Loading...
Search for: methacrylates
0.006 seconds
Total 61 records

    Modified carrageenan. 6. Crosslinked graft copolymer of methacrylic acid and kappa-carrageenan as a novel superabsorbent hydrogel with low salt- and high pH-sensitivity

    , Article Macromolecular Research ; Volume 13, Issue 6 , 2005 , Pages 483-490 ; 15985032 (ISSN) Pourjavadi, A ; Harzandi, A. M ; Hosseinzadeh, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Polymer Society of Korea  2005
    Abstract
    A novel, polysaccharide-based, superabsorbent hydrogel was synthesized through crosslinking graft copolymerization of methacrylic acid (MAA) onto kappa-carrageenan (κC), using ammonium persulfate (APS) as a free radical initiator in the presence of methylenebisacrylamide (MBA) as a crosslinker. A proposed mechanism for κC-g-polymethacrylic acid (κC-g-PMAA) formation was suggested and the hydrogel structure was confirmed using FTIR spectroscopy. The effect of grafting variables, including MBA, MAA, and APS concentration, was systematically optimized to achieve a hydrogel with the maximum possible swelling capacity. The swelling kinetics in distilled water and various salt solutions were... 

    Constrained model predictive control of MMA polymerization reactor based on genetic algorithm optimization

    , Article Proceedings of 2003 IEEE Conference on Control Applications, Istanbul, 23 June 2003 through 25 June 2003 ; Volume 1 , 2003 , Pages 464-469 Rafizadeh, M ; Solgi, R ; Abbaszadeh, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    2003
    Abstract
    Control of MMA polymerization batch reactor has intensively investigated. The nonlinear and time varying behavior of the system makes its control a challenging task. MPC algorithm is enjoying an increasing application for control of chemical processes. A sequential linearized model based predictive controller based on the DMC algorithm was designed to control the temperature of a batch MMA polymerization reactor. A genetic algorithm (GA) is suggested to optimize the cost function of DMC. The controller performance was studied via simulation. The controller performance in tracking the profile, noise and disturbances rejection is very good  

    Preparation and evaluation of hydrogel composites based on starch-g-PNaMA/eggshell particles as dye biosorbent

    , Article Desalination and Water Treatment ; Volume 57, Issue 39 , 2016 , Pages 18144-18156 ; 19443994 (ISSN) Bakhshi, H ; Darvishi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Taylor and Francis Inc 
    Abstract
    In this study, eggshell (ES) particles as an available and low-cost waste material were used for preparing hydrogel composites as dye biosorbents. For this purpose, hydrogel composites were prepared through free-radical graft copolymerization of wheat starch and sodium methacrylate (NaMA) in the presence of different contents of ES particles with various size ranges. FTIR spectroscopy confirmed graft copolymerization of NaMA moieties onto starch backbone besides the combination of ES particles with the starch-g-PNaMA matrix. The gel content values were high (>99%), which showed proper graft efficiency for hydrogel composites. Incorporation of ES particles into hydrogel matrix resulted in... 

    Enhancing CO2/N2 adsorption selectivity via post-synthetic modification of NH2-UiO-66(Zr)

    , Article Microporous and Mesoporous Materials ; Volume 257 , February , 2018 , Pages 193-201 ; 13871811 (ISSN) Molavi, H ; Eskandari, A ; Shojaei, A ; Mousavi, S. A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2018
    Abstract
    A metal organic framework (MOF) modified with amino group (NH2-UiO-66) was functionalized with glycidyl methacrylate (GMA) via ring opening reaction between the amine species in the framework and epoxy groups in GMA. The products were characterized by X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy, field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), inductively coupled plasma-optical emission spectrometry (ICP-OES), and N2 adsorption–desorption measurements to monitor their textural properties before and after functionalization. The BET surface area, pore volume, and pore... 

