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    Influence of solution treatment on precipitation behavior of a Ni-Co alloy

    , Article Scripta Materialia ; Volume 57, Issue 2 , 2007 , Pages 93-96 ; 13596462 (ISSN) Samiee, M ; Asgari, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    The age-hardening behavior and microstructure of selected samples of a Ni-Co alloy were studied using hardness testing, optical microscopy, and scanning and transmission electron microscopy. The final microstructure of the material was found to be sensitive to the temperature of the solution treatment. This approach may be used to optimize the microstructure of the alloy for different applications. © 2007 Acta Materialia Inc  

    A comprehensive study on the microstructure of high strength low alloy pipeline welds

    , Article Journal of Alloys and Compounds ; Vol. 597 , June , 2014 , pp. 142-147 ; ISSN: 09258388 Beidokhti, B ; Kokabi, A. H ; Dolati, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    The microstructural characteristic of HSLA welds containing different amounts of titanium were evaluated carefully. It was observed that the microstructure of welds consisted of ferrite with mixed morphologies, and small amounts of pearlite and martensite-austenite micro-constituents. Because of insufficient time for diffusion of carbon, formation of pearlite lamellae could not be completed in the weld region. Martensite was formed from carbon enrichment of austenite during nucleation and growth of acicular ferrite and bainitic ferrite. While coarse manganese sulfide particles had weak interface strength with matrix and formed some micro-fissures; increasing titanium amount of welds... 

    Co surface modification by bias sputtering in Cu/Co(Vb)/NiO/ Si(100) magnetic multilayer structures

    , Article Physica Status Solidi C: Conferences ; Volume 1, Issue 7 , 2004 , Pages 1744-1747 ; 16101634 (ISSN) Moshfegh, A. Z ; Sangpour, P ; Sharif University of Technology
    To investigate the Ta/Co/Cu/Co/NiO/Si(100) spin valve structure, fabrication and characterization of the Cu/Co/NiO/Si(100) system was studied for further understanding the structure. The system was grown by employing combinative DC sputtering-evaporation technique. Nickel oxide with a thickness of about 30 nm was deposited on Si(100) substrate using thermal evaporation technique.The cobalt film, then, with a thickness of about 3 nm was grown by DC sputtering under various applied negative bias voltages ranging from 0 to - 80 V. The optimum bias voltage (Vb = -60 V) for the growth of Co layer was determined by atomic force microscopy (AFM), four-point probe sheet measurement (Rs) and scanning... 

    Theoretical model for evaluating the threshold reduction in roll bonding of Al/Al 2O 3/Al laminations

    , Article Metals and Materials International ; Volume 18, Issue 5 , 2012 , Pages 827-832 ; 15989623 (ISSN) Rezayat, M ; Akbarzadeh, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer  2012
    Roll bonding is the most important stage of the accumulative roll bonding process, which is used to produce high strength composites. The presence of a particle layer at the interface alters the bonding condition and increases the threshold reduction for the commencement of bonding. In this study, the bonding mechanism in presence of powder at the interface is analyzed and a theoretical model is proposed to predict the required threshold reduction in warm roll bonding of commercially pure aluminum sheets as a function of amount of alumina particles at the interface. The model considers the rolling parameters and the effect of amount and size of particles by defining some constants, which are... 

    Roll bonding behaviour of Al-3003/Al-4043 and Al-3003/Zn sheets

    , Article Metals and Materials International ; Volume 17, Issue 4 , 2011 , Pages 665-670 ; 15989623 (ISSN) Movahedi, M ; Kokabi, A. H ; Madaah Hosseini, H. R ; Kiani, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    In the present study, the roll bonding behaviour of Al-3003/Al-4043 and Al-3003/Zn sheets were compared. The bi-layer sheets were produced by a roll bonding process at different reductions in thickness and rolling temperatures. The joint strengths of the sheets were evaluated by peel and bend testing before and after supplemental annealing treatment. The peeled surfaces were examined using a scanning electron microscope. The results indicated that the Al-3003/Al-4043 sheets were bonded with higher joint strength and lower threshold reductions in thickness with respect to the Al-3003/Zn sheets. In contrast to the Al-3003/Zn sheets, significant improvement was observed in the joint strength of... 

