Search for: long-term-stability
Article RSC Advances ; Volume 3, Issue 21 , 2013 , Pages 7726-7732 ; 20462069 (ISSN) ; Karami, P ; Robatjazi, H ; Sharif University of Technology
Green and simple synthesis strategies have gained tremendous popularity for the production of anisotropically-shaped noble metallic nanoparticles. The long-term stability of the produced particles, the short timescale of the target reaction(s), as well as the use of non-toxic chemicals, are pivotal features of a useful green procedure. Herein we describe a simple and convenient wet-chemical approach to synthesize stable, non-toxic and water-soluble small gold nanotriangles (GNTs) and gold nanospheres (GNSs) in one step at room temperature, using Tween 20 and Tween 80, respectively. A high level of purity and monodispersity was obtained for the GNTs, in addition to an excellent colloidal...
Article Materials Letters ; 2018 ; 0167577X (ISSN) ; Nemati Kharat, A ; Taghavinia, N ; Sharif University of Technology
Elsevier B.V 2018
Perovskite solar cells (PSCs) have attracted significant attention due to their excellent efficiency reaching 22.1% in just the past few years. Despite their high efficiency, the limited long-term stability of PSCs has to be overcome. Moisture environments has been recognized as a main degradation pathway of perovskite materials. This review summarizes recent studies about relationship of the stability of PSCs with moisture environment. We also discuss the current standard strategies for enhancing the stability of PSCs by modifying the properties of either the perovskite material itself or its interfaces. © 2018
Article Materials Letters ; Volume 237 , 2019 , Pages 356-360 ; 0167577X (ISSN) ; Nemati Kharat, A ; Taghavinia, N ; Sharif University of Technology
Elsevier B.V 2019
Perovskite solar cells (PSCs) have attracted significant attention due to their excellent efficiency reaching 22.1% in just the past few years. Despite their high efficiency, the limited long-term stability of PSCs has to be overcome. Moisture environments has been recognized as a main degradation pathway of perovskite materials. This review summarizes recent studies about relationship of the stability of PSCs with moisture environment. We also discuss the current standard strategies for enhancing the stability of PSCs by modifying the properties of either the perovskite material itself or its interfaces
A well-dispersed Pt/Ni/TiO 2 nanotubes modified electrode as an amperometric non-enzymatic glucose biosensor, Article Sensor Letters ; Volume 9, Issue 5 , October , 2011 , Pages 1598-1605 ; 1546198X (ISSN) ; Luo, S ; Yang, L ; Mahshid, S ; Dolati, A ; Ghorbani, M ; Cai, Q ; Sharif University of Technology
In this study a novel Pt/Ni nanostructure consisting of nano-bushes and nanocubes was fabricated onto TiO 2 nanotubes. The scanning electron microscopy images showed that a large amount of well-dispersed nano-architectures had uniformly covered all over the surface which made an electrode with high surface area. It was obviously seen that the nanocube structures mainly consists of Ni had been grown on top of each other while the Pt colonies represented bush-like structures. As a non-enzymatic glucose biosensor, the Pt/Ni TiO 2 nanotubes modified electrode exhibited an excellent performance. The proposed biosensor had two linear ranges for detection of glucose from 0 to 0.12 mM (correlation...
Article IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques ; Volume 65, Issue 7 , 2017 , Pages 2617-2624 ; 00189480 (ISSN) ; Banai, A ; Kartner, F. X ; Sharif University of Technology
A low-drift optoelectronic oscillator (OEO) is developed and experimentally shown. In the proposed OEO, a fiber Sagnac interferometer, including an optical phase modulator (PM) and a nonreciprocal bias unit, functions as an intrinsically drift-free intensity modulator. The phase noise of the proposed OEO is modeled in phase space, which is verified by experiments. Phase noise and frequency stability of the photonically generated microwave signals are measured. The single-sideband phase noise of the generated microwave signal is -106.6 dBc/Hz at 10-kHz offset from the 10.833-GHz carrier, with 120-fs rms timing jitter integrated from 1 kHz to 10 MHz. Frequency drift measurements show ±0.85-ppm...
Article IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques ; Volume 65, Issue 7 , 2017 , Pages 2625-2635 ; 00189480 (ISSN) ; Banai, A ; Kartner, F. X ; Sharif University of Technology
We propose and theoretically and experimentally demonstrate a novel tunable spurious-free single-loop optoelectronic oscillator (OEO) with low drift and low-phase noise. In the proposed transposed-frequency OEO (TF-OEO), a nonreciprocal bias unit and an optical phase modulator in a fiber Sagnac interferometer function jointly as an intrinsically drift-free intensity modulator, which improves the long-term drift. Besides, a transposed-frequency low-noise filtered amplifier is used which replaces the conventional radio frequency (RF) bandpass filter (BPF) and RF amplifier with an intermediate frequency (IF) BPF, an ultralow phase noise IF amplifier, and a tunable local oscillator, to attain...
