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    An experimental platform for macro-scale fluidic medium molecular communication

    , Article IEEE Transactions on Molecular, Biological, and Multi-Scale Communications ; 2020 Khaloopour, L ; Nasiri Kenari, M ; Rouzegar, S. V ; Azizi, A ; Hosseinian, A ; Farahnak Ghazani, M ; Bagheri, N ; Mirmohseni, M ; Arjmandi, H ; Mosayebi, R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc  2020
    The macro-scale molecular communication (MC) recently received considerable attention because of its potential applications. Since most of the experimental research in MC focuses on the micro-scale cases, it is necessary to study and implement experiments to investigate the concept’s feasibility as well as to validate the models and parameters. In this paper, a macro-scale flow-based MC platform with fluidic medium is developed, in a semi-cylindrical channel with laminar flow condition. The transmission medium we consider is water in the plexi pipe, a transmitter releases Hydrochloric acid molecules into this pipe and a chemical sensor is used as the receiver. We propose an LTI model for the... 

    Nanoscopic spontaneous motion of liquid trains: Nonequilibrium molecular dynamics simulation

    , Article Journal of Chemical Physics ; Volume 132, Issue 2 , 2010 ; 00219606 (ISSN) Bahrami, A. H ; Jalali, M. A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Macroscale experiments show that a train of two immiscible liquid drops, a bislug, can spontaneously move in a capillary tube because of surface tension asymmetries. We use molecular dynamics simulation of Lennard-Jones fluids to demonstrate this phenomenon for NVT ensembles in submicron tubes. We deliberately tune the strength of intermolecular forces and control the velocity of bislug in different wetting and viscosity conditions. We compute the velocity profile of particles across the tube and explain the origin of deviations from the classical parabolae. We show that the self-generated molecular flow resembles the Poiseuille law when the ratio of the tube radius to its length is less... 

    Relationship between wetting properties and macroscale hydrodynamics during forced gravity drainage and secondary waterflood

    , Article Petroleum Science and Technology ; Volume 28, Issue 8 , 2010 , Pages 804-815 ; 10916466 (ISSN) Rostami, B ; Kharrat, R ; Ghotbi, C ; Alipour Tabrizy, V ; Sharif University of Technology
    In order to relate the wetting properties at the pore scale to the macroscale prevailing forces, a series of experiments was performed in vertical porous media under forced gas invasion at various wettability conditions with partially spreading oil. To describe the dynamics of oil recovery in a three-phase flow condition, the downward gas flood experiments were continued by water injection from the bottom. Experimental results obtained in situations where the magnitudes of viscous, capillary, and gravity forces are comparable. We study the transition from flow configurations where the interface is stable with respect to viscous instability to flow configurations where viscous fingering... 

    Finite element martensite ratio derivation of NiTi via measurable criteria of strain rate

    , Article Proceedings of the ASME Conference on Smart Materials, Adaptive Structures and Intelligent Systems 2009, SMASIS2009, 21 September 2009 through 23 September 2009, Oxnard, CA ; Volume 1 , 2009 , Pages 641-647 ; 9780791848968 (ISBN) Amini, A ; Mehdigholi, H ; Elahinia, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    The shape memory alloys (SMAs) and smart composites have a large use in high and low level industry, while a lot of research is being done in this field. The existence of smart composite structures is because of the advance mechanical benefits of the above materials. This work refers to dynamic and quasi static nonlinear explanation of these materials. After mathematical model consideration on the rate of strain, a model which is about martensite ratio of NiTi has been presented. This work has been done because of the high sensitivity of these materials to strain rate and use of visual and measurable engineering criteria to access other variables. As the martensite ratio is not engineering... 

    Timing Modulation for Macro-Scale Molecular Communication

    , Article IEEE Wireless Communications Letters ; Volume 9, Issue 9 , 2020 , Pages 1356-1360 Aeeneh, S ; Zlatanov, N ; Gohari, A ; Nasiri Kenari, M ; Mirmohseni, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc  2020
    In this letter, we propose a novel communication scheme for macro-scale molecular timing channels (MTCs), where the information carrier is the release time of the molecules. Next, the symbol constellation, receiver's sampling time, and receiver's decision rule are designed and analyzed. We further propose a computationally simple yet optimal receiver. Our numerical results show that macro-scale MTC is an approach for achieving ultra-reliable molecular communication. © 2012 IEEE  

