Search for: loss-of-energies
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    An energy efficient refractive structure for energy concentration on PV cells

    , Article 2010 IEEE International Energy Conference and Exhibition, EnergyCon 2010, 18 December 2010 through 22 December 2010, Manama ; 2010 , Pages 648-651 ; 9781424493807 (ISBN) Kavehvash, Z ; Rajaii, M ; Birjandi, A. M ; Gholamrezaei, H ; Gholamrezaei, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    In this paper a novel refractive structure for increasing the performance of photovoltaic cells1 is proposed. This structure which is named back-to-back-Fresnel lens is similar to conventional Fresnel lens used for energy concentration on PV cells while comprising some superior features. Among these features is its thinness, just like Fresnel lens, and lower loss of energy and simpler structure and design compared to a Fresnel lens with similar properties. The proposed lens is experimentally tested with a PV cell while the obtained results confirm its superior features  

    A parametric study using two design methodologies for pressure jet and swirl injectors

    , Article IEEE Aerospace Conference Proceedings ; 2012 ; 1095323X (ISSN) ; 9781457705564 (ISBN) Mazaheri, K ; Morad, M. R ; Shakeri, A. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    One of the most important subsystems in the air-breathing engines is the atomizers, which break the fuel into many droplets. It is well known that atomization quality has a significant influence on combustion characteristics such as stability limits, efficiency, and pollutant emission. Both jet and swirl injectors are applicable in gas turbine engines. The latter have been widely used for combustion chambers and the former are usually employed for fuel injection in the afterburner part. Since experimental and numerical study of atomizers could be complex and costly, a design methodology of atomizers based on empirical relations is still very advantageous and effective in reducing... 

    Fuzzy control of an electric arc furnace off-gas process

    , Article 2008 ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, IMECE 2008, Boston, MA, 31 October 2008 through 6 November 2008 ; Volume 10, Issue PART A , 2009 , Pages 471-477 ; 9780791848715 (ISBN) Hasannia, A ; Esteki, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Electric arc furnaces are used to make steel from scrap iron in steel industry. Nowadays, the aim of more researches in this area is to increase yield of furnace and it's compatibility with environment. One of the methods to achieve these purposes is to control the off-gas system as relative pressure in furnace would be kept negative. Because the combustion gases inside the furnace must not leak into the plant environment. However for preventing of loss of energy, the amount of this negative number must be small. In this paper, new intelligent control method named fuzzy emotional control, applied to off- gas system to control the relative pressure in the furnace and its result is compared to... 

    Effect of interline power flow controller (IPFC) on interconnected power systems adequacy

    , Article 2008 IEEE 2nd International Power and Energy Conference, PECon 2008, Johor Baharu, 1 December 2008 through 3 December 2008 ; 2008 , Pages 1358-1363 ; 9781424424054 (ISBN) Aminifar, F ; Fotuhi Firuzabad, M ; Nasiri, R ; Khodaei, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    This paper probes the impact of utilizing an IPFC on the reliability indices of interconnected power systems. First, a concise presentation of IPFC and its structure are provided and the reliability model of two unequally-rated parallel transmission lines equipped with IPFC is then extracted. The assumed IPFC is composed from two parallel converting bridges associated with each line. Afterwards, based-on equivalent assisting unit approach, different commonly-used adequacy indices including the loss of load expectation (LOLE), loss of energy expectation (LOEE) and system minutes (SM) are calculated. A set of numerical analyses are conducted to illustrate the sensitivity of these indices with... 

    Investigation of the atomic-scale hysteresis in NC-AFM using atomistic dynamics

    , Article Physica E: Low-Dimensional Systems and Nanostructures ; Volume 42, Issue 8 , 2010 , Pages 2069-2077 ; 13869477 (ISSN) Nejat Pishkenari, H ; Meghdari, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    In this paper, the hysteresis in the tipsample interaction force in noncontact force microscopy (NC-AFM) is measured with the aid of atomistic dynamics simulations. The observed hysteresis in the interaction force and displacement of the system atoms leads to the loss of energy during imaging of the sample surface. Using molecular dynamics simulations it is shown that the mechanism of the energy dissipation occurs due to bistabilities caused by atomic jumps of the surface and tip atoms in the contact region. The conducted simulations demonstrate that when a gold coated nano-probe is brought close to the Au(0 0 1) surface, the tip apex atom jumps to the surface, and instantaneously, four...