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    A robust short-circuit fault diagnosis for high voltage DC power supply based on multisensor data fusion

    , Article 10th International Power Electronics, Drive Systems and Technologies Conference, PEDSTC 2019, 12 February 2019 through 14 February 2019 ; 2019 , Pages 659-664 ; 9781538692547 (ISBN) Ayoubi, R ; Kaboli, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc  2019
    Abstract
    Short-circuit fault (SCF) detection is mandatory in a high voltage DC power supply (HVPS) to prevent fatal damage. The majority of converters employ a single sensor to detect the SCF. This attribute increases the interference vulnerability of the fault detection (FD) system in the presence of noise. Therefore, miss detections and false alarms are possible to occur. Miss detections and false alarms are harmful catastrophes in most applications. A commonly used method to suppress the noise impacts is using a low-bandwidth low-pass filter. However, the use of the low-bandwidth low-pass filter reduces the speed of FD due to the filter delay. This paper proposes a fast FD algorithm based on... 

    Sensory Circuit For Security Robot

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Aboei, Bahareh (Author) ; Vosoughi Vahdat, Bijan (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    The fire event may cause danger to life and property. In general, most fire-detection devices are set on the wall or ceiling. . However, this method is not flexible enough to detect a fire occurrence, and this needs the use of many fire-detection devices in a building. Since it is not suitable, we use an active fire-detection device to detect a fire incident. In the past, smoke sensors were used for fire detection, but often the smoke sensors triggered a false alarm when someone smoked in the room. Therefore, multisensor fire-detection methods are one of the current important developments for fire- detection technology. We design a fire-detection module using an ionization smoke sensor... 

    Analytical figures of merit for multisensor arrays

    , Article ACS Sensors ; Volume 5, Issue 2 , 2020 , Pages 580-587 Parastar, H ; Kirsanov, D ; Sharif University of Technology
    American Chemical Society  2020
    Abstract
    Multisensor arrays employing various sensing principles are a rapidly developing field of research as they allow simple and inexpensive quantification of various parameters in complex samples. Quantitative analysis with such systems is based on multivariate regression techniques, and deriving of traditional analytical figures of merit (e.g., sensitivity, selectivity, limit of detection, and limit of quantitation) for such systems is not obvious and straightforward. Nevertheless, it is absolutely needed for further development of the multisensor research field and for introducing these instruments into the general context of analytical chemistry. Here, we report on the protocol for... 

    Abnormality detection and monitoring in multi-sensor molecular communication

    , Article IEEE Transactions on Molecular, Biological, and Multi-Scale Communications ; Volume 5, Issue 2 , 2019 , Pages 68-83 ; 23327804 (ISSN) Ghoroghchian, N ; Mirmohseni, M ; Nasiri Kenari, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc  2019
    Abstract
    In this paper, we investigate the problem of detecting and monitoring changes (abnormality) in molecular communication (MC), using the quickest change detection (QCD) schemes. The objective is to watch an environment using a sensor network and make decisions on the time and location of changes based on the received signals from sensors in the fusion center (FC). Such assumptions call for considering spatial and temporal correlations among sensors' transmitting signals. We use the framework of Partially Observable Markov Decision Processes (POMDPs) based on non-homogeneous Markov models. The metric in detection (stopping-time) scenario is to minimize the delay of announcing an abnormality... 

    A Vacuum arc diagnosis method for the high voltage power supply of vacuum tubes

    , Article 2019 International Vacuum Electronics Conference, IVEC 2019, 28 April 2019 through 1 May 2019 ; 2019 ; 9781538675342 (ISBN) Ayoubi, R ; Rahmanian, M ; Kaboli, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc  2019
    Abstract
    Vacuum tubes are widely used for various applications. These vacuum tubes are supplied by high voltage power supplies. The amount of delivered energy from the high voltage power supply to the vacuum tube is an important issue during the vacuum arc in the tube. The protection mechanism consists of a shunt crowbar which diverts the fault current from the tube to itself as a parallel path. Detection of the vacuum arc is crucial and only one sensor is usually employed to detect the vacuum arc. This characteristic intensifies the interference susceptibility of the vacuum arc diagnosis system in a noisy environment. As a result of the noise, the arc detection system can report false alarms. False...