Search for: microfluidic-analytical-techniques
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    Design and parameter study of integrated microfluidic platform for CTC isolation and enquiry; a numerical approach

    , Article Biosensors ; Volume 8, Issue 2 , 18 June , 2018 ; 20796374 (ISSN) Shamloo, A ; Ahmad, S ; Momeni, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Being the second cause of mortality across the globe, there is now a persistent effort to establish new cancer medication and therapies. Any accomplishment in treating cancers entails the existence of accurate identification systems empowering the early diagnosis. Recent studies indicate CTCs’ potential in cancer prognosis as well as therapy monitoring. The chief shortcoming with CTCs is that they are exceedingly rare cells in their clinically relevant concentration. Here, we simulated a microfluidic construct devised for immunomagnetic separation of the particles of interest from the background cells. This separation unit is integrated with a mixer subunit. The mixer is envisioned for... 

    Nanotechnology-assisted microfluidic systems: From bench to bedside

    , Article Nanomedicine ; Volume 16, Issue 3 , 2021 , Pages 237-258 ; 17435889 (ISSN) Rabiee, N ; Ahmadi, S ; Fatahi, Y ; Rabiee, M ; Bagherzadeh, M ; Dinarvand, R ; Bagheri, B ; Zarrintaj, P ; Saeb, M. R ; Webster, T. J ; Sharif University of Technology
    Future Medicine Ltd  2021
    With significant advancements in research technologies, and an increasing global population, microfluidic and nanofluidic systems (such as point-of-care, lab-on-a-chip, organ-on-a-chip, etc) have started to revolutionize medicine. Devices that combine micron and nanotechnologies have increased sensitivity, precision and versatility for numerous medical applications. However, while there has been extensive research on microfluidic and nanofluidic systems, very few have experienced wide-spread commercialization which is puzzling and deserves our collective attention. For the above reasons, in this article, we review research advances that combine micro and nanotechnologies to create the next... 

    Cancer cell enrichment on a centrifugal microfluidic platform using hydrodynamic and magnetophoretic techniques

    , Article Scientific Reports ; Volume 11, Issue 1 , 2021 ; 20452322 (ISSN) Shamloo, A ; Naghdloo, A ; Besanjideh, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Nature Research  2021
    Isolation of rare cancer cells is one of the important and valuable stages of cancer research. Regarding the rarity of cancer cells in blood samples, it is important to invent an efficient separation device for cell enrichment. In this study, two centrifugal microfluidic devices were designed and fabricated for the isolation of rare cancer cells. The first design (passive plan) employs a contraction–expansion array (CEA) microchannel which is connected to a bifurcation region. This device is able to isolate the target cells through inertial effects and bifurcation law. The second design (hybrid plan) also utilizes a CEA microchannel, but instead of using the bifurcation region, it is... 

    Challenge in particle delivery to cells in a microfluidic device

    , Article Drug Delivery and Translational Research ; Volume 8, Issue 3 , 2018 , Pages 830-842 ; 2190393X (ISSN) Moghadas, H ; Saidi, M. S ; Kashaninejad, N ; Nguyen, N. T ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer Verlag  2018
    Micro and nanotechnology can potentially revolutionize drug delivery systems. Novel microfluidic systems have been employed for the cell culture applications and drug delivery by micro and nanocarriers. Cells in the microchannels are under static and dynamic flow perfusion of culture media that provides nutrition and removes waste from the cells. This exerts hydrostatic and hydrodynamic forces on the cells. These forces can considerably affect the functions of the living cells. In this paper, we simulated the flow of air, culture medium, and the particle transport and deposition in the microchannels under different angles of connection inlet. It was found that the shear stress induced by the... 

    Novel microfluidic graphene oxide–protein amperometric biosensor for detecting sulfur compounds

    , Article Biotechnology and Applied Biochemistry ; Volume 66, Issue 3 , 2019 , Pages 353-360 ; 08854513 (ISSN) Ghaemi, A ; Abdi, K ; Javadi, S ; Shehneh, M. Z ; Yazdian, F ; Omidi, M ; Rashedi, H ; Haghiralsadat, B. F ; Asayeshnaeini, O ; Sharif University of Technology
    Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd  2019
    Sulfur compounds are essential for many industries and organisms; however, they cause serious respiratory problems in human beings. Therefore, determination of sulfur concentration is of paramount importance. The research approach in the field of detecting contaminants has led to smaller systems that provide faster and more effective ways for diagnosis purposes. In this study, a novel portable amperometric graphene oxide–protein biosensor platform is investigated. The main characteristic of this structure is the implementation of a microfluidic configuration. With albumin metalloprotein as the biorecognition element, graphene oxide was synthesized and characterized by transmission electron... 

    A new insight to deformability correlation of circulating tumor cells with metastatic behavior by application of a new deformability-based microfluidic chip

    , Article Analytica Chimica Acta ; Volume 1186 , 2021 ; 00032670 (ISSN) Hakim, M ; Khorasheh, F ; Alemzadeh, I ; Vossoughi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2021
    Isolation and characterization of circulating tumor cells (CTCs) found in blood samples of cancer patients have been considered as a reliable source for cancer prognosis and diagnosis. A new continuous microfluidic platform has been designed in this investigation for simultaneous capture and characterization of CTCs based on their deformability. The deformability-based chip (D-Chip) consists of two sections of separation and characterization where slanted weirs with a gap of 7 μm were considered. Although sometimes CTCs and leukocytes have the same size, the deformability differs in such a way that can be exploited for enrichment purposes. MCF7 and MDA-MB-231 cell lines were used for the... 

    Modeling, simulation, and employing dilution–dialysis microfluidic chip (DDMC) for heightening proteins refolding efficiency

    , Article Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering ; Volume 41, Issue 5 , 2018 , Pages 707-714 ; 16157591 (ISSN) Kashanian, F ; Masoudi, M. M ; Shamloo, A ; Habibi Rezaei, M ; Moosavi Movahedi, A. A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer Verlag  2018
    Miniaturized systems based on the principles of microfluidics are widely used in various fields, such as biochemical and biomedical applications. Systematic design processes are demanded the proper use of these microfluidic devices based on mathematical simulations. Aggregated proteins (e.g., inclusion bodies) in solution with chaotropic agents (such as urea) at high concentration in combination with reducing agents are denatured. Refolding methods to achieve the native proteins from inclusion bodies of recombinant protein relying on denaturant dilution or dialysis approaches for suppressing protein aggregation is very important in the industrial field. In this paper, a modeling approach is... 

    A foreign body response-on-a-chip platform

    , Article Advanced Healthcare Materials ; Volume 8, Issue 4 , 2019 ; 21922640 (ISSN) Sharifi, F ; Htwe, S. S ; Righi, M ; Liu, H ; Pietralunga, A ; Yesil Celiktas, O ; Maharjan, S ; Cha, B. H ; Shin, S. R ; Dokmeci, M. R ; Vrana, N. E ; Ghaemmaghami, A. M ; Khademhosseini, A ; Zhang, Y. S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Wiley-VCH Verlag  2019
    Understanding the foreign body response (FBR) and desiging strategies to modulate such a response represent a grand challenge for implant devices and biomaterials. Here, the development of a microfluidic platform is reported, i.e., the FBR-on-a-chip (FBROC) for modeling the cascade of events during immune cell response to implants. The platform models the native implant microenvironment where the implants are interfaced directly with surrounding tissues, as well as vasculature with circulating immune cells. The study demonstrates that the release of cytokines such as monocyte chemoattractant protein 1 (MCP-1) from the extracellular matrix (ECM)-like hydrogels in the bottom tissue chamber...