    Synthesis of SBR/PMMA core/shell latices: the role of initiator and surfactant on particle morphology and instability performance

    , Article Journal of Applied Polymer Science ; Volume 105, Issue 3 , 2007 , Pages 1412-1419 ; 00218995 (ISSN) Moghbeli, M. R ; Mohammadi, N ; Bagheri, R ; Sharif University of Technology
    2007
    Abstract
    Poly(butadiene-stat-styrene)/poly(methylmetacrylate), SBR/PMMA, structural latices were synthesized by using equal moles of different kinds of surfactants: anionic, nonionic, and anionic/nonionic mixture in a two-stage emulsion polymerization. The results indicate that the application of anionic surfactants for the first stage, accompanying sodium persulfate initiator, KPS, for both stages led to core/shell and raspberry morphologies depended upon the hydrophilic lipophilic balance (HLB) of the surfactant. On the other hand, a core/shell structure was observed for structural latices which were synthesized via application of nonionic or anionic/non-ionic mixed surfactants along with... 

    A selective chemiresistive sensor for the cancer-related volatile organic compound hexanal by using molecularly imprinted polymers and multiwalled carbon nanotubes

    , Article Microchimica Acta ; Volume 186, Issue 3 , 2019 ; 00263672 (ISSN) Janfaza, S ; Banan Nojavani, M ; Nikkhah, M ; Alizadeh, T ; Esfandiar, A ; Ganjali, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer-Verlag Wien  2019
    Abstract
    A chemiresistive sensor is described for the lung cancer biomarker hexanal. A composite consisting of molecularly imprinted polymer nanoparticles and multiwalled carbon nanotubes was used in the sensor that is typically operated at a voltage of 4 V and is capable of selectively sensing gaseous hexanal at room temperature. It works in the 10 to 200 ppm concentration range and has a 10 ppm detection limit (at S/N = 3). The sensor signal recovers to a value close to its starting value without the need for heating even after exposure to relatively high levels of hexanal  

    Increasing the interfacial adhesion in poly(methyl methacrylate)/carbon fibre composites by laser surface treatment

    , Article Polymers and Polymer Composites ; Volume 14, Issue 6 , 2006 , Pages 585-589 ; 09673911 (ISSN) Nematollahzadeh, A ; Mousavi, S. A. S ; Tilaki, R. M ; Frounchi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Rapra Technology Ltd  2006
    Abstract
    The impact strength of poly(methyl methacrylate)/caibon (long) fibre composites for denture prosthesis applications was improved by fibre surface treatment. The carbon fibre surfaces were modified by Nd:YAG laser irradiation at 1064 nm wavelength. Laser light intensity was adjusted at 100 mj per pulse that only changed the fibre surface roughness and did not lead to fibre rupture, as verified by scanning electron microscopy. Increased surface roughness of the fibres improved the adhesion of poly(methyl methacrylate) to the fibre surface. Adhesion between the fibres and poly(methyl methacrylate) was evaluated by a tear-off method and by scanning electron microscopy. The results also suggest... 

    Dextran-graft-poly(hydroxyethyl methacrylate) gels: A new biosorbent for fluoride removal of water

    , Article Designed Monomers and Polymers ; Volume 16, Issue 2 , 2013 , Pages 127-136 ; 1385772X (ISSN) Ahmari, A ; Mousavi, S. A ; Amini Fazl, A ; Amini Fazl, M. S ; Ahmari, R ; Sharif University of Technology
    2013
    Abstract
    Synthesis of dextran-graft-poly(hydroxyethyl methacrylate) gels as a new fluoride biosorbent was considered in this work. For this propose, the Taguchi experimental design method was used for optimizing the synthetic conditions of the gels to reach high level of fluoride absorbency. The effects of three main parameters including concentrations of monomer (hydroxyethyl methacrylate), crosslinking agent (ethylene glycol dimethacrylate), and initiator (ammonium persulfate) on the final properties of the prepared gels were investigated. The proposed mechanism for grafting and chemically crosslinking reactions was proved with equilibrium water absorption, Fourier-transformed infrared, scanning... 

