Search for: measurement-accuracy
0.018 seconds

    Bio-inspired evolutionary model of spiking neural networks in ionic liquid space

    , Article Frontiers in Neuroscience ; Volume 13 , 2019 ; 16624548 (ISSN) Iranmehr, E ; Bagheri Shouraki, S ; Faraji, M. M ; Bagheri, N ; Linares Barranco, B ; Sharif University of Technology
    Frontiers Media S.A  2019
    One of the biggest struggles while working with artificial neural networks is being able to come up with models which closely match biological observations. Biological neural networks seem to capable of creating and pruning dendritic spines, leading to synapses being changed, which results in higher learning capability. The latter forms the basis of the present study in which a new ionic model for reservoir-like networks, consisting of spiking neurons, is introduced. High plasticity of this model makes learning possible with a fewer number of neurons. In order to study the effect of the applied stimulus in an ionic liquid space through time, a diffusion operator is used which somehow... 

    Novel class detection in data streams using local patterns and neighborhood graph

    , Article Neurocomputing ; Volume 158 , June , 2015 , Pages 234-245 ; 09252312 (ISSN) ZareMoodi, P ; Beigy, H ; Kamali Siahroudi, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier  2015
    Data stream classification is one of the most challenging areas in the machine learning. In this paper, we focus on three major challenges namely infinite length, concept-drift and concept-evolution. Infinite length causes the inability to store all instances. Concept-drift is the change in the underlying concept and occurs in almost every data stream. Concept-evolution, in fact, is the arrival of novel classes and is an undeniable phenomenon in most real world data streams. There are lots of researches about data stream classification, but most of them focus on the first two challenges and ignore the last one. In this paper, we propose new method based on ensembles whose classifiers use... 

    A new model of pressure propagation in human tissue in HIFU application

    , Article Acta Medica Mediterranea ; Volume 31, Issue 7 , 2015 , Pages 1501-1505 ; 03936384 (ISSN) Hajian, S. R ; Abbaspour Tehrani Fard, A ; Pouladian, M ; Hemmasi, G. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    A. CARBONE Editore  2015
    This project is a new pressure model for propagating pressure inside one or several tissues at the time of treatment with high intensity focus ultrasound (HIFU). Pressure's changes are converted to heat's changes in tissue and this is done oscillatory. When the treatment is done in deeper tissues, obtained heat can affect surficial tissues. This pressure effect also can enter surficial tissues. Amount of pressure and heat possible injury can be controlled and reduced through this mechanical modelling. In this model we have used three layers and pressure also is obtained within these three layers and is investigated averagely. Obtained tissue in this mood is kidney tissue and it is tried to... 

    Electrospun polyethylene terephthalate/graphene nanocomposite as a new solid-phase microextraction fiber coating for enhanced determination of organochlorine compounds

    , Article Chromatographia ; Volume 81, Issue 10 , 2018 , Pages 1413-1420 ; 00095893 (ISSN) Najarzadegan, H ; Roostaie, A ; Ehteshami, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Friedr. Vieweg und Sohn Verlags GmbH  2018
    A new unbreakable solid-phase microextraction fiber coating based on polyethylene terephthalate/graphene nanocomposite was developed. The nanocomposite coatings were prepared by an electrospinning technique using a polyethylene terephthalate (PET) polymer solution containing the dispersed graphene on the outer surface of a stainless-steel rod. The applicability of polyethylene terephthalate/graphene nanocomposite coatings was examined by extraction of organochlorine compounds (OCs) including heptachlor epoxide, aldrin, γ-HCH, and β-HCH from aqueous samples in headspace mode. Influential parameters on extraction efficiency such as polymer concentration, the weight ratio of components, the... 