    Height fluctuations and intermittency of V2O5 films by atomic force microscopy

    , Article Journal of Physics Condensed Matter ; Volume 15, Issue 12 , 2003 , Pages 1889-1898 ; 09538984 (ISSN) Iraji Zad, A ; Kavei, G ; Rahimi Tabar, M. R ; Vaez Allaei, S. M ; Sharif University of Technology
    The spatial scaling law and intermittency of the V2O5 surface roughness has been investigated by atomic force microscopy. The intermittency of the height fluctuations has been checked by two different methods, first, by measuring the scaling exponent of the qth moment of height-difference fluctuations i.e. Cq = <|h(x1) - h(x2)|q>, and second, by defining the generating function Z(q, N) and generalized multi-fractal dimension Dq. These methods predict that there is no intermittency in the height fluctuations. The observed roughness and dynamical exponents can be explained by numerical simulation on the basis of the forced Kuramoto-Sivashinsky equation  

    On the growth sequence of highly ordered nanoporous anodic aluminium oxide

    , Article Materials and Design ; Volume 27, Issue 10 , 2006 , Pages 983-988 ; 02613069 (ISSN) Ghorbani, M ; Nasirpouri, F ; Iraji zad, A ; Saedi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2006
    Anodic aluminium oxide films were fabricated by well known two-step anodizing process in oxalic acid electrolyte. The ordering characteristics (ordered pore domains, average pore diameter size and through-pore arrangement) of anodic aluminium oxide films, obtained in different growth sequences, were identified by microscopic analysis such as ex situ contact-mode atomic force microcopy and scanning electron microscopy. Flattened areas in which some pits are seen mostly cover the electropolished surface of aluminium. Single anodizing of aluminium produces a broad distribution of nanopore size, whereas induces a highly ordered hemispherical pattern, which plays the ordered nucleation sites for... 

    Preparation and characterization of starch-based composite films reinforced by cellulose nanofibers

    , Article International Journal of Biological Macromolecules ; Volume 116 , 2018 , Pages 272-280 ; 01418130 (ISSN) Fazeli, M ; Keley, M ; Biazar, E ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2018
    The current study deals with the preparation and characterization of polysaccharide-based biocomposite films acquired by the incorporation of cellulose nanofiber within glycerol plasticized matrix formed by starch. The application of starch-based films is limited due to highly hydrophilic nature and poor mechanical properties. These problems are solved by forming a nanocomposite of thermoplastic starch (TPS) as matrix and cellulose nanofiber (CNF) as reinforcement. CNF is successfully prepared from short henequen fibers which consist of almost 60% cellulose by a chemo-mechanical process. TPS/CNF composite films are prepared by the polymer solution casting method, and their characterizations... 

    Investigation of rheological behavior of polyamide 6/acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene/nanoclay in transient shear flow

    , Article Journal of Thermoplastic Composite Materials ; Volume 28, Issue 8 , 2015 , Pages 1217-1232 ; 08927057 (ISSN) Mojarrad, A ; Ramazani Sa, A ; Ghasemi, I ; Vaziri, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    SAGE Publications Ltd  2015
    Linear and nonlinear (in both steady and transient shear flows) rheological properties of polyamide 6/acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene (PA6/ABS) nanocomposite blends have been investigated. Characterization of nanocomposite samples morphology by scanning electron microscopy revealed that with increasing nanoclay loading, size of dispersing phase droplets decreases significantly and their uniformity improved considerably. Transmission electron microscopy observations clearly display a coexistence of intercalate and exfoliate structure for nanoclay in the polymer-blend nanocomposite. On the other hand, we see that the tactoids are collected of a few silicate layers and possibly also of a single... 

    Ball mill assisted synthesis of Na3MnCO3PO4 nanoparticles anchored on reduced graphene oxide for sodium ion battery cathodes

    , Article Electrochimica Acta ; Volume 220 , 2016 , Pages 683-689 ; 00134686 (ISSN) Hassanzadeh, N ; Sadrnezhaad, S. K ; Chen, G ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd 
    Na3MnCO3PO4 (NMCP) particles were synthesized via ball milling of Mn(NO3)2.4H2O, Na2HPO4.2H2O and Na2CO3.H2O powders. The particles were anchored onto reduced graphene oxide (rGO) sheets during hydrothermal reduction process under stirring. Materials produced were characterized by x-ray diffraction (XRD), Raman spectroscopy, field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), thermogravimetric (TG) measurement and galvanostatic charge/discharge tests. Results showed that dissolution of ball milling products in DI water is an effective method for separation of NMCP from byproducts. Best milling time for production of pure NMCP of minimum particle... 