    High-throughput micro-solid phase extraction on 96-well plate using dodecyl methacrylate-ethylen glycol dimethacrylate monolithic copolymer

    , Article Analytica Chimica Acta ; Volume 792 , August , 2013 , Pages 59-65 ; 00032670 (ISSN) Bagheri, H ; Es'haghi, A ; Es-haghi, A ; Mohammadkhani, E ; Sharif University of Technology
    2013
    Abstract
    A novel high-throughput device based on 96-micro-solid phase extraction (96-μ-SPE) system was constructed for multiresidue determination of nine pesticides in aquatic samples. The extraction procedure was performed on a commercially available 96-well plate system. The extraction module consisted of 96 pieces of 1cm×3cm of cylindrically shaped stainless steel meshes. The prepared meshes were fixed in a home-made polytetrafluoroethylene-based constructed ninety-six holes block for possible simultaneous immersion of meshes into the center of individual wells. Dodecyl methacrylate and ethylene glycol dimethacrylate was copolymerized as a monolithic polymer and placed in the cylindrically shaped... 

    High throughput blood plasma separation using a passive PMMA microfluidic device

    , Article Microsystem Technologies ; 2015 ; 09467076 (ISSN) Shamsi, A ; Shamloo, A ; Mohammadaliha, N ; Hajghassem, H ; Mehrabadi, J. F ; Bazzaz, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer Verlag  2015
    Abstract
    Since plasma is rich in many biomarkers used in clinical diagnostic experiments, microscale blood plasma separation is a primitive step in most of microfluidic analytical chips. In this paper, a passive microfluidic device for on-chip blood plasma separation based on Zweifach–Fung effect and plasma skimming was designed and fabricated by hot embossing of microchannels on a PMMA substrate and thermal bonding process. Human blood was diluted in various times and injected into the device. The main novelty of the proposed microfluidic device is the design of diffuser-shaped daughter channels. Our results demonstrated that this design exerted a considerable positive influence on the separation... 

    High throughput blood plasma separation using a passive PMMA microfluidic device

    , Article Microsystem Technologies ; Volume 22, Issue 10 , 2016 , Pages 2447-2454 ; 09467076 (ISSN) Shamsi, A ; Shamloo, A ; Mohammadaliha, N ; Hajghassem, H ; Fallah Mehrabadi, J ; Bazzaz, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer Verlag  2016
    Abstract
    Since plasma is rich in many biomarkers used in clinical diagnostic experiments, microscale blood plasma separation is a primitive step in most of microfluidic analytical chips. In this paper, a passive microfluidic device for on-chip blood plasma separation based on Zweifach–Fung effect and plasma skimming was designed and fabricated by hot embossing of microchannels on a PMMA substrate and thermal bonding process. Human blood was diluted in various times and injected into the device. The main novelty of the proposed microfluidic device is the design of diffuser-shaped daughter channels. Our results demonstrated that this design exerted a considerable positive influence on the separation... 

    Hydrazine-modified starch coated magnetic nanoparticles as an effective pH-responsive nanocarrier for doxorubicin delivery

    , Article Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry ; Volume 39 , 2016 , Pages 203-209 ; 1226086X (ISSN) Zohreh, N ; Hosseini, S. H ; Pourjavadi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Korean Society of Industrial Engineering Chemistry  2016
    Abstract
    A novel, magnetic nanocarrier was successfully synthesized through a facile and economical producer in which Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles were coated by starch-g-poly (methyl methacrylate-co-PEG-acrylamide). The surface of nanocarrier was then modified by hydrazine to preparation of a pH-responsive carrier. The resulted nanocarrier was applied for delivery of doxorubicin (DOX) as an effective anti-cancer drug. DOX was reacted with hydrazine linkage on the surface of nanocarrier to form hydrazone bond. Due to the presence of numerous hydrazine groups on the surface of magnetic nanocarrier large amounts of DOX was loaded onto the carrier (327 mg g−1). © 2016 The Korean Society of Industrial... 

