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    Gadolinium triflate immobilized on magnetic nanocomposites as recyclable Lewis acid catalyst for acetylation of phenols

    , Article Nanoscience and Nanotechnology Letters ; Vol. 6, issue. 4 , 2014 , p. 309-313 Rafiaei, S. M ; Kim, A ; Shokouhimehr, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    The acetylation of phenols with acetic anhydride proceeded in excellent yields when it was catalyzed by gadolinium triflate immobilized on magnetically recyclable nanocomposites. This heterogeneous catalyst provided high catalytic activity with low loading level (1 mol%), because the Lewis acid catalyst was grafted on the surface of the nanocomposites. The catalysts were also easily recovered from the reaction mixture using a magnet and reused for six consecutive cycles  

    Fracture toughness of a hybrid rubber modified epoxy. II. Effect of loading rate

    , Article Journal of Applied Polymer Science ; Volume 125, Issue 3 , January , 2012 , Pages 2476-2483 ; 00218995 (ISSN) Abadyan, M ; Kouchakzadeh, M. A ; Bagheri, R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Wiley  2012
    Effect of loading rate on toughness characteristics of hybrid rubber-modified epoxy was investigated. Epoxy was modified by amine-terminated butadiene acrylonitrile (ATBN) and recycled tire. Samples were tested at various loading rates of 1-1000 mm/min. Fracture toughness measurements revealed synergistic toughening in hybrid system at low loading rates (1-10 mm/min); hybrid system exhibited higher fracture toughness value in comparison with the ATBN-modified resin with same modifier content. However, synergistic toughening was eliminated by increasing the loading rate. At higher loading rates (10-1000), the fracture toughness of hybrid system decreased gradually to the level lower than that... 

    Loading rate-induced transition in toughening mechanism of rubber-modified epoxy

    , Article Journal of Macromolecular Science, Part B: Physics ; Volume 49, Issue 3 , 2010 , Pages 602-614 ; 00222348 (ISSN) Abadyan, M ; Khademi, V ; Bagheri, R ; Motamedi, P ; Kouchakzadeh, M. A ; Haddadpour, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    The effect of loading rate on toughening mechanisms of rubber-modified epoxy resin was investigated using amine-terminated butadiene acrylonitrile (ATBN) rubber. Rubber-modified samples were tested at various loading rates in the range of 1-1000 mm/min. At low loading rates, modified resin exhibited a high fracture toughness, which decreased by increasing the rate of loading. At higher loading rate a transition region was observed, where the fracture toughness did not change noticeably with increasing the loading rate. Beyond the transition region, the resin fracture toughness dropped dramatically to the level of unmodified epoxy. Fractography of the damage zone showed different toughening... 

    Molecular dynamics investigation of β-SiC behavior under three-axial tensile loading

    , Article Journal of Computational and Theoretical Nanoscience ; Volume 8, Issue 11 , 2011 , Pages 2187-2192 ; 15461955 (ISSN) Mortazavi, B ; Simchi, A ; Besharati Givi, M. K ; Rajabpour, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Molecular dynamics (MD) simulations were used to study the mechanical behaviour of β-SiC at nano-scale under tensile loading. Effects of loading rate and tensile temperature on the mechanical properties and failure were studied. Modified embedded-atom method (MEAM) potential and Berendsen thermostat were utilized for modelling. Periodic boundary conditions were employed and the behaviour of material was analyzed under three-axial loading condition at which the stress- strain relation was acceptably size independent. It is shown that with increasing the loading rate from 5 m/s to 70 m/s, the failure strain increases without a remarkable change in the stress-strain relationship. The MD... 

    Microwave-assisted synthesis of 3-substituted coumarins using ZrOCl 2.8H2O as an effective catalyst

    , Article Scientia Iranica ; Volume 16, Issue 1 C , 2009 , Pages 12-16 ; 10263098 (ISSN) Matloubi Moghaddam, F ; Mirjafary, Z ; Saeidian, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    An efficient route for the synthesis of 3-substituted coumarins via Knoevenagel condensation, using ZrOCl2.8H2O (10 mol %) as the. catalyst under microwave heating and solvent-free conditions, is described. This procedure offers several advantages, including the low loading of catalysts, high yields, clean reactions, short reaction times and the. use of various substrates, which make it a useful and attractive strategy for the. synthesis of 3-substituted coumarins. © Sharif University of Technology, June 2009