Search for: mass-fragmentography
Total 55 records
Article Chemometrics and Intelligent Laboratory Systems ; Volume 194 , 2019 ; 01697439 (ISSN) ; Parastar, H ; Sharif University of Technology
Elsevier B.V 2019
Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) and comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC×GC-MS) are powerful techniques for measurement of all metabolites in complex metabolic samples. However, analyzing GC-MS and especially GC×GC-MS metabolomic data is a major challenge to the researchers in the field of metabolomics mainly due to the complexity and large data size. In this regard, an automated R based software entitled RMet has been developed to overcome the challenges in the metabolomic analysis workflow of GC-MS and GC×GC-MS data sets. Additionally, it is able to facilitate the complex process of extracting reliable and useful biological information from...
A highly thermal-resistant electrospun-based polyetherimide nanofibers coating for solid-phase microextraction Microextraction Techniques, Article Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry ; Vol. 406, issue. 8 , March , 2014 , p. 2141-2149 ; Akbarinejad, A ; Aghakhani, A ; Sharif University of Technology
A high-temperature-resisant solid-phase microextraction (SPME) fiber was prepared based on polyetherimide (PEI) by the electrospinning method. The PEI polymeric solution was converted to nanofibers using high voltages and directly coated on a stainless steel SPME needle. The scanning electron microscopy images of PEI coating showed fibers with diameter range of 500-650 nm with a homogeneous and smooth surface morphology. The SPME nanofibers coating was optimized for PEI percentage, electrospinning voltage, and time. The extraction efficiency of the coating was investigated for headspace SPME of some environmentally important polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons from aqueous samples followed by...
Magnetic nanoparticle-based micro-solid phase extraction and GC-MS determination of oxadiargyl in aqueous samples, Article Chromatographia ; Volume 74, Issue 5-6 , 2011 , Pages 483-488 ; 00095893 (ISSN) ; Zandi, O ; Aghakhani, A ; Sharif University of Technology
A new facile, rapid, inexpensive, and sensitive method based on magnetic micro-solid phase extraction (M-μ-SPE) coupled to gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) was developed for determination of the herbicide oxadiargyl in environmental water samples. The feasibility of employing non-modified magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) as sorbent was examined and applied to perform the extraction process. Influential parameters affecting the extraction efficiency along with desorption conditions were investigated and optimized. The limit of detection (LOD, S/N = 3) and limit of quantification (LOQ, S/N = 10) of the method under optimized conditions were 0.005 and 0.030 ng mL-1, respectively. The...
Recent trends in application of multivariate curve resolution approaches for improving gas chromatography-mass spectrometry analysis of essential oils, Article Talanta ; Volume 85, Issue 2 , 2011 , Pages 835-849 ; 00399140 (ISSN) ; Parastar, H ; Sharif University of Technology
Essential oils (EOs) are valuable natural products that are popular nowadays in the world due to their effects on the health conditions of human beings and their role in preventing and curing diseases. In addition, EOs have a broad range of applications in foods, perfumes, cosmetics and human nutrition. Among different techniques for analysis of EOs, gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) is the most important one in recent years. However, there are some fundamental problems in GC-MS analysis including baseline drift, spectral background, noise, low S/N (signal to noise) ratio, changes in the peak shapes and co-elution. Multivariate curve resolution (MCR) approaches cope with ongoing...
Article Chemometrics and Intelligent Laboratory Systems ; Volume 104, Issue 2 , 2010 , Pages 155-171 ; 01697439 (ISSN) ; Parastar, H ; Kamalzadeh, M ; Tauler, R ; Jaumot, J ; Sharif University of Technology
This paper describes the development and implementation of MCRC software, chemometric software for Multivariate Curve Resolution of two-way Chromatographic data. MCRC software is developed for chemometric analysis of chromatographic data; however, it may also be used for other types of multivariate data. It consists of five groups of techniques for preprocessing, chemical rank determination, local rank analysis, multivariate resolution and peak integration. This software has the ability of the analysis of complex multi-component chromatographic signals of gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) and high performance liquid chromatography-diode array detection (HPLC-DAD). The software...
