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    Numerical Simulation of Oil Spill in Gheshm Channel

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Momennia Rankouhi, Sara (Author) ; Raie, Mohammad (Supervisor) ; Ataie Ashtiani, Behzad (Supervisor)
    To meet the growing energy demand worldwide, oil and gas exploration and production activities have increased rapidly both in onshore and offshore areas. The produced oil from the ocean bed is transported onshore either by ship or pipeline. This has increased the risk of oil spill in the coastal areas. In order to prepare an emergency preparedness plan and to assess the magnitude of risk involved in transporting and offloading oil, oil spill simulation studies play an important role. This research describes a simulation of oil spill in coastal area of Persian Gulf, near Hormoz Strait which is called Gheshm Channel (Khouran Strait), using MIKE 21 model. The Gheshm Channel contains huge... 

    Red Tide Development Modelling by MIKE Software (in Persian Gulf)

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Zohdi, Elahe (Author) ; Abasspour, Majid (Supervisor)
    Land sourced marine pollution, overexploitation of living marine resources, destruction of habitat and introduction of harmful aquatic organisms and pathogens to new environment had been identified as the four greatest threats to the world’s oceans. Since invasive species can not be cleaned or absorbed in the ocean so, their effects on the environment are irreversible. Red tide is one of the invasive spieces and is a colloquial term used to refer to one of a variety of natural phenomena known as algal bloom. This phenomenon occur in estuarine, marine, or fresh water and algae accumulate rapidly in the water column and resulting in coloration of the surface water, varying in colour normally... 

    Investigating Engineering Solutions to Preserve Goragan Bay:Dreding Ashouradeh Channel

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Givehki, Mahdieh (Author) ; Raie, Mohammad (Supervisor)
    Gorgan Bay, registered as a biosphere reserve, has environmental value in the country and the world. The bay is separated from the Caspian Sea by sedimentation in the sandy spit of Miankaleh. Due to the declining water level of the Caspian Sea and the possibility of hydraulic connection disruption and closure of its openings, this water body may face many problems in the future. Main problems are the increase in water retention time and, consequently, the decrease in water quality and the problem of local access during the seasons when the water level drops. In this study, engineering solutions have been studied in proportional with the current conditions of the Gorgan Gulf, which include... 

    Simulation of Advection and Diffusion of Hazardous Noxious Substances (HNS) in Sea, Case Study: Oil Derivations in Caspian Sea

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Gardounzadeh, Farzaneh (Author) ; Raie, Mohammad (Supervisor)
    Hazardous Noxious Substances (HNS) are chemicals. Due to population increase and as a result, increased demand, HNS transportation by sea has been raised. Gasoline and diesel are two kinds of HNS which have the largest transported amount via northern ports of Iran especially Anzali port. So, HNS spill from tankers is an imminent event and threat for environment of Caspian Sea. Organizations that are concern about the health of coasts and seas water always try to use the softwares to simulate the currents and waves to define the hydrocarbon slick transport. Therfore in this study, a 2D hydrodynamic/oil spill model has been developed to predict the transportation of diesel and gasoline slick... 

    The Effect of Sea Current on an Artificial Island

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mohammadpour, Maryam (Author) ; Abbaspour Tehrani Fard, Majid (Supervisor)
    With regards to rapid growth of world population, coastlines have limited natural resources and capacity for human settlement. To tackle the problem the idea of constructing artificial islands could be a solution. Since the artificial islands are semi-enclosed body of water designed to attract not only tourists but also settlements, the flow current pattern and residence time of water should be studied in detail in order to ensure adequate water quality in the surrounding area. In this study, an artificial island is planned to be constructed around Kish Island in Persia Gulf. In this article the effects of different geometries on circulation and residence time of water are investigated... 

    Iran atlas of offshore renewable energies

    , Article Renewable Energy ; Volume 36, Issue 1 , January , 2011 , Pages 388-398 ; 09601481 (ISSN) Abbaspour, M ; Rahimi, R ; Sharif University of Technology
    The aim of the present study is to provide an Atlas of IRAN Offshore Renewable Energy Resources (hereafter called 'the Atlas') to map out wave and tidal resources at a national scale, extending over the area of the Persian Gulf and Sea of Oman. Such an Atlas can provide necessary tools to identify the areas with greatest resource potential and within reach of present technology development. To estimate available tidal energy resources at the site, a two-dimensional tidally driven hydrodynamic numerical model of Persian Gulf was developed using the hydrodynamic model in the MIKE 21 Flow Model (MIKE 21HD), with validation using tidal elevation measurements and tidal stream diamonds from...