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    Surface modification for titanium implants by hydroxyapatite nanocomposite

    , Article Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine ; Volume 3, Issue 3 , 2012 , Pages 460-465 ; 20086164 (ISSN) Family, R ; Solati Hashjin, M ; Nik, S. N ; Nemati, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Background: Titanium (Ti) implants are commonly coated with hydroxyapatite (HA). However, HA has some disadvantages such as brittleness, low tensile strength and fracture toughness. It is desirable to combine the excellent mechanical properties of ZrO 2 and the chemical inertness of Al 2O 3 with respect to the purpose of this project which was coating Ti implants with HA-ZrO 2-Al 2O 3 to modify the surface of these implants by adding ZrO 2 and Al 2O 3 to HA. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of hydroxyapatite coating nonocomposite. Methods: From September 2009 to January2011, functionally graded HA-Al 2O 3-ZrO 2 and HA coatings were applied on Ti samples. HA-Al 2O 3-ZrO... 

    Elastic properties of actin assemblies in different states of nucleotide binding

    , Article Cellular and Molecular Bioengineering ; Volume 5, Issue 1 , 2012 , Pages 1-13 ; 18655025 (ISSN) Ghodsi, H ; Kazemi, M. T ; Sharif University of Technology
    In this paper, the elastic properties of monomeric actin (G-actin) and the trimer nucleus (G-actin trimer) in different states of nucleotide binding are estimated using steered molecular dynamic (SMD) simulations. Three nucleotide binding states are considered: ADP- and ATP-bound actin and nucleotide-free actin assemblies. Our results show that nucleotide binding and the corresponding changes in structure have significant effects on the mechanical behaviors of actin assemblies. Simulations reveal that the deformation behavior of G-actin monomers is generally elastic up to engineering strains of 16 and 40% in the tension and shear tests, respectively. In addition, the G-actin trimers react... 

    Nanomechanics of actin filament: a molecular dynamics simulation

    , Article Cytoskeleton ; Volume 75, Issue 3 , March , 2018 , Pages 118-130 ; 19493584 (ISSN) Shamloo, A ; Mehrafrooz, B ; Sharif University of Technology
    John Wiley and Sons Inc  2018
    Actin is known as the most abundant essentially protein in eukaryotic cells. Actin plays a crucial role in many cellular processes involving mechanical forces such as cell motility, adhesion, muscle contraction, and intracellular transport. However, little is known about the mechanical properties of this protein when subjected to mechanical forces in cellular processes. In this article, a series of large-scale molecular dynamics simulations are carried out to elucidate nanomechanical behavior such as elastic and viscoelastic properties of a single actin filament. Here, we used two individual methods namely, all-atoms and coarse-grained molecular dynamics, to evaluate elastic properties of a... 

    A plastic-yield compaction model for nanostructured Al6063 alloy and Al6063/Al2O3 nanocomposite powder

    , Article Powder Technology ; Volume 211, Issue 2-3 , 2011 , Pages 215-220 ; 00325910 (ISSN) Asgharzadeh, H ; Simchi, A ; Kim, H. S ; Sharif University of Technology
    A modified plastic yield function is proposed to predict the consolidation behavior of nanostructured metal powders and metal-matrix nanocomposite powders under uniaxial compaction. The validity of the model is verified for nanocrystalline Al6063 (~100nm) alloy reinforced without and with 0.8vol.% Al2O3 nanoparticles (~25nm). The plastic deformation propensity of these powders is analyzed by linear compaction equations. The yield stress of the powder compacts is shown to be influenced by the nano-scale grains and the reinforcement nanoparticles  

    A viscoelastic model for axonal microtubule rupture

    , Article Journal of Biomechanics ; Volume 48, Issue 7 , 2015 , Pages 1241-1247 ; 00219290 (ISSN) Shamloo, A ; Manuchehrfar, F ; Rafii Tabar, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2015
    Axon is an important part of the neuronal cells and axonal microtubules are bundles in axons. In axons, microtubules are coated with microtubule-associated protein tau, a natively unfolded filamentous protein in the central nervous system. These proteins are responsible for cross-linking axonal microtubule bundles. Through complimentary dimerization with other tau proteins, bridges are formed between nearby microtubules creating bundles. Formation of bundles of microtubules causes their transverse reinforcement and has been shown to enhance their ability to bear compressive loads. Though microtubules are conventionally regarded as bearing compressive loads, in certain circumstances during...