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    Features of Cu and TiO2 in the flow of engine oil subject to thermal jump conditions

    , Article Scientific Reports ; Volume 11, Issue 1 , 2021 ; 20452322 (ISSN) Ahmad, S ; Ali, K ; Nisar, K.S ; Faridi, A. A ; Khan, N ; Jamshed, W ; Khan, T. M. Y ; Saleel, C. A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Nature Research  2021
    The recent work investigates the heat transfer attributes in the flow of engine oil which comprises of nano-particles such as Cu and TiO2. The performance of Copper and Titanium oxide is over looked in the flow of engine oil. The energy equation is amended by the features of thermal radiation, viscous dissipation, and heat generation. The mathematical model signifies the porosity, entropy generation and moving flat horizontal surface with the non-uniform stretching velocity. Quasi-linearization, which is a persuasive numerical technique to solve the complex coupled differential equations, is used to acquire the numerical solution of the problem. Flow and heat transfer aspects of Cu–TiO2 in... 

    The Pr and oxygen correlation in the GdPr123 system

    , Article Modern Physics Letters B ; Volume 16, Issue 25 , 2002 , Pages 943-953 ; 02179849 (ISSN) Khosroabadi, H ; Daadmehr, V ; Akhavan, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    We prepared single-phase polycrystalline Gd1-xPrx Ba2Cu3O7-δ samples with x = 0, 0.10, 0.15, and 0.20. The deoxygenation process of these samples was performed by an annealing method. Electrical resistivity measurements revealed depression of the transition temperature with the increase of x and δ. We calculated the hole concentration in the CuO2 plane for different values of x and δ. A linear dependence of transition temperature and hole concentration in the CuO2 plane was found as a function of 2δ + x. It is proposed that a combination of the localization and filling of holes should be considered as the effective mechanisms for the appearance of the Pr anomaly in HTSCs  

    Multi-item multiperiodic inventory control problem with variable demand and discounts: A particle swarm optimization algorithm

    , Article Scientific World Journal ; Vol. 2014 , 2014 ; ISSN: 23566140 Mousavi, S. M ; Niaki, S. T. A ; Bahreininejad, A ; Musa, S. N ; Sharif University of Technology
    A multi-item multiperiod inventory control model is developed for known-deterministic variable demands under limited available budget. Assuming the order quantity is more than the shortage quantity in each period, the shortage in combination of backorder and lost sale is considered. The orders are placed in batch sizes and the decision variables are assumed integer. Moreover, all unit discounts for a number of products and incremental quantity discount for some other items are considered. While the objectives are to minimize both the total inventory cost and the required storage space, the model is formulated into a fuzzy multicriteria decision making (FMCDM) framework and is shown to be a... 

    Approximate minimum diameter

    , Article 23rd International Conference on Computing and Combinatorics, COCOON 2017, 3 August 2017 through 5 August 2017 ; Volume 10392 LNCS , 2017 , Pages 237-249 ; 03029743 (ISSN); 9783319623887 (ISBN) Ghodsi, M ; Homapour, H ; Seddighin, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer Verlag  2017
    We study the minimum diameter problem for a set of inexact points. By inexact, we mean that the precise location of the points is not known. Instead, the location of each point is restricted to a continuous region ({Imprecise} model) or a finite set of points ({Indecisive} model). Given a set of inexact points in one of {Imprecise} or {Indecisive} models, we wish to provide a lower-bound on the diameter of the real points. In the first part of the paper, we focus on {Indecisive} model. We present an (formula presented) time approximation algorithm of factor (1+epsilon) for finding minimum diameter of a set of points in d dimensions. This improves the previously proposed algorithms for this... 

    Unbinding of kinesin from microtubule in the strongly bound states enhances under assisting forces

    , Article Molecular Informatics ; Volume 37, Issue 4 , April , 2018 ; 18681743 (ISSN) Khataee, H ; Naseri, S ; Zhong, Y ; Liew, A. W. C ; Sharif University of Technology
    Wiley-VCH Verlag  2018
    The ability to predict the cellular dynamics of intracellular transport has enormous potential to impact human health. A key transporter is kinesin-1, an ATP-driven molecular motor that shuttles cellular cargos along microtubules (MTs). The dynamics of kinesins depends critically on their unbinding rate from MT, which varies depending on the force direction applied on the motor, i.e. the force-unbinding rate relation is asymmetric. However, it remains unclear how changing the force direction from resisting (applied against the motion direction) to assisting (applied in the motion direction) alters the kinesin's unbinding and stepping. Here, we propose a theoretical model for the influence of... 

