Search for: methanol-oxidation
Article Journal of Applied Electrochemistry ; Volume 36, Issue 8 , 2006 , Pages 913-918 ; 0021891X (ISSN) ; Moghaddam, R. B ; Mahjani, M. G ; Gobal, F ; Sharif University of Technology
The electro-catalytic oxidation of methanol on a Ni-Cu alloy (NCA) with atomic ratio of 60/40 having previously undergone 50 potential sweep cycles in the range 0-600 mV vs. (Ag/AgCl) in 1 m NaOH was studied by cyclic voltammetry (CV), chronoamperometry (CA) and impedance spectroscopy (EIS). The electro-oxidation was observed as large anodic peaks both in the anodic and early stages of the cathodic direction of potential sweep around 420 mV vs. (Ag/AgCl). The electro-catalytic surface was at least an order of magnitude superior to a pure nickel electrode for methanol oxidation. The diffusion coefficient and apparent rate constant of methanol oxidation were found to be 2.16 × 10-4 cm2 s-1 and...
Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and scanning tunneling spectroscopy of porous silicon in the presence of methanol, Article Sensors and Actuators, B: Chemical ; Volume 132, Issue 1 , 2008 , Pages 40-44 ; 09254005 (ISSN) ; Rahimi, F ; Iraji zad, A ; Sharif University of Technology
Porous silicon samples were obtained from p+- and n-type silicon wafers. Gas sensing measurements showed that the electrical conductivity of porous Si on p+- and n-type wafers increases strongly and decreases weakly in the presence of methanol gas, respectively. Scanning tunneling spectroscopy (STS) indicates that the adsorption of methanol on the surface of n-porous silicon decreases the average density of states especially in the band gap. Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy reveals that after methanol exposure partial surface oxidation occurs which produces electron traps as well as methanol adsorption on the porous surfaces. These observations imply that the number of...
Preparation of New Titanium Nitride-Carbon Nanocomposites and Evaluation of their Electrocatalytic Behavior, Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology ; Ghorbani, Mohammad ; Dolati, Abolghasem
Titanium nitride-carbon nanocomposites are synthesized by the reaction of TiCl4 and NaN3 in supercritical benzene medium that also serves as a carbon source. In order to improve the crystallinity of the as-prepared precursor (SI), it is further heat-treated at 1000 ˚C for 3-10 h using anhydrous ammonia and UHP nitrogen atmospheres at 1000 ˚C (SIII-SV). Moreover, to improve electrochemical behavior, the synthesized nanocomposite (SIV) is modified with Pt nanoparticles using a polyol process. For better understanding of synthesized catalyst nature and justifying their variant ORR activity several analyses are done. X-ray diffraction (XRD), Raman spectrum, field emission scanning electron...
Article Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry ; Volume 652, Issue 1-2 , 2011 , Pages 8-12 ; 15726657 (ISSN) ; Babaee, M ; Gobal, F ; Mahjani, M. G ; Sharif University of Technology
Electro-oxidation of alcohols (methanol, ethanol, 1-propanol and 2-propanol) on nickel dispersed into a thick layer of poly-o-aminophenol on graphite electrode (GE/POAP-SDS/Ni) was investigated. Ni-doping into the polymeric film was achieved chemically followed by enrichment of Ni(III) through cycling the potential. The electro-oxidation of alcohols on GE/POAP-SDS/Ni were found to be dominated by direct electro-oxidation with some contribution from Ni(II)/Ni(III) couple. Rate constants for the electro-oxidation of methanol, ethanol, 1-propanol and 2-propanol as derived by chronoamperometry were 1.65 × 105, 1.31 × 105, 2.53 × 104 and 1.40 × 104 cm3 mol-1 s-1, respectively. Impedance...
Article Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry ; Volume 650, Issue 2 , January , 2011 , Pages 219-225 ; 15726657 (ISSN) ; Valadbeigi, Y ; Kasmaee, L. M ; Sharif University of Technology
Electro-oxidation of methanol on Ni in NaOH solutions with the alkali concentration in the range of 0.05-0.5 M and in the presence of 0.5 M Na 2SO4 supporting electrolyte is studied. All the mentioned species compete for adsorption on Ni and OH- is essential for the electro-oxidation process. The electro-oxidation seems to proceed through the electro-chemical reactions of adsorbed methanol and hydroxide species and the removal of the resulting intermediate by adsorbed hydroxyl groups. The mechanism is consistent with the cyclic voltammetry and impedance spectroscopy results and can semi-quantitatively account for the appearance of capacitive, inductive and negative resistance loops as well...
A comparative investigation of the electrocatalytic oxidation of methanol on poly-NiTCPP and poly-TCPP/Ni modified glassy carbon electrodes, Article Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry ; Volume 663, Issue 1 , December , 2011 , Pages 14-23 ; 15726657 (ISSN) ; Haghighatbin, M. A ; Gobal, F ; Mahjani, M. G ; Rayati, S ; Sharif University of Technology
Electro-oxidation of methanol in alkaline solution at a glassy carbon electrode electrochemically modified by a conductive polymeric meso-tetra(4-carboxyphenyl)porphyrinato nickel(II), abbreviated as poly-NiTCPP and also meso-tetra(4-carboxyphenyl)porphyrin with incorporated nickel(II) cations, abbreviated as, poly-TCPP/Ni, were investigated and compared. Both films were prepared by oxidative electro-polymerization of complexes by repetitive cyclic voltammetry (RCV) in 0.1 M NaOH aqueous solution. The electrochemical properties and behaviors and also kinetic values of both films have been characterized and compared using cyclic voltammetry (CV), chronoamperometry (CA) and electrochemical...
