Search for: muscle-isometric-contraction
The effect of temperature on eccentric contraction-induced isometric force loss in isolated perfused rat medial gastrocnemius muscle, Article Tehran University Medical Journal ; Volume 66, Issue 6 , 2008 , Pages 388-395 ; 16831764 (ISSN) ; Keshavarz, M ; Gharibzadeh, S ; Marvi, H ; Mosayebnejad, J ; Ebrahimi Takamjani, E ; Sharif University of Technology
Tehran University of Medical Sciences 2008
Background: The typical features of eccentric exercise-induced muscle damage are delayed-onset muscle soreness (DOMS) and prolonged loss of muscle strength. It has been shown that passive warmth is effective in reducing muscle injury. Due to the interaction of different systems in vivo, we used isolated perfused medial gastrocnemius skeletal muscle to study the direct effect of temperature on the eccentric contraction-induced force loss. Methods: After femoral artery cannulation of a rat, the left medial gastrocnemius muscle was separated and then the entire lower limb was transferred into a prewarmed (35oC) chamber. With the chamber temperature at 31, 35 and 39oC before and during eccentric...
The effect of exertion level on activation patterns and variability of trunk muscles during multidirectional isometric activities in upright posture, Article Spine ; Volume 35, Issue 11 , May , 2010 , Pages E443-E451 ; 03622436 (ISSN) ; Mousavi, S. J ; Olyaei, G. R ; Sanjari, M. A ; Parnianpour, M ; Sharif University of Technology
STUDY DESIGN.: An experimental design to investigate activation patterns of trunk muscles during multidirectional exertions. OBJECTIVES.: To evaluate trunk muscle activation patterns in varying directions and moment magnitudes during an isometric task, and to investigate the effects of angle and level of isometric exertion on the electromyography (EMG) variability of trunk muscles in upright posture. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA.: Few studies have investigated trunk muscle activation patterns in multidirectional exertions with different moment magnitudes. METHODS.: A total of 12 asymptomatic male subjects were participated in the study. The EMG activity of 10 selected trunk muscles was...
The influence of temperature alterations on eccentric contraction-induced isometric force and desmin loss in ratmedial gastrocnemius muscle, Article Journal of Medical Sciences ; Volume 8, Issue 2 , 2008 , Pages 162-169 ; 16824474 (ISSN) ; Keshavarz, M ; Gharibzadeh, S ; Sotodeh, M ; Marvi, H ; Mosayebnejad, J ; Ebrahimi Takamjani, I ; Sharif University of Technology
In this study isolated perfused rat muscle was used to examine the direct effect of temperature changes on the eccentric contraction-induced force and desmin loss. The left medial gastrocnemius muscle was separated and the entire lower limb was transferred into a prewarmed (35°C) organ bath. Temperature was adjusted to 31 or 39°C before and during eccentric contractions. Maximal isometric force and desmin loss were measured after 15 isometric or eccentric contractions. According to our data, organ bath temperature changes before or during eccentric contractions had no significant effect on force loss. However, a strong correlation between desmin loss and temperature changes before (r = 0.93,...
The effect of angle and level of exertion on trunk neuromuscular performance during multidirectional isometric activities, Article Spine ; Volume 34, Issue 5 , 2009 , Pages E170-E177 ; 03622436 (ISSN) ; Olyaei, G. R ; Talebian, S ; Sanjari, M. A ; Parnianpour, M ; Sharif University of Technology
STUDY DESIGN.: To quantify trunk muscle capability and controllability in different angles and levels of isometric exertion using a torque tracking system. OBJECTIVE.: To investigate the effect of biaxial isometric exertions on the maximum capability of trunk and to examine the effect of angle and level of isometric exertion on trunk controllability during the tracking task in upright posture. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA.: Combined motions of trunk at varying exertion levels occur in most daily and occupational activities and are important risk factors of low back pain. Few studies have investigated trunk capability and controllability during multidirectional activities with different...
