocurrent density is -1.15 mA.cm-2 at 0 V vs. RHE for the sample MW-irradiated for 60 min. This value is comparable or superior to several other CuO-based photocathodes prepared by... 

    In situ synthesis of quasi-needle-like bimetallic organic frameworks on highly porous graphene scaffolds for efficient electrocatalytic water oxidation

    , Article Chemical Communications ; Volume 56, Issue 21 , 2020 , Pages 3135-3138 Nourmohammadi Khiarak, B ; Hasanzadeh, M ; Mojaddami, M ; Shahriyar Far, H ; Simchi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Royal Society of Chemistry  2020
    Abstract
    We present enhanced electrocatalytic activity of three-dimensional graphene scaffolds by decoration with one-dimensional CoxNi1-x MOF nanostructures (0 ≤ x ≤ 1). The decreased overpotential and fast kinetics of the oxygen evolution reaction as compared with the existing materials are shown. The developed bimetallic MOF/3DG composites have great potential to be used in electrocatalytic water oxidation. This journal is © The Royal Society of Chemistry  

    PVDF/PU blend membrane separator for lithium-ion batteries via non-solvent-induced phase separation (NIPS)

    , Article Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry ; Volume 25, Issue 8-9 , 2021 , Pages 2385-2394 ; 14328488 (ISSN) Javadi, O ; Fathollahi Zonouz, A ; Soltanieh, M ; Mousavi, S. A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer Science and Business Media Deutschland GmbH  2021
    Abstract
    Membrane separator based on the polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) is prepared via the non-solvent-induced phase separation (NIPS) method with water and ethanol as non-solvent and a mixture of dimethylformamide (DMF) and acetone as solvent. The effect of various acetone/DMF ratios and non-solvent material on the physical and electrochemical properties of the separator is studied by FE-SEM, tensile strength, electrochemical AC-impedance spectroscopy (EIS), thermal stability, and linear sweep voltammetry (LSV). The charge-discharge studies are carried out by fabricating a lithium foil/polymer electrolyte membrane/LiFePO4 cell. The results show that with the change of solvent and non-solvent, the... 

    Electrochemical deposition of gold nanoparticles on carbon nanotube coated glassy carbon electrode for the improved sensing of tinidazole

    , Article Electrochimica Acta ; Volume 78 , September , 2012 , Pages 422-429 ; 00134686 (ISSN) Shahrokhian, S ; Rastgar, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    2012
    Abstract
    The electrochemical reduction of tinidazole (TNZ) is studied on gold-nanoparticle/carbon-nanotubes (AuNP/CNT) modified glassy carbon electrodes using the linear sweep voltammetry. An electrochemical procedure was used for the deposition of gold nanoparticles onto the carbon nanotube film pre-cast on a glassy carbon electrode surface. The resulting nanoparticles were characterized by scanning electron microscopy and cyclic voltammetry. The effect of the electrodeposition conditions, e.g., salt concentration and deposition time on the response of the electrode was studied. Also, the effect of experimental parameters, e.g., potential and time of accumulation, pH of the buffered solutions and... 

    Glassy carbon electrode modified with a bilayer of multi-walled carbon nanotube and polypyrrole doped with new coccine: Application to the sensitive electrochemical determination of Sumatriptan

    , Article Electrochimica Acta ; Volume 56, Issue 27 , November , 2011 , Pages 10032-10038 ; 00134686 (ISSN) Shahrokhian, S ; Kamalzadeh, Z ; Saberi, R. S ; Sharif University of Technology
    2011
    Abstract
    A promising electrochemical sensor was developed based on a layer by layer process by electro-polymerization of pyrrole in the presence of new coccine (NC) as dopant anion on the surface of the multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) pre-coated glassy carbon electrode (GCE). The modified electrode was used as a new and sensitive electrochemical sensor for voltammetric determination of sumatriptan (SUM). The electrochemical behavior of SUM was investigated on the surface of the modified electrode using linear sweep voltammetry (LSV). The results showed a remarkable increase (∼12 times) in the anodic peak current of SUM in comparison to the bare GCE. The effect of experimental variables such...