    The sliding frictional contact problem in two dimensional graded materials loaded by a flat stamp

    , Article Advanced Materials Research, 7 January 2012 through 8 January 2012 ; Volume 463-464 , January , 2012 , Pages 336-342 ; 10226680 (ISSN) ; 9783037853634 (ISBN) Khajehtourian, R ; Adibnazari, S ; Tashi, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    In this article, the sliding frictional contact problem for a half-plane which is graded in two dimensions is studied. The effect of medium properties gradient and coefficient of friction in contact mechanics of two dimensional (2D) graded materials which is loaded by a flat stamp have been investigated by developing two Finite Element (FE) models, in macro and micro scales. Discretizing the graded half-plane by quadrants for whose material properties are specified at the centroids by Mori-Tanaka method in both directions has been used to model the 2D FGM in macro scale. In micro scale, the ideal solid quadrant particles which are spatially distributed in a homogeneous matrix used to model... 

    Physical aspects of rarefied gas flow in micro to nano scale geometries using DSMC

    , Article 39th AIAA Fluid Dynamics Conference, 22 June 2009 through 25 June 2009, San Antonio, TX ; 2009 ; 9781563479755 (ISBN) Roohi, E ; Darbandi, M ; Mirjalili, V ; Schneider, G. E ; Sharif University of Technology
    Rarefied gas flow in micro/nano electro mechanical systems (MEMS/NEMS) does not perform exactly as that in macro-scale devices. The main goal in this study is to investigate mixed subsonic-supersonic flows in micro/nano channels and nozzles and to provide physical descriptions on their behaviors. We use DSMC method as a reliable numerical tool to extend our simulation. It is because the DSMC provides accurate solution for the Boltzmann equations over the entire range of rarefied flow regime or Knudsen numbers. As is known, the appearance of oblique/normal shocks at the inlet of a channel or a nozzle adds to the complexity of internal flow field analyses. We found some very unique physical... 

    Hierarchical multiscale modeling of nanotube-reinforced polymer composites

    , Article International Journal for Multiscale Computational Engineering ; Volume 7, Issue 5 , 2009 , Pages 395-408 ; 15431649 (ISSN) Ghanbari, J ; Naghdabad, R ; Sharif University of Technology
    A finite element-based hierarchical multiscale modeling scheme is presented and used for the analysis of nanotube-reinforced polymer composites. The scheme presented here consists of micro- and macroscale boundary value problems linked together using a computational homogenization scheme. Using the presented hierarchical multiscale scheme, we have studied nanotube-reinforced polymer composites, and the elastic properties are determined. Using different representative volume elements (RVEs) representing different volume fractions of aligned nanotubes, the effect of the nanotube volume fraction and the existence of an interphase layer on the effective elastic modulus of the nanocomposite are... 

    Temperature-dependent multi-scale modeling of surface effects on nano-materials

    , Article Mechanics of Materials ; Volume 46 , 2012 , Pages 94-112 ; 01676636 (ISSN) Khoei, A. R ; Ghahremani, P ; Sharif University of Technology
    In this paper, a novel temperature-dependent multi-scale method is developed to investigate the role of temperature on surface effects in the analysis of nano-scale materials. In order to evaluate the temperature effect in the micro-scale (atomic) level, the temperature related Cauchy-Born hypothesis is implemented by employing the Helmholtz free energy, as the energy density of equivalent continua relating to the inter-atomic potential. The multi-scale technique is applied in atomistic level (nano-scale) to exhibit the temperature related characteristics. The first Piola-Kirchhoff stress and tangential stiffness tensor are computed, as the first and second derivatives of the free energy... 

    Nonlinear hierarchical multiscale modeling of cortical bone considering its nanoscale microstructure

    , Article Journal of Biomechanics ; Volume 42, Issue 10 , 2009 , Pages 1560-1565 ; 00219290 (ISSN) Ghanbari, J ; Naghdabadi, R ; Sharif University of Technology
    We have used a hierarchical multiscale modeling scheme for the analysis of cortical bone considering it as a nanocomposite. This scheme consists of definition of two boundary value problems, one for macroscale, and another for microscale. The coupling between these scales is done by using the homogenization technique. At every material point in which the constitutive model is needed, a microscale boundary value problem is defined using a macroscopic kinematical quantity and solved. Using the described scheme, we have studied elastic properties of cortical bone considering its nanoscale microstructural constituents with various mineral volume fractions. Since the microstructure of bone...