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    Diffuser miniature pump with an extra ferrofluidic valve

    , Article Microfluidics and Nanofluidics ; Volume 19, Issue 5 , November , 2015 , Pages 1235-1244 ; 16134982 (ISSN) Ashouri, M ; Shafii, M. B ; Moosavi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer Verlag  2015
    Abstract
    This paper presents the prototype design and fabrication of a magnetically actuated miniature pump that utilizes self-sealing capability of ferrofluid-covered permanent magnets in both pumping and valving mechanisms. The valving action is performed by employing one active valve along with two nozzle/diffuser elements. Two cylindrical permanent magnets are placed inside the flat-wall channels: One magnet acts as the active valve and the other one serves as a reciprocating piston actuating the working fluid. In order to seal the gaps between the channel walls and the permanent magnet of the valve/piston, ferrofluid is used to cover the surfaces of both magnets. The valve and the piston are... 

    Proper measurement of pure dielectrophoresis force acting on a RBC using optical tweezers

    , Article Biomedical Optics Express ; Volume 10, Issue 11 , 2019 , Pages 5639-5649 ; 21567085 (ISSN) Sasanpour, M ; Azadbakht, A ; Mollaei, P ; S. Reihani, N. S ; Sharif University of Technology
    OSA - The Optical Society  2019
    Abstract
    The force experienced by a neutral dielectric object in the presence of a spatially non-uniform electric field is referred to as dielectrophoresis (DEP). The proper quantification of DEP force in the single-cell level could be of great importance for the design of high-efficiency micro-fluidic systems for the separation of biological cells. In this report we show how optical tweezers can be properly utilized for proper quantification of DEP force experienced by a human RBC. By tuning the temporal frequency of the applied electric field and also performing control experiments and comparing our experimental results with that of theoretically calculated, we show that the measured force is a... 

    A new non-dimensional parameter to obtain the minimum mixing length in tree-like concentration gradient generators

    , Article Chemical Engineering Science ; Volume 195 , 2019 , Pages 120-126 ; 00092509 (ISSN) Rismanian, M ; Saidi, M. S ; Kashaninejad, N ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2019
    Abstract
    Microfluidic-based concentration gradient generators (CGGs) have a number of applications in chemical, biological and pharmaceutical studies. Thus, precise design of the microfluidic system is crucial to maintaining the desired concentration gradient in microchannels. One of the design considerations is the length of microchannels in the structure of a CGG. A CGG with a short length fails to provide the complete diffusive mixing, while the size of the microchip would unfavorably increase by incorporating a long CGG. Considering a CGG as a tree-like structure consisting of T-shaped micromixers, the mixing process of the species at a straight microchannel has been solved analytically. Herein,... 

    Simple, Cost-effective, and continuous 3D dielectrophoretic microchip for concentration and separation of bioparticles

    , Article Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research ; Volume 59, Issue 9 , 2020 , Pages 3772-3783 Tajik, P ; Saidi, M. S ; Kashaninejad, N ; Nguyen, N. T ; Sharif University of Technology
    American Chemical Society  2020
    Abstract
    Dielectrophoresis is a robust approach for manipulating bioparticles in microfluidic devices. In recent years, many groups have developed dielectrophoresis-based microfluidic systems for separation and concentration of various types of bioparticles, where the gradient of the electric field causes dielectrophoresis force acting on the suspended particles. Enhancing the gradient of the electric field with three-dimensional (3D) electrodes can significantly improve the efficiency of the system. Implementing planar electrodes in a 3D arrangement is a simple option to form a 3D-electrode configuration. This paper reports the development of a novel dielectrophoretic microfluidic system for... 

    Electrokinetic mixing and displacement of charged droplets in hydrogels

    , Article Transport in Porous Media ; Vol. 104, Issue. 3 , Jun , 2014 , pp. 469-499 ; ISSN: 01693913 Mohammadi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    Mixing in droplets is an essential task in a variety of microfluidic systems. Inspired by electrokinetic mixing, electric field-induced hydrodynamic flow inside a charged droplet embedded in an unbounded polyelectrolyte hydrogel is investigated theoretically. In this study, the polyelectrolyte hydrogel is modeled as a soft, and electrically charged porous solid saturated with a salted Newtonian fluid, and the droplet is considered an incompressible Newtonian fluid. The droplet-hydrogel interface is modeled as a surface, which is located at the plane of shear, with the electrostatic potential ζ. The fluid inside the droplet attains a finite velocity owing to hydrodynamic coupling with the... 