    Synthesis and characterization of multi stimuli-responsive block copolymer-silica hybrid nanocomposite with core-shell structure via RAFT polymerization

    , Article Composites Science and Technology ; Volume 188 , 2020 Pourjavadi, A ; Rahemipoor, S ; Kohestanian, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2020
    Abstract
    A novel multi stimuli-responsive silica nanocomposite with a core-shell structure is synthesized using reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer (RAFT) polymerization. The SiO2 nanoparticles are chemically modified via 3-(trimethoxylsilyl) propyl methacrylate (MPS) which they are used in the core of nanocomposite. The macro-RAFT agent is prepared by RAFT polymerization of N-isopropylacrylamide (NIPAM), spirooxazine acryloyl monomer (SOM), and 2-(dodecylthiocarbonothioylthio)-2-methylpropionic acid (DDMAT as a RAFT agent). Finally, the smart nanocomposite is prepared by reaction between the macro-RAFT agent and 2-(Dimethylamino) ethyl methacrylate (DMAEMA) as a monomer. SOM as a... 

    Synthesis and characterization of bagasse poly(methyl methacrylate) graft copolymer

    , Article Macromolecular Symposia ; Volume 274, Issue 1 , 2008 , Pages 49-54 ; 10221360 (ISSN) Sarvi, I ; Pourjavadi, A ; Noei Aghaei, M. A ; Sharif University of Technology
    2008
    Abstract
    Graft copolymerization of methyl methacrylate (MMA) was carried out on bagasse fibers in an aqueous medium using eerie ammonium nitrate (CAN) as initiator under a neutral atmosphere. In order to obtain the optimum condition for graft copolymerization, the effects of initiator concentration, temperature, time of reaction, and monomer concentration were studied. The maximum grafting percent was found to be 122%. The bagasse grafted poly(methyl methacrylate) was characterized by FTIR and its thermal behavior was characterized by TGA. Copyright © 2008 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA  

    Encapsulation strategies for highly stable perovskite solar cells under severe stress testing: damp heat, freezing, and outdoor illumination conditions

    , Article ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces ; Volume 13, Issue 38 , 2021 , Pages 45455-45464 ; 19448244 (ISSN) Mohammadi, M ; Gholipour, S ; Malekshahi Byranvand, M ; Abdi, Y ; Taghavinia, N ; Saliba, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    American Chemical Society  2021
    Abstract
    A key direction toward managing extrinsic instabilities in perovskite solar cells (PSCs) is encapsulation. Thus, a suitable sealing layer is required for an efficient device encapsulation, preventing moisture and oxygen ingression into the perovskite layer. In this work, a solution-based, low-cost, and commercially available bilayer structure of poly(methyl methacrylate)/styrene-butadiene (PMMA/SB) is investigated for PSCs encapsulation. Encapsulated devices retained 80% of the initial power conversion efficiency (PCE) at 85 °C temperature and 85% relative humidity after 100 h, while reference devices without SB (only PMMA) suffer from rapid and intense degradation after only 2 h, under the... 

    Multiwalled carbon nanotube-polyelectrolyte gels: Preparation and swelling behavior for organic solvents

    , Article Solid State Ionics ; Vol. 257 , 2014 , pp. 32-37 ; ISSN: 01672738 Pourjavadi, A ; Doulabi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    In this article, we report the first multiwalled carbon nanotube-polyelectrolyte gel containing vinylimidazolium-typed ionic liquid monomer as an absorbent of less-polar or nonpolar organic solvents. To prepare such MWCNT-polyelectrolyte gel, the modified MWCNTs with polymerizable vinyl groups on their surfaces were prepared and then underwent copolymerizations with dodecyl methacrylate and vinylimidazolium in the presence of AIBN as initiator, yielding a cross-linked polyelectrolyte. In order to estimate the compatibility between the solvents and the polymers, a series of vinylimidazolium-typed ionic liquid monomers ([Cnvim][X]) with different alkyl tail length (C6, C10 and C12) and counter... 

