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    Fabrication and characterization of a starch-based nanocomposite scaffold with highly porous and gradient structure for bone tissue engineering

    , Article Biomedical Physics and Engineering Express ; Volume 4, Issue 5 , 2018 ; 20571976 (ISSN) Mirab, F ; Eslamian, M ; Bagheri, R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Institute of Physics Publishing  2018
    Starch based scaffolds are considered as promising biomaterials for bone tissue engineering. In this study, a highly porous starch/polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) based nanocomposite scaffold with a gradient pore structure was made by incorporating different bio-additives, including citric acid, cellulose nanofibers, and hydroxyapatite (HA) nanoparticles. The scaffold was prepared by employing unidirectional and cryogenic freeze-casting and subsequently freeze-drying methods. Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy confirmed the cross-linking of starch and PVA molecules through multiple esterification phenomenon in the presence of citric acid as a cross-linking agent. Field emission scanning... 

    Magnetoelectric nanocomposite scaffold for high yield differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells to neural-like cells

    , Article Journal of Cellular Physiology ; Volume 234, Issue 8 , 2019 , Pages 13617-13628 ; 00219541 (ISSN) Esmaeili, E ; Soleimani, M ; Ghiass, M. A ; Hatamie, S ; Vakilian, S ; Zomorrod, M. S ; Sadeghzadeh, N ; Vossoughi, M ; Hosseinzadeh, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Wiley-Liss Inc  2019
    While the differentiation factors have been widely used to differentiate mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) into various cell types, they can cause harm at the same time. Therefore, it is beneficial to propose methods to differentiate MSCs without factors. Herein, magnetoelectric (ME) nanofibers were synthesized as the scaffold for the growth of MSCs and their differentiation into neural cells without factors. This nanocomposite takes the advantage of the synergies of the magnetostrictive filler, CoFe 2 O 4 nanoparticles (CFO), and piezoelectric polymer, polyvinylidene difluoride (PVDF). Graphene oxide nanosheets were decorated with CFO nanoparticles for a proper dispersion in the polymer through... 

    PLGA/TiO2 nanocomposite scaffolds for biomedical applications: Fabrication, photocatalytic, and antibacterial properties

    , Article BioImpacts ; Volume 11, Issue 1 , 2021 , Pages 45-52 ; 22285652 (ISSN) Pelaseyed, S. S ; Madaah Hosseini, H. R ; Nokhbedehghan, Z ; Samadikuchaksaraei, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Tabriz University of Medical Sciences  2021
    Introduction: Porous 3D scaffolds synthesized using biocompatible and biodegradable materials could provide suitable microenvironment and mechanical support for optimal cell growth and function. The effect of the scaffold porosity on the mechanical properties, as well as the TiO2 nanoparticles addition on the bioactivity, antimicrobial, photocatalytic, and cytotoxicity properties of scaffolds were investigated. Methods: In the present study, porous scaffolds consisting poly (lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA) containing TiO2 nanoparticles were fabricated via air-liquid foaming technique, which is a novel method and has more advantages due to not using additives for nucleation compared to former... 

    Fabrication and characterization of conductive chitosan/gelatin-based scaffolds for nerve tissue engineering

    , Article International Journal of Biological Macromolecules ; Volume 74 , 2015 , Pages 360-366 ; 01418130 (ISSN) Baniasadi, H ; Ramazani S. A., A ; Mashayekhan, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    This paper reports on the development of conductive porous scaffolds by incorporating conductive polyaniline/graphene (PAG) nanoparticles into a chitosan/gelatin matrix for its potential application in peripheral nerve regeneration. The effect of PAG content on the various properties of the scaffold is investigated and the results showed that the electrical conductivity and mechanical properties increased proportional to the increase in the PAG loading, while the porosity, swelling ratio and in vitro biodegradability decreased. In addition, the biocompatibility was evaluated by assessing the adhesion and proliferation of Schwann cells on the prepared scaffolds using SEM and MTT assay,... 

    Extraction of hydroxyapatite nanostructures from marine wastes for the fabrication of biopolymer-based porous scaffolds

    , Article Marine Drugs ; Volume 18, Issue 1 , 2020 Gheysari, H ; Mohandes, F ; Mazaheri, M ; Dolatyar, B ; Askari, M ; Simchi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    MDPI AG  2020
    Three-dimensional porous nanocomposites consisting of gelatin-carboxymethylcellulose (CMC) cross-linked by carboxylic acids biopolymers and monophasic hydroxyapatite (HA) nanostructures were fabricated by lyophilization, for soft-bone-tissue engineering. The bioactive ceramic nanostructures were prepared by a novel wet-chemical and low-temperature procedure from marine wastes containing calcium carbonates. The effect of surface-active molecules, including sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) and hexadecyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB), on the morphology of HA nanostructures is shown. It is demonstrated that highly bioactive and monophasic HA nanorods with an aspect ratio > 10 can be synthesized in... 