Assessment of the co-elution problem in gas chromatography-mass spectrometry using non-linear optimization techniques, Article Chemometrics and Intelligent Laboratory Systems ; Volume 101, Issue 1 , 2010 , Pages 1-13 ; 01697439 (ISSN) ; Parastar, H ; Sharif University of Technology
Multivariate curve resolution based on the minimization of an objective function (MCR-FMIN) defined directly from the non-fulfillment of constraints was applied for the first time as a deconvolution method to separate co-eluted gas chromatographic-mass spectrometric (GC-MS) signals. Simulated and real (standard real mixture and limon oil) GC-MS data were used to evaluate the feasibility of this method. The MCR-FMIN solutions have been obtained based on the rotation of principal component analysis (PCA) solutions using the non-linear optimization algorithms. Calculation of the initial values of R rotation matrix using model free analysis methods such as fixed-size moving window-evolving...
Article Biomarkers ; Volume 21, Issue 6 , 2016 , Pages 479-489 ; 1354750X (ISSN) ; Aliannejad, R ; Rezaei Tavirani, M ; Arefi Oskouie, A ; Naseri, M. T ; Parastar, H ; Aliakbarzadeh, G ; Fathi, F ; Taheri, S ; Sharif University of Technology
Taylor and Francis Ltd
Sulfur Mustard (SM) is a potent alkylating agent and its effects on cells and tissues are varied and complex. Due to limitations in the diagnostics of sulfur mustard exposed individuals (SMEIs) by noninvasive approaches, there is a great necessity to develop novel techniques and biomarkers for this condition. We present here the first nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC/MS) metabolic profiling of serum from and healthy controls to identify novel biomarkers in blood serum for better diagnostics. Of note, SMEIs were exposed to SM 30 years ago and that differences between two groups could still be found. Pathways in which differences between SMEIs and...
A systematic study on the effect of noise and shift on multivariate figures of merit of second-order calibration algorithms, Article Analytica Chimica Acta ; Volume 952 , 2017 , Pages 18-31 ; 00032670 (ISSN) ; Parastar, H ; Sereshti, H ; Olivieri, A ; Tauler, R ; Sharif University of Technology
Elsevier B.V 2017
In the present study, multivariate analytical figures of merit (AFOM) for three well-known second-order calibration algorithms, parallel factor analysis (PARAFAC), PARAFAC2 and multivariate curve resolution-alternating least squares (MCR-ALS), were investigated in simulated hyphenated chromatographic systems including different artifacts (e.g., noise and peak shifts). Different two- and three-component systems with interferences were simulated. Resolved profiles from the target components were used to build calibration curves and to calculate the multivariate AFOMs, sensitivity (SEN), analytical sensitivity (γ), selectivity (SEL) and limit of detection (LOD). The obtained AFOMs for different...
Trace determination of free formaldehyde in DTP and DT vaccines and diphtheria-tetanus antigen by single drop microextraction and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, Article Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis ; Volume 50, Issue 3 , 2009 , Pages 287-292 ; 07317085 (ISSN) ; Ghambarian, M ; Salemi, A ; Es Haghi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
An immersed single drop microextraction (SDME) method was successfully developed for the trace enrichment of formaldehyde from DTP and DT vaccines and diphtheria-tetanus antigen. The formaldehyde was derivatized by means of the Hantzsch reaction. The dehydropyridine derivative was extracted into a microdrop of chloroform that suspended in a 4 ml sample solution for a preset time. The microdrop was then retracted into the microsyringe and injected directly into a gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) injection port. Effects of different parameters such as the type of solvent, extraction time, stirring rate, and temperature were studied and optimized. The limit of detection was 0.22...
Recent trends in application of chemometric methods for GC-MS and GC×GC-MS-based metabolomic studies, Article TrAC - Trends in Analytical Chemistry ; Volume 138 , 2021 ; 01659936 (ISSN) ; Hashemi Nasab, F. S ; Golpelichi, F ; Sabouruh, N ; Parastar, H ; Sharif University of Technology
Elsevier B.V 2021
Metabolomics is the science of studying small molecules (metabolites) in biological systems with the aim of getting insight into cells, biofluids and organisms. Chemometric methods are powerful tools to address data problems generated in metabolomic studies and to extract valuable information. This review focuses mainly on a range of chemometric methods used for processing of metabolomics data generated from gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) and comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC × GC-MS). Herein, essential skills used for preprocessing of raw data, multivariate resolution, pattern recognition, variable selection and identification of...
