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    Conformational Substates of Wild Type and Mutant (V68N) Myoglobin-CO

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Shams, Hengameh (Author) ; Ejtehadi, Mohammad Reza (Supervisor)
    Folded protein experience several conformational substates. Each substate reperesents a minimum in the free energy surface of the system. Since Myoglobin is the smallest protein that can reversibly bind to gas molecules and, it can be used as prototype for more complex systems.IR pecrtum of CO inside of myolgobin shows that distinct conformational substates can occur. It was shown that Histidine residue inside heme pocket plays an essential rolle in structural properties of substates. In this study, we used molecular dynamice simulation together with umbrella sampling method to obtain free energy profile of MbCO system. The configuration of distal Histidine (His64), CO and Heme is studied... 

    Development of Microorganisms with Improved Biosurfactant Activity

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Bagheri Lotfabad, Tayebe (Author) ; Roosta Azad, Reza (Supervisor) ; Rouholamini Najafabadi, Abdolhossein (Supervisor) ; Akbari Noghabi, Kambiz (Co-Advisor) ; Shahcheraghi, Fereshte (Co-Advisor)
    This thesis discusses the work on the production of a rhamnolipid-type biosurfactant by Pseudomonas aeruginosa MR01, its structural characterization and environmental applications. First, results from analytical approaches for screening of biosurfactant producers suggested the oil spreading method as the fastest, simplest and most consistent analytical method. The second part of the thesis describes the properties of the most efficient biosurfactant-producing bacteria isolated from oil fields in south of Iran and according to it’s biochemical characteristics and partial sequenced 16S rRNA gene affiliated with Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Time course study indicated that the maximum biosurfactant... 

    Event-Driven Web Application Testing

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Habibi, Elahe (Author) ; Mirian Hossien Abadi, Hassan (Supervisor)
    There are different classes of event-driven softwares. These softwares include Graphical user interface, web application or embedded software. In these kinds of softwares, each user's action while using application is known as "event". The application responds to the action through changing behaviour and then waiting for another event. Testing software is the best way for checking the quality assurance of event-driven softwares. However, there are some problems as cause of creating lots of event sequences in testing these kinds of softwares. Therefore, many solutions are introduced for these problems. The goal of this report, is presenting new testing procedure for event-driven web... 

    Developmental barcoding of whole mouse via homing CRISPR

    , Article Science ; Volume 361, Issue 6405 , 2018 ; 00368075 (ISSN) Kalhor, R ; Kalhor, K ; Mejia, L ; Leeper, K ; Graveline, A ; Mali, P ; Church, G. M ; Sharif University of Technology

    Homozygous mutations in C14orf39/SIX6OS1 cause non-obstructive azoospermia and premature ovarian insufficiency in humans

    , Article American Journal of Human Genetics ; Volume 108, Issue 2 , 2021 , Pages 324-336 ; 00029297 (ISSN) Fan, S ; Jiao, Y ; Khan, R ; Jiang, X ; Javed, A. R ; Ali, A ; Zhang, H ; Zhou, J ; Naeem, M ; Murtaza, G ; Li, Y ; Yang, G ; Zaman, Q ; Zubair, M ; Guan, H ; Zhang, X ; Ma, H ; Jiang, H ; Ali, H ; Dil, S ; Shah, W ; Ahmad, N ; Zhang, Y ; Shi, Q ; Sharif University of Technology
    Cell Press  2021
    Human infertility is a multifactorial disease that affects 8%–12% of reproductive-aged couples worldwide. However, the genetic causes of human infertility are still poorly understood. Synaptonemal complex (SC) is a conserved tripartite structure that holds homologous chromosomes together and plays an indispensable role in the meiotic progression. Here, we identified three homozygous mutations in the SC coding gene C14orf39/SIX6OS1 in infertile individuals from different ethnic populations by whole-exome sequencing (WES). These mutations include a frameshift mutation (c.204_205del [p.His68Glnfs∗2]) from a consanguineous Pakistani family with two males suffering from non-obstructive... 

    Structural characterization of a rhamnolipid-type biosurfactant produced by Pseudomonas aeruginosa MR01: Enhancement of di-rhamnolipid proportion using gamma irradiation

    , Article Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces ; Volume 81, Issue 2 , 2010 , Pages 397-405 ; 09277765 (ISSN) Lotfabad, T. B ; Abassi, H ; Ahmadkhaniha, R ; Roostaazad, R ; Masoomi, F ; Zahiri, H. S ; Ahmadian, G ; Vali, H ; Noghabi, K. A ; Sharif University of Technology
    We previously reported that MR01, an indigenous strain of Pseudomonas aeruginosa, was able to produce a rhamnolipid-type biosurfactant. Here, we attempted to define the structural properties of this natural product. The analysis of the extracted biosurfactant by thin-layer chromatography (TLC) revealed the presence of two compounds corresponding to those of authentic mono- and di-rhamnolipid. The identity of two structurally distinguished rhamnolipids was confirmed by 1H and 13C nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy. Liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry (LC/MS) of extracted biosurfactant revealed up to seventeen different rhamnolipid congeners. Further quantification showed...