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    Engineering mechanics 2

    , Book ; Gross, D. (Dietmar)
    Springer  2018

    Quantum ergodicity for a class of non-generic systems

    , Article Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical ; Volume 49, Issue 5 , 2015 ; 17518113 (ISSN) Asadi, P ; Bakhshinezhad, F ; Rezakhani, A. T ; Sharif University of Technology
    We examine quantum normal typicality and ergodicity properties for quantum systems whose dynamics are generated by Hamiltonians which have residual degeneracy in their spectrum and resonance in their energy gaps. Such systems can be considered atypical in the sense that degeneracy, which is usually a sign of symmetry, is naturally broken in typical systems due to stochastic perturbations. In particular, we prove a version of von Neumann's quantum ergodic theorem, where a modified condition needs to hold in order to have normal typicality and ergodicity. As a result, we show that degeneracy of spectrum does not considerably modify the condition of the theorem, whereas the existence of... 

    Simulation of elasto-plastic deformations in composites by flow rules

    , Article Indian Journal of Science and Technology ; Vol. 7, issue. 2 , 2014 , pp. 180-184 ; ISSN: 09746846 Monfared, V ; Fazaeli, D ; Daneshmand, S ; Shafaghatian, N ; Sharif University of Technology
    In this paper, a novel model is proposed to predict stress behavior in the fibrous polymer composites under an applied tensile axial loading. Tangential stress is obtained by simulating between polymeric matrix flow (polyester) and fluid flow. In the other words, creep behavior of the petrochemical material or polymeric resin (matrix) is modeled using fluid flow theory. Furthermore, behavior of the shear stress is predicted by suitable mathematical functions. Finally, important relation is extracted by combining the solid and fluid mechanics formulations  

    Numerical investigation of fast axial flow high power CW CO2 laser: Considering the effect of intensity variation

    , Article Scientia Iranica ; Volume 10, Issue 4 , 2003 , Pages 443-448 ; 10263098 (ISSN) Amjadi, A ; Imangholi, B ; Sharif University of Technology
    Sharif University of Technology  2003
    The effect of intensity variation on the quantum densities of active medium and thermodynamic characteristics of a high turbulent flow CO2 laser has been investigated. Comparison between the calculation of constant and variant intensity on the quantum densities and thermodynamic characteristics of turbulent gas flow shows a ∼ 10% drop in the output power of the laser, which is only 50 cm long. © Sharif University of Technology, October 2003  

    Effect of ECAP temperature on microstructure and mechanical properties of Al-Zn-Mg-Cu alloy

    , Article Progress in Natural Science: Materials International ; Volume 26, Issue 2 , 2016 , Pages 182-191 ; 10020071 (ISSN) Shaeri, M. H ; Shaeri, M ; Ebrahimi, M ; Salehi, M. T ; Seyyedein, S. H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2016
    The effect of equal channel angular pressing (ECAP) at different temperatures (room temperature, 120, 150 and 180 °C) on microstructure and mechanical properties of Al-7075 solid solution alloy was investigated. Microstructure of the specimens was examined using orientation imaging microscopy, transmission electron microscopy as well as X-ray diffractometer, and mechanical properties were measured by Vickers microhardness and tensile tests. Microstructural investigations showed that after 3 or 4 passes of ECAP, fine grains with average grain sizes in range of 300-1000 nm could be obtained at different ECAP temperatures. Increasing ECAP temperature from 120 to 180 °C caused a decrease in... 

    Time operator in relativistic quantum mechanics

    , Article Communications in Theoretical Physics ; Volume 68, Issue 1 , 2017 , Pages 35-38 ; 02536102 (ISSN) Khorasani, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    It is first shown that the Dirac's equation in a relativistic frame could be modified to allow discrete time, in agreement to a recently published upper bound. Next, an exact self-adjoint 4 × 4 relativistic time operator for spin-1/2 particles is found and the time eigenstates for the non-relativistic case are obtained and discussed. Results confirm the quantum mechanical speculation that particles can indeed occupy negative energy levels with vanishingly small but non-zero probablity, contrary to the general expectation from classical physics. Hence, Wolfgang Pauli's objection regarding the existence of a self-adjoint time operator is fully resolved. It is shown that using the time... 

