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    Prediction of necrotic core and hypoxic zone of multicellular spheroids in a microbioreactor with a U-shaped barrier

    , Article Micromachines ; Volume 9, Issue 3 , 2018 ; 2072666X (ISSN) Barisam, M ; Saidi, M. S ; Kashaninejad, N ; Nguyen, N. T ; Sharif University of Technology
    MDPI AG  2018
    Abstract
    Microfluidic devices have been widely used for biological and cellular studies. Microbioreactors for three-dimensional (3D) multicellular spheroid culture are now considered as the next generation in in vitro diagnostic tools. The feasibility of using 3D cell aggregates to form multicellular spheroids in a microbioreactor with U-shaped barriers has been demonstrated experimentally. A barrier array is an alternative to commonly used microwell traps. The present study investigates oxygen and glucose concentration distributions as key parameters in a U-shaped array microbioreactor using finite element simulation. The effect of spheroid diameter, inlet concentration and flow rate of the medium... 

    Simulation, Design, and Fabrication of a Droplet-Based Microfluidic Device to Study The Role of Tumor Microenvironment and Drug Effects on the Behavior of Multicellular Tumor Spheroids

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Besanjideh, Mohsen (Author) ; Shamloo, Amir (Supervisor) ; Kazemzadeh Hannani, Siamak (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Despite the extensive research conducted so far to treat cancer, this disease is still one of the main causes of death worldwide. The results of recent studies reveal the importance of the tumor microenvironment in the growth, proliferation, and invasion of the primary tumor. Most common models in cancer research, such as 2-dimensional in vitro models and xenografts, do not have sufficient ability to mimic the interaction of tumors with human stromal tissue. Therefore, the implementation of 3-dimensional in vitro models with the ability to replicate tumor microenvironments is essential. In this study, a microfluidic platform has been introduced to create parallel models of the tumor... 

    3d Design of a Microfluidic Chip for Anticancer Drugs Screening

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Hashemi, Maryam Sadat (Author) ; Mashayekhan, Shohreh (Supervisor) ; Saadatmand, Maryam (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Nowadays, advanced and inexpensive pre-clinical methods for investigating the effects of anti-cancer drugs are expanding. One of the latest three-dimensional laboratory modeling for evaluating the effects of drugs is the use of tumor-on-chip technology, which actually models the physiological system of the body through three-dimensional scaffolds, multicellular cultures, and shaped vascular systems. In this study, three-dimensional culture of cancer cells was performed in the form of spheroids. A chip of U-shaped microstructures with and without gaps was used to trap cells and form cancer spheroids. We simulated the simultaneous effect of drug and oxygen concentration distribution inside the... 

    Fabrication and characterization of low-cost, bead-free, durable and hydrophobic electrospun membrane for 3D cell culture

    , Article Biomedical Microdevices ; Volume 19, Issue 4 , 2017 ; 13872176 (ISSN) Moghadas, H ; Saidi, M. S ; Kashaninejad, N ; Kiyoumarsioskouei, A ; Trung Nguyen, N ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    This paper reports the fabrication of electrospun polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) membranes/scaffolds that are suitable for three-dimensional (3D) cell culture. Through modification the ratio between PDMS and polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) as carrier polymer, we report the possibility of increasing PDMS weight ratio of up to 6 for electrospinning. Increasing the PDMS content increases the fiber diameter, the pore size, and the hydrophobicity. To our best knowledge, this is the first report describing beads-free, durable and portable electrospun membrane with maximum content of PDMS suitable for cell culture applications. To show the proof-of-concept, we successfully cultured epithelial lung...