    AntAngioCOOL: computational detection of anti-angiogenic peptides

    , Article Journal of Translational Medicine ; Volume 17, Issue 1 , 2019 ; 14795876 (ISSN) Zahiri, J ; Khorsand, B ; Yousefi, A. A ; Kargar, M. J ; Shirali Hossein Zade, R ; Mahdevar, G ; Sharif University of Technology
    BioMed Central Ltd  2019
    Background: Angiogenesis inhibition research is a cutting edge area in angiogenesis-dependent disease therapy, especially in cancer therapy. Recently, studies on anti-angiogenic peptides have provided promising results in the field of cancer treatment. Methods: A non-redundant dataset of 135 anti-angiogenic peptides (positive instances) and 135 non anti-angiogenic peptides (negative instances) was used in this study. Also, 20% of each class were selected to construct an independent test dataset (see Additional files 1, 2). We proposed an effective machine learning based R package (AntAngioCOOL) to predict anti-angiogenic peptides. We have examined more than 200 different classifiers to build... 

    Magnetic-induced nanoparticles and rotary tubes for energetic and exergetic performance improvement of compact heat exchangers

    , Article Powder Technology ; Volume 377 , 2021 , Pages 396-414 ; 00325910 (ISSN) Bezaatpour, M ; Rostamzadeh, H ; Bezaatpour, J ; Ebadollahi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2021
    In the present study, the effects of rotary tubes and magnetic-induced nanofluid on heat transfer characteristics of a compact heat exchanger are individually investigated. Two-phase Eulerian model is employed to predict the hydrothermal and entropic characteristics of Fe3O4/water ferrofluid in the heat exchanger. Results indicate that utilizing each rotary tubes and magnetic field method can improve the energy and exergy efficiencies of the compact heat exchanger under specific circumstances by forming different types of secondary flow. It is found that employing each method individually can increase the maximum heat transfer rate by more than 60%. In comparison with methods like passive... 

    Second-order calibration for simultaneous determination of pharmaceuticals in water samples by solid-phase extraction and fast high-performance liquid chromatography with diode array detector

    , Article Chemometrics and Intelligent Laboratory Systems ; Vol. 137, issue , 2014 , pp. 146-154 ; ISSN: 01697439 Akvan, N ; Parastar, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    A fast high-performance liquid chromatography-diode array detection (HPLC-DAD) approach combined to solid phase extraction (SPE) as a pre-concentration step is developed for simultaneous determination of five selected pharmaceuticals (carbamazepine, naproxen, diclofenac, gemfibrozil and mefenamic acid) in water samples. The effective factors on the efficiency of SPE procedure are optimized using faced-centered central composite design (FCCD). In addition, multi-response optimization by using Derringer's desirability function is used to find the optimum experimental conditions for extraction of analytes from well and river waters. Due to the complexity of water matrices and the presence of... 

    Identification of catecholamine neurotransmitters using fluorescence sensor array

    , Article Analytica Chimica Acta ; Volume 917 , 2016 , Pages 85-92 ; 00032670 (ISSN) Ghasemi, F ; Hormozi Nezhad, M. R ; Mahmoudi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2016
    A nano-based sensor array has been developed for identification and discrimination of catecholamine neurotransmitters based on optical properties of their oxidation products under alkaline conditions. To produce distinct fluorescence response patterns for individual catecholamine, quenching of thioglycolic acid functionalized cadmium telluride (CdTe) quantum dots, by oxidation products, were employed along with the variation of fluorescence spectra of oxidation products. The spectral changes were analyzed with hierarchical cluster analysis (HCA) and principal component analysis (PCA) to identify catecholamine patterns. The proposed sensor could efficiently discriminate the individual... 

    Simulation of low density lipoprotein (LDL) permeation into multilayer coronary arterial wall: interactive effects of wall shear stress and fluid-structure interaction in hypertension

    , Article Journal of Biomechanics ; Volume 67 , 2018 , Pages 114-122 ; 00219290 (ISSN) Roustaei, M ; Nikmaneshi, M. R ; Firoozabadi, B ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2018
    Due to increased atherosclerosis-caused mortality, identification of its genesis and development is of great importance. Although, key factors of the origin of the disease is still unknown, it is widely believed that cholesterol particle penetration and accumulation in arterial wall is mainly responsible for further wall thickening and decreased rate of blood flow during a gradual progression. To date, various effective components are recognized whose simultaneous consideration would lead to a more accurate approximation of Low Density Lipoprotein (LDL) distribution within the wall. In this research, a multilayer Fluid-Structure Interaction (FSI) model is studied to simulate the penetration... 

