Loading...
Search for: liver-metabolism
0.003 seconds

    Numerical modeling of ureagenesis in a microfluidic channel mimicking a liver lobule

    , Article 2015 22nd Iranian Conference on Biomedical Engineering, ICBME 2015, 25 November 2015 through 28 November 2015 ; 2015 , Pages 54-59 ; 9781467393515 (ISBN) Sharifi, F ; Firoozabadi, B ; Saidi, M. S ; Firoozbakhsh, K ; Sharif University of Technology
    Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc  2015
    Abstract
    Ammonia detoxification is one of the main functions of the liver results in production of urea. In this study ammonia elimination and urea production was simulated in a microchannel mimicking the hepatic porto central axis. Navier- Stockes equations along with convection equations were solved for the related species in the entire domain. Since the Reynolds number was small (~1) the fluid flow regime was laminar. Urea cycle was modeled regarding its four main enzymes. Twelve rate equations were also solved in order to obtain the concentration of each metabolites participating in urea cycle. Concentration of the urea reached its maximum ca. 1.2e-5 M at the end of the channel which is in good... 

    A mechanobiological mathematical model of liver metabolism

    , Article Biotechnology and Bioengineering ; Volume 117, Issue 9 , 5 June , 2020 , Pages 2861-2874 Nikmaneshi, M. R ; Firoozabadi, B ; Munn, L. L ; Sharif University of Technology
    John Wiley and Sons Inc  2020
    Abstract
    The liver plays a complex role in metabolism and detoxification, and better tools are needed to understand its function and to develop liver-targeted therapies. In this study, we establish a mechanobiological model of liver transport and hepatocyte biology to elucidate the metabolism of urea and albumin, the production/detoxification of ammonia, and consumption of oxygen and nutrients. Since hepatocellular shear stress (SS) can influence the enzymatic activities of liver, the effect of SS on the urea and albumin synthesis are empirically modeled through the mechanotransduction mechanisms. The results demonstrate that the rheology and dynamics of the sinusoid flow can significantly affect... 

    A numerical model for predicting hepatocytes ureagenesis and its related inborn enzyme deficiencies: case studies

    , Article Scientia Iranica ; Volume 26, Issue 1B , 2019 , Pages 408-420 ; 10263098 (ISSN) Sharifi, F ; Firoozabadi, B ; Saidi, M. S ; Firoozbakhsh, K ; Sharif University of Technology
    Sharif University of Technology  2019
    Abstract
    One important functionality of liver cells is ammonia detoxification and urea production. In this study, a numerical model of the urea cycle in hepatocytes was developed. Navier Stokes and convection equations were employed to study the process of ammonia elimination and urea production using a microfluidic channel. The concentration of urea and ammonia throughout the channel was obtained. Furthermore, the urea cycle was modelled with respect to its four main enzymes. This resulted in twelve rate equations that were solved to determine the concentration of each metabolite participating in the urea cycle. Application of results implied common disorders such as hyperammonemia types I and II...