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    PLA microspheres-embedded pva hydrogels prepared by gamma-irradiation and freeze-thaw methods as drug release carriers

    , Article International Journal of Polymeric Materials and Polymeric Biomaterials ; Volume 62, Issue 1 , 2013 , Pages 28-33 ; 00914037 (ISSN) Behnoodfar, D ; Dadbin, S ; Frounchi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    A drug delivery system based on poly (vinyl alcohol) (PVA) hydrogels containing ibuprofen-loaded poly (lactic acid) (PLA) microspheres was developed to improve the release kinetics of this model drug. Gamma-irradiation and freeze-thawing were applied to prepare poly (vinyl alcohol) hydrogels. Properties and morphology of these composite hydrogels were investigated using FTIR, DSC, and SEM. In vitro release indicated that entrapment of the microspheres into the PVA hydrogels causes a reduction in both the release rate and the initial burst effect. PLA microspheres entrapped into the PVA hydrogels showed more suitable controlled release kinetics for drug delivery  

    Computer modeling of drug distribution after intravitreal administration

    , Article World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology ; Volume 77 , 2011 , Pages 706-716 ; 2010376X (ISSN) Haghjou, N ; Abdekhodaie, M. J ; Cheng, Y. L ; Saadatmand, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Intravitreal injection (IVI) is the most common treatment for eye posterior segment diseases such as endopthalmitis, retinitis, age-related macular degeneration, diabetic retinopathy, uveitis, and retinal detachment. Most of the drugs used to treat vitreoretinal diseases, have a narrow concentration range in which they are effective, and may be toxic at higher concentrations. Therefore, it is critical to know the drug distribution within the eye following intravitreal injection. Having knowledge of drug distribution, ophthalmologists can decide on drug injection frequency while minimizing damage to tissues. The goal of this study was to develop a computer model to predict intraocular... 

    Urine concentrating mechanism modelling in rat kidney inner medulla

    , Article 2016 23rd Iranian Conference on Biomedical Engineering and 2016 1st International Iranian Conference on Biomedical Engineering, ICBME 2016, 23 November 2016 through 25 November 2016 ; 2017 , Pages 111-116 ; 9781509034529 (ISBN) Sanatkhani, S ; Saidi, M. S ; Banazadeh, M. H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Physicians use charts that are prepared by experiments on animals or humans to prescribe drug dosage for patients. This method requires some precious amount of time by the Ministry of Health to approve new drugs to be used in healthcare centers. Three-dimensional modeling of the inner medulla by considering the known physiological features help us to predict the distribution of a drug or any minerals in the kidney. In this study we present modeling of the important species distribution including Na+ and urea in the rat inner medulla that influence the urine concentrating mechanism. We use a C++ code to develop the inner medulla geometry based on physiological data to better capture the... 

    Drug loading onto ion-exchange microspheres: Modeling study and experimental verification

    , Article Biomaterials ; Volume 27, Issue 19 , 2006 , Pages 3652-3662 ; 01429612 (ISSN) Abdekhodaie, M. J ; Wu, X. Y ; Sharif University of Technology
    A new mathematical model was developed and an exact analytical solution without approximations of previous work was derived for the description of the kinetics and equilibrium characteristics of drug loading from a finite external solution onto ion-exchange microspheres. The influence of important parameters pertinent to material properties and loading conditions on the kinetics, efficiency, and equilibrium of drug loading was analyzed using the developed model and equations. The numerical results showed that the rate of drug loading increased with increasing initial drug concentration in the solution or with the relative volume of the external solution and the microsphere. The maximum... 

    Drug delivery performance of nanocarriers based on adhesion and interaction for abdominal aortic aneurysm treatment

    , Article International Journal of Pharmaceutics ; Volume 594 , 2021 ; 03785173 (ISSN) Ebrahimi, S ; Vatani, P ; Amani, A ; Shamloo, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2021
    Targeted drug delivery using nanocarriers (NCs) is one of the novel techniques that has recently been used to improve drug delivery to the Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) disease. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the surface density of NCs (SDNC) adhered via ligand-receptor binding to the inner wall of AAA. For this purpose, fluid–structure interaction (FSI) analysis was first performed for the patient-specific and ideal AAA models. Then, by injecting NCs into the aortic artery, the values of SDNC adhered to and interacted with AAA wall were obtained. Two types of NCs, liposomes, and solid particles in four different diameters, were used to investigate the effect of the diameter and... 

    Chitosan-g-PLGA copolymer as a thermosensitive membrane

    , Article Carbohydrate Polymers ; Volume 80, Issue 3 , 2010 , Pages 740-746 ; 01448617 (ISSN) Ganji, F ; Abdekhodaie, M. J ; Sharif University of Technology
    A thermosensitive copolymer was synthesized by graft copolymerization of poly(lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA) copolymers onto the surface of chitosan membranes. Acryloyl chloride was used as a coupling reagent for the covalent attachment of PLGA to the chitosan membranes. FTIR spectroscopy and DSC analysis were used to characterize the resulting graft copolymer. Thermosensitive swelling behaviors of the copolymer were investigated as well. The membranes exhibited reversible swelling-shrinking behavior; higher swelling ratios were obtained observed at higher temperatures. Drug permeation studies were carried out using vancomycin hydrochloride and betamethasone sodium phosphate as the model... 

    In silico study of patient-specific magnetic drug targeting for a coronary LAD atherosclerotic plaque

    , Article International Journal of Pharmaceutics ; Volume 559 , 2019 , Pages 113-129 ; 03785173 (ISSN) Shamloo, A ; Amani, A ; Forouzandehmehr, M ; Ghoytasi, I ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2019
    Coronary artery disease is the first cause of death across the world. Targeted delivery of therapeutics through controlled release of micro- and nano-particles remains a very capable approach to develop new strategies in treating restenosis and atherosclerotic plaques. In this research, to produce the arterial geometry, an image-processing was done using CT-scan images of a LAD coronary artery. After implementing the finite element mesh, the Fluid-Structure Interaction (FSI) simulation based on physiological boundary conditions was performed. Next, a Lagrangian description of particles dynamics in a non-Newtonian blood flow considering momentum equation of motion for each particle and the...