    Kinetic study and growth behavior of template-based electrodeposited platinum nanotubes controlled by overpotential

    , Article Materials Chemistry and Physics ; Volume 187 , 2017 , Pages 141-148 ; 02540584 (ISSN) Yousefi, E ; Dolati, A ; Imanieh, I ; Yashiro, H ; Kure-Chu, S. Z ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2017
    Platinum nanotubes (PtNTs) are fabricated by potentiostatic electrodeposition at various overpotentials (−200 up to −400 mV versus SCE) in polycarbonate templates (PCTs) with pore diameter of 200 nm in a solution containing 5 mM H2PtCl6 and 0.1 M H2SO4. The synthesized PtNTs are characterized by field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The electrochemical growth mechanism within nanoscopic pores and the relationship between morphological variations and kinetic parameters are investigated for the first time. It is shown that more porous structure of nanotubes forms at high overpotentials possibly due to preferably nucleation. The... 

    Photoelectrochemical activity of graphene quantum dots/hierarchical porous TiO2 photoanode

    , Article Journal of Alloys and Compounds ; Volume 721 , 2017 , Pages 36-44 ; 09258388 (ISSN) Azimirad, R ; Safa, S ; Ebrahimi, M ; Yousefzadeh, S ; Moshfegh, A. Z ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2017
    In this study, initially graphene quantum dots (GQDs) were synthesized by an electrochemical technique and hierarchical porous TiO2 were made by a sol – gel method. Subsequently, GQDs/hierarchical porous TiO2 nanocomposites were prepared by two different methods for the purpose of comparison: spin coating (SC) and electrophoretic (EP) deposition. The GQDs/hierarchical porous TiO2 nanocomposites were characterized by various analytical methods including field emission scanning electron microscopy, atomic force microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, high resolution transmission electron microscopy, Fourier transform infra-red spectroscopy, photoluminescence spectroscopy and... 

    Characterization of line nanopatterns on positive photoresist produced by scanning near-field optical microscope

    , Article Journal of Nanomaterials ; Volume 2015 , September , 2015 ; 16874110 (ISSN) Aghaei, S. M ; Yasrebi, N ; Rashidian, B ; Sharif University of Technology
    Hindawi Publishing Corporation  2015
    Line nanopatterns are produced on the positive photoresist by scanning near-field optical microscope (SNOM). A laser diode with a wavelength of 450 nm and a power of 250 mW as the light source and an aluminum coated nanoprobe with a 70 nm aperture at the tip apex have been employed. A neutral density filter has been used to control the exposure power of the photoresist. It is found that the changes induced by light in the photoresist can be detected by in situ shear force microscopy (ShFM), before the development of the photoresist. Scanning electron microscope (SEM) images of the developed photoresist have been used to optimize the scanning speed and the power required for exposure, in... 

    Physical characteristics of heat-treated nano-silvers dispersed in sol-gel silica matrix

    , Article Nanotechnology ; Volume 17, Issue 3 , 2006 , Pages 763-771 ; 09574484 (ISSN) Babapour, A ; Akhavan, O ; Azimirad, R ; Moshfegh, A. Z ; Sharif University of Technology
    Silica films containing various concentrations of Ag nanoparticles were deposited on glass slides using a sol-gel process and then heat-treated in air at different temperatures. The films were analysed by using UV-visible spectrophotometry, atomic force microscopy (AFM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) for their optical, surface morphological as well as structural, and chemical properties. After heat-treatment, the optical absorption peaks of Ag nanoparticles show a blueshift and an intensity reduction due to particle size reduction and AgOx nanoparticle formation, respectively. The particle size reduction... 

    Molecular machinery responsible for graphene oxide's distinct inhibitory effects toward pseudomonas aeruginosa and staphylococcus aureus pathogens

    , Article ACS Applied Bio Materials ; Volume 4, Issue 1 , 2021 , Pages 660-668 ; 25766422 (ISSN) Ashari Astani, N ; Najafi, F ; Maghsoumi, A ; Huma, K ; Azimi, L ; Karimi, A ; Ejtehadi, M. R ; Gumbart, J. C ; Naseri, N ; Sharif University of Technology
    American Chemical Society  2021
    Graphene oxide flakes are considered as potential inhibitors for different pathogenic bacteria. However, the efficacy of inhibition changes for different types and strains of bacteria. In this work, we examine Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Staphylococcus aureus, two common hospital-acquired infections, which react quite differently to graphene oxide flakes. The minimum inhibitory tests yield two distinct outcomes: stopped proliferation for S. aureus versus almost no effect for P. aeruginosa. Integrating our experimental evidence with molecular dynamics simulations, we elucidate the molecular machinery involved, explaining the behavior we see in scanning electron microscopy images. According to... 

