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Total 311 records

    Distributed Generation Planning in Deregulated Electric Industry Using Multi-objective Optimization

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Ahmadi, Mohammad (Author) ; Ehsan, Mehdi (Supervisor)

    Multi-objective optimization of molten carbonate fuel cell system for reducing CO2 emission from exhaust gases

    , Article Frontiers in Energy ; Volume 9, Issue 1 , 2015 , Pages 106-114 ; 20951701 (ISSN) Roshandel, R ; Astaneh, M ; Golzar, F ; Sharif University of Technology
    Higher Education Press  2015
    Abstract
    The aim of this paper is to investigate the implementation of a molten carbonate fuel cell (MCFC) as a CO2 separator. By applying multi-objective optimization (MOO) using the genetic algorithm, the optimal values of operating load and the corresponding values of objective functions are obtained. Objective functions are minimization of the cost of electricity (COE) and minimization of CO2 emission rate. CO2 tax that is accounted as the pollution-related cost, transforming the environmental objective to the cost function. The results show that the MCFC stack which is fed by the syngas and gas turbine exhaust, not only reduces CO2 emission rate, but also produces electricity and reduces... 

    Evaluation of Different Multi-objective Approaches to Distribution Network Planning

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Jamshidi Eini, Bahman (Author) ; Hajji, Alireza (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Power distribution network planning and related optimization is an interesting research subject and many papers have been published on this topic. Distribution network planning started in developed countries. Therefore network models are based on reliable network data, educated crew and low interest rate. Nowadays, Iranian engineers and researches try to use their research result for solving network optimization problems but sometimes the result of optimization is not achievable in reality. In current thesis, modeling approaches developed by previous researchers were compared and the effect of model simplification was evaluated. This evaluation was based on data gathered from local power... 

    Exergy and Thermoeconomic Analysis of a Hybrid System of Desalination and CCHP, Augmented by Solar Energy

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Saraei, Alireza (Author) ; Abbaspour Tehrani Fard, Majid (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    The demand in water and energy for household, industrial and agricultural uses continue to grow. In recent years, many researches have been done on thermodynamic assessment and optimization of Combined Cooling, Heating and Power (CCHP) and desalination systems. The interesting and important point is the potential of combining CCHP and desalination systems by employing the solar power. The purpose of this study is exergy analysis and thermoeconomic optimization of a hybrid system of Multi-Effects Distillation desalination (MED) and CCHP, augmented by solar energy. The thermoeconomic analysis is carried out by Total Revenue Requirement (TRR) method. Properties of working fluid in hybrid MED... 

    Quantitative-Based Safety Evalution in the Primarly Stages of the Project Life Cycle

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Khodayari, Ali (Author) ; Rashtchian, Davoud (Supervisor) ; Bozorgmehri, Ramin (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Inherent safety means that the process is naturally safe and the conditions of occurrence of unsafe cases and situations are eliminated from the system so that unsafe conditions can be controlled and prevented from occurrence by means of layers of protection. In general, evaluation of inherent safety may be studied in two different conditions; the first one is associated with the units that are not completely designed and built yet. In the initial steps of developing a process, there is much freedom in the determination of materials, equipment, and designing variables. As soon as the process enters its life cycle, making changes in the process will be very difficult and expensive. Therefore,... 

    Multi-Objective Simulation Optimization Within MCDM Framework: A Bi-Objective Inventory System

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Ramezani, Iman (Author) ; Akhavan Niaki, Mohammad Taghi (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    System design, regardless of the type of system being considered, needs to determine parametersto maximize the system performance criteria.One of solutions of finding best system performance is using simulation optimization. In real world, end users have models with more than one objective and these objectives are conflicting objectives. There are a lot ofmeta-heuristic algorithms to solve multi-objective optimization problems. NSGA-II is one of the most popular proposed meta-heuristic algorithms to solve multi-objective problems. Because of using average to evaluate solutions, process of selecting new generations in this algorithm is such that in every generation some of suitable solutions... 

    Design of an Optimal Poly-Generation Plant Using Evolutionary Optimization Techniques

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Shahhosseini, Hamidreza (Author) ; Pishvaie, Mahmoudreza (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    In the present study by subject optimal structure design of a polygeneration process, has been trying to obtain an optimal structure of a simultaneous production of methanol and power with the approach of green design based on economic and environmental criteria, discussed and examined. In fact, a new approach to green design solution removes environmental pollutants, not just the final refinement rather tried from the beginning to the process, which is designed to produce less pollution. This period coincides took the idea that design engineers concluded that in order to achieve an optimum design, putting together the correct process equipment is effective as design of the individual... 