High-throughput micro-solid phase extraction on 96-well plate using dodecyl methacrylate-ethylen glycol dimethacrylate monolithic copolymer, Article Analytica Chimica Acta ; Volume 792 , August , 2013 , Pages 59-65 ; 00032670 (ISSN) ; Es'haghi, A ; Es-haghi, A ; Mohammadkhani, E ; Sharif University of Technology
A novel high-throughput device based on 96-micro-solid phase extraction (96-μ-SPE) system was constructed for multiresidue determination of nine pesticides in aquatic samples. The extraction procedure was performed on a commercially available 96-well plate system. The extraction module consisted of 96 pieces of 1cm×3cm of cylindrically shaped stainless steel meshes. The prepared meshes were fixed in a home-made polytetrafluoroethylene-based constructed ninety-six holes block for possible simultaneous immersion of meshes into the center of individual wells. Dodecyl methacrylate and ethylene glycol dimethacrylate was copolymerized as a monolithic polymer and placed in the cylindrically shaped...
A high-throughput approach for the determination of pesticide residues in cucumber samples using solid-phase microextraction on 96-well plate, Article Analytica Chimica Acta ; Volume 740 , 2012 , Pages 36-42 ; 00032670 (ISSN) ; Es'haghi, A ; Eshaghi, A ; Mesbahi, N ; Sharif University of Technology
A high-throughput solid-phase microextraction (SPME) on 96-well plate together with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) was developed for the determination of some selected pesticides in cucumber samples. Pieces with the length of 1.0cm of silicon tubing were precisely prepared and then coated on the end part of stainless steel wires. The prepared fibers were positioned in a home-made polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE)-based constructed ninety-six holes block to have the possibility of simultaneous immersion of the SPME fibers into the center of individual wells. Pesticides such as diazinon, penconazol, tebuconazol, bitertanol, malathion, phosalone and chlorpyrifos-methyl were selected...
Analysis of Iranian rosemary essential oil: Application of gas chromatography-mass spectrometry combined with chemometrics, Article Journal of Chromatography A ; Volume 1218, Issue 18 , May , 2011 , Pages 2569-2576 ; 00219673 (ISSN) ; Moazeni, R. S ; Sereshti, H ; Sharif University of Technology
This paper focuses on characterization of the components of Iranian rosemary essential oil using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Multivariate curve resolution (MCR) approach was used to overcome the problem of background, baseline offset and overlapping/embedded peaks in GC-MS. The analysis of GC-MS data revealed that sixty eight components exist in the rosemary essential oil. However, with the help of MCR this number was extended to ninety nine components with concentrations higher than 0.01%, which accounts for 98.23% of the total relative content of the rosemary essential oil. The most important constituents of the Iranian rosemary are 1,8-cineole (23.47%), α-pinene...
Article Analytica Chimica Acta ; Volume 863, Issue 1 , 2015 , Pages 20-28 ; 00032670 (ISSN) ; Roostaie, A ; Sharif University of Technology
A highly efficient polybutylene terephthalate (PBT)-based nanocomposite containing nickel oxide nanoparticles was synthesized by electrospinning technique and used as a fiber coating for solid phase microextraction. The influential morphological parameters and capability of the prepared nanocomposite including the NiO content, the coating time, the PBT concentration and applied voltage were considered for optimization. The applicability of the synthesized fiber coating was examined by headspace solid phase micro extraction and gas chromatography mass spectrometry detection of some volatile organic compounds in aqueous samples. Among the synthesized nanocomposites and pristine PBT nanofibers,...
Self-modeling curve resolution techniques applied to comparative analysis of volatile components of Iranian saffron from different regions, Article Analytica Chimica Acta ; Volume 662, Issue 2 , 2010 , Pages 143-154 ; 00032670 (ISSN) ; Parastar, H ; Ebrahimi Najafabadi, H ; Sharif University of Technology
Volatile components of saffron from different regions of Iran were extracted by ultrasonic-assisted solvent extraction (USE) and were analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Self-modeling curve resolution (SMCR) was proposed for resolving the co-eluted GC-MS peak clusters into pure chromatograms and mass spectra. Multivariate curve resolution-objective function minimization (MCR-FMIN) and multivariate curve resolution-alternating least square (MCR-ALS) were successfully used for this purpose. The accuracy of the qualitative and quantitative results was improved considerably using SMCR techniques. Comparison of the results of saffron from different regions of Iran showed...