    Pumping effect of bubble growth and collapse in microchannels: Thermo-hydraulic modeling

    , Article Scientia Iranica ; Volume 19, Issue 3 , June , 2012 , Pages 431-436 ; 10263098 (ISSN) Sajadi, B ; Saidi, M. H ; Sharif University of Technology
    2012
    Abstract
    In the past two decades, microfluidic systems have become more appealing due to their wide applications in many areas, such as electronics, biotechnology, medicine, etc. Recently, the advantages of using the bubble growth phenomenon as a robust actuator in microfluidic devices have directed research interests towards the investigation of various applications. In this research, a new transient thermo-hydraulic model has been developed for bubble growth in confined volumes. The present model has been used to describe the pumping effect produced by the bubble growth and collapse phenomenon in microchannels. The results show relatively good agreement with experimental data. This study is useful... 

    Use of the freely-swimming, Serratia marcescens bacteria to enhance mixing in microfluidic systems

    , Article ASME 2009 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, 13 November 2009 through 19 November 2009 ; Volume 12, Issue PART A , 2010 , Pages 463-467 ; 9780791843857 (ISBN) Peysepar, M ; Shafii, M. B ; Rasoulian, R ; Jamalifar, H ; Fazeli, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) 
    Abstract
    Mixing has become a challenge in micro-fluidic systems because of the low Reynolds number in micro-channels. The method which is implemented in this paper is to use freely-swimming bacteria to enhance the mixing process. Accordingly, the Serratia marcescens bacteria were used for this matter. The mixing performance of the system is quantified by measuring the diffusion rate of Rhodamine B in a particular section of a channel connected to a chamber with varying Rhodamine B concentration. The concentration of Rhodamine B was measured using the Laser Induced Fluorescence (LIF) technique. The channel is in the form of a pipe and is closed on the extending side. In this paper, it is demonstrated... 

    Toward a comprehensive microextraction/determination unit: A chip silicon rubber polyaniline-based system and its direct coupling with gas chromatography and mass spectrometry

    , Article Journal of Separation Science ; Volume 39, Issue 21 , 2016 , Pages 4227-4233 ; 16159306 (ISSN) Bagheri, H ; Allahdadlalouni, M ; Zamani, C ; Sharif University of Technology
    Wiley-VCH Verlag  2016
    Abstract
    An inexpensive silicon rubber-based chip was constructed by fabricating a triangle-shaped microcanal with a 135 μm width and 234 μm depth by laser ablation technique. The fabricated groove was sealed by a thin glass cover while two pieces of stainless-steel tubing were connected to each side of the canal. Then, a thin polyaniline film was synthesized on the walls of the canal by chemical oxidation using a syringe pump to deliver the relevant reagents. The microfluidic system was eventually connected to a gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. To evaluate the capability of the constructed microfluidic system, it was implemented to the analysis of submilliliter volumes of environmental samples... 

    Theoretical and experimental studies of a magnetically actuated valveless micropump

    , Article Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering ; Volume 27, Issue 1 , 2017 ; 09601317 (ISSN) Ashouri, M ; Shafii, M. B ; Moosavi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Institute of Physics Publishing  2017
    Abstract
    This paper presents the prototype design, fabrication, and characterization of a magnetically actuated micropump. The pump body consists of three nozzle/diffuser elements and two pumping chambers connected to the ends of a flat-wall pumping cylinder. A cylindrical permanent magnet placed inside the pumping cylinder acts as a piston which reciprocates by using an external magnetic actuator driven by a motor. The magnetic piston is covered by a ferrofluid to provide self-sealing capability. A prototype composed of three bonded layers of polymethyl-methacrylate (PMMA) has been fabricated. Water has been successfully pumped at pressures of up to 750 Pa and flow rates of up to 700 μl min-1 while... 