    Subject-specific regression equations to estimate lower spinal loads during symmetric and asymmetric static lifting

    , Article Journal of Biomechanics ; Volume 102 , 2020 Ghezelbash, F ; Shirazi Adl, A ; El Ouaaid, Z ; Plamondon, A ; Arjmand, N ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2020
    Workplace safety assessment, personalized treatment design and back pain prevention programs require accurate subject-specific estimation of spinal loads. Since no noninvasive method can directly estimate spinal loads, easy-to-use regression equations that are constructed based on the results of complex musculoskeletal models appear as viable alternatives. Thus, we aim to develop subject-specific regression equations of L4-L5 and L5-S1 shear and compression forces during various symmetric/asymmetric tasks using a nonlinear personalized finite element musculoskeletal trunk model. Kinematics and electromyography (EMG) activities of 19 young healthy subjects were collected during 64 different... 

    Nanoparticles migration due to thermophoresis and Brownian motion and its impact on Ag-MgO/water hybrid nanofluid natural convection

    , Article Powder Technology ; Volume 375 , 20 September , 2020 , Pages 493-503 Goudarzi, S ; Shekaramiz, M ; Omidvar, A ; Golab, E ; Karimipour, A ; Karimipour, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2020
    The present study aims to investigate the impact of nanoparticle migration due to Brownian motion and thermophoresis on Ag-MgO/Water hybrid nanofluid natural convection. An enclosure with sinusoidal wavy walls is considered for this investigation; right and cold walls of this enclosure are in constant temperature while the upper and bottom walls are insulated. This simulation follows Buongiorno's mathematical model; Brownian and thermophoresis diffusion of Ag occurs in MgO-Water nanofluid while the diffusion of MgO happens in Ag-water nanofluid. The result indicates that Nu number increments up to 11% by increasing thermophoresis diffusion for both nanoparticles. Also, increasing Brownian... 

    Determining of the optimized dimensions of the Marinelli beaker containing source with inhomogeneous emission rate by using genetic algorithm coupled with MCNP and determining distribution type by neural networks

    , Article Applied Radiation and Isotopes ; Volume 157 , 2020 Zamzamian, S. M ; Hosseini, S. A ; Feghhi, S. A ; Samadfam, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2020
    In order to determine the activity of C137s in soil resulting from nuclear accidents or fallouts, the best choice is to use HPGe detectors due to their best energy resolutions. In this regard, in order to enhance the detection efficiency, the Marinelli beakers have been used to increase the radiation interaction with the sensitive volume of the detector. In previous works, to optimize the dimension of Marinelli beakers, the assumption was that the emission rate of the source is homogeneous in beaker volume. In the present study, to investigate the effect of the inhomogeneous emission rate of the source on the optimum dimensions of the beaker, in a simple case, the beaker was divided into two... 

    Relative performances of artificial neural network and regression mapping tools in evaluation of spinal loads and muscle forces during static lifting

    , Article Journal of Biomechanics ; Volume 46, Issue 8 , 2013 , Pages 1454-1462 ; 00219290 (ISSN) Arjmand, N ; Ekrami, O ; Shirazi Adl, A ; Plamondon, A ; Parnianpour, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Two artificial neural networks (ANNs) are constructed, trained, and tested to map inputs of a complex trunk finite element (FE) model to its outputs for spinal loads and muscle forces. Five input variables (thorax flexion angle, load magnitude, its anterior and lateral positions, load handling technique, i.e., one- or two-handed static lifting) and four model outputs (L4-L5 and L5-S1 disc compression and anterior-posterior shear forces) for spinal loads and 76 model outputs (forces in individual trunk muscles) are considered. Moreover, full quadratic regression equations mapping input-outputs of the model developed here for muscle forces and previously for spine loads are used to compare the... 