Article Advanced Energy Materials ; Volume 8, Issue 12 , 2018 ; 16146832 (ISSN) ; Mazloum Ardakani, M ; Gholipour, S ; Marinova, N ; Delgado, J. L ; Turren Cruz, S. H ; Domanski, K ; Taghavinia, N ; Saliba, M ; Gratzel, M ; Hagfeldt, A ; Tress, W ; Sharif University of Technology
Wiley-VCH Verlag 2018
In the past few years, organic–inorganic metal halide ABX3 perovskites (A = Rb, Cs, methylammonium, formamidinium (FA); B = Pb, Sn; X = Cl, Br, I) have rapidly emerged as promising materials for photovoltaic applications. Tuning the film morphology by various deposition techniques and additives is crucial to achieve solar cells with high performance and long-term stability. In this work, carbon nanoparticles (CNPs) containing functional groups are added to the perovskite precursor solution for fabrication of fluorine-doped tin oxide/TiO2/perovskite/spiro-OMeTAD/gold devices. With the addition of CNPs, the perovskite films are thermally more stable, contain larger grains, and become more...
Water repellent room temperature vulcanized silicone for enhancing the long-term stability of perovskite solar cells, Article Solar Energy ; Volume 218 , 2021 , Pages 28-34 ; 0038092X (ISSN) ; Heydari, M ; Mohammadi, M ; Parand, P ; Taghavinia, N ; Sharif University of Technology
Elsevier Ltd 2021
A key direction toward enhancing the long term and outdoor stability of the perovskite solar cells is encapsulation. As a result, a suitable encapsulation package is required to prevent moisture and oxygen penetration toward the perovskite solar cells. In this work, a low-cost commercially available bilayer structure of poly (methyl methacrylate)/ room-temperature vulcanizing silicone rubber (RTV) encapsulation package for enhancing the long term stability of the perovskite solar cells has been investigated. Encapsulated cells retained more than 80% of the initial efficiency at the environmental condition of 50% moisture, and room temperature after 1000 h, however reference cell efficiency...
Amine functionalized TiO2 coated on carbon nanotube as a nanomaterial for direct electrochemistry of glucose oxidase and glucose biosensing, Article Journal of Molecular Catalysis B: Enzymatic ; Volume 68, Issue 2 , 2011 , Pages 206-210 ; 13811177 (ISSN) ; Rafiee Pour, H. A ; Ghourchian, H ; Gholami, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
A nano-composite material consisting of amine functionalized TiO 2-coated carbon nanotubes was prepared and used for glucose oxidase (GOx) absorption. The GOx bearing nanomaterial was fixed on a glassy carbon electrode to construct a novel biosensor for glucose determination. The direct electrochemistry of immobilized GOx and its electron transfer parameters at the modified glassy carbon electrode were reported. The apparent heterogeneous electron transfer rate constant (ks) of GOx was estimated to be 3.5 s-1, which is higher than those reported previously. Amperometric detection of glucose resulted in a rapid (3 s) and stable response in the linear concentration range from 1.8 to 266 μM....
Voltammetric studies of sumatriptan on the surface of pyrolytic graphite electrode modified with multi-walled carbon nanotubes decorated with silver nanoparticles, Article Talanta ; Volume 80, Issue 1 , 2009 , Pages 31-38 ; 00399140 (ISSN) ; Shahrokhian, S ; Ghorbani Bidkorbeh, F ; Sharif University of Technology
Multi-walled carbon nanotube decorated with silver nanoparticles (AgNPs-MWCNT) is used as an effective strategy for modification of the surface of pyrolytic graphite electrode (PGE). This modification procedure improved colloidal dispersion of the decorated MWCNTs in water, affording uniform and stable thin films for altering the surface properties of the working electrode. Robust electrode for sensing applications is obtained in a simple solvent evaporation process. The electrochemical behavior of sumatriptan (Sum) at the bare PGE and AgNPs-MWCNT modified PGE is investigated. The results indicate that the AgNPs-MWCNT modified PGE significantly enhanced the oxidation peak current of Sum. A...
Multi-walled carbon nanotubes with immobilised cobalt nanoparticle for modification of glassy carbon electrode: Application to sensitive voltammetric determination of thioridazine, Article Biosensors and Bioelectronics ; Volume 24, Issue 11 , 2009 , Pages 3235-3241 ; 09565663 (ISSN) ; Ghalkhani, M ; Adeli, M ; Amini, M. K ; Sharif University of Technology
Multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) were immobilised with cobalt nanoparticles and analyzed by transmission electron microscopy. This modification procedure substantially improved colloidal dispersion of the immobilised MWCNTs in water and organic solvents, yielding uniform and stable thin films for modification of the glassy carbon electrode surface. The modified electrode showed an efficient catalytic role for the electrochemical oxidation of thioridazine (TR), leading to remarkable decrease in its oxidation overpotential of approximately 100 mV and enhancement of the kinetics of the electrode reaction, which can be confirmed by increasing in the peak current and sharpness of the peak....