Article International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics ; Volume 43, Issue 5 , 2013 , Pages 425-429 ; 01698141 (ISSN) ; Mirka, G.A ; Sharif University of Technology
Muscle fatigue affects the underlying EMG-force relationship on which EMG-assisted biomechanical models rely. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of short duration muscle fatigue on the muscle gain value. Participants performed controlled, isometric trunk extension exertions at 10, 20, and 30 degrees of trunk flexion and controlled isokinetic trunk extension exertions at 5 and 15°/sec on five separate days. Fatigue of the lumbar extensors was generated by moderate-intensity, trunk extension exertions. Participants performed controlled test contractions at defined intervals throughout the fatiguing bout and the EMG activities of trunk muscles were collected. These EMG data were...
Is there a reliable and invariant set of muscle synergy during isometric biaxial trunk exertion in the sagittal and transverse planes by healthy subjects?, Article Journal of Biomechanics ; Volume 48, Issue 12 , Sep , 2015 , Pages 3234-3241 ; 00219290 (ISSN) ; Mousavi, S. J ; Hadizadeh, M ; Narimani, R ; Khalaf, K ; Campbell Kyureghyan, N ; Parnianpour, M ; Sharif University of Technology
Elsevier Ltd 2015
It has been suggested that the central nervous system simplifies muscle control through basic units, called synergies. In this study, we have developed a novel target-matching protocol and used non-negative matrix factorization (NMF) technique to extract trunk muscle synergies and corresponding torque synergies. Isometric torque data at the L5/S1 level and electromyographic patterns of twelve abdominal and back muscles from twelve healthy participants (five females) were simultaneously recorded. Each participant performed a total number of 24 isometric target-matching tasks using 12 different angular directions and 2 levels of uniaxial and biaxial exertions. Within- and between-subject...
Comparison of kinematics of ACL-deficient and healthy knees during passive flexion and isometric leg press, Article Knee ; Volume 20, Issue 6 , December , 2013 , Pages 505-510 ; 09680160 (ISSN) ; Shakourirad, A ; Talebian Moghaddam, S ; Olyaei, G ; Eslami, A ; Farahmand, F ; Sharif University of Technology
Background: Studying the kinematics of the ACL deficient (ACLD) knees, during different physiological activities and muscle contraction patterns, can improve our understanding of the joint's altered biomechanics due to ACL deficiency as well as the efficacy and safety of the rehabilitations exercises. Methods: Twenty-five male volunteers, including 11 normal and 14 unilateral ACLD subjects, participated in this study. The kinematics of the injured knees of the ACLD subjects was compared with their intact knees and the healthy group during passive flexion and isometric leg press with the knees flexed from full extension to 45° flexion, with 15° intervals. An accurate registration algorithm...
The effect of parameters of equilibrium-based 3-D biomechanical models on extracted muscle synergies during isometric lumbar exertion, Article Journal of Biomechanics ; Volume 49, Issue 6 , 2016 , Pages 967-973 ; 00219290 (ISSN) ; Sedaghat Nejad, E ; Rashedi, E ; Sedighi, A ; Arjmand, N ; Parnianpour, M ; Sharif University of Technology
A hallmark of more advanced models is their higher details of trunk muscles represented by a larger number of muscles. The question is if in reality we control these muscles individually as independent agents or we control groups of them called "synergy". To address this, we employed a 3-D biomechanical model of the spine with 18 trunk muscles that satisfied equilibrium conditions at L4/5, with different cost functions. The solutions of several 2-D and 3-D tasks were arranged in a data matrix and the synergies were computed by using non-negative matrix factorization (NMF) algorithms. Variance accounted for (VAF) was used to evaluate the number of synergies that emerged by the analysis, which...