    Novel carbon-nanotube-based organogels as candidates for oil recovery

    , Article Polymer International ; Volume 62, Issue 2 , JUN , 2013 , Pages 179-183 ; 09598103 (ISSN) Pourjavadi, A ; Doulabi, M ; Soleyman, R ; Sharif University of Technology
    2013
    Abstract
    A simple method for synthesis of novel organogels based on multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) is reported. Three classes of organogels were synthesized by crosslinking polymerization of dodecyl methacrylate with various weight percentages of 1,4-butanediol dimethacrylate, vinyl-group-modified MWCNTs or pristine MWCNTs in the presence of 2,2-azoisobutyronitrile as initiator. In this reaction, the carbon nanotubes (CNTs) served simultaneously as an adsorbent, a comonomer and a crosslinking agent. The oil-absorbent containing CNTs showed much higher swelling capacity in oil and organic solvents compared with that without CNTs. Therefore, CNT-based organogels can be introduced as a promising... 

    Novel polyelectrolyte gels as absorbent polymers for nonpolar organic solvents based on polymerizable ionic liquids

    , Article Polymer (United Kingdom) ; Volume 53, Issue 25 , 2012 , Pages 5737-5742 ; 00323861 (ISSN) Pourjavadi, A ; Doulabi, M ; Hosseini, S. H ; Sharif University of Technology
    2012
    Abstract
    Novel class of polyelectrolyte gels based on the copolymer of vinylimidazolium-typed ionic liquid monomer and Dodecyl methacrylate was prepared by free radical polymerization. A small amount of 3-n-Dodecyl-1- vinylimidazolium tetrafluoroborate is incorporated into crosslinked polyacrylates to provide new lipophilic polyelectrolyte gels that evaluated for swelling in less-polar and nonpolar organic solvents. Their swelling degree becomes more than 50 times as much as their dried weights in some organic solvents. By varying the polarity of the neutral monomer in these polyelectrolyte gels, the design of gels that can absorb solvents of nearly any polarity is demonstrated. The present... 

    Ethylenediamine grafting to functionalized NH2-UiO-66 using green aza-Michael addition reaction to improve CO2/CH4 adsorption selectivity

    , Article Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research ; Volume 57, Issue 20 , April , 2018 , Pages 7030-7039 ; 08885885 (ISSN) Molavi, H ; Ahmadi Joukani, F ; Shojaei, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    American Chemical Society  2018
    Abstract
    Three versions of zirconium-based metal organic frameworks, NH2-UiO-66, GMA-UiO-66, and EDA-UiO-66, were synthesized and employed as adsorbent for CO2/CH4 separation. GMA-UiO-66 was synthesized via a ring opening reaction between the amine species in the framework and epoxy groups in glycidyl methacrylate (GMA), while the green aza-Michael addition reaction was used for the first time to functionalize GMA-UiO-66 with ethylenediamine (EDA). The products were characterized by BET, XRD, TGA, FESEM, ICP-OES, 1H NMR, mass spectroscopy, and FTIR-ATR methods to monitor their textural properties before and after functionalization. The results indicated that GMA was successfully grafted to the... 

    Microengineered poly(HEMA) hydrogels for wearable contact lens biosensing

    , Article Lab on a Chip ; Volume 20, Issue 22 , 2020 , Pages 4205-4214 Chen, Y ; Zhang, S ; Cui, Q ; Ni, J ; Wang, X ; Cheng, X ; Alem, H ; Tebon, P ; Xu, C ; Guo, C ; Nasiri, R ; Moreddu, R ; Yetisen, A. K ; Ahadian, S ; Ashammakhi, N ; Emaminejad, S ; Jucaud, V ; Dokmeci, M.R ; Khademhosseini, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Royal Society of Chemistry  2020
    Abstract
    Microchannels in hydrogels play an essential role in enabling a smart contact lens. However, microchannels have rarely been created in commercial hydrogel contact lenses due to their sensitivity to conventional microfabrication techniques. Here, we report the fabrication of microchannels in poly(2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate) (poly(HEMA)) hydrogels that are used in commercial contact lenses with a three-dimensional (3D) printed mold. We investigated the corresponding capillary flow behaviors in these microchannels. We observed different capillary flow regimes in these microchannels, depending on their hydration level. In particular, we found that a peristaltic pressure could reinstate flow in...