    Direct Multi-search for Multiobjective Optimization

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Shojaee, Meysam (Author) ; Mahdavi Amiri, Nezameddin (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Multi-objective optimization is an important branch of optimization. One of the most common methods to solve multi-objective problems is to find the Pareto efficient points. In practical applications, there are many instances in which there are no analytical formula for the function and only approximate values at some points are available. Derivative-free optimization is one approach to solve these problems.Here, we consider one of the multi-objective derivative-free optimization techniques called direct multisearch (DMS), recently proposed in the literature. In this method, a commonly used single objective optimization method is generalized to the multiobjective case. A popular category of... 

    Multi-Objective Production Planning and Job Shop Scheduling

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Rabiee, Marzie (Author) ; Haji, Rasoul (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Production scheduling is such a key issue that directly influences on the performance of the machines and efficiency of production line. This category of problems is to find simultaneously the lot sizes and their sequence over a finite set of planning periods.
    In this Thesis a multi objective production planning and job shop scheduling problem is investigated. The objectives are minimization of the production cost and minimization of production time smoothness in consecutive periods. As the problem is shown to be NP-hard, two multi-objectives genetic algorithms with two approaches in selection of parents and crowding distance index are proposed to solve this problem. In these two meta... 

    Multi-Objective Simulation Optimization and its Application in Buffer Allocation Problem

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Marani, Mohammad Reza (Author) ; Mahlooji, Hashem (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    This work attempts to address the buffer allocation problem in an unreliable, linear production line. We try to determine the optimal sizes of buffers between adjacent work stations in such a way that a measure of costs is minimized and the production rate is simultaneously maximized. We resort to simulation optimization in order to determine the best combination of input parameters that leads to a near optimal performance for the system. To achieve this purpose, we employ a multi-objective genetic algorithm (NSGAII) in the optimization phase along with simulation as the tool for evaluating the objective function. To determine the merits of the proposed method, we compare the performance of... 

    2-D Design and Optimization of Axial Flow Compressor Blade with 2-Objective Method

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Naseripour Yazdi, Ali (Author) ; Hajilouy Benisi, Ali (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Axial compressors are utilized to increase compressible flow pressure in an efficient manner where mass flow rate is high, such as aviation engines and power generation gas turbines. The flow is compressed within this machine through several stages. Each stage consists of a rotor blade row followed by a stator blade row. Energy transfer to the air is performed on the rotor by changing its velocity vector. Then, pressure is recovered from velocity by diffusion, meanwhile turning the flow direction through stator blades. These blades have been designed and optimized with various methods evolved with developing computational and manufacturing facilities. In this thesis the aerodynamic design of... 

    Design of a Heat Exchanger in an Organic Rankine Cycle Used for Engine Waste Heat Recovery

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Marashi, Marzieh (Author) ; Morad, Mohammad Reza (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    In this project a heat pipe heat exchanger is designed for using in an organic rankine cycle. The cycle parameter and heat exchanger parameter are optimized at the same time. The cycle is optimized in three scenario and the results are compared. In the first scenario the objective function is the net power output of the cycle, in the second scenario the objective function is the ratio of net power output and heat transfer area(POPA) and the objective function of third optimization is POPA and exergy destruction rate(EDR). With first scenario as base case, in second scenario POPA is increased 94% and in second scenario EDR and POPA are increased 9% and 75% respectively. The results show that... 

    A Heuristic Framework with Mathematical Modeling for Inherently Safe Design of Chemical Process with Sustainability Assessment of Case Study

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Daliri, Reza (Author) ; Rashtchian, Davoud (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Inherently safer design is the new approach to maximize the overall safety of a process plant. This approach suggests some risk reduction strategies to be implemented in the early stages of design. There are different well-established strategies for making a process plant inherently safer. The benefits of applying these strategies on reducing the overall risk inside a plant are obvious. However, some of these changes are rejected many times because they appear to be too costly. But if the effects of applying inherently safer design strategies are investigated not only on the processing costs of a plant but also on the potential accident costs, the decision would in fact be different. In this... 

    A Robust Optimization Model for a Multi-objective Location-allocation Problem with Consideration of Carbon Emission and Nonlinear Transportation Cost in a Closed-loop Supply Chain

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Alipour, Behzad (Author) ; Akbari Jokar, Mohammad Reza (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    In this research, we propose a formulated approach to locate and allocate two level of a three-level closed-loop supply chain consist of a number of capable points production facilities, redistribution centers and customer clusters for multiple products in multiple time periods. Also, we consider environmental aspects in this supply chain network by taking into account an objective function, aside from cost objective function, in the template of emitted carbon dioxide. In this research for the first time we consider vehicles’ emitted CO2 different in each period which is a result of gradual depreciation of vehicles. In the end for the sake of validating model’s performance we developed few... 