    Fabrication of biocompatible titanium scaffolds using space holder technique

    , Article Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Medicine ; Volume 23, Issue 10 , 2012 , Pages 2483-2488 ; 09574530 (ISSN) Dezfuli, S. N ; Sadrnezhaad, S. K ; Shokrgozar, M. A ; Bonakdar, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer  2012
    Open-pore titanium scaffolds were fabricated by sintering of compressed mixtures of TiH1.924 and urea. Spherical and irregular shaped space holders were used to investigate the effect of pore shape on cellular behavior. After removal of the space holder, the shape of the spacers was replicated to the pores. Average diameter of the pores was in the range of 300-600 lm. SEM images showed that titanium hydride resulted in higher surface roughness and larger micro porosities than pure titanium. In vitro evaluationswere carried out by using MTT assay, measuring alkaline phosphatase activity and alizarin red staining in flow perfusion bioreactor for cell culture. Observations revealed excellent... 

    Structural stability and sustained release of protein from a multilayer nanofiber/nanoparticle composite

    , Article International Journal of Biological Macromolecules ; Volume 75 , April , 2015 , Pages 248-257 ; 01418130 (ISSN) Vakilian, S ; Mashayekhan, S ; Shabani, I ; Khorashadizadeh, M ; Fallah, A ; Soleimani, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier  2015
    The cellular microenvironment can be engineered through the utilization of various nano-patterns and matrix-loaded bioactive molecules. In this study, a multilayer system of electrospun scaffold containing chitosan nanoparticles was introduced to overcome the common problems of instability and burst release of proteins from nanofibrous scaffolds. Bovine serum albumin (BSA)-loaded chitosan nanoparticles was fabricated based on ionic gelation interaction between chitosan and sodium tripolyphosphate. Suspension electrospinning was employed to fabricate poly-e{open}-caprolacton (PCL) containing protein-loaded chitosan nanoparticles with a core-shell structure. To obtain the desired scaffold... 

    Advances in skin regeneration: application of electrospun scaffolds

    , Article Advanced Healthcare Materials ; Volume 4, Issue 8 , 2015 , Pages 1114-1133 ; 21922640 (ISSN) Norouzi, M ; Boroujeni, S. M ; Omidvarkordshouli, N ; Soleimani, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Wiley-VCH Verlag  2015
    The paucity of cellular and molecular signals essential for normal wound healing makes severe dermatological ulcers stubborn to heal. The novel strategies of skin regenerative treatments are focused on the development of biologically responsive scaffolds accompanied by cells and multiple biomolecules resembling structural and biochemical cues of the natural extracellular matrix (ECM). Electrospun nanofibrous scaffolds provide similar architecture to the ECM leading to enhancement of cell adhesion, proliferation, migration and neo tissue formation. This Review surveys the application of biocompatible natural, synthetic and composite polymers to fabricate electrospun scaffolds as skin... 

    The different fate of satellite cells on conductive composite electrospun nanofibers with graphene and graphene oxide nanosheets

    , Article Biomedical Materials (Bristol) ; Volume 11, Issue 2 , 2016 ; 17486041 (ISSN) Mahmoudifard, M ; Soleimani, M ; Hatamie, S ; Zamanlui, S ; Ranjbarvan, P ; Vossoughi, M ; Hosseinzadeh, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Institute of Physics Publishing  2016
    Electrospinning of composite polymer solutions provides fantastic potential to prepare novel nanofibers for use in a variety of applications. The addition of graphene (G) and graphene oxide (GO) nanosheets to bioactive polymers was found to enhance their conductivity and biocompatibility. Composite conductive nanofibers of polyaniline (PANI) and polyacrylonitrile (PAN) with G and GO nanosheets were prepared by an electrospinning process. The fabricated membranes were investigated by physical and chemical examinations including scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Raman spectroscopy, x-ray diffraction (XRD) and tensile assay. The muscle satellite cells enriched by a pre-plating technique were... 

    Fabrication of chitosan/poly(lactic acid)/graphene oxide/TiO2 composite nanofibrous scaffolds for sustained delivery of doxorubicin and treatment of lung cancer

    , Article International Journal of Biological Macromolecules ; Volume 110 , 2018 , Pages 416-424 ; 01418130 (ISSN) Samadi, S ; Moradkhani, M ; Beheshti, H ; Irani, M ; Aliabadi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2018
    In this work, the synthesized graphene oxide/TiO2/doxorubicin (GO/TiO2/DOX) composites were loaded into the chitosan/poly(lactic acid) (PLA) solutions to fabricate the electrospun chitosan/PLA/GO/TiO2/DOX nanofibrous scaffolds via electrospinning process. The synthesized composites and nanofibers were characterized using X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) analysis. Three-factor three-level central composite design was used to determine the influence of PLA to chitosan ratio, TiO2/DOX content and GO/TiO2/DOX content on the release of DOX from nanofibrous scaffolds. Drug loading efficiency and drug release behavior from... 