    Erratum: Multifractal detrended fluctuation analysis of sunspot time series (Journal of statistical mechanics: Theory and experiment)

    , Article Journal of Statistical Mechanics: Theory and Experiment ; Volume 2011, Issue 9 , 2011 ; 17425468 (ISSN) Sadegh Movahed, M ; Jafari, G. R ; Ghasemi, F ; Rahvar, S ; Reza Rahimi Tabar, M ; Sharif University of Technology

    Characteristic angular scales in cosmic microwave background radiation

    , Article Journal of Statistical Mechanics: Theory and Experiment ; Issue 11 , 2006 ; 17425468 (ISSN) Ghasemi, F ; Bahraminasab, A ; Movahed, S. M. S ; Rahvar, S ; Sreenivasan, K. R ; Rahimi Tabar, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    We investigate the stochasticity in temperature fluctuations in the cosmic microwave background (CMB) radiation data from the Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe. We show that the angular fluctuation of the temperature is a Markov process with a Markov angular scale, ΘMarkov = 1.01 -0.07+0.09. We characterize the complexity of the CMB fluctuations by means of a Fokker-Planck or Langevin equation and measure the associated Kramers-Moyal coefficients for the fluctuating temperature field T (n̂)and its increment, ∇ T = T(n̂2). Through this method we show that temperature fluctuations in the CMB have fat tails compared to a Gaussian distribution. © 2006 IOP Publishing Ltd and SISSA  

    Multifractal detrended fluctuation analysis of sunspot time series

    , Article Journal of Statistical Mechanics: Theory and Experiment ; Issue 2 , 2006 ; 17425468 (ISSN) Movahed, M. S ; Jafari, G. R ; Ghasemi, F ; Rahvar, S ; Rahimi Tabar, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    We use multifractal detrended fluctuation analysis (MF-DFA), to study sunspot number fluctuations. The result of the MF-DFA shows that there are three crossover timescales in the fluctuation function. We discuss how the existence of the crossover timescales is related to a sinusoidal trend. Using Fourier detrended fluctuation analysis, the sinusoidal trend is eliminated. The Hurst exponent of the time series without the sinusoidal trend is 0.12 ± 0.01. Also we find that these fluctuations have multifractal nature. Comparing the MF-DFA results for the remaining data set to those for shuffled and surrogate series, we conclude that its multifractal nature is almost entirely due to long range... 

    Hybrid PP-EPR-GF composites. Part II: Fracture mechanisms

    , Article Plastics, Rubber and Composites ; Volume 32, Issue 10 , 2003 , Pages 439-444 ; 14658011 (ISSN) Zebarjad, S. M ; Bagheri, R ; Lazzeri, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    The fracture mechanism of hybrid iPP-EPR-GF composites has been studied by notched Charpy, three- and four-point bending fracture tests. The results of impact tests illustrate that increasing both temperature and EPR/GF ratio increases the impact energy of iPP-EPR-GF. Indeed, with increasing temperature, a brittle, ductile, transition temperature (BDTT) occurs. The results of a three-point bending test show that fracture toughness (KIC) can be improved by addition of both GF and EPR. Since the trend in the fracture toughness values is close to what would be expected by the rule of blends, it can be concluded that the use of both GF and EPR has no significant synergistic effect on toughening.... 