    Shortest paths with single-point visibility constraint

    , Article Scientia Iranica ; Volume 13, Issue 1 , 2006 , Pages 25-32 ; 10263098 (ISSN) Khosravi, R ; Ghodsi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Sharif University of Technology  2006
    In this paper, the problem of finding the shortest path between two points in the presence of single-point visibility constraints is studied, In these types of constraint, there should be at least one point on the output path from which a fixed viewpoint is visible. The problem is studied in various domains, including simple polygons, polygonal domains and polyhedral surfaces. The method is based on partitioning the boundary of the visibility region of the viewpoint into a number of intervals. This is done from the combinatorial structure of the shortest paths from the source and destination to the points on the boundary. The result for the case of simple polygons is optimal with O(n) time... 

    Analytical and numerical evaluation of steady flow of blood through artery

    , Article Biomedical Research (India) ; Volume 24, Issue 1 , 2013 , Pages 88-98 ; 0970938X (ISSN) Sedaghatizadeh, N ; Barari, A ; Soleimani, S ; Mofidi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Steady blood flow through a circular artery with rigid walls is studied by COSSERAT Continuum Mechanical Approach. To obtain the additional viscosities coefficients, feed forward multi-layer perceptron (MLP) type of artificial neural networks (ANN) and the results obtained in previous empirical works is used. The governing filed equations are derived and solution to the Hagen-Poiseuilli flow of a COSSERAT fluid in the artery is obtained analytically by Homotopy Perturbation Method (HPM) and numerically using finite difference method. Comparison of analytical results with numerical ones showed excellent agreement. In addition microrotation and the velocity profile along the radius are... 

    The inapproximability for the (0,1)-additive number

    , Article Discrete Mathematics and Theoretical Computer Science ; Volume 17, Issue 3 , 2016 , Pages 217-226 ; 14627264 (ISSN) Ahadi, A ; Dehghan, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Discrete Mathematics and Theoretical Computer Science  2016
    An additive labeling of a graph G is a function H: V(G)→ N, such that for every two adjacent vertices v and u of G, Σw∼v l(w) = Σw∼vl(w) (x ∼ y means that x is joined to y). The additive number of G, denoted by η(G), is the minimum number k such that G has a additive labeling l: V(G)→ Nk. The additive choosability of a graph G, denoted by ηl(G), is the smallest number k such that G has an additive labeling for any assignment of lists of size k to the vertices of G, such that the label of each vertex belongs to its own list. Seamone in his PhD thesis conjectured that for every graph G, η(G) = ηe(G). We give a negative answer to this conjecture and we show that for every k there is a graph G... 

    An improved constant-factor approximation algorithm for planar visibility counting problem

    , Article Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics), 2 August 2016 through 4 August 2016 ; Volume 9797 , 2016 , Pages 209-221 ; 03029743 (ISSN) ; 9783319426334 (ISBN) Alipour, S ; Ghodsi, M ; Jafari, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer Verlag  2016
    Given a set S of n disjoint line segments in ℝ2, the visibility counting problem (VCP) is to preprocess S such that the number of segments in S visible from any query point p can be computed quickly. This problem can trivially be solved in logarithmic query time using O(n4) preprocessing time and space. Gudmundsson and Morin proposed a 2-approximation algorithm for this problem with a tradeoff between the space and the query time. They answer any query in Oε(n1−α) with Oε(n2+2α) of preprocessing time and space, where α is a constant 0 ≤ α ≤ 1, ε > 0 is another constant that can be made arbitrarily small, and Oε(f(n)) = O(f(n)nε). In this paper, we propose a randomized approximation algorithm... 

    A model-based Bayesian framework for ECG beat segmentation

    , Article Physiological Measurement ; Volume 30, Issue 3 , 2009 , Pages 335-352 ; 09673334 (ISSN) Sayadi, O ; Shamsollahi, M. B ; Sharif University of Technology
    The study of electrocardiogram (ECG) waveform amplitudes, timings and patterns has been the subject of intense research, for it provides a deep insight into the diagnostic features of the heart's functionality. In some recent works, a Bayesian filtering paradigm has been proposed for denoising and compression of ECG signals. In this paper, it is shown that this framework may be effectively used for ECG beat segmentation and extraction of fiducial points. Analytic expressions for the determination of points and intervals are derived and evaluated on various real ECG signals. Simulation results show that the method can contribute to and enhance the clinical ECG beat segmentation performance. ©... 