    Sagittal range of motion of the thoracic spine using inertial tracking device and effect of measurement errors on model predictions

    , Article Journal of Biomechanics ; Volume 49, Issue 6 , 2016 , Pages 913-918 ; 00219290 (ISSN) Hajibozorgi, M ; Arjmand, N ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd 
    Range of motion (ROM) of the thoracic spine has implications in patient discrimination for diagnostic purposes and in biomechanical models for predictions of spinal loads. Few previous studies have reported quite different thoracic ROMs. Total (T1-T12), lower (T5-T12) and upper (T1-T5) thoracic, lumbar (T12-S1), pelvis, and entire trunk (T1) ROMs were measured using an inertial tracking device as asymptomatic subjects flexed forward from their neutral upright position to full forward flexion. Correlations between body height and the ROMs were conducted. An effect of measurement errors of the trunk flexion (T1) on the model-predicted spinal loads was investigated. Mean of peak voluntary total... 

    Feasibility of infrared tracking of beating heart motion for robotic assisted beating heart surgery

    , Article International Journal of Medical Robotics and Computer Assisted Surgery ; Volume 14, Issue 1 , February , 2018 ; 14785951 (ISSN) Mansouri, S ; Farahmand, F ; Vossoughi, G ; Ghavidel, A. A ; Rezayat, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    John Wiley and Sons Ltd  2018
    Background: Accurate tracking of the heart surface motion is a major requirement for robot assisted beating heart surgery. Method: The feasibility of a stereo infrared tracking system for measuring the free beating heart motion was investigated by experiments on a heart motion simulator, as well as model surgery on a dog. Results: Simulator experiments revealed a high tracking accuracy (81 μm root mean square error) when the capturing times were synchronized and the tracker pointed at the target from a 100 cm distance. The animal experiment revealed the applicability of the infrared tracker with passive markers in practical heart surgery conditions. Conclusion: With the current technology,... 

    ZnO nanoparticle/nanorod-based label-free electrochemical immunoassay for rapid detection of MMP-9 biomarker

    , Article Biochemical Engineering Journal ; Volume 164 , 2020 Shabani, E ; Abdekhodaie, M. J ; Mousavi, S. A ; Taghipour, F ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2020
    A label-free electrochemical biosensor was developed for the rapid detection of the matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP-9) biomarker on the basis of antibody immobilizing on the zinc oxide (ZnO) nanoparticle and ZnO nanorod electrodes. The charge transfer resistance (Rct) of the electrodes was used as the indicator for MMP-9 concentration, which was obtained through cyclic voltammetry (CV) and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). The ZnO nanorod-based biosensor exhibited linear behavior in the MMP-9 concentration range of 1–1000 ng/ml, which is a wider range than the available concentration ranges for most of the conventional methods. The biosensor sensitivity was 32.5 μA/(decade × cm2)... 

    Three-dimensional hybrid of iron–titanium mixed oxide/nitrogen-doped graphene on Ni foam as a superior electrocatalyst for oxygen evolution reaction

    , Article Journal of Colloid and Interface Science ; Volume 563 , 15 March , 2020 , Pages 241-251 Mousavi, D. S ; Asen, P ; Shahrokhian, S ; Irajizad, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Academic Press Inc  2020
    Growing demands for clean and renewable energy technologies have sparked broad research on the development of highly efficient and stable non-noble metal electrocatalysts for oxygen evolution reaction (OER). In this regard, in the present work a three-dimensional Fe2TiO5/nitrogen-doped graphene (denoted as 3D FTO/NG) hybrid electrocatalyst was synthesized via a facile in-situ process using a hydrothermal method. Structural characterization of the prepared nanocomposite is performed by various techniques e.g. field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), atomic force microscopy (AFM) analysis, Fourier transform infrared spectra (FT-IR), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy spectra (XPS),...