    Towards defining new nano-descriptors: Extracting morphological features from transmission electron microscopy images

    , Article RSC Advances ; Vol. 4, issue. 104 , Nov , 2014 , p. 60135-60143 Bigdeli, A ; Hormozi-Nezhad, M. R ; Jalali-Heravi, M ; Abedini, M. R ; Sharif-Bakhtiar, F ; Sharif University of Technology
    Due to the important role of surface-related properties of NPs in their biological behavior, simple and fast methods that could precisely demonstrate accurate information about NPs' surface, structure and morphology are highly desirable. In this study a set of surface morphological nano-descriptors (size, shape, surface area, agglomeration state, curvature, corner count and aspect ratio) have been defined and extracted from Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM) images of nanoparticles (NPs) by Digital Image Processing methods. The extracted data represent a thorough description of the surface and morphologies of NPs lying beyond their TEM images and can supply the data required for a... 

    Characterization of polymeric membranes for membrane distillation using atomic force microscopy

    , Article Desalination and Water Treatment ; Volume 51, Issue 31-33 , 2013 , Pages 6003-6008 ; 19443994 (ISSN) Shirazi, M. M ; Bastani, D ; Kargari, A ; Tabatabaei, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Taylor and Francis Inc  2013
    As membrane distillation (MD) is an under-developed separation process, specific membranes for MD applications are not yet commercially available. Therefore, microporous polymeric membranes made of hydrophobic materials fabricated for microfiltration purposes are usually used for MD applications. Characterization of such kind of membranes is important in order to achieve a better in-depth understanding of their performance and to fabricate specific membranes for MD process. One of the emerging characterization methods is atomic force microscopy (AFM) analysis. AFM is a newly developed high-resolution method that is useful for studying the surface topography of various types of membranes, and... 

    Fractal nematic colloids

    , Article Nature Communications ; Volume 8 , 2017 ; 20411723 (ISSN) Hashemi, S.M ; Jagodič, U ; Mozaffari, M. R ; Ejtehadi, M. R ; Muševič, I ; Ravnik, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Nature Publishing Group  2017
    Fractals are remarkable examples of self-similarity where a structure or dynamic pattern is repeated over multiple spatial or time scales. However, little is known about how fractal stimuli such as fractal surfaces interact with their local environment if it exhibits order. Here we show geometry-induced formation of fractal defect states in Koch nematic colloids, exhibiting fractal self-similarity better than 90% over three orders of magnitude in the length scales, from micrometers to nanometres. We produce polymer Koch-shaped hollow colloidal prisms of three successive fractal iterations by direct laser writing, and characterize their coupling with the nematic by polarization microscopy and... 

    Investigation of thermal behavior of α-PbO and β-PbO IN O2 atmosphere

    , Article Metalurgija ; Volume 57, Issue 4 , 2018 , Pages 287-290 ; 05435846 (ISSN) Sajadi, S. A. A ; Nazari Alavi, A ; Mirzai, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Faculty of Metallurgy  2018
    The compounds α-lead oxide (α-PbO) and β-lead oxide (β-PbO) were purchased from Merck co. and used for thermal investigations in laboratory. The compound was heated in a thermogravimeter at different temperature, from 25 to 400 °C. The used gas atmosphere was O2. The received products were investigated by X-ray diffraction (XRD) technique. The received product Pb3O4 was confirmed by XRD. The textures of two different morphologies of α-PbO, β-PbO and the product Pb3O4 is investigated by scanning electron microscope (SEM) and transmission electron microscope (TEM) techniques. © 2018, Faculty of Metallurgy. All rights reserved  

    Graphitic carbon nitride nanosheets as a fluorescent probe for chromium speciation

    , Article Microchimica Acta ; Volume 185, Issue 2 , 2018 ; 00263672 (ISSN) Rahbar, N ; Salehnezhad, Z ; Hatamie, A ; Babapour, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer-Verlag Wien  2018
    A fluorometric method was developed for simultaneous determination of Cr(VI) and Cr(III) ions using graphitic carbon nitride nanosheets (g-C3N4 NS) as a nanosized fluorescent indicator probe. The g-C3N4 NS were prepared using high-temperature carbonization of melamine followed by ultrasonication-assisted liquid exfoliation. The g-C3N4 NS display fluorescence with excitation/emission peaks located at 320 and 450 nm. The chromium speciation is based on the quenching of g-C3N4 NS fluorescence. The total concentration of chromium is determined after oxidation of Cr(III) to Cr(VI). The Cr(III) content was then calculated by subtracting the concentration of Cr(VI) from that of total chromium. The...