    Numerical simulation of a microfluidic system for regular glucose measurement

    , Article 26th National and 4th International Iranian Conference on Biomedical Engineering, ICBME 2019, 27 November 2019 through 28 November 2019 ; 2019 , Pages 60-65 ; 9781728156637 (ISBN) Najmi, A ; Saidi, M. S ; Shahrokhian, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc  2019
    Abstract
    The aim of this research is to design an implantable integrated microfluidic system in order to regularly measure the glucose level in the human body, nonenzymatically, using the microdialysis method. The main compartments of this system are a micropump, array of hollow microneedles and an electrochemical sensor. At the base of the microneedles, there are located semipermeable membranes, that when the pumped dialysis fluid passes over them, the glucose of the interstitial fluid diffuses into the dialysis fluid and then, in the sensor section, it is measured nonenzymatically using the amperometry method. Both the arrangement of the miconeedles and the amount of the dialysis fluid flow are... 

    The effects of thymus plant extracts on single breast cancer cell morphology in the microfluidic channel

    , Article 2018 IEEE EMBS Conference on Biomedical Engineering and Sciences, IECBES 2018, 3 December 2018 through 6 December 2018 ; 2019 , Pages 647-651 ; 9781538624715 (ISBN) Ahmad, M. R ; Mansor, M. A ; Alsadat Rad, M ; Soo-Beng Khoo, A ; Ahmad, M ; Marzuki, M ; Physiological Measurement; Sarawak Convention Bureau ; Sharif University of Technology
    Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc  2019
    Abstract
    Microfluidics based systems could be useful for drug discovery as they allow for miniaturization and could potentially be run as multiple parallel cell based assays. Such miniaturization allows assays at single cell level and reduces the amount of test material needed, which, in the case of natural product extracts, simplifies the preparation. Thyme species extracts have been reported to show some promising anti-cancer effects. In the present work, we used a microfluidics based system to study the effects of Thymus kotschyanusm Boiss plant extract on two human breast cancer cells lines which are MDA-MB-231 and MCF-7. For better understanding a single cancer cell death mechanism and a flow... 

    Novel microfluidic graphene oxide–protein amperometric biosensor for detecting sulfur compounds

    , Article Biotechnology and Applied Biochemistry ; Volume 66, Issue 3 , 2019 , Pages 353-360 ; 08854513 (ISSN) Ghaemi, A ; Abdi, K ; Javadi, S ; Shehneh, M. Z ; Yazdian, F ; Omidi, M ; Rashedi, H ; Haghiralsadat, B. F ; Asayeshnaeini, O ; Sharif University of Technology
    Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd  2019
    Abstract
    Sulfur compounds are essential for many industries and organisms; however, they cause serious respiratory problems in human beings. Therefore, determination of sulfur concentration is of paramount importance. The research approach in the field of detecting contaminants has led to smaller systems that provide faster and more effective ways for diagnosis purposes. In this study, a novel portable amperometric graphene oxide–protein biosensor platform is investigated. The main characteristic of this structure is the implementation of a microfluidic configuration. With albumin metalloprotein as the biorecognition element, graphene oxide was synthesized and characterized by transmission electron... 

    Microfluidic devices with gold thin film channels for chemical and biomedical applications: a review

    , Article Biomedical Microdevices ; Volume 21, Issue 4 , 2019 ; 13872176 (ISSN) Ghasemi Toudeshkchoui, M ; Rabiee, N ; Rabiee, M ; Bagherzadeh, M ; Tahriri, M ; Tayebi, L ; Hamblin, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer New York LLC  2019
    Abstract
    Microfluidic systems (MFS) provide a range of advantages in biomedical applications, including improved controllability of material characteristics and lower consumption of reagents, energy, time and money. Fabrication of MFS employs various materials, such as glass, silicon, ceramics, paper, and metals such as gold, copper, aluminum, chromium and titanium. In this review, gold thin film microfluidic channels (GTFMFC) are discussed with reference to fabrication methods and their diverse use in chemical and biomedical applications. The advantages of gold thin films (GTF) include flexibility, ease of manufacture, adhesion to polymer surfaces, chemical stability, good electrical conductivity,...