    Probabilistic Optimization of Structures Equipped with Active Vibration Control Systems Under Probable Mainshock-Aftershock Sequences

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Khansefid, Ali (Author) ; Bakhshi, Ali (Supervisor) ; Ansari, Anoushiravan (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Nowadays, the usage of probabilistic and reliability based frameworks is growing fast with respect to the development of computers. One of the most important issues which can be dealt in the field of structural/earthqauke engineering is the performance evaluation of the buildings equipped with active vibration control systems. In this research, in order to evaluate the performance of buildings probabilistically, the sampling simulation methods are applied. Accordingly, both structures and the loadings during their lifetime are considered as random variables. Therefore, at beginning, it is necessary to propose a model which is capable of producing structures with random properties. In this... 

    Optimal Design and Operation of Energy Supply Systems of Energy Efficient Greenhouses Based on Dual Stage Multi-objective Optimization

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Golzar, Farzin (Author) ; Roshandel, Ramin (Supervisor) ; Hellweg, Stefanie (Co-Supervisor)
    Abstract
    The purpose of this research is developing an analytical and decision-making tool that examines the interactions between greenhouse energy demand and yield production. Greenhouseholders can use the analytical tool to design and operate existintg and newly built greenhouses in an optimal way. Becides, the decision making tool helps planners and policymakers to improve the performance of greenhouses and extend greenhouse cultivation with respect to their economic or environmental objectives.In order to develop this decision making tool, existing models for greenhouses have been investigated and various algorithms have been combined to develop an integrated energy demand-plant growth model. The... 

    A Multi-objective Model Predictive Control Approach to the Energy Trading Problem in Vehicle-to-Grid System

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Karimi, Arash (Author) ; Haeri, Mohammad (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Electric vehicles (EVs) will be used rampantly in future transportation system. Although the uncontrolled charging of these EVs will be threatening for the stability and sustainability of the grid, a well-suited energy trading policy may provide a number of beneficial services to the grid as well as preserving the sustainability of the system along with heightening the performance of operation. In this paper, by taking advantage of block rate tariff, a wholesale pricing policy is introduced. A multi-objective approach is utilized to address the cost reduction and load levelling services, concurrently, in order to guarantee the profits of the both the grid and EVs. Due to the high... 

    A Simulation Framework for Evaluation of Multi-objective Master Production Scheduling Policy and Rolling Schedules in Make-to-order Supply Chains

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Nedaei Hoor, Hessam (Author) ; Mahlooji, Hashem (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    This research studies multi-objective master production schedule (MPS) and advanced order commitment (AOC) in two-stage supply chains. Simulation-based experimental analysis evaluates the impact of environmental and MPS design factors on schedule cost and instability. The results provide insight into multi-objective MPS design considerations through rolling schedule policies. The study reveals that the manufacturer's production smoothness utility coefficient and its interaction with other experimental factors considerably impact the system's performance. In addition, it introduces a simulation framework with embedded mixed integer programming models that could be used as a framework for... 

    Designing a Proper Residential Demand Response Program To Improve Distribution System Reliability

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Sarajpoor, Nima (Author) ; Fotuhi-Firuzabad, Mahmoud (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    In recent years, the pace of increment in electrical energy consumption is getting faster. Establishing new power-plants to keep a balance between generation and consumption not only has a high investment cost but also is a time consuming procedure. Thus, several studies have focused on the demand side management. Residential consumers possess remarkable portion of total electricity consumption. Accordingly, at first, the appropriate residential demand response program is selected based on presented experimental criteria. In the next step, since the network reliability is an important issue to the operators, the impact of implementation of the demand response program is studied on the... 

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Abrishami, Shokoofeh (Author) ; Shavandi, Hassan (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    In this research, the location-inventory problem is developed in order to design a distribution center considering customers behavior. We consider two groups of customers who have different behavior on purchase. The customers may order the product via internet and receive it at their location or go to the nearest store and buy the product at the store center. We model the problem as a multi-objective programming model. The objectives are maximizing the profit as well as maximizing the market share. The model locates the distribution centers (DC) and allocates the customers to DCs. Two heuristic algorithms developed to solve the model: non- dominated Sorting Genetic Algorithm (NSGA-II) and...