    Natural compounds for skin tissue engineering by electrospinning of nylon-Beta vulgaris

    , Article ASAIO Journal ; Volume 64, Issue 2 , 2018 , Pages 261-269 ; 10582916 (ISSN) Ranjbarvan, P ; Mahmoudifard, M ; Kehtari, M ; Babaie, A ; Hamedi, S ; Mirzaei, S ; Soleimani, M ; Hosseinzadeh, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Lippincott Williams and Wilkins  2018
    Natural compounds containing polysaccharide ingredients have been employed as candidates for treatment of skin tissue. Herein, for the first time, electrospinning setup was proposed to fabricate an efficient composite nanofibrous structure of Beta vulgaris (obtained from Beet [Chenopodiaceae or Amaranthaceae]) belonged to polysaccharides and an elastic polymer named nylon 66 for skin tissue engineering. Both prepared scaffolds including noncomposite and composite types were studied by Scanning electron microscope (SEM), Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, mechanical assay, and contact angle. Scanning electron microscope examinations have approved the uniform and homogeneous... 

    Preparation and characterization of self-electrical stimuli conductive gellan based nano scaffold for nerve regeneration containing chopped short spun nanofibers of PVDF/MCM41 and polyaniline/graphene nanoparticles: Physical, mechanical and morphological studies

    , Article International Journal of Biological Macromolecules ; Volume 167 , 2021 , Pages 881-893 ; 01418130 (ISSN) Mohseni, M ; S. A., A. R ; H Shirazi, F ; Nemati, N. H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2021
    Conductive self -electrical stimuli bioactive scaffolds could be used the potential for peripheral nerve regeneration with the maximum efficiency. To produce such conductive self-electrical stimuli bioactive scaffolds, chopped spun piezoelectric nanofibers of polyvinylidene fluoride/mesoporous silica nanoparticle (PVDF/MCM41) are prepared and incorporated in gellan/polyaniline/graphene (gellan/PAG) nanocomposites which have been previously prepared by incorporation of polyaniline/graphene (PAG) nanoparticles in gellan gel at 80 °C. Highly conductive binary doped polyaniline/graphene nanoparticles are prepared by chemical oxidative polymerization of aniline monomer using in-suite... 

    Tissue growth into three-dimensional composite scaffolds with controlled micro-features and nanotopographical surfaces

    , Article Journal of Biomedical Materials Research - Part A ; Volume 101, Issue 10 , 2013 , Pages 2796-2807 ; 15493296 (ISSN) Tamjid, E ; Simchi, A ; Dunlop, J. W. C ; Fratzl, P ; Bagheri, R ; Vossoughi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Controlling topographic features at all length scales is of great importance for the interaction of cells with tissue regenerative materials. We utilized an indirect three-dimensional printing method to fabricate polymeric scaffolds with pre-defined and controlled external and internal architecture that had an interconnected structure with macro- (400-500 μm) and micro- (∼25 μm) porosity. Polycaprolactone (PCL) was used as model system to study the kinetics of tissue growth within porous scaffolds. The surface of the scaffolds was decorated with TiO2 and bioactive glass (BG) nanoparticles to the better match to nanoarchitecture of extracellular matrix (ECM). Micrometric BG particles were... 

    Temporary skin grafts based on hybrid graphene oxide-natural biopolymer nanofibers as effective wound healing substitutes: pre-clinical and pathological studies in animal models

    , Article Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Medicine ; Volume 28, Issue 5 , 2017 , 73 ; 09574530 (ISSN) Mahmoudi, N ; Eslahi, N ; Mehdipour, A ; Mohammadi, M ; Akbari, M ; Samadikuchaksaraei, A ; Simchi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer New York LLC  2017
    Abstract: In recent years, temporary skin grafts (TSG) based on natural biopolymers modified with carbon nanostructures have received considerable attention for wound healing. Developments are required to improve physico-mechanical properties of these materials to match to natural skins. Additionally, in-deep pre-clinical examinations are necessary to ensure biological performance and toxicity effect in vivo. In the present work, we show superior acute-wound healing effect of graphene oxide nanosheets embedded in ultrafine biopolymer fibers (60 nm) on adult male rats. Nano-fibrous chitosan-based skin grafts crosslinked by Genepin with physico-mechanical properties close to natural skins were... 

    Bioinspired nanofiber scaffold for differentiating bone marrow-derived neural stem cells to oligodendrocyte-like cells: Design, fabrication, and characterization

    , Article International Journal of Nanomedicine ; Volume 15 , 2020 , Pages 3903-3920 Boroojeni, F. R ; Mashayekhan, S ; Abbaszadeh, H. A ; Ansarizadeh, M ; Khoramgah, M. S ; Rahimi Movaghar, V ; Sharif University of Technology
    Dove Medical Press Ltd  2020
    Background: Researchers are trying to study the mechanism of neural stem cells (NSCs) differentiation to oligodendrocyte-like cells (OLCs) as well as to enhance the selective differentiation of NSCs to oligodendrocytes. However, the limitation in nerve tissue acces-sibility to isolate the NSCs as well as their differentiation toward oligodendrocytes is still challenging. Purpose: In the present study, a hybrid polycaprolactone (PCL)-gelatin nanofiber scaffold mimicking the native extracellular matrix and axon morphology to direct the differentiation of bone marrow-derived NSCs to OLCs was introduced. Materials and Methods: In order to achieve a sustained release of T3, this factor was...