Article International Journal of Hydrogen Energy ; Volume 34, Issue 2 , 2009 , Pages 859-869 ; 03603199 (ISSN) ; Jafarian, M ; Forouzandeh, F ; Gobal, F ; Mahjani, M. G ; Sharif University of Technology
The electro-oxidation of methanol on nickel and nickel-copper alloy modified glassy carbon electrodes (GC/Ni and GC/NiCu) in a 1 M NaOH solution at different concentrations of methanol was studied by the method of ac-impedance spectroscopy. Two semicircles in the first quadrant of a Nyquist diagram were observed for electro-oxidation of methanol on GC/Ni corresponding to charge transfer resistance and adsorption of intermediates. Electro-oxidation of methanol on GC/NiCu shows negative resistance in impedance plots as signified by semi-circles terminating in the second quadrant. The impedance behavior shows different patterns at different applied anodic potential. The influence of the...
Mechanistic insights into photogenerated electrons store-and-discharge in hydrogenated glucose template synthesized Pt: TiO2/WO3 photocatalyst for the round-the-clock decomposition of methanol, Article Materials Research Bulletin ; Volume 137 , 2021 ; 00255408 (ISSN) ; Nguyen, D. T ; Sakar, M ; Pedeferri, M ; Asa, M ; Kaveh, R ; Diamanti, M. V ; Do, T. O ; Sharif University of Technology
Elsevier Ltd 2021
This study demonstrates the glucose-template assisted synthesis of hydrogen-treated Pt: TiO2/WO3 composites, and their round-the-clock photoactivity towards methanol (MeOH) degradation under light illumination and in dark. XRD indicated increasing rutile fraction in TiO2 as a function of template removal, WO3 crystallinity and H2 treatment process. The presence of oxygen vacancies in WO3 was confirmed by XPS. Lower recombination rate and higher surface area were observed in the optimized H2-Pt-G:TiO2/WO3 catalyst. The presence of oxygen vacancies and optical enhancements due to the synergistic interactions of the multi-system (TiO2, WO3 and Pt) extended the visible light absorption of the...
A comparative study of the electrooxidation of C1 to C3 aliphatic alcohols on Ni modified graphite electrode, Article Science China Chemistry ; Volume 55, Issue 9 , 2012 , Pages 1819-1824 ; 16747291 (ISSN) ; Mirzapoor, A ; Danaee, I ; Shahnazi, S. A. A ; Gobal, F ; Sharif University of Technology
Nickel modified graphite electrodes (G/Ni) prepared by galvanostatic deposition were examined for their redox process and electrocatalytic activities towards the oxidation of methanol, ethanol, 1-propanol and 2-propanol in alkaline solutions. The methods of cyclic voltammetry (CV), chronoamperometry (CA) and impedance spectroscopy (EIS) were employed. In CV studies, the electrochemical response, peak current varied in the order of MeOH > EtOH > 1-PrOH > 2-PrOH. Under the CA regime, a higher catalytic rate constant obtained for methanol oxidation was in agreement with CV measurements. Lower charge transfer resistance was obtained for low carbon alcohols oxidation and significantly higher...
Article Electrochimica Acta ; Volume 55, Issue 6 , 2010 , Pages 2093-2100 ; 00134686 (ISSN) ; Jafarian, M ; Mirzapoor, A ; Gobal, F ; Mahjani, M. G ; Sharif University of Technology
Nickel and nickel-manganese alloy modified graphite electrodes (G/Ni and G/NiMn) prepared by galvanostatic deposition were examined for their redox process and electrocatalytic activities towards the oxidation of methanol in alkaline solutions. The methods of cyclic voltammetery (CV), chronoamperometry (CA) and impedance spectroscopy (EIS) were employed. In CV studies, in the presence of methanol NiMn alloy modified electrode shows a significantly higher response for methanol oxidation. The peak current of the oxidation of nickel hydroxide increase is followed by a decrease in the corresponding cathodic current in presence of methanol. The anodic peak currents show linear dependency upon the...
Electrochemical sensors based on functionalized carbon nanotubes modified with platinum nanoparticles for the detection of sulfide ions in aqueous media, Article Journal of Chemical Sciences ; Volume 131, Issue 3 , 2019 ; 09743626 (ISSN) ; Dolati, A ; Salmani Rezaie , S ; Sharif University of Technology
Abstract : Vertically aligned carbon nanotube (CNT) arrays were synthesized by thermal chemical vapor deposition (CVD) on stainless steel substrates coated by cobalt nanoparticles as catalyst. Morphological and elemental analyses conducted by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX) revealed that bamboo-like CNTs were blocked by Co nanoparticles at the tips. The fabricated nanotubes underwent functionalization by electrochemical oxidation in sulfuric acid, and the subsequent structural studies, as well as Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy confirmed that the tips of functionalized CNTs were opened while oxygenated functional groups were...
Article International Journal of Hydrogen Energy ; Volume 33, Issue 16 , August , 2008 , Pages 4367-4376 ; 03603199 (ISSN) ; Jafarian, M ; Forouzandeh, F ; Gobal, F ; Mahjani, M. G ; Sharif University of Technology
Nickel and nickel-copper alloy modified glassy carbon electrodes (GC/Ni and GC/NiCu) prepared by galvanostatic deposition were examined for their redox process and electrocatalytic activities towards the oxidation of methanol in alkaline solutions. The methods of cyclic voltammetery (CV) and chronoamperometry (CA) were employed. The cyclic voltammogram of NiCu alloy demonstrates the formation of β/β crystallographic forms of the nickel oxyhydroxide under prolonged repetitive potential cycling in alkaline solution. In CV studies, in the presence of methanol NiCu alloy modified electrode shows a significantly higher response for methanol oxidation. The peak current of the oxidation of nickel...