    Investigation of deformation mechanism in polypropylene/glass fiber composite

    , Article Journal of Applied Polymer Science ; Volume 87, Issue 13 , 2003 , Pages 2171-2176 ; 00218995 (ISSN) Zebarjad, S. M ; Bagheri, R ; Seyed Reihani, S. M ; Forunchi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    A great amount of work has been done over the past few years to understand the structure-properties relationship in polypropylene/glass fiber composites. This is because of the very fast-growing rate of polypropylene applications in the automotive and other industries. This work focused on the role of glass fibers and fiber-matrix adhesion on deformation mechanism. Composites with different fiber content, with and without adhesion promoter, were fabricated. Tensile tests and microscopy techniques were conducted. Based on the results, a physical model has been proposed that illustrates the initiation and growth of the damage under static loading condition. According to this work, the... 

    Fracture behaviour of isotactic polypropylene under static loading condition

    , Article Materials and Design ; Volume 24, Issue 2 , 2003 , Pages 105-109 ; 02641275 (ISSN) Zebarjad, S. M ; Bagheri, R ; Lazzeri, A ; Serajzadeh, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2003
    The fracture mechanism of isotactic polypropylene has been studied by three- and four-point bending tests. The result of three-point bending test shows that a wide spread damage zone is present in front of the notch. Looking in more detail via cross-polarised light shows the evidence of birefringence in the stress-whitened zone. Increasing the applied load causes it to spread out the stress-whitened zone. Then the craze-like features are nucleated inside the stress-whitened region. The result of four-point bending test shows that craze-like damage appears in front of pre-crack and its propagation is dictated by spherulite microstructure. © 2003 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved  

    Technical English for mechanical engineers

    , Book Alemi, Minoo ; Meghdari,Ali
    Sharif University Press  2014
    Local educational institutions produce in-house English for Specific Purpose (ESP) materials according to the curriculum policies designated and developed by the Ministry of Higher Education In Iran. To this end, this book aims to be used in the Iranian setting at the tertiary level for undergraduate students majoring in Mechanical Engineering. Moreover, the style of English usage in this ESP textbook is American.
    Regarding the content of the textbook, it has both thematic organizations in which the topics are relevant and includes sufficient treatment of the target language areas necessary for the students. The principle organizing approach of this textbook is theme-based. In addition,... 

    “It from Bit” and quantum mechanics

    , Article Foundations of Science ; Volume 25, Issue 2 , 2020 , Pages 375-384 Barzegar, A ; Shafiee, A ; Taqavi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer  2020
    John Archibald Wheeler is one of the staunchest advocates of the idea that information is more fundamental than anything else in physics. In this paper, we examine the status of this idea summarized in Wheeler’s slogan ‘it from bit’ in the context of Bohmian Mechanics and spontaneous collapse models. We will argue that any question about the status of ‘it from bit’ crucially depends on the particular interpretation of these theories one favors. © 2019, Springer Nature B.V  

    Optimal synthesis of planar and spatial mechanism for path generation using regression deviation

    , Article Scientia Iranica ; Volume 12, Issue 2 , 2005 , Pages 190-198 ; 10263098 (ISSN) Zohoor, H ; Tavakoli Nia, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Sharif University of Technology  2005
    This method introduces the structural error of regression deviation, which is an effective method for the path generation of a vast type of planar and spatial mechanism. The proposed method avoids point-by-point comparison and requirement of timing and reflects the difference between the two curves very effectively in the objective function. By decreasing the number of the design variables, this method would help considerably in decreasing CPU time. The objective function that is based on regression error would converge to a global minimum by a genetic algorithm. At the end, the effectiveness of the method is shown by two numerical examples. © Sharif University of Technology  

    Geometrically nonlinear rectangular simply supported plates subjected to a moving mass

    , Article Acta Mechanica ; Vol. 225, issue. 2 , February , 2014 , pp. 595-608 ; ISSN: 00015970 Enshaeian, A ; Rofooei, F. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    The dynamic deformation of a geometrically nonlinear rectangular simply supported plate under a moving lumped mass is evaluated using mode expansion method. The governing differential equations of motion for a largely deformable rectangular plate are derived using Lagrange method based on appropriate in and out-of-plane spatial functions which satisfy the proposed boundary conditions. Although the proposed procedure is applicable for any arbitrary edge boundary conditions, only the simply supported plates are addressed in the present work. On the other hand, all inertial components of the moving mass are included in the derivation of the equations of motion. A numerical example is used to... 