    Comparison of Shuffling-Adaptive Neuro Fuzzy Inference System (Shuffling-ANFIS) with conventional ANFIS as feature selection methods for nonlinear systems

    , Article QSAR and Combinatorial Science ; Volume 26, Issue 10 , 2007 , Pages 1046-1059 ; 1611020X (ISSN) Jalali Heravi, M ; Kyani, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    This paper compares the Shuffling-Adaptive Neuro Fuzzy Inference System (Shuffling-ANFIS) with conventional ANFIS as the method for selecting the features of nonlinear systems. Shuffling-ANFIS technique uses the advantage of data splitting with the ANFIS as a powerful feature selection method to select the most important factors affecting nonlinear phenomena. In this technique, the features with the largest percent of frequency can be found by running the conventional ANFIS sequential forward search on the large number of training and test sets using leave-one-out validation criteria. The superiority of Shuffling-ANFIS over the conventional ANFIS was evaluated by using two synthetic and one... 

    Analysis of non-stationary data for heart-rate fluctuations in terms of drift and diffusion coefficients

    , Article Journal of Biological Physics ; Volume 32, Issue 2 , 2006 , Pages 117-128 ; 00920606 (ISSN) Ghasemi, F ; Sahimi, M ; Peinke, J ; Rahimi Tabar, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    We describe a method for analyzing the stochasticity in non-stationary data for the beat-to-beat fluctuations in the heart rates of healthy subjects, as well as those with congestive heart failure. The method analyzes the return time series of the data as a Markov process, and computes the Markov time scale, i.e., the time scale over which the data are a Markov process. We also construct an effective stochastic continuum equation for the return series. We show that the drift and diffusion coefficients, as well as the amplitude of the return time series for healthy subjects are distinct from those with CHF. Thus, the method may potentially provide a diagnostic tool for distinguishing healthy... 

    Sparse ICA via cluster-wise PCA

    , Article Neurocomputing ; Volume 69, Issue 13-15 , 2006 , Pages 1458-1466 ; 09252312 (ISSN) Babaie Zadeh, M ; Jutten, C ; Mansour, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    In this paper, it is shown that independent component analysis (ICA) of sparse signals (sparse ICA) can be seen as a cluster-wise principal component analysis (PCA). Consequently, Sparse ICA may be done by a combination of a clustering algorithm and PCA. For the clustering part, we use, in this paper, an algorithm inspired from K-means. The final algorithm is easy to implement for any number of sources. Experimental results points out the good performance of the method, whose the main restriction is to request an exponential growing of the sample number as the number of sources increases. © 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved  

    Simulation of competition between two microorganisms in a biofilm reactor based on different growth models

    , Article Biochemical Engineering Journal ; Volume 23, Issue 1 , 2005 , Pages 63-72 ; 1369703X (ISSN) Khoyi, M. R ; Yaghmaei, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    A simple biofilm model based on a model suggested by Soda et al. [S. Soda, E. Heinzle, M. Fujita, Modeling and simulation of competition between two microorganisms for a single inhibitory substrate in a biofilm reactor, Biotechnol. Bioeng. 66 (1999) 258-264] was used to simulate the competition between two microorganisms for space and a single inhibitory substrate in a biofilm reactor. Different growth kinetics were used to describe the growth of two microorganisms A and B which utilize the inhibitory substrate and the effect of biofilm thickness on microorganism concentration in biofilm was discussed. It was assumed that the biofilm has a uniform thickness and is composed of N segments (N =... 

    Computational modeling of drug distribution in the posterior segment of the eye: Effects of device variables and positions

    , Article Mathematical Biosciences ; Vol. 255, issue. 1 , 2014 , p. 11-20 Jooybar, E ; Abdekhodaie, M. J ; Farhadi F ; Cheng Y. L ; Sharif University of Technology
    A computational model was developed to simulate drug distribution in the posterior segment of the eye after intravitreal injection and ocular implantation. The effects of important factors in intravitreal injection such as injection time, needle gauge and needle angle on the ocular drug distribution were studied. Also, the influences of the position and the type of implant on the concentration profile in the posterior segment were investigated. Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) calculations were conducted to describe the 3D convective-diffusive transport. The geometrical model was constructed based on the human eye dimensions. To simulate intravitreal injection, unlike previous studies... 