Article Journal of Theoretical Biology ; Volume 461 , 2019 , Pages 76-83 ; 00225193 (ISSN) ; Calvo, B ; Zohoor, H ; Firoozbakhsh, K ; Grasa, J ; Sharif University of Technology
Academic Press 2019
The Calcium ion Ca2+ plays a critical role as an initiator and preserving agent of the cross-bridge cycle in the force generation of skeletal muscle. A new multi-scale chemo-mechanical model is presented in order to analyze the role of Ca2+ in muscle fatigue and to predict fatigue behavior. To this end, a cross-bridge kinematic model was incorporated in a continuum based mechanical model, considering a thermodynamic compatible framework. The contractile velocity and the generated active force were directly related to the force-bearing states that were considered for the cross-bridge cycle. In order to determine the values of the model parameters, the output results of an isometric simulation...
How does the central nervous system address the kinetic redundancy in the lumbar spine? Three-dimensional isometric exertions with 18 Hill-model-based muscle fascicles at the L4-L5 level, Article Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part H: Journal of Engineering in Medicine ; Volume 224, Issue 3 , 2010 , Pages 487-501 ; 09544119 (ISSN) ; Khalaf, K ; Nassajian, M. R ; Nasseroleslami, B ; Parnianpour, M ; Sharif University of Technology
The human motor system is organized for execution of various motor tasks in a different and flexible manner. The kinetic redundancy in the human musculoskeletal system is a significant property by which the central nervous system achieves many complementary goals. An equilibrium-based biomechanical model of isometric three-dimensional exertions of trunk muscles has been developed. Following the definition and role of the uncontrolled manifold, the kinetic redundancy concept is explored in mathematical terms. The null space of the kinetically redundant system when a certain joint moment and/or stiffness are needed is derived and discussed. The aforementioned concepts have been illustrated,...
Article Clinical Biomechanics ; Volume 23, Issue 8 , 2008 , Pages 969-978 ; 02680033 (ISSN) ; Shirazi Adl, A ; Parnianpour, M ; Sharif University of Technology
Background: Activities involving axial trunk rotations/moments are common and are considered as risk factors for low back disorders. Previous biomechanical models have failed to accurately estimate the trunk maximal axial torque exertion. Moreover, the trunk stability under maximal torque exertions has not been investigated. Methods: A nonlinear thoracolumbar finite element model along with the Kinematics-driven approach is used to study biomechanics of maximal axial torque generation during upright standing posture. Detailed anatomy of trunk muscles with six distinct fascicles for each abdominal oblique muscle on each side is considered. While simulating an in vivo study of maximal axial...
Article Journal of Biomechanical Engineering ; Volume 134, Issue 4 , 2012 ; 01480731 (ISSN) ; Farahmand, F ; Jafari, A ; Foumani, M. S ; Sharif University of Technology
A detailed 3D anatomical model of the patellofemoral joint was developed to study the tracking, force, contact and stability characteristics of the joint. The quadriceps was considered to include six components represented by 15 force vectors. The patellar tendon was modeled using four bundles of viscoelastic tensile elements. Each of the lateral and medial retinaculum was modeled by a three-bundle nonlinear spring. The femur and patella were considered as rigid bodies with their articular cartilage layers represented by an isotropic viscoelastic material. The geometrical and tracking data needed for model simulation, as well as validation of its results, were obtained from an in vivo...
Article Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part H: Journal of Engineering in Medicine ; Volume 223, Issue 6 , 2009 , Pages 755-766 ; 09544119 (ISSN) ; Farahmand, F ; Meghdari, A ; Vossoughi, G ; Parnianpour, M ; Sharif University of Technology
Maximal strength measurements of the trunk have been used to evaluate the maximum functional capacity of muscles and the potential mechanical overload or overuse of the lumbar spine tissues in order to estimate the risk of developing musculoskeletal injuries. A new triaxial isometric trunk strength measurement system was designed and developed in the present study, and its reliability and performance was investigated. The system consisted of three main revolute joints, equipped with torque sensors, which intersect at L5-S1 and adjustment facilities to fit the body anthropometry and to accommodate both symmetric and asymmetric postures in both seated and standing positions. The dynamics of...