Search for: modification-methods
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    Improving fracture and moisture resistance of cold mix asphalt (CMA) using crumb rubber and cement

    , Article Road Materials and Pavement Design ; 2020 Daneshvar, D ; Motamed, A ; Imaninasab, R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Taylor and Francis Ltd  2020
    Due to environmental and economic advantages, cold mix asphalt (CMA) can be considered as a good alternative to conventional hot mix asphalt (HMA). Nevertheless, it has inferior performance compared to HMA, so that the application of CMA is not recommended in the surface layer of pavements subjected to high traffic volume and/or regions with very cold or hot climate. Considering the high potential of distress occurring in the CMAs, this research is aimed at investigating the effect of crumb rubber (CR) on fracture and moisture damage resistance of the CMAs. Different CR percentages were applied through two different modification methods and, then by means of Semi-Circular Bending (SCB) test,... 

    Nanocaged platforms: Modification, drug delivery and nanotoxicity. Opening synthetic cages to release the tiger

    , Article Nanoscale ; Volume 9, Issue 4 , 2017 , Pages 1356-1392 ; 20403364 (ISSN) Sahandi Zangabad, P ; Karimi, M ; Mehdizadeh, F ; Malekzad, H ; Ghasemi, A ; Bahrami, S ; Zare, H ; Moghoofei, M ; Hekmatmanesh, A ; Hamblin, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Royal Society of Chemistry  2017
    Nanocages (NCs) have emerged as a new class of drug-carriers, with a wide range of possibilities in multi-modality medical treatments and theranostics. Nanocages can overcome such limitations as high toxicity caused by anti-cancer chemotherapy or by the nanocarrier itself, due to their unique characteristics. These properties consist of: (1) a high loading-capacity (spacious interior); (2) a porous structure (analogous to openings between the bars of the cage); (3) enabling smart release (a key to unlock the cage); and (4) a low likelihood of unfavorable immune responses (the outside of the cage is safe). In this review, we cover different classes of NC structures such as virus-like... 

    Reliability comparison of direct-drive and geared-drive wind turbine concepts

    , Article Wind Energy ; Volume 13, Issue 1 , 2010 , Pages 62-73 ; 10954244 (ISSN) Arabian Hoseynabadi, H ; Tavner, P. J ; Oraee, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    This paper proposes for wind turbines (WTs) an analytical reliability method, used on other engineering systems, to compare the reliability of different turbine concepts. The main focus of the paper is to compare the reliability of geared generator and direct-drive concept WTs. Modification methods are also recommended for improving the availability of WTs and geared generator concept incorporating doubly fed induction generator  

    Polymeric mixed matrix membranes containing zeolites as a filler for gas separation applications: A review

    , Article Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry ; Volume 19, Issue 2 , 2013 , Pages 375-393 ; 1226086X (ISSN) Bastani, D ; Esmaeili, N ; Asadollahi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Polymeric membrane technology has received extensive attention in the field of gas separation, recently. However, the tradeoff between permeability and selectivity is one of the biggest problems faced by pure polymer membranes, which greatly limits their further application in the chemical and petrochemical industries. To enhance gas separation performances, recent works have focused on improving polymeric membranes selectivity and permeability by fabricating mixed matrix membranes (MMMs). Inorganic zeolite materials distributed in the organic polymer matrix enhance the separation performance of the membranes well beyond the intrinsic properties of the polymer matrix. This concept combines... 

    A mathematical analysis of the mechanism of ultrasonic induced fluid percolation in porous media: Part I

    , Article Proceedings - SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, 20 September 2010 through 22 September 2010 ; Volume 7 , September , 2010 , Pages 5833-5856 ; 9781617389641 (ISBN) Najafi, I ; Sharif University of Technology
    This work concerns with experimentally and analytically investigation of free gravity drainage process in porous media under the influence of ultrasonic wave radiation. Glass beads ranges from 70 to 100 mesh sizes were packed and used in the tests. The working fluids consist of distilled water, kerosene and Doroud and Paidar crude oils as wetting and air as non-wetting phase. The measured oil recovery data along with Hagoort (1984) backward methodology were used to determine and to compare the relative permeability of wetting phases in presence and absence of ultrasonic radiation. In addition the relative permeability of non-wetting phases for both cases were calculated from inverse modeling...