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Article Ironmaking and Steelmaking ; Volume 34, Issue 2 , 2007 , Pages 115-123 ; 03019233 (ISSN) ; Vakhshouri, K ; Hashemi, M. M. Y. M ; Sharif University of Technology
For the production of synthesis gas utilised in Midrex direct reduction plants, catalytic steam/CO2 hydrocarbon reforming in tubular reformer is the major process. Owing to the high heat input through the Midrex reformer tube wall, the endothermic nature of reforming reactions, low mass velocity of feed gas and large tube diameter, the catalyst bed is exposed to considerable axial and radial temperature gradients. These radial concentration and temperature gradients may create local areas with potential for carbon formation. To investigate this phenomenon, a rigorous two-dimensional model is developed for simulating the operation of a Midrex reformer which applies a dual catalyst loading...