    A cable-driven grasping mechanism with lock/unlock constraints

    , Article Proceedings of the ASME Design Engineering Technical Conference ; Volume 6 A , 2013 ; 9780791855935 (ISBN) Abyaneh, S ; Saber, O ; Zohoor, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    American Society of Mechanical Engineers  2013
    The application of manipulators is becoming more and more popular in object handling especially when it is desired to have access to remote areas in destructive or hazardous taskspaces. For this purpose, a hand-like mechanism must be designed to be used as an end-effector, which can grasp objects. In this paper a cable driven grasping mechanism has been presented. In the proposed mechanism each finger consists of three phalanxes which are actuated by a single motor. Locking and unlocking constraints are used in the mechanism in order to generate an anthropomorphic motion, in which, the order of reaching phalanxes to the object is sequential. In this way, each phalanx starts moving toward the... 

    DFT investigations for "Fischer" esterification mechanism over silica-propyl-SO3H catalyst: Is the reaction reversible?

    , Article Computational and Theoretical Chemistry ; Volume 1071 , 2015 , Pages 27-32 ; 2210271X (ISSN) Vafaeezadeh, M ; Fattahi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier  2015
    For the first time, the mechanism of Fischer esterification between acetic acid and ethanol over silica-functionalized propylsulfonic acid (silica-propyl-SO3H) catalyst was explored by means of computational modeling techniques. For this purpose, 6-edge-atom cage-like cluster comprising Si-O-Si sequences has been selected to represent the surface of the catalyst. The results indicate that the reaction goes through concerted transition states. In all optimized structures no proton (H+) transfer occurs from catalyst to the substrates and the role of the catalyst is via the activation of the substrates through the formation of strong hydrogen bonds (H-bonds). Furthermore, the energetic diagram... 

    Study on electrowinning of cobalt by cyclic voltammetry technique

    , Article Iranian Journal of Materials Science and Engineering ; Volume 7, Issue 2 , 2010 , Pages 45-48 ; 17350808 (ISSN) Nusheh, M ; Yoozbashizadeh, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Nowadays cobalt is mostly produced through the electrowinning process of sulfate solutions. Regarding to the competition between the precipitation of cobalt ions and evolution of hydrogen gas on the cathode surface during the reduction process in a sulfate bath, investigation on the mechanism of metal precipitation is of great importance. In the present work, study on the kinetics of cobalt electrowinning and the mechanism of the involved reactions have been carried out. The obtained results, confirm the mechanism of cobalt precipitation by depletion of hydroxides. The effects of temperature and scan rate parameters were studied on electrowinning of cobalt by cyclic voltammetry technique.... 

    Electrochemical Redox Behaviour of Temozolomide Using a Glassy Carbon Electrode

    , Article Electroanalysis ; Volume 22, Issue 22 , September , 2010 , Pages 2633-2640 ; 10400397 (ISSN) Ghalkhani, M ; Fernandes, I. P. G ; Oliveira , S. C. B ; Shahrokhian, S ; Oliveira Brett, A. M ; Sharif University of Technology
    The electrochemical behaviour of temozolomide on a glassy carbon electrode has been investigated. The reduction of temozolomide is an irreversible process, pH dependent, and the mechanism involves the addition of one electron and one proton to C5 to form an anion radical, causing the irreversible breakdown of the tetrazinone ring. The oxidation mechanism of temozolomide is an irreversible, adsorption-controlled process, pH dependent up to value close to the pKa and occurs in two consecutive charge transfer reactions, with the formation of the hydroxylated product. The electroanalytical determination of TMZ led to a detection limit of 1.1 μM