Amine/phenyl gradient derived base layer as a comprehensive extractive phase for headspace cooled in–tube microextraction of volatile organic compounds in saliva, Article Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis ; Volume 191 , 2020 ; Bagheri, H ; Rostami, A ; Sharif University of Technology
Elsevier B.V 2020
A gradient derived base layer extractive phase was synthesized and applied for the determination of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in saliva samples using the headspace cooled in–tube microextraction (HS–CITME) method. The base layers from three different sols of phenyltriethoxysilane (PTES), octyltrimethoxysilane (OTMS) and methyltrimethoxysilane (MTMS) as nonpolar precursors were individually dip coated on the stainless steel wires (SSW). Then, the hydrolyzed polar precursor aminopropyltriethoxysilane (APTES) reacted with the silanol groups already formed on the surface of SSWs via controlled rate infusion (CRI) method. The presence of polar and non–polar functional groups on the...
Article Analytica Chimica Acta ; Volume 1128 , 2020 , Pages 31-41 ; Rezvani, O ; Bagheri, H ; Sharif University of Technology
Elsevier B.V 2020
Herein, some (modified) paper–based substrates were prepared and utilized as extractive phases in a microfluidic device and their extraction performances examined for analytes with different polarities. Reagents including hexadecyltrimethoxysilane (HDTMS), phenyltrimethoxysilane (PTES), (3-aminopropyl) triethoxysilane (APTES) and 3–(2,3–epoxypropoxy) propyltrimethoxysilane (EPPTMOS) were implemented for the modification process. Due to the induction of different silane functional groups, it was anticipated to have various interactions for the tested analytes. Eventually, the prepared paper sheets were used as extractive phases for solid–phase extraction within a microfluidic system. The...
Chemometrics-assisted isotope ratio fingerprinting based on gas chromatography/combustion/isotope ratio mass spectrometry for saffron authentication, Article Journal of Chromatography A ; Volume 1657 , 2021 ; 00219673 (ISSN) ; Parastar, H ; Sharif University of Technology
Elsevier B.V 2021
In the present contribution, the capability of isotopic ratio mass spectrometry (IRMS) for saffron authentication and detection of four common plant-derived adulterants (marigold flower, safflower, rubia, and saffron style) was investigated. For this purpose, 62 authentic saffron samples were analyzed by elemental analyzer-IRMS (EA-IRMS) and gas chromatography-combustion-IRMS (GC-C-IRMS). In this regard, EA-IRMS and GC-C-IRMS isotope fingerprints of carbon-13 and nitrogen-15 isotopes of saffron components were provided and then analyzed by chemometric methods. Principal component analysis (PCA) showed two different behaviors regarding two main regions. Then, a representative saffron sample...
Phytochemical characterization and anti-cancer properties of extract of Ephedra foeminea (Ephedraceae) aerial parts, Article Tropical Journal of Pharmaceutical Research ; Volume 20, Issue 8 , 2021 , Pages 1675-1681 ; 15965996 (ISSN) ; Youssef, A. M. M ; Alshammari, F. O. F. O ; Al Sarayreh, S. A ; Al Shuneigat, J. M ; Alrawashdeh, H. M ; Mahgoub, S. S ; Sharif University of Technology
University of Benin 2021
Purpose: To evaluate the phytochemical profile of methanol extract of Ephedra foeminea and assess its anti-carcer effect on a large set of normal and cancerous cell lines Methods: Extraction of air-dried powder of aerial parts of E. foeminea was carried out with methanol. The bioactive compounds in the extract were determined using gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC-MS). The anti-cancer effect of the extract was determined by 3-[4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl]-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay against various types of normal and cancer cell lines. Serial concentrations of plant extract were used, ranging from 7.812 to1000 μg/mL. Doxorubicin (DOX) served as standard drug. The...
Article Journal of Separation Science ; Vol. 37, issue. 14 , 2014 , pp. 1880-1886 ; ISSN: 16159306 ; Najarzadekan, H ; Roostaie, A ; Sharif University of Technology
A solution of polyamide (PA) containing polyethylene glycol (PEG) as a side low-molecular-weight polymer was electrospun. After synthesizing the PA-PEG nanofibers, the constituent was subsequently removed (modified PA) and confirmed by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. The scanning electron microscopy images showed an average diameter of 640 and 148 nm for PA and PA-PEG coatings, respectively, while the latter coating structure was more homogeneous and porous. The extraction efficiencies of PA, PA-PEG, and the modified PA fiber coatings were assayed by headspace solid-phase microextraction of a number of chlorophenols from real water samples followed by their determination by gas...