    Symmetric bursting behaviors in the generalized FitzHugh-Nagumo model

    , Article Biological Cybernetics ; Volume 107, Issue 4 , 2013 , Pages 465-476 ; 03401200 (ISSN) Abbasian, A. H ; Fallah, H ; Razvan, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    In the current paper, we have investigated the generalized FitzHugh-Nagumo model. We have shown that symmetric bursting behaviors of different types could be observed in this model with an appropriate recovery term. A modified version of this system is used to construct bursting activities. Furthermore, we have shown some numerical examples of delayed Hopf bifurcation and canard phenomenon in the symmetric bursting of super-Hopf/homoclinic type near its super-Hopf and homoclinic bifurcations, respectively  

    Gating and conduction of nano-channel forming proteins: A computational approach

    , Article Journal of Biomolecular Structure and Dynamics ; Volume 31, Issue 8 , 2013 , Pages 818-828 ; 07391102 (ISSN) Besya, A. B ; Mobasheri, H ; Ejtehadi, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Monitoring conformational changes in ion channels is essential to understand their gating mechanism. Here, we explore the structural dynamics of four outer membrane proteins with different structures and functions in the slowest nonzero modes of vibration. Normal mode analysis was performed on the modified elastic network model of channel in the membrane. According to our results, when membrane proteins were analyzed in the dominant mode, the composed pores, TolC and α-hemolysin showed large motions at the intramembrane β-barrel region while, in other porins, OmpA and OmpF, largest motions observed in the region of external flexible loops. A criterion based on equipartition theorem was used... 

    Spike phase synchronization in delayed-coupled neural networks: Uniform vs. non-uniform transmission delay

    , Article Chaos ; Volume 23, Issue 1 , 2013 ; 10541500 (ISSN) Jalili, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    In this paper, we investigated phase synchronization in delayed dynamical networks. Non-identical spiking Hindmarsh-Rose neurons were considered as individual dynamical systems and coupled through a number of network structures such as scale-free, Erdos-Rényi, and modular. The individual neurons were coupled through excitatory chemical synapses with uniform or distributed time delays. The profile of spike phase synchrony was different when the delay was uniform across the edges as compared to the case when it was distributed, i.e., different delays for the edges. When an identical transmission delay was considered, a quasi-periodic pattern was observed in the spike phase synchrony. There... 

    Influence of ridge filter material on the beam efficiency and secondary neutron production in a proton therapy system

    , Article Zeitschrift fur Medizinische Physik ; Volume 22, Issue 3 , September , 2012 , Pages 231-240 ; 09393889 (ISSN) Riazi, Z ; Afarideh, H ; Sadighi-Bonabi, R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier  2012
    In this work, the 3D proton dose profile is calculated in a homogenous water phantom using a Monte Carlo application developed with the Geant4 toolkit. The effect of the ridge filter material (for SOBP widths of 6, 9 and 12 cm) on the homogeneity of the dose distribution, secondary neutron production and beam efficiency are investigated in a single ring wobbling irradiation system. The energy spectrum of secondary neutrons per primary proton at various locations around the phantom surface is calculated. The simulation revealed that most of the produced neutrons are released at slight angles which enable them to reach the patient and consequently to be hazardous. Also, the homogeneity of the... 

    The agglomeration kinetics of aluminum hydroxide in Bayer process

    , Article Powder Technology ; Volume 224 , July , 2012 , Pages 351-355 ; 00325910 (ISSN) Bahrami, M ; Nattaghi, E ; Movahedirad, S ; Ranjbarian, S ; Farhadi, F ; Sharif University of Technology
    The effects of temperature, seed mass and agitation rate on agglomeration kinetics of aluminum hydroxide in Bayer process have been studied in a batch system. Collected raw data were analyzed and the kinetics data of agglomeration were derived through simulation of the process using a pre-developed software. The results showed that agglomeration kinetics constant (agglomeration kernel) increases with increase in temperature and agitation rate. Moreover a maximum value of agglomeration rate versus added seed mass was observed. Furthermore the magnitude of calculated activation